1. Processes nutrients and provides energy for the neuron to function; contains the cell's nucleus; also called the soma.

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1 1. Base of brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing 2. tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue 3. A thick band of axons that connects the two cerebral hemispheres and acts as a communication link between them. 4. Controls language expression- an area, usually in the left frontal lobe, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech. 5. A technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue. 6. A large structure of the hindbrain that controls fine motor skills. 7. Cortical regions at the front of the brain that are especially involved in movement and in thinking. 8. A simple, automatic, inborn response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response. 9. The cortical regions at the back of the brain, housing the visual cortex.

2 1. acetylcholine 2. biological psychology 3. axon 4. parietal lobes 5. limbic system 6. aphasia 7. threshold 8. thalamus 9. adrenal glands a. A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior b. A structure in the forebrain through which all sensory information (except smell) must pass to get to the cerebral cortex. c. Disturbance in language comprehension or production, often as a result of a stroke. d. Borders the brain system; Made up of the hypothalamus and thalamus. e. A pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones that help arouse the body in times of stress f. A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction g. Large regions of cortex lying between the frontal and occipital lobes of each cerebral hemisphere. h. The level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse i. A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuron cell body to other neurons, or to muscles or glands. 1. Processes nutrients and provides energy for the neuron to function; contains the cell's nucleus; also called the soma. a. PET scan b. Cell body c. reflex d. neuron 2. A computer-enhanced X-ray image of the brain or body a. axon b. neuron c. lesion d. CT scan

3 3. Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands. a. sensory neurons b. interneurons c. motor cortex d. motor neurons 4. Central nervous system neurons that internally communicate and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs a. motor neurons b. interneurons c. neuron d. sensory neurons 5. a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain a. electroencephalogram b. action potential c. cerebellum d. adrenal glands 6. Controls hearing, memory, and emotional responses a. occipital lobes b. frontal lobes c. cerebral cortex d. temporal lobes 7. Brain and spinal cord a. somatic nervous system b. autonomic nervous system c. endocrine system d. central nervous system

4 8. A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon. a. motor cortex b. motor neurons c. action potential d. association areas 9. An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements. motor cortex a. motor neurons b. cerebral cortex c. hormones 1. Wernicke's area Controls language expression- an area, usually in the left frontal lobe, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech. 2. brainstem Lower portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord. 3. somatic nervous system A subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Controls involuntary activity of visceral muscles and internal organs and glands. 4. hormones Chemical "messengers" of the endocrine system that are released into the blood 5. amygdala A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, particularly fear and aggression.

5 6. sympathetic nervous system Branch of the autonomic nervous system that produces rapid physical arousal in response to perceived emergencies or threats. 7. sensory cortex the area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations 8. association areas An area of the cerebral cortex that functions in linking and coordinating the sensory and motor areas. 9. parasympathetic nervous system the division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy

6 Written Questions 1. Medulla 2. Lesion 3. Corpus Callosum 4. Broca's Area 5. MRI 6. Cerebellum 7. Frontal Lobes 8. Reflex 9. Occipital Lobes Matching Questions 1. f 2. a 3. i 4. g 5. d 6. c 7. h 8. b 9. e Multiple Choice Questions 1. b 2. d 3. d 4. b 5. a 6. d 7. d 8. c 9. a / Questions

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