Personality and physiological reactions to acute psychological stress in a large cohort of middle aged men and women

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Personality and physiological reactions to acute psychological stress in a large cohort of middle aged men and women"

Transcription

1 Personality and physiological reactions to acute psychological stress in a large cohort of middle aged men and women Adam Bibbey, BSc 1 Douglas Carroll 1, Tessa J. Roseboom 2, Anna C. Phillips 1, Susanne R. de Rooij 2 1 University of Birmingham, United Kingdom 2 University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

2 Background Stable personality traits: - biological substrates - affect stress perception Previous evidence inconclusive This may reflect a range of methodological problems: small sample sizes predominance of young student samples restricted range of trait scores dichotomized trait variables failure to adjust statistically for a range of possible confounding variables

3 Present Aims Revisit the issue of personality and biological stress reactivity in a substantial cohort who had undergone stress testing and in whom personality traits were measured using the Big Five Inventory. Sample size and age Subjective ratings of stress Cortisol and cardiovascular measures Control confounders

4 Big Five Trait Taxonomy 1) Neuroticism: tendency toward negative affectivity and an inclination toward impulsive behavior. 2) Agreeableness: willingness to be helpful and trusting, and to possess a pro-social orientation. 3) Openness : imaginative, creative, attentive to inner feelings, prefer variety, and are flexible in their thinking 4) Extraversion : energetic, sociable, and assertive. 5) Conscientiousness : organization, self-discipline, and determination. (McCrae and Costa, 1987)

5 Methods Dutch Famine Birth Cohort Study Overarching aim: Examine effects of intrauterine famine exposure in the winter of on health in later adulthood Stress testing N = Big Five Inventory N = 601 Combined sample N = 389 Removal of participants exposed to famine in early gestation N=37 Final sample N= 352

6 Characteristics of final sample M/N SD/% Age (years) Sex (female) Socio-economic status (ISEI-92) Body mass index (kg/m 2 ) Alcohol (units of per week) Current smoker Anti-hypertensive medication Anti-depressant or anxiolytic

7 Stress Testing Protocol de Rooij et al, 2006

8 Results Stress significantly perturbed biological activity Salivary cortisol (nmol/l) Heart rate (bpm) Systolic blood pressure (mmhg) Baseline Average post task Baseline Average task F (1,266) = 41.64, p <.001, η 2 =.135 F (1,350) = , p <.001, η Time 2 = Baseline Average task Baseline Average task Time Time F (1,351) = , p <.001, η 2 =.788 F (1,351) = , p <.001, η 2 =.473 Diastolic blood pressure (mmhg)

9 Personality and cortisol Regression models for neuroticism, agreeableness, openness and cortisol reactivity Neuroticism and cortisol reactivity β t p R 2 Unadjusted Model Adjusted Adjusted Agreeableness and cortisol reactivity Unadjusted Model Adjusted Adjusted Openness and cortisol reactivity Unadjusted Model Adjusted Adjusted Adjusted 1: sex, age, SES Adjusted 2: alcohol consumption, smoking, BMI, use of anti -hypertensive medication, use of anti-depressant or anxiolytic medication, perceived commitment to the stress task, and baseline cortisol.

10 Individuals high on neuroticism, and low on agreeableness and openness demonstrated blunted cortisol responses

11 Personality and heart rate Regression models for neuroticism, agreeableness, openness and heart rate reactivity Neuroticism and heart rate reactivity β t p R 2 Unadjusted Model < Adjusted < Adjusted Agreeableness and heart rate reactivity Unadjusted Model Adjusted Adjusted Openness and heart rate reactivity Unadjusted Model Adjusted Adjusted Adjusted 1: sex, age, SES Adjusted 2: alcohol consumption, smoking, BMI, use of anti -hypertensive medication, use of anti-depressant or anxiolytic medication, perceived commitment to the stress task, and baseline heart rate

12 Individuals high on neuroticism, and low on agreeableness and openness also had blunted heart rate responses

13 Personality and blood pressure Regression models for neuroticism, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure β t p R 2 Neuroticism and SBP reactivity Unadjusted Model < Adjusted < Adjusted Neuroticism and DBP reactivity Unadjusted Model Adjusted Adjusted SBP= systolic blood pressure, DBP= diastolic blood pressure Adjusted 1: sex, age, SES Adjusted 2: alcohol consumption, smoking, BMI, use of anti -hypertensive medication, use of antidepressant or anxiolytic medication, perceived commitment to the stress task, and baseline SBP/DBP

14 Individuals high on neuroticism demonstrated blunted blood pressure reactivity

15 Personality and stress task ratings In contrast, high neuroticism and low openness were associated with higher reported stress, and lower reported control following exposure to stress tasks Self-report task ratings Stressfulness Control r p r p Neuroticism.27 < <.001 Openness <.001

16 Results Overview Cortisol + HR reactivity Neuroticism Agreeableness Openness SBP + DBP reactivity Neuroticism Self reported stressfulness Self reported control Neuroticism Openness

17 Discussion Negative constellation of personality traits associated with diminished stress reactions of both of the HPA axis and cardiovascular system. Blunted Stress Reactivity Carroll et al, 2011 Lovallo, 2011 Worth noting that the adverse health and behavioural corollaries identified with blunted reactivity are also for the most part, associated with this negative personality profile and, in particular, neuroticism. Depression- Bienvenu et al, 2004: Obesity- Sutin et al, 2011: Addiction- Terraccino et al, 2008: Disordered eating- Bamber et al, 2000

18 Hypothesis: peripheral marker of dysregulation in the brain systems that support emotion and motivation. Paradox: Self-report and biological responses Neuroticism: Repeated adverse perceptions Chronic stress Allostasis Openness: Emotional suppression Task variety preference Suggest drivers of subjective stress reactions are different from those that drive physiological stress reactivity.

19 University of Birmingham Prof. Doug Carroll Dr Anna Phillips Acknowledgements University of Amsterdam Prof. Tessa Roseboom Dr Susanne de Rooij Funding

20 Thank you for listening Adam Bibbey ESRC-funded Doctoral Researcher University of Birmingham Tel: +44 (0)

21 References Bamber, D., Cockerill, I.M., Carroll, D., The pathological status of exercise dependence. Br. J. Sports Med. 34, Bienvenu, O.J., Samuels, J.F., Costa, P.T., Reti, I.M., Eaton, W.W., Nestadt, G., Anxiety and depressive disorders and the five-factor model of personality: A higher- and lower-order personality trait investigation in a community sample. Depress. Anxiety 20, Carroll, D., Phillips, A.C., Lovallo, W.R., 2011b. The behavioural and health corollaries of blunted physiological reactions to acute psychological stress: Revising the reactivity hypothesis. In: Wright, R.A., Gendolla, G.H.E. (Eds.), How Motivation Affects Cardiovascular Response: Mechanisms and Applications. APA Press, Washington, DC. de Rooij, S.R., Painter, R.C., Phillips, D.I., Osmond, C., Tanck, M.W., Bossuyt, P.M., Roseboom, T.J., Cortisol responses to psychological stress in adults after prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine. Psychoneuroendocrinology 31, Lovallo, W.R., Do low levels of stress reactivity signal poor states of health? Biol. Psychol. 86, McCrae, R.R., Costa, P.T., Validation of a five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 52, Sutin, A.R., Ferrucci, L., Zonderman, A.B., Terracciano, A., Personality and obesity across the adult life span. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 101, Terracciano, A., Lockenhoff, C.E., Crum, R.M., Bienvenu, O.J., Costa, P.T., Jr., Five-Factor Model personality profiles of drug users. BMC Psychiatry 8, 22.

Depok-Indonesia STEPS Survey 2003

Depok-Indonesia STEPS Survey 2003 The STEPS survey of chronic disease risk factors in Indonesia/Depok was carried out from February 2003 to March 2003. Indonesia/Depok carried out Step 1, Step 2 and Step 3. Socio demographic and behavioural

More information

Personality Traits and Labour Economics

Personality Traits and Labour Economics Personality Traits and Labour Economics Veronica De Nisi veronica.denisi@uniroma1.it University La Sapienza, Rome Doctoral Students Seminar 11 February 2015 De Nisi (UniRoma1) Personality Traits and Labour

More information

Internet Addiction and Personality Traits among Youths of Rajkot District

Internet Addiction and Personality Traits among Youths of Rajkot District The International Journal of Indian Psychology ISSN 2348-5396 Volume 2, Issue 2, Paper ID: B00333V2I22015 http://www.ijip.in January to March 2015 Internet Addiction and Personality Traits among Youths

More information

Why (an overview of) twin research?

Why (an overview of) twin research? hy (an overview of) twin research? In genetic epidemiology, the crucial first step is the establishment of meaningful genetic contribution to the trait of interest. Although most of you may engage in molecular

More information

9 - SCREENING MEASURES FOR PERSONALITY DISORDERS

9 - SCREENING MEASURES FOR PERSONALITY DISORDERS ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY VOL. 7, ISSUE 2 www.rjeap.ro DOI: 10.15303/rjeap.2016.v7i2.a9 9 - SCREENING MEASURES FOR PERSONALITY DISORDERS STELIANA RIZEANU Hyperion University of

More information

BODY IMAGE IN DANCERS

BODY IMAGE IN DANCERS BODY IMAGE IN DANCERS An Undergraduate Research Scholars Thesis by CASSANDRA STEWART Submitted to the Undergraduate Research Scholars program Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements

More information

Relationship between personality traits and gender of Police officers in Punjab, Pakistan

Relationship between personality traits and gender of Police officers in Punjab, Pakistan EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH Vol. IV, Issue 5/ August 2016 ISSN 2286-4822 www.euacademic.org Impact Factor: 3.4546 (UIF) DRJI Value: 5.9 (B+) Relationship between personality traits and gender of Police

More information

The Correlation of Music Preference and Personality

The Correlation of Music Preference and Personality Parkland College A with Honors Projects Honors Program 2013 The Correlation of Music Preference and Personality Christopher L. Knowles Parkland College Recommended Citation Knowles, Christopher L., "The

More information

Long-term Blood Pressure Variability throughout Young Adulthood and Cognitive Function in Midlife; CARDIA study

Long-term Blood Pressure Variability throughout Young Adulthood and Cognitive Function in Midlife; CARDIA study The EPI/NPAM Spring 2014 Scientific Sessions, Hilton San Francisco Union Square, San Francisco, CA Northwestern Mar. 18-21, 2014 University Feinberg School of Medicine Long-term Blood Pressure Variability

More information

Stress Reactivity and Vulnerability to Depressed Mood in College Students

Stress Reactivity and Vulnerability to Depressed Mood in College Students Stress Reactivity and Vulnerability to Depressed Mood in College Students Gary Felsten Stress Reactivity and Depressed Mood 1 Department of Psychology, Indiana University Purdue University Columbus 4601

More information

Trait Approaches to Personality. Trait Approaches to Personality

Trait Approaches to Personality. Trait Approaches to Personality Trait Approaches to Personality Trait Approaches to Personality I. Logic of the Trait Approach A. People s behavior is fairly consistent across time. B. People s behavior is fairly consistent across situations.

More information

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTING UNSAFE DRIVING BEHAVIORS IN YOUNG ADULTS

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTING UNSAFE DRIVING BEHAVIORS IN YOUNG ADULTS GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTING UNSAFE DRIVING BEHAVIORS IN YOUNG ADULTS Nicole R. Skaar, John E. Williams University of Northern Iowa Cedar Falls, Iowa, USA E-mail: nskaar24@uni.edu Summary: Past research

More information

The Study of Relationship between Neuroticism, Stressor and Stress Response

The Study of Relationship between Neuroticism, Stressor and Stress Response International Journal of Economics and Finance; Vol. 7, No. 8; 2015 ISSN 1916-971X E-ISSN 1916-9728 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education The Study of Relationship between Neuroticism,

More information

5 Individual Differences:

5 Individual Differences: 5 Individual Differences: Self-Concept, Personality & Emotions Chapter From Self-Concept to Self-Management Personality: Concepts and Controversy Emotions: An Emerging OB Topic Self-Esteem 5-3 Self-Esteem

More information

Diurnal Cortisol Rhythms: Social Determinants and Role as a Risk, State or Scar Marker for Major Depressive Disorder in Youth

Diurnal Cortisol Rhythms: Social Determinants and Role as a Risk, State or Scar Marker for Major Depressive Disorder in Youth Diurnal Cortisol Rhythms: Social Determinants and Role as a Risk, State or Scar Marker for Major Depressive Disorder in Youth Emma K. Adam Human Development and Social Policy, School of Education and Social

More information

Neuroticism Behaviour Between Sportsmen And Non-Sportsmen - A Comparative Analysis

Neuroticism Behaviour Between Sportsmen And Non-Sportsmen - A Comparative Analysis IOSR Journal of Sports and Physical Education (IOSR-JSPE) e-issn: 2347-6737, p-issn: 2347-6745, Volume 3, Issue 5 (Sep. Oct. 216), PP 31-36 www.iosrjournals.org Neuroticism Behaviour Between Sportsmen

More information

Human Relations: Interpersonal, Job-Oriented Skills CHAPTER 2 UNDERSTANDING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES

Human Relations: Interpersonal, Job-Oriented Skills CHAPTER 2 UNDERSTANDING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Human Relations: Interpersonal, Job-Oriented Skills CHAPTER 2 UNDERSTANDING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Understanding individual differences is a key contributor to developing effective interpersonal relationships

More information

What s My Type? Traits at Work. July 18, 2017 Mike Freel, PhD

What s My Type? Traits at Work. July 18, 2017 Mike Freel, PhD What s My Type? Traits at Work July 18, 2017 Mike Freel, PhD Mike.Freel@bellevue.edu Review How are the IDPs going? How can the Keirsey Temperament Sorter impact your IDP? What s the role of traits in

More information

Yu-Fen Chen Chihlee Institute of Technology, Banciao, Taiwan, ROC Ming-Chuan Lai Chienkuo Technology University, Taiwan, ROC

Yu-Fen Chen Chihlee Institute of Technology, Banciao, Taiwan, ROC Ming-Chuan Lai Chienkuo Technology University, Taiwan, ROC SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2010, 38(1), 1-12 Society for Personality Research (Inc.) DOI 10.2224/sbp.2010.38.1.1 FACTORS INFLUENCING THE Entrepreneurial Attitude OF TAIWANESE TERTIARY-LEVEL Business

More information

An application of belief-importance theory with reference to the Big Five and trait emotional intelligence

An application of belief-importance theory with reference to the Big Five and trait emotional intelligence SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2010, 38(5), 697-710 Society for Personality Research (Inc.) DOI 10.2224/sbp.2010.38.5.697 An application of belief-importance theory with reference to the Big Five and

More information

Succeeding with Others

Succeeding with Others Succeeding with Others Communications Styles Transition Matters, Inc. transitionmatters@msn.com (703) 772-7009 cell (505) 299-2951 office -Helping organizations and individuals realize tomorrow s possibilities

More information

Health Literacy and Numeracy in Diabetes Care: Overview and Insights. Paul Stang, PhD Vice-President, Janssen R&D July, 2015

Health Literacy and Numeracy in Diabetes Care: Overview and Insights. Paul Stang, PhD Vice-President, Janssen R&D July, 2015 Health Literacy and Numeracy in Diabetes Care: Overview and Insights Paul Stang, PhD Vice-President, Janssen R&D July, 2015 WHAT IS HEALTH LITERACY? The degree to which individuals have the capacity to

More information

Citation for published version (APA): McCabe, K. O. (2015). The role of personality in the pursuit of context-specific goals [S.l.]: [S.n.

Citation for published version (APA): McCabe, K. O. (2015). The role of personality in the pursuit of context-specific goals [S.l.]: [S.n. University of Groningen The role of personality in the pursuit of context-specific goals McCabe, Kira Olivia IMPORTANT NOTE: You are advised to consult the publisher's version (publisher's PDF) if you

More information

The Relationship Between Neuroticism and Inflammatory Markers: A Twin Study

The Relationship Between Neuroticism and Inflammatory Markers: A Twin Study Twin Research and Human Genetics page 1 of 6 C The Authors 2014 doi:10.1017/thg.2014.19 The Relationship Between Neuroticism and Inflammatory Markers: A Twin Study Arthur A. Sas, 1 Frühling V. Rijsdijk,

More information

Bi-directional Relationship Between Poor Sleep and Work-related Stress: Management through transformational leadership and work organization

Bi-directional Relationship Between Poor Sleep and Work-related Stress: Management through transformational leadership and work organization Bi-directional Relationship Between Poor Sleep and Work-related Stress: Management through transformational leadership and work organization Sleep & its Importance Most vital episode of human life! Psychological

More information

DISC Profile Report. Alex Engineer. Phone: or

DISC Profile Report. Alex Engineer.  Phone: or DISC Profile Report Alex Engineer Phone: 1-619-224-8880 or 1-619-260-1979 email: carol@excellerated.com www.excellerated.com DISC Profile Series Internal Profile The Internal Profile reflects the candidate's

More information

AP Psychology. Scoring Guidelines

AP Psychology. Scoring Guidelines 2017 AP Psychology Scoring Guidelines College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, AP Central, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. AP Central is the official online home

More information

ADULT ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH SUBSTANCE USE AND ABUSE

ADULT ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH SUBSTANCE USE AND ABUSE SWISS PUBLIC HEALTH CONFERENCE 204 CONFÉRENCE SUISSE DE SANTÉ PUBLIQUE 204 ADULT ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH SUBSTANCE USE AND ABUSE Natalia Estévez, Michelle Dey

More information

The Three-Factor Theory of Personality. David Center. There has been a plethora of theories of personality and measures of

The Three-Factor Theory of Personality. David Center. There has been a plethora of theories of personality and measures of The Three-Factor Theory of Personality David Center There has been a plethora of theories of personality and measures of personality generated by psychologists during this century. However, something approaching

More information

IM SYLLABUS (2018) PSYCHOLOGY IM 35 SYLLABUS

IM SYLLABUS (2018) PSYCHOLOGY IM 35 SYLLABUS IM SYLLABUS (2018) PSYCHOLOGY IM 35 SYLLABUS 1 Psychology IM 35 (Available in September) Syllabus 1 Paper (3hrs) Introduction Psychology is best described as the scientific study of people. It observes

More information

A Structured Interview for the Assessment of the Five-Factor Model of Personality: Facet-Level Relations to the Axis II Personality Disorders

A Structured Interview for the Assessment of the Five-Factor Model of Personality: Facet-Level Relations to the Axis II Personality Disorders A Structured Interview for the Assessment of the Five-Factor Model of Personality: Facet-Level Relations to the Axis II Personality Disorders Timothy J. Trull University of Missouri Columbia Thomas A.

More information

Modifiability of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Agreeableness by Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder

Modifiability of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Agreeableness by Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder Modifiability of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Agreeableness by Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder Krystyna Glinski and Andrew C. Page The University of Western Australia, Australia

More information

PEOPLE - DIFFICULT OR DIFFERENT?

PEOPLE - DIFFICULT OR DIFFERENT? PEOPLE - DIFFICULT OR DIFFERENT? PARTICIPANT WORKBOOK E ectiveness Institute Delivering measurable improvement in the way individuals, teams and organizations perform CONTACT US T 4256417620 F 4257470439

More information

Fetal Programming and the Leningrad Siege Study

Fetal Programming and the Leningrad Siege Study ARTICLES Fetal Programming and the Leningrad Siege Study Sara A. Stanner 1 and John S.Yudkin 2 1 British Nutrition Foundation, London 2 International Health and Medical Education Centre, University College

More information

DEPRESSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER: RATES OF COMORBIDITY WITH PERSONALITY DISORDERS AND RELATIONS TO THE FIVE FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY

DEPRESSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER: RATES OF COMORBIDITY WITH PERSONALITY DISORDERS AND RELATIONS TO THE FIVE FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY BAGBY Depressive ET AL. Personality Disorder Journal of Personality Disorders, 18(6), 542-554, 2004 2004 The Guilford Press DEPRESSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER: RATES OF COMORBIDITY WITH PERSONALITY DISORDERS

More information

Your Personality Type and its Impact on Your Relationships. 27 th Annual Conference for the Office Professional Spring 2017

Your Personality Type and its Impact on Your Relationships. 27 th Annual Conference for the Office Professional Spring 2017 Your Personality Type and its Impact on Your Relationships 27 th Annual Conference for the Office Professional Spring 2017 Your Facilitator Shelly Vils Havel Performance Management Consultant Talent Recruitment

More information

Alcohol consumption and blood pressure change: 5-year follow-up study of the association in normotensive workers

Alcohol consumption and blood pressure change: 5-year follow-up study of the association in normotensive workers (2001) 15, 367 372 2001 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved 0950-9240/01 $15.00 www.nature.com/jhh ORIGINAL ARTICLE Alcohol consumption and blood pressure change: 5-year follow-up study of the

More information

Development of Big Five Domains and Facets in Adulthood: Mean-Level Age Trends and Broadly Versus Narrowly Acting Mechanisms

Development of Big Five Domains and Facets in Adulthood: Mean-Level Age Trends and Broadly Versus Narrowly Acting Mechanisms Development of Big Five Domains and Facets in Adulthood: Mean-Level Age Trends and Broadly Versus Narrowly Acting Mechanisms Christopher J. Soto 1 and Oliver P. John 2 1 Colby College 2 University of California,

More information

Florida State University Libraries

Florida State University Libraries Florida State University Libraries Faculty Publications The Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine 2009 Visual Perspective and Genetics: A Commentary on Lemogne and Colleagues Angelina Sutin

More information

State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory Interpretive Report (STAXI-2: IR ) by Peter R. Vagg, PhD, and Charles D. Spielberger, PhD. Client Information

State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory Interpretive Report (STAXI-2: IR ) by Peter R. Vagg, PhD, and Charles D. Spielberger, PhD. Client Information State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory Interpretive Report (STAXI-2: IR ) by Peter R. Vagg, PhD, and Charles D. Spielberger, PhD Client Information Name: Sample Client ID#: 123-45-6789 Test Date: 07/12/2000

More information

Analyzing Personality through Social Media Profile Picture Choice

Analyzing Personality through Social Media Profile Picture Choice Analyzing Personality through Social Media Profile Picture Choice Leqi Liu, Daniel Preoţiuc-Pietro, Zahra Riahi Mohsen E. Moghaddam, Lyle Ungar ICWSM 2016 Positive Psychology Center University of Pennsylvania

More information

THE CUSTOMER SERVICE ATTRIBUTE INDEX

THE CUSTOMER SERVICE ATTRIBUTE INDEX THE CUSTOMER SERVICE ATTRIBUTE INDEX Jane Doe Customer Service XYZ Corporation 7-22-2003 CRITICAL SUCCESS ATTRIBUTES ATTITUDE TOWARD OTHERS: To what extent does Jane tend to maintain a positive, open and

More information

NEO-PI-R Factor Structure in College Students

NEO-PI-R Factor Structure in College Students 17 Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, January 2009, Vol. 35, No.1, 17-25. Special Feature NEO-PI-R Factor Structure in College Students Kamlesh Singh Indian Institute of Technology, New

More information

Favorite world: Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I).

Favorite world: Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Personality Inventory Information Directions: Read the information below on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Take the test at the following website to see what letters you are.

More information

Zahra Habibi a*, Hasan Sadeghi b, Farrokh Haghrangbar c, Kobra Madanipour c, Amin Azarnoosh d

Zahra Habibi a*, Hasan Sadeghi b, Farrokh Haghrangbar c, Kobra Madanipour c, Amin Azarnoosh d Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 84 ( 2013 ) 509 513 3rd World Conference on Psychology, Counselling and Guidance (WCPCG-2012) The Study of Personality

More information

Are there personality traits that predispose applicants to fake noncognitive measures in personnel selection?

Are there personality traits that predispose applicants to fake noncognitive measures in personnel selection? Review of Psychology, Original scientific paper 2012, Vol. 19, No. 1, 29-36 UDC 159.923.3 Are there personality traits that predispose applicants to fake noncognitive measures in personnel selection? MAŠA

More information

Sarah J Hardcastle 1*, Adrian H Taylor 2, Martin P Bailey 1, Robert A Harley 1 and Martin S Hagger 3

Sarah J Hardcastle 1*, Adrian H Taylor 2, Martin P Bailey 1, Robert A Harley 1 and Martin S Hagger 3 Hardcastle et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013, 10:40 RESEARCH Open Access Effectiveness of a motivational interviewing intervention on weight loss, physical

More information

Virginia Western Community College PSY 200 Principles of Psychology

Virginia Western Community College PSY 200 Principles of Psychology PSY 200 Principles of Psychology Prerequisites A placement recommendation for ENG 111, co-enrollment in ENF 3/ENG 111, or successful completion of all developmental English requirements. Course Description

More information

Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology Big Five Taxonomy of Personality

Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology Big Five Taxonomy of Personality Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology Big Five Taxonomy of Personality Contributors: Eric D. Heggestad Edited by: Steven G. Rogelberg Book Title: Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational

More information

PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE THIS PAGE

PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE THIS PAGE Thank you for downloading this document from the RMIT ResearchR Repository Citation: Soltani, S, Elkhani, N, Ahmad, M and Taghia, J 2013, 'The effects of perceived organizational support and personality

More information

TTI Personal Talent Skills Inventory Coaching Report

TTI Personal Talent Skills Inventory Coaching Report TTI Personal Talent Skills Inventory Coaching Report "He who knows others is learned. He who knows himself is wise." Lao Tse Mason Roberts District Manager YMCA 8-1-2008 Copyright 2003-2008. Performance

More information

Fifty scales of grey? - A common analysis of dominance self-report scales

Fifty scales of grey? - A common analysis of dominance self-report scales Fifty scales of grey? - A common analysis of dominance self-report scales Carolin Palmer 13th European Conference on Psychological Assessment July 22-25, 2015 Zurich, Switzerland what is dominance? dominance

More information

A STUDY OF PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG NURSING STUDENTS

A STUDY OF PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG NURSING STUDENTS ISSN: 0973-5755 A STUDY OF PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG NURSING STUDENTS Divya Merciline * and O.S. Ravindran ** ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to find out the personality

More information

The happy personality: Mediational role of trait emotional intelligence

The happy personality: Mediational role of trait emotional intelligence Personality and Individual Differences 42 (2007) 1633 1639 www.elsevier.com/locate/paid Short Communication The happy personality: Mediational role of trait emotional intelligence Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic

More information

Big five personality traits and coping styles predict subjective wellbeing: A study with a Turkish Sample

Big five personality traits and coping styles predict subjective wellbeing: A study with a Turkish Sample Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 12 (2011) 426 435 577 581 International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology (ICEEPSY 2010) Big five personality

More information

1. Stress: any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one's well-being and thereby tax one's coping abilities

1. Stress: any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one's well-being and thereby tax one's coping abilities Chapter Three Outline: Stress and Its Effects I. The nature of stress A. Stress is an everyday event 1. Stress: any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one's well-being and thereby

More information

Curriculum Vitae. Curriculum Vitae

Curriculum Vitae. Curriculum Vitae Curriculum Vitae 174 Curriculum Vitae Curriculum Vitae Ellen Renée Klaassens was born on June 13 th, 1962 in Utrecht, the Netherlands. She received her secondary education at the Praedinius Gymnasium in

More information

An Introduction to Epidemiology

An Introduction to Epidemiology An Introduction to Epidemiology Wei Liu, MPH Biostatistics Core Pennington Biomedical Research Center Baton Rouge, LA Last edited: January, 14 th, 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction.................................................................

More information

Running Head: PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA 1

Running Head: PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA 1 Running Head: PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA 1 Reflection of Personality in Social Media Gina Mancini April 6, 2015 CMST 4899 PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA 2 Abstract This paper analyzes the ways in which

More information

An Exploratory Study on Personality Traits and Procrastination Among University Students

An Exploratory Study on Personality Traits and Procrastination Among University Students American Journal of Applied Psychology 2015; 4(3-1): 21-26 Published online March 18, 2015 (http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ajap) doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.s.2015040301.14 ISSN: 2328-5664 (Print); ISSN:

More information

Stress: The Good, Bad, and the Ugly Part One. Catherine Nelson, Ph.D. University of Utah

Stress: The Good, Bad, and the Ugly Part One. Catherine Nelson, Ph.D. University of Utah Stress: The Good, Bad, and the Ugly Part One Catherine Nelson, Ph.D. University of Utah Cathy.nelson@utah.edu Course Overview: Stress Session One Definitions Physiology Toxic Stress Risk factors for experiencing

More information

Mental Health Issues and Treatment

Mental Health Issues and Treatment Mental Health Issues and Treatment Mental health in older age Depression Causes of depression Effects of depression Suicide Newsom, Winter 2017, Psy 462/562 Psychology of Adult Development and Aging 1

More information

CHAPTER 2 Personality Traits: A Good Theory

CHAPTER 2 Personality Traits: A Good Theory CHAPTER 2 Personality Traits: A Good Theory Behavioural residue: when people live in an environment, they leave behind traces that hint at the personality of the person. What is a personality trait? Def.:

More information

Social Anxiety, Beliefs About Expressing Emotions and Experiencing Positive Emotions

Social Anxiety, Beliefs About Expressing Emotions and Experiencing Positive Emotions Chapter 8 Social Anxiety, Beliefs About Expressing Emotions and Experiencing Positive Emotions Jasminka Juretić and Ivanka Živčić-Bećirević Additional information is available at the end of the chapter

More information

What is Personality? How do you define personality? CLASS OBJECTIVES 12/4/2009. Chapter 12 Personality and its assessment. What is personality?

What is Personality? How do you define personality? CLASS OBJECTIVES 12/4/2009. Chapter 12 Personality and its assessment. What is personality? What is Personality? Chapter 12 Personality and its assessment CLASS OBJECTIVES What is personality? How does our personality develop? What would Freud say? Other theories of personality How do you define

More information

Personality Traits Orientation of University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and UKM - University Duisburg-Essen (UDE) Engineering Students

Personality Traits Orientation of University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and UKM - University Duisburg-Essen (UDE) Engineering Students Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 18 (2011) 196 203 Kongres Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran UKM, 2010 Personality Traits Orientation of University Kebangsaan

More information

Personality Accounts for the Connection between Volunteering and Health

Personality Accounts for the Connection between Volunteering and Health Washington University in St. Louis Washington University Open Scholarship All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) Winter 12-1-2013 Personality Accounts for the Connection between Volunteering and Health Hannah

More information

General and Maladaptive Traits in a Five- Factor Framework for DSM-5 in a University Student Sample

General and Maladaptive Traits in a Five- Factor Framework for DSM-5 in a University Student Sample 475808ASM20310.1177/107319 1113475808AssessmentDe Fruyt et al. The Author(s) 2011 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.com/journalspermissions.nav Article General and Maladaptive Traits in a Five- Factor

More information

II. Common Characteristics. Focus on average behavior Less concerned with underlying mechanisms Less to say about personality change

II. Common Characteristics. Focus on average behavior Less concerned with underlying mechanisms Less to say about personality change Trait Approach I. Introduction II. Common Characteristics III. Gordon Allport IV. Henry Murray V. Raymond Cattell VI. The Big Five Model VII. The Interpersonal Circumplex VIII.Modern Applications of the

More information

Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Risk Factors for Heart Disease Developmental Perspectives on Health Disparities from Conception Through Adulthood Risk Factors for Heart Disease Philip Greenland, MD Harry W. Dingman Professor Chair, Department of Preventive Medicine

More information

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT WORK

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT WORK EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT WORK David Mainella Executive Director of Development and External Relations Massey Cancer Center September 10, 2013 Contact Information dmmainella@vcu.edu Session

More information

AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS: STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS

AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS: STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS: STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS Osman Yildirim & Ahmet Güngör Kesci This research aims at clarifying the relation between students personality types and their environmental

More information

Running head: PREFERENCE FOR TOUCH AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS

Running head: PREFERENCE FOR TOUCH AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS Preference for Touch 1 Running head: PREFERENCE FOR TOUCH AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS Preference for Personal, Non-Erotic Touch and its Relationship to Personality Characteristics Michael Draper &

More information

WORK APPROACH AND BEHAVIOUR TEST (WABT 04)

WORK APPROACH AND BEHAVIOUR TEST (WABT 04) WORK APPROACH AND BEHAVIOUR TEST (WABT 04) INDIVIDUAL REPORT Candidate: Candidate X Evaluation date: January 200X ÉVALUATION PERSONNEL SÉLECTION INTERNATIONAL INC WWWEPSIINCCOM INTRODUCTION The Work Approach

More information

Chapter 7. Personality and Exercise

Chapter 7. Personality and Exercise Chapter 7 Personality and Exercise Research Objectives of the Study of Personality Are certain personality attributes antecedents to physical activity/exercise participation? Do certain personality attributes

More information

Personality and seasonal affective disorder: Results from the CAN-SAD study

Personality and seasonal affective disorder: Results from the CAN-SAD study Journal of Affective Disorders 93 (2006) 35 42 www.elsevier.com/locate/jad Research report Personality and seasonal affective disorder: Results from the CAN-SAD study Murray W. Enns a,, Brian J. Cox a,

More information

SYS II: Systemic Neuroscience: Emotion and other higher functions. 1-2,4 Prof. Inga Neumann, UR Zoology Neuroendocrinology of emotions

SYS II: Systemic Neuroscience: Emotion and other higher functions. 1-2,4 Prof. Inga Neumann, UR Zoology Neuroendocrinology of emotions Lectures SYS II: Systemic Neuroscience: Emotion and other higher functions 1-2,4 Prof. Inga Neumann, UR Zoology Neuroendocrinology of emotions The lectures will start with a repetition of main neuroendocrine

More information

PNEIMED PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOIMMUNOLOGY-BASED MEDITATION FOR ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION

PNEIMED PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOIMMUNOLOGY-BASED MEDITATION FOR ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION PNEIMED PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOIMMUNOLOGY-BASED MEDITATION FOR ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION Anna Giulia Bottaccioli MD, Resident in Internal Medicine Department at Sapienza University of Rome Visiting Resident

More information

Heart Rate Variability, Bio-Markers and Non-Cognitive Skills

Heart Rate Variability, Bio-Markers and Non-Cognitive Skills Heart Rate Variability, Bio-Markers and Non-Cognitive Skills Liam Delaney Michael Daly University College Dublin and Trinity College Dublin Overview of Talk Motivation Description of the current study

More information

The effect analysis of cognitive and personal intention in using internet technology: An Indonesian students case study

The effect analysis of cognitive and personal intention in using internet technology: An Indonesian students case study Available online at www.icas.my International Conference on Accounting Studies (ICAS) 2015 The effect analysis of cognitive and personal intention in using internet technology: An Indonesian students case

More information

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 ( 2014 )

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 ( 2014 ) Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 ( 2014 ) 2281 2285 5 th World Conference on Educational Sciences - WCES 2013 Comparative Study on Medical

More information

Understanding barriers and facilitators to healthy pregnancies among women living in poverty using visual methods and the Behaviour Change Wheel

Understanding barriers and facilitators to healthy pregnancies among women living in poverty using visual methods and the Behaviour Change Wheel Understanding barriers and facilitators to healthy pregnancies among women living in poverty using visual methods and the Behaviour Change Wheel Dr Aimee Grant @grant_aimee GrantA2@Cardiff.ac.uk Health

More information

Socioeconomic inequalities in lipid and glucose metabolism in early childhood

Socioeconomic inequalities in lipid and glucose metabolism in early childhood 10 Socioeconomic inequalities in lipid and glucose metabolism in early childhood Gerrit van den Berg, Manon van Eijsden, Francisca Galindo-Garre, Tanja G.M. Vrijkotte, Reinoud J.B.J. Gemke BMC Public Health

More information

Electronic cigarette use and harm reversal: emerging evidence in health and disease

Electronic cigarette use and harm reversal: emerging evidence in health and disease Electronic cigarette use and harm reversal: emerging evidence in health and disease Prof. Riccardo Polosa Institute of Internal Medicine University of Catania ITALY Exhaled CO in ECIG users R. Polosa et

More information

Developing Management Skills. Chapter 1: Developing Self-Awareness. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 1-11

Developing Management Skills. Chapter 1: Developing Self-Awareness. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 1-11 Developing Management Skills Chapter 1: Developing Self-Awareness Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 1-11 Learning Objectives Understand your sensitive line Increase awareness

More information

GAINING INSIGHT INTO YOURSELF. Insight... understanding yourself and others. INSIGHT Inventory

GAINING INSIGHT INTO YOURSELF. Insight... understanding yourself and others. INSIGHT Inventory GAINING INSIGHT INTO INSIGHT Inventory YOURSELF Identifying Your Personality Strengths and Understanding Your Behavior Report prepared for: Angie Dumala Federated Department Stores Assessment completed

More information

Psychological needs. Motivation & Emotion. Psychological needs & implicit motives. Reading: Reeve (2015) Ch 6

Psychological needs. Motivation & Emotion. Psychological needs & implicit motives. Reading: Reeve (2015) Ch 6 Motivation & Emotion Psychological needs & implicit motives Dr James Neill Centre for Applied Psychology University of Canberra 2016 Image source 1 Psychological needs Reading: Reeve (2015) Ch 6 3 Psychological

More information

# % & (!) +,. / !( : 0 ( (;9 +/ ((8

# % & (!) +,. / !( : 0 ( (;9 +/ ((8 ! # % & (!) +,. / 0 1 2 3 4 + 5.667 8 19!( : 0 ( (;9 +/ ((8 < Do we need to think beyond BMI for estimating population level health risks? Green, MA (Corresponding author), Research Associate, School of

More information

Personality and Creativity Correlates in Adults with Childhood Imaginary Companions

Personality and Creativity Correlates in Adults with Childhood Imaginary Companions Claremont Colleges Scholarship @ Claremont Scripps Senior Theses Scripps Student Scholarship 2015 Personality and Creativity Correlates in Adults with Childhood Imaginary Companions Carolyn Lasch Scripps

More information

The DSM-5 Dimensional Trait Model and the Five Factor Model

The DSM-5 Dimensional Trait Model and the Five Factor Model University of Kentucky UKnowledge Theses and Dissertations--Psychology Psychology 2013 The DSM-5 Dimensional Trait Model and the Five Factor Model Whitney L. Gore University of Kentucky, whitneylgore@gmail.com

More information

Complications of Pregnancy and Lifetime Risk to Health. Brian McCulloch MD Advocate Lutheran General Hospital September 26, 2015

Complications of Pregnancy and Lifetime Risk to Health. Brian McCulloch MD Advocate Lutheran General Hospital September 26, 2015 Complications of Pregnancy and Lifetime Risk to Health Brian McCulloch MD Advocate Lutheran General Hospital September 26, 2015 Pregnancy as a window to future health In 2005 the CDC stated that almost

More information

Psychology Your Life

Psychology Your Life Sarah Grison Todd Heatherton Michael Gazzaniga Psychology Your Life SECOND EDITION Chapter 11 Health and Well-Being 1 2016 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 11.1 What Affects Our Health? Health psychology A

More information

Positive psychology (PP)

Positive psychology (PP) Positive psychology (PP) The field of positive psychology has the goal of helping to above normal or optimal level of functioning, leading to a happier existence For about one decade, PP movement has investigated

More information

Le Corff Personality inventory Interpretative report

Le Corff Personality inventory Interpretative report IPLC Le Corff Personality inventory Interpretative report Information on the candidate Result for: Smith John Sex: Male Age: 35 Date of test: 2017-04-07 Date of report: 2017-04-11 Name of organisation:

More information

Motivation Series. Emotional Self-Awareness. Emotional Self-Awareness is the ability to recognize your. Emotional Intelligence.

Motivation Series. Emotional Self-Awareness. Emotional Self-Awareness is the ability to recognize your. Emotional Intelligence. Motivation Series Intelligence + 15 EQ Areas Self-Perception Self-Regard Self-Actualization Self-Expression Expression Assertiveness Independence Interpersonal Interpersonal Relationships Empathy Social

More information

Identity Detection Models Among Iranian Adolescents

Identity Detection Models Among Iranian Adolescents Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 30 (011) 803 811 WCPCG-011 Detection Models Among Iranian Adolescents Adis Kraskian Mujembari a, Hassan Pasha Sharifi

More information