Defensive mechanisms include :

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Defensive mechanisms include :"

Transcription

1 Acquired Immunity

2 Defensive mechanisms include : 1) Innate immunity (Natural or Non specific) 2) Acquired immunity (Adaptive or Specific) Cell-mediated immunity Humoral immunity

3 Two mechanisms 1) Humoral immune response: - Antibodies are produced by B-lymphocytes - These have the ability to recognize and bind specifically to antigen that induced their formation 2) The cell mediated immune response (CMI) - It is mediated by certain types of T-lymphocytes - T-lymphocytes recognize foreign material by means of surface receptors TCR - T-lymphocytes attack and destroy foreign material directly or through release of soluble mediators i.e. cytokines - Attack intracellular antigen

4 1) Highly specific for the invading organism 2) Discrimination between self and non self molecules The response only occurs to non self molecules 3) Diversity: - It can respond to millions of different antigens - Lymphoctes population consists of many different clones (one cell and its progny) - Each clone express an antigen receptor and responds only to one antigenic epitope

5 Steps of Acquired Immune Response lymphocyte B & T: 1. Recognition of the antigen by specific lymphocytes 2. Activation of these specific lymphocytes 3. Proliferation and differentiation into effector cells; 4. The effectors cells eliminate the antigen 5. Return of homeostasis and development of memory cells * Memory cells evoke a more rapid and long response on reexposure to same antigen

6

7 Maturation events of T lymphocyte Hematopoietic progenitors cells from bone marrow move into Thymus gland At thymus it is called thymocytes and it run through several selection process 1. Beta selection: active proliferation and elimination thymocytes with gross defects introduced into the T cell receptor (TCR). 2. positive selection: selects cells with a TCR that able to bind MHC class I or II molecules with weakest affinity. 3. Negative selection: Killing by apoptosis T cells with a high affinity for self peptides or MHC. Eliminate auto reactivity towards self.

8

9

10

11 Upon maturation two types of T Lympocytes is produce which is CD4 + : T-helper cells CD8 + : T-cytotoxic cells When antigen enter a body it will be attacked by antigen presenting cells (APC). Then it will display antigen peptide bonded with MHC II on cells surface. To activate CD4+ T cells, TCR on Tcells have to bind to MHC II on APC. (first signal) Then CD28 molecule have to bind to B7 molecule (costimulation)

12 CLONAL EXPENSION Upon activation the CD4 + T Cells become blast cells. 24H IL-2 secreted and CD4 + T multiply. CD4 + T differentiate into subset(effector cells) T H 1 T H 2 Effectors cell function affects CD8 + T cells (Discuss next) B lymphocytes (Discuss next in B-lymphocytes) Myeloid cells Bone marrow precursor

13 When the antigen have been eliminated the T cells number have to be decrease. They are reduce by apoptosis. Some will remain as memory cell and can be activated without the need for CD28-B7 co-stimulation.

14

15

16 CD8 + T lymphocyte is also called cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) which mean it destroy infected host cells. CTL cell once matured is released into blood stream. Activation of CTL required binding of TCR to MHC I on APC and binding of B7-CD28. Activated CD4 + T lymphocyte can also activated CTL by releasing IL-2.

17

18 When attached to infected/dysfunctional somatic cells, CTL release the cytotoxins perforin and granzymes. Perforin forms pores (aqueous channels) in the target cell's plasma membrane Allowing granzymes, to enter the target cell, which lead to apoptosis. Other mechanisms is to induce apoptosis is via cell-surface interactions between the T C and the infected cell. Elimination of excess CTL in absent of antigen is same as CD4 + T cells.

19

20

21 Humoral is mediated by B lymphocytes principal functions of B-cells are make antibodies against antigens, perform the role of antigen-presenting cells (APCs), Develop into memory B cells after activation

22 B cells (maturation) Immature B cells are produced in the bone marrow from hematopoietic stem cells. Here stem cell develop into Pro-B cells Pro-B cells develop into Pre-B cells Then Pre-B develop into immature B cells Any cells that failed developing into immature B cells is destroyed by clonal deletion. Some immature B cell develop into IgM + IgD + mature B cells. migrate to secondary lymphoid tissues to matures.

23 B cells recognize their antigen in its native form. They recognize free (soluble) antigen in the blood or lymph using their B cell receptor (BCR) on cell surface or membrane boundimmunoglobulin

24 Activation of B lymphocytes can occur in two manner T-dependent activation T-independent activation * T = Thymus

25 T-dependent activation Once a pathogen is ingested by an antigenpresenting cell (APC) such as a macrophage or dendritic cell, the pathogen's proteins are then digested to peptides and attached to a class II MHC protein. It is detected by T lymphocyte and T H helper cells (CD4+ T cells ) is generated. T H cell then bind to specific B lymphocytes TCR on T H cells have to bind to MHC II on APC. (first signal) Then CD28 molecule have to bind to B7 molecule (costimulation)

26

27 T H cell secretes cytokines that activate the B cell. These cytokines trigger B cell proliferation and differentiation into plasma cells. Isotype switching to IgG, IgA, and IgE Memory cell generation

28

29 Some antigen known as TI antigens can directly activate B Lymphocytes. Two types of T-independent activation Type 1 T cell-independent (polyclonal) activation (more than 1 antigen bind to BCR on a B cells) Type 2 T cell-independent activation (in which APC present several of the same antigen in a way that causes cross-linking of antibodies on the surface of B cells).

30 Effect of T-independent activation is Plasma cell produce Proliferation of B lymphocyte Only IgM produce No memory cells produce

31 Thanks

1. Overview of Adaptive Immunity

1. Overview of Adaptive Immunity Chapter 17A: Adaptive Immunity Part I 1. Overview of Adaptive Immunity 2. T and B Cell Production 3. Antigens & Antigen Presentation 4. Helper T cells 1. Overview of Adaptive Immunity The Nature of Adaptive

More information

Adaptive Immunity: Specific Defenses of the Host

Adaptive Immunity: Specific Defenses of the Host 17 Adaptive Immunity: Specific Defenses of the Host SLOs Differentiate between innate and adaptive immunity, and humoral and cellular immunity. Define antigen, epitope, and hapten. Explain the function

More information

Adaptive immune responses: T cell-mediated immunity

Adaptive immune responses: T cell-mediated immunity MICR2209 Adaptive immune responses: T cell-mediated immunity Dr Allison Imrie allison.imrie@uwa.edu.au 1 Synopsis: In this lecture we will discuss the T-cell mediated immune response, how it is activated,

More information

chapter 17: specific/adaptable defenses of the host: the immune response

chapter 17: specific/adaptable defenses of the host: the immune response chapter 17: specific/adaptable defenses of the host: the immune response defense against infection & illness body defenses innate/ non-specific adaptable/ specific epithelium, fever, inflammation, complement,

More information

General Biology. A summary of innate and acquired immunity. 11. The Immune System. Repetition. The Lymphatic System. Course No: BNG2003 Credits: 3.

General Biology. A summary of innate and acquired immunity. 11. The Immune System. Repetition. The Lymphatic System. Course No: BNG2003 Credits: 3. A summary of innate and acquired immunity General iology INNATE IMMUNITY Rapid responses to a broad range of microbes Course No: NG00 Credits:.00 External defenses Invading microbes (pathogens). The Immune

More information

Prof. Ibtesam Kamel Afifi Professor of Medical Microbiology & Immunology

Prof. Ibtesam Kamel Afifi Professor of Medical Microbiology & Immunology By Prof. Ibtesam Kamel Afifi Professor of Medical Microbiology & Immunology Lecture objectives: At the end of the lecture you should be able to: Enumerate features that characterize acquired immune response

More information

Adaptive Immune System

Adaptive Immune System Short Course on Immunology Adaptive Immune System Bhargavi Duvvuri Ph.D IIIrd Year (Immunology) bhargavi@yorku.ca Supervisor Dr.Gillian E Wu Professor, School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences York University,

More information

CELL BIOLOGY - CLUTCH CH THE IMMUNE SYSTEM.

CELL BIOLOGY - CLUTCH CH THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. !! www.clutchprep.com CONCEPT: OVERVIEW OF HOST DEFENSES The human body contains three lines of against infectious agents (pathogens) 1. Mechanical and chemical boundaries (part of the innate immune system)

More information

Chapter 13 Lymphatic and Immune Systems

Chapter 13 Lymphatic and Immune Systems The Chapter 13 Lymphatic and Immune Systems 1 The Lymphatic Vessels Lymphoid Organs Three functions contribute to homeostasis 1. Return excess tissue fluid to the bloodstream 2. Help defend the body against

More information

Third line of Defense. Topic 8 Specific Immunity (adaptive) (18) 3 rd Line = Prophylaxis via Immunization!

Third line of Defense. Topic 8 Specific Immunity (adaptive) (18) 3 rd Line = Prophylaxis via Immunization! Topic 8 Specific Immunity (adaptive) (18) Topics - 3 rd Line of Defense - B cells - T cells - Specific Immunities 1 3 rd Line = Prophylaxis via Immunization! (a) A painting of Edward Jenner depicts a cow

More information

White Blood Cells (WBCs)

White Blood Cells (WBCs) YOUR ACTIVE IMMUNE DEFENSES 1 ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE 2! Innate Immunity - invariant (generalized) - early, limited specificity - the first line of defense 1. Barriers - skin, tears 2. Phagocytes - neutrophils,

More information

The Adaptive Immune Responses

The Adaptive Immune Responses The Adaptive Immune Responses The two arms of the immune responses are; 1) the cell mediated, and 2) the humoral responses. In this chapter we will discuss the two responses in detail and we will start

More information

Chapter 17B: Adaptive Immunity Part II

Chapter 17B: Adaptive Immunity Part II Chapter 17B: Adaptive Immunity Part II 1. Cell-Mediated Immune Response 2. Humoral Immune Response 3. Antibodies 1. The Cell-Mediated Immune Response Basic Steps of Cell-Mediated IR 1 2a CD4 + MHC cl.

More information

I. Critical Vocabulary

I. Critical Vocabulary I. Critical Vocabulary A. Immune System: a set of glands, tissues, cells, and dissolved proteins that combine to defend against non-self entities B. Antigen: any non-self chemical that triggers an immune

More information

C. Incorrect! MHC class I molecules are not involved in the process of bridging in ADCC.

C. Incorrect! MHC class I molecules are not involved in the process of bridging in ADCC. Immunology - Problem Drill 13: T- Cell Mediated Immunity Question No. 1 of 10 1. During Antibody-dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), the antibody acts like a bridge between the specific antigen

More information

TCR, MHC and coreceptors

TCR, MHC and coreceptors Cooperation In Immune Responses Antigen processing how peptides get into MHC Antigen processing involves the intracellular proteolytic generation of MHC binding proteins Protein antigens may be processed

More information

Immunology - Lecture 2 Adaptive Immune System 1

Immunology - Lecture 2 Adaptive Immune System 1 Immunology - Lecture 2 Adaptive Immune System 1 Book chapters: Molecules of the Adaptive Immunity 6 Adaptive Cells and Organs 7 Generation of Immune Diversity Lymphocyte Antigen Receptors - 8 CD markers

More information

Principles of Adaptive Immunity

Principles of Adaptive Immunity Principles of Adaptive Immunity Chapter 3 Parham Hans de Haard 17 th of May 2010 Agenda Recognition molecules of adaptive immune system Features adaptive immune system Immunoglobulins and T-cell receptors

More information

The Immune System. These are classified as the Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses. Innate Immunity

The Immune System. These are classified as the Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses. Innate Immunity The Immune System Biological mechanisms that defend an organism must be 1. triggered by a stimulus upon injury or pathogen attack 2. able to counteract the injury or invasion 3. able to recognise foreign

More information

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT? CHAPTER 16 THE ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT? The adaptive immune system protects us from many infections The adaptive immune system has memory so we are not infected by the same pathogen

More information

Chapter 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity

Chapter 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity Bio40C schedule Lecture Immune system Lab Quiz 2 this week; bring a scantron! Study guide on my website (see lab assignments) Extra credit Critical thinking questions at end of chapters 5 pts/chapter Due

More information

Immune System AP SBI4UP

Immune System AP SBI4UP Immune System AP SBI4UP TYPES OF IMMUNITY INNATE IMMUNITY ACQUIRED IMMUNITY EXTERNAL DEFENCES INTERNAL DEFENCES HUMORAL RESPONSE Skin Phagocytic Cells CELL- MEDIATED RESPONSE Mucus layer Antimicrobial

More information

Adaptive (acquired) immunity. Professor Peter Delves University College London

Adaptive (acquired) immunity. Professor Peter Delves University College London Adaptive (acquired) immunity Professor Peter Delves University College London p.delves@ucl.ac.uk Haematopoiesis Haematopoiesis Lymphocytes = adaptive response Recognition of pathogens by adaptive cells,

More information

1. Specificity: specific activity for each type of pathogens. Immunity is directed against a particular pathogen or foreign substance.

1. Specificity: specific activity for each type of pathogens. Immunity is directed against a particular pathogen or foreign substance. L13: Acquired or adaptive (specific) immunity The resistance, which absent at the time of first exposure to a pathogen, but develops after being exposed to the pathogen is called acquired immunity. It

More information

Physiology Unit 3. ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY The Specific Immune Response

Physiology Unit 3. ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY The Specific Immune Response Physiology Unit 3 ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY The Specific Immune Response In Physiology Today The Adaptive Arm of the Immune System Specific Immune Response Internal defense against a specific pathogen Acquired

More information

ACTIVATION OF T LYMPHOCYTES AND CELL MEDIATED IMMUNITY

ACTIVATION OF T LYMPHOCYTES AND CELL MEDIATED IMMUNITY ACTIVATION OF T LYMPHOCYTES AND CELL MEDIATED IMMUNITY The recognition of specific antigen by naïve T cell induces its own activation and effector phases. T helper cells recognize peptide antigens through

More information

The T cell receptor for MHC-associated peptide antigens

The T cell receptor for MHC-associated peptide antigens 1 The T cell receptor for MHC-associated peptide antigens T lymphocytes have a dual specificity: they recognize polymporphic residues of self MHC molecules, and they also recognize residues of peptide

More information

Third line of Defense

Third line of Defense Chapter 15 Specific Immunity and Immunization Topics -3 rd of Defense - B cells - T cells - Specific Immunities Third line of Defense Specific immunity is a complex interaction of immune cells (leukocytes)

More information

Adaptive Immunity. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R

Adaptive Immunity. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R CSLO7. Describe functions of host defenses and the immune system in combating infectious diseases and explain how immunizations protect against specific diseases. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared

More information

The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Body Defenses Outline PART 1: INNATE DEFENSES 21.1 Surface barriers act as the first line of defense to keep

The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Body Defenses Outline PART 1: INNATE DEFENSES 21.1 Surface barriers act as the first line of defense to keep The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Body Defenses Outline PART 1: INNATE DEFENSES 21.1 Surface barriers act as the first line of defense to keep invaders out of the body (pp. 772 773; Fig. 21.1; Table

More information

Adaptive Immunity: Humoral Immune Responses

Adaptive Immunity: Humoral Immune Responses MICR2209 Adaptive Immunity: Humoral Immune Responses Dr Allison Imrie 1 Synopsis: In this lecture we will review the different mechanisms which constitute the humoral immune response, and examine the antibody

More information

MCAT Biology - Problem Drill 16: The Lymphatic and Immune Systems

MCAT Biology - Problem Drill 16: The Lymphatic and Immune Systems MCAT Biology - Problem Drill 16: The Lymphatic and Immune Systems Question No. 1 of 10 1. Which of the following statements about pathogens is true? Question #01 (A) Both viruses and bacteria need to infect

More information

LESSON 2: THE ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY

LESSON 2: THE ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY Introduction to immunology. LESSON 2: THE ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY Today we will get to know: The adaptive immunity T- and B-cells Antigens and their recognition How T-cells work 1 The adaptive immunity Unlike

More information

Adaptive Immunity. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R

Adaptive Immunity. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R 16 Adaptive Immunity The Body s Third Line of Defense Adaptive Immunity Adaptive immunity

More information

The Adaptive Immune Response. B-cells

The Adaptive Immune Response. B-cells The Adaptive Immune Response B-cells The innate immune system provides immediate protection. The adaptive response takes time to develop and is antigen specific. Activation of B and T lymphocytes Naive

More information

Immune response. This overview figure summarizes simply how our body responds to foreign molecules that enter to it.

Immune response. This overview figure summarizes simply how our body responds to foreign molecules that enter to it. Immune response This overview figure summarizes simply how our body responds to foreign molecules that enter to it. It s highly recommended to watch Dr Najeeb s lecture that s titled T Helper cells and

More information

General Overview of Immunology. Kimberly S. Schluns, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Immunology UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

General Overview of Immunology. Kimberly S. Schluns, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Immunology UT MD Anderson Cancer Center General Overview of Immunology Kimberly S. Schluns, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Immunology UT MD Anderson Cancer Center Objectives Describe differences between innate and adaptive immune responses

More information

all of the above the ability to impart long term memory adaptive immunity all of the above bone marrow none of the above

all of the above the ability to impart long term memory adaptive immunity all of the above bone marrow none of the above 1. (3 points) Immediately after a pathogen enters the body, it faces the cells and soluble proteins of the innate immune system. Which of the following are characteristics of innate immunity? a. inflammation

More information

Blood and Immune system Acquired Immunity

Blood and Immune system Acquired Immunity Blood and Immune system Acquired Immunity Immunity Acquired (Adaptive) Immunity Defensive mechanisms include : 1) Innate immunity (Natural or Non specific) 2) Acquired immunity (Adaptive or Specific) Cell-mediated

More information

Clinical Basis of the Immune Response and the Complement Cascade

Clinical Basis of the Immune Response and the Complement Cascade Clinical Basis of the Immune Response and the Complement Cascade Bryan L. Martin, DO, MMAS, FACAAI, FAAAAI, FACOI, FACP Emeritus Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics President, American College of Allergy,

More information

Page 4: Antigens: Self-Antigens The body has a vast number of its own antigens called self-antigens. These normally do not trigger immune responses.

Page 4: Antigens: Self-Antigens The body has a vast number of its own antigens called self-antigens. These normally do not trigger immune responses. Common Characteristics of B and T Lymphocytes Graphics are used with permission of Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings (http://www.aw-bc.com). Page 1: Introduction While B and T lymphocytes

More information

There are 2 major lines of defense: Non-specific (Innate Immunity) and. Specific. (Adaptive Immunity) Photo of macrophage cell

There are 2 major lines of defense: Non-specific (Innate Immunity) and. Specific. (Adaptive Immunity) Photo of macrophage cell There are 2 major lines of defense: Non-specific (Innate Immunity) and Specific (Adaptive Immunity) Photo of macrophage cell Development of the Immune System ery pl neu mφ nk CD8 + CTL CD4 + thy TH1 mye

More information

All animals have innate immunity, a defense active immediately upon infection Vertebrates also have adaptive immunity

All animals have innate immunity, a defense active immediately upon infection Vertebrates also have adaptive immunity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The Immune System All animals have innate immunity, a defense active immediately upon infection Vertebrates also have adaptive immunity Figure 43.2 In innate immunity, recognition and

More information

I. Lines of Defense Pathogen: Table 1: Types of Immune Mechanisms. Table 2: Innate Immunity: First Lines of Defense

I. Lines of Defense Pathogen: Table 1: Types of Immune Mechanisms. Table 2: Innate Immunity: First Lines of Defense I. Lines of Defense Pathogen: Table 1: Types of Immune Mechanisms Table 2: Innate Immunity: First Lines of Defense Innate Immunity involves nonspecific physical & chemical barriers that are adapted for

More information

2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Exposure to pathogens naturally activates the immune system. Takes days to be effective Pearson Education, Inc.

2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Exposure to pathogens naturally activates the immune system. Takes days to be effective Pearson Education, Inc. The innate immune interact with the adaptive immune system 1. Damage to skin causes bleeding = bradykinin activated, resulting in inflammation 2. Dendritic phagocytose pathogens Adaptive immunity 4. Dendritic

More information

Introduction to Immunology Part 2 September 30, Dan Stetson

Introduction to Immunology Part 2 September 30, Dan Stetson Introduction to Immunology Part 2 September 30, 2016 Dan Stetson stetson@uw.edu 441 Lecture #2 Slide 1 of 26 CLASS ANNOUNCEMENT PLEASE NO TREE NUTS IN CLASS!!! (Peanuts, walnuts, almonds, cashews, etc)

More information

Medical Virology Immunology. Dr. Sameer Naji, MB, BCh, PhD (UK) Head of Basic Medical Sciences Dept. Faculty of Medicine The Hashemite University

Medical Virology Immunology. Dr. Sameer Naji, MB, BCh, PhD (UK) Head of Basic Medical Sciences Dept. Faculty of Medicine The Hashemite University Medical Virology Immunology Dr. Sameer Naji, MB, BCh, PhD (UK) Head of Basic Medical Sciences Dept. Faculty of Medicine The Hashemite University Human blood cells Phases of immune responses Microbe Naïve

More information

Adaptive Immune Response Day 2. The Adaptive Immune Response

Adaptive Immune Response Day 2. The Adaptive Immune Response Adaptive Immune Response Day 2 Chapter 16 The Adaptive Immune Response 1 The B cell receptor vs. the T cell receptor. The B cell receptor vs. the T cell receptor. 2 Which T cells have CD4 and which have

More information

Chapter 24 The Immune System

Chapter 24 The Immune System Chapter 24 The Immune System The Immune System Layered defense system The skin and chemical barriers The innate and adaptive immune systems Immunity The body s ability to recognize and destroy specific

More information

The Immune System All animals have innate immunity, a defense active immediately

The Immune System All animals have innate immunity, a defense active immediately The Immune System All animals have innate immunity, a defense active immediately upon infection Vertebrates also have adaptive immunity Figure 43.2 INNATE IMMUNITY (all animals) Recognition of traits shared

More information

Foundations in Microbiology

Foundations in Microbiology Foundations in Microbiology Fifth Edition Talaro Chapter 15 The Acquisition of Specific Immunity and Its Applications Chapter 15 2 Chapter Overview 1. Development of the Dual Lymphocyte System 2. Entrance

More information

Endeavour College of Natural Health endeavour.edu.au

Endeavour College of Natural Health endeavour.edu.au Endeavour College of Natural Health endeavour.edu.au BIOH122 Human Biological Science 2 Session 9 Immune System 2 Bioscience Department Endeavour College of Natural Health endeavour.edu.au o Adaptive (Specific)

More information

Chapter 1. Chapter 1 Concepts. MCMP422 Immunology and Biologics Immunology is important personally and professionally!

Chapter 1. Chapter 1 Concepts. MCMP422 Immunology and Biologics Immunology is important personally and professionally! MCMP422 Immunology and Biologics Immunology is important personally and professionally! Learn the language - use the glossary and index RNR - Reading, Note taking, Reviewing All materials in Chapters 1-3

More information

The Lymphatic System and Body Defenses

The Lymphatic System and Body Defenses PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College The Lymphatic System and Body Defenses 12PART B Adaptive Defense System: Third Line of Defense Immune

More information

Topics in Parasitology BLY Vertebrate Immune System

Topics in Parasitology BLY Vertebrate Immune System Topics in Parasitology BLY 533-2008 Vertebrate Immune System V. Vertebrate Immune System A. Non-specific defenses against pathogens 1. Skin - physical barrier a. Tough armor protein KERATIN b. Surface

More information

Properties & Overview of IRs Dr. Nasser M. Kaplan JUST, Jordan. 10-Jul-16 NM Kaplan 1

Properties & Overview of IRs Dr. Nasser M. Kaplan JUST, Jordan. 10-Jul-16 NM Kaplan 1 Properties & Overview of IRs Dr. Nasser M. Kaplan JUST, Jordan 10-Jul-16 NM Kaplan 1 Major components of IS & their properties Definitions IS = cells & molecules responsible for: 1- Physiologic; protective

More information

5/1/13. The proportion of thymus that produces T cells decreases with age. The cellular organization of the thymus

5/1/13. The proportion of thymus that produces T cells decreases with age. The cellular organization of the thymus T cell precursors migrate from the bone marrow via the blood to the thymus to mature 1 2 The cellular organization of the thymus The proportion of thymus that produces T cells decreases with age 3 4 1

More information

VMC-221: Veterinary Immunology and Serology (1+1) Question Bank

VMC-221: Veterinary Immunology and Serology (1+1) Question Bank VMC-221: Veterinary Immunology and Serology (1+1) Objective type Questions Question Bank Q. No. 1 - Fill up the blanks with correct words 1. The British physician, who developed the first vaccine against

More information

LYMPHOCYTES & IMMUNOGLOBULINS. Dr Mere Kende, Lecturer SMHS

LYMPHOCYTES & IMMUNOGLOBULINS. Dr Mere Kende, Lecturer SMHS LYMPHOCYTES & IMMUNOGLOBULINS Dr Mere Kende, Lecturer SMHS Immunity Immune- protection against dangers of non-self/invader eg organism 3 components of immune system 1 st line: skin/mucosa/cilia/hair/saliva/fatty

More information

T Cell Receptor & T Cell Development

T Cell Receptor & T Cell Development T Cell Receptor & T Cell Development Questions for the next 2 lectures: How do you generate a diverse T cell population with functional TCR rearrangements? How do you generate a T cell population that

More information

Adaptive Immunity. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R

Adaptive Immunity. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Mindy Miller-Kittrell, North Carolina State University C H A P T E R 16 Adaptive Immunity The Body s First Line of Defense Innate Immunity The Role of Skin

More information

Immunology for the Rheumatologist

Immunology for the Rheumatologist Immunology for the Rheumatologist Rheumatologists frequently deal with the immune system gone awry, rarely studying normal immunology. This program is an overview and discussion of the function of the

More information

Adaptive Immunity. Jeffrey K. Actor, Ph.D. MSB 2.214,

Adaptive Immunity. Jeffrey K. Actor, Ph.D. MSB 2.214, Adaptive Immunity Jeffrey K. Actor, Ph.D. MSB 2.214, 500-5344 Lecture Objectives: Understand role of various molecules including cytokines, chemokines, costimulatory and adhesion molecules in the development

More information

11/25/2017. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM Chapter 43 IMMUNITY INNATE IMMUNITY EXAMPLE IN INSECTS BARRIER DEFENSES INNATE IMMUNITY OF VERTEBRATES

11/25/2017. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM Chapter 43 IMMUNITY INNATE IMMUNITY EXAMPLE IN INSECTS BARRIER DEFENSES INNATE IMMUNITY OF VERTEBRATES THE IMMUNE SYSTEM Chapter 43 IMMUNITY INNATE IMMUNITY EXAMPLE IN INSECTS Exoskeleton made of chitin forms the first barrier to pathogens Digestive system is protected by a chitin-based barrier and lysozyme,

More information

M.Sc. III Semester Biotechnology End Semester Examination, 2013 Model Answer LBTM: 302 Advanced Immunology

M.Sc. III Semester Biotechnology End Semester Examination, 2013 Model Answer LBTM: 302 Advanced Immunology Code : AS-2246 M.Sc. III Semester Biotechnology End Semester Examination, 2013 Model Answer LBTM: 302 Advanced Immunology A. Select one correct option for each of the following questions:- 2X10=10 1. (b)

More information

Lecture 4. T lymphocytes

Lecture 4. T lymphocytes Lecture 4 T lymphocytes Objectives Mention the types of T cells List the Types of T helper cell (CD4+) Discuss the Activation of T cells Define Interleukins Distinguish the Super Ag from ordinary Ag Show

More information

COURSE: Medical Microbiology, MBIM 650/720 - Fall TOPIC: Antigen Processing, MHC Restriction, & Role of Thymus Lecture 12

COURSE: Medical Microbiology, MBIM 650/720 - Fall TOPIC: Antigen Processing, MHC Restriction, & Role of Thymus Lecture 12 COURSE: Medical Microbiology, MBIM 650/720 - Fall 2008 TOPIC: Antigen Processing, MHC Restriction, & Role of Thymus Lecture 12 FACULTY: Dr. Mayer Office: Bldg. #1, Rm B32 Phone: 733-3281 Email: MAYER@MED.SC.EDU

More information

Antigen-Independent B-Cell Development Bone Marrow

Antigen-Independent B-Cell Development Bone Marrow Antigen-Independent B-Cell Development Bone Marrow 1. DNA rearrangements establish the primary repertoire, creating diversity 2. Allelic exclusion ensures that each clone expresses a single antibody on

More information

Immune system. Self/non-self recognition. Memory. The state of protection from infectious disease. Acceptance vs rejection

Immune system. Self/non-self recognition. Memory. The state of protection from infectious disease. Acceptance vs rejection Immune system The state of protection from infectious disease Self/non-self recognition 自我 非我 Acceptance vs rejection Memory 疫苗 2 Microbes Commensal Microbes 共生菌 Normal flora: usually confined to certain

More information

Helminth worm, Schistosomiasis Trypanosomes, sleeping sickness Pneumocystis carinii. Ringworm fungus HIV Influenza

Helminth worm, Schistosomiasis Trypanosomes, sleeping sickness Pneumocystis carinii. Ringworm fungus HIV Influenza Helminth worm, Schistosomiasis Trypanosomes, sleeping sickness Pneumocystis carinii Ringworm fungus HIV Influenza Candida Staph aureus Mycobacterium tuberculosis Listeria Salmonella Streptococcus Levels

More information

Cellular Immune response. Jianzhong Chen, Ph.D Institute of immunology, ZJU

Cellular Immune response. Jianzhong Chen, Ph.D Institute of immunology, ZJU Cellular Immune response Jianzhong Chen, Ph.D Institute of immunology, ZJU Concept of adaptive immune response T cell-mediated adaptive immune response I. Concept of immune response A collective and coordinated

More information

JPEMS Nantes, Basic Immunology Introduction to the immune system Definitions Structure and General Organization

JPEMS Nantes, Basic Immunology Introduction to the immune system Definitions Structure and General Organization JPEMS Nantes, 2014- Basic Immunology Introduction to the immune system Definitions Structure and General Organization Teacher: Pr. Régis Josien, Laboratoire Immunologie and INSERM U1064, CHU Nantes Regis.Josien@univ-nantes.fr

More information

Understanding basic immunology. Dr Mary Nowlan

Understanding basic immunology. Dr Mary Nowlan Understanding basic immunology Dr Mary Nowlan 1 Immunology Immunology the study of how the body fights disease and infection Immunity State of being able to resist a particular infection or toxin 2 Overview

More information

T Cell Development. Xuefang Cao, MD, PhD. November 3, 2015

T Cell Development. Xuefang Cao, MD, PhD. November 3, 2015 T Cell Development Xuefang Cao, MD, PhD November 3, 2015 Thymocytes in the cortex of the thymus Early thymocytes development Positive and negative selection Lineage commitment Exit from the thymus and

More information

Defense mechanism against pathogens

Defense mechanism against pathogens Defense mechanism against pathogens Immune System What is immune system? Cells and organs within an animal s body that contribute to immune defenses against pathogens ( ) Bacteria -Major entry points ;open

More information

IMMUNITY AND DISEASE II

IMMUNITY AND DISEASE II IMMUNITY AND DISEASE II A. Evolution of the immune system. 1. Figure 1--57.25, p. 1167 from Raven and Johnson Biology 6 th ed. shows how the immune system evolved. Figure 1. How the immune system evolved.

More information

Antigen Presentation and T Lymphocyte Activation. Abul K. Abbas UCSF. FOCiS

Antigen Presentation and T Lymphocyte Activation. Abul K. Abbas UCSF. FOCiS 1 Antigen Presentation and T Lymphocyte Activation Abul K. Abbas UCSF FOCiS 2 Lecture outline Dendritic cells and antigen presentation The role of the MHC T cell activation Costimulation, the B7:CD28 family

More information

T Cell Effector Mechanisms I: B cell Help & DTH

T Cell Effector Mechanisms I: B cell Help & DTH T Cell Effector Mechanisms I: B cell Help & DTH Ned Braunstein, MD The Major T Cell Subsets p56 lck + T cells γ δ ε ζ ζ p56 lck CD8+ T cells γ δ ε ζ ζ Cα Cβ Vα Vβ CD3 CD8 Cα Cβ Vα Vβ CD3 MHC II peptide

More information

Chapter 23 Immunity Exam Study Questions

Chapter 23 Immunity Exam Study Questions Chapter 23 Immunity Exam Study Questions 1. Define 1) Immunity 2) Neutrophils 3) Macrophage 4) Epitopes 5) Interferon 6) Complement system 7) Histamine 8) Mast cells 9) Antigen 10) Antigens receptors 11)

More information

Nonspecific External Barriers skin, mucous membranes

Nonspecific External Barriers skin, mucous membranes Immune system Chapter 36 BI 103 Plant-Animal A&P Levels of Defense Against Disease Nonspecific External Barriers skin, mucous membranes Physical barriers? Brainstorm with a partner If these barriers are

More information

T-cell activation T cells migrate to secondary lymphoid tissues where they interact with antigen, antigen-presenting cells, and other lymphocytes:

T-cell activation T cells migrate to secondary lymphoid tissues where they interact with antigen, antigen-presenting cells, and other lymphocytes: Interactions between innate immunity & adaptive immunity What happens to T cells after they leave the thymus? Naïve T cells exit the thymus and enter the bloodstream. If they remain in the bloodstream,

More information

T-cell activation T cells migrate to secondary lymphoid tissues where they interact with antigen, antigen-presenting cells, and other lymphocytes:

T-cell activation T cells migrate to secondary lymphoid tissues where they interact with antigen, antigen-presenting cells, and other lymphocytes: Interactions between innate immunity & adaptive immunity What happens to T cells after they leave the thymus? Naïve T cells exit the thymus and enter the bloodstream. If they remain in the bloodstream,

More information

CHAPTER 9 BIOLOGY OF THE T LYMPHOCYTE

CHAPTER 9 BIOLOGY OF THE T LYMPHOCYTE CHAPTER 9 BIOLOGY OF THE T LYMPHOCYTE Coico, R., Sunshine, G., (2009) Immunology : a short course, 6 th Ed., Wiley-Blackwell 1 CHAPTER 9 : Biology of The T Lymphocytes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction

More information

Adaptive immunity. Adaptive Immunity. Principles of immune defense. Adaptive immunity. against extracellular or intracellular pathogens

Adaptive immunity. Adaptive Immunity. Principles of immune defense. Adaptive immunity. against extracellular or intracellular pathogens Principles of immune defense Toxicology Course Vienna MODULE 12 Immunotoxicology, Allergy July 2, 2008 Prof. Erika Jensen-Jarolim, MD Dept. of Pathophysiology Medical University Vienna Gastrointestinaltrakt:

More information

windows of my lab Prof. Allan Wiik, emeritus director Department of Autoimmunology Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen

windows of my lab Prof. Allan Wiik, emeritus director Department of Autoimmunology Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen The normal immune system windows of my lab, Prof. Allan Wiik, emeritus director Department of Autoimmunology Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen The immune defence Theinnateimmune system Cells: Eater cells

More information

Immunology Basics Relevant to Cancer Immunotherapy: T Cell Activation, Costimulation, and Effector T Cells

Immunology Basics Relevant to Cancer Immunotherapy: T Cell Activation, Costimulation, and Effector T Cells Immunology Basics Relevant to Cancer Immunotherapy: T Cell Activation, Costimulation, and Effector T Cells Andrew H. Lichtman, M.D. Ph.D. Department of Pathology Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard

More information

Adaptive Specific Host Defenses

Adaptive Specific Host Defenses Chapter 18 Adaptive Specific Host Defenses 771 Chapter 18 Adaptive Specific Host Defenses Figure 18.1 Polio was once a common disease with potentially serious consequences, including paralysis. Vaccination

More information

Antigen capture and presentation to T lymphocytes

Antigen capture and presentation to T lymphocytes Antigen capture and presentation to T lymphocytes What T lymphocytes see Innate Immunity Immediately available or Very broad specificity rapidly recruited Adaptive Immunity Rare and naïve cells require

More information

ACTIVATION AND EFFECTOR FUNCTIONS OF CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY AND NK CELLS. Choompone Sakonwasun, MD (Hons), FRCPT

ACTIVATION AND EFFECTOR FUNCTIONS OF CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY AND NK CELLS. Choompone Sakonwasun, MD (Hons), FRCPT ACTIVATION AND EFFECTOR FUNCTIONS OF CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY AND NK CELLS Choompone Sakonwasun, MD (Hons), FRCPT Types of Adaptive Immunity Types of T Cell-mediated Immune Reactions CTLs = cytotoxic T lymphocytes

More information

3/28/2012. Immune System. Activation of Innate Immunity. Innate (non-specific) Immunity

3/28/2012. Immune System. Activation of Innate Immunity. Innate (non-specific) Immunity Chapter 5 Outline Defense Mechansims Functions of B Lymphocytes Functions of T Lymphocytes Active and Passive Immunity Tumor Immunology Diseases Caused By Immune System Immune System Anatomy - Lymphoid

More information

Mon, Wed, Fri 11:00 AM-12:00 PM. Owen, Judy, Jenni Punt, and Sharon Stranford Kuby-Immunology, 7th. Edition. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.

Mon, Wed, Fri 11:00 AM-12:00 PM. Owen, Judy, Jenni Punt, and Sharon Stranford Kuby-Immunology, 7th. Edition. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York. Course Title: Course Number: Immunology Biol-341/541 Semester: Fall 2013 Location: HS 268 Time: Instructor: 8:00-9:30 AM Tue/Thur Dr. Colleen M. McDermott Office: Nursing Ed 101 (424-1217) E-mail*: mcdermot@uwosh.edu

More information

Immune system. Aims. Immune system. Lymphatic organs. Inflammation. Natural immune system. Adaptive immune system

Immune system. Aims. Immune system. Lymphatic organs. Inflammation. Natural immune system. Adaptive immune system Aims Immune system Lymphatic organs Inflammation Natural immune system Adaptive immune system Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Disorders of the immune system 1 2 Immune system Lymphoid organs Immune

More information

Effector T Cells and

Effector T Cells and 1 Effector T Cells and Cytokines Andrew Lichtman, MD PhD Brigham and Women's Hospital Harvard Medical School 2 Lecture outline Cytokines Subsets of CD4+ T cells: definitions, functions, development New

More information

IMMUNOBIOLOGY, BIOL 537 Exam # 2 Spring 1997

IMMUNOBIOLOGY, BIOL 537 Exam # 2 Spring 1997 Name I. TRUE-FALSE (1 point each) IMMUNOBIOLOGY, BIOL 537 Exam # 2 Spring 1997 Which of the following is TRUE or FALSE relating to immunogenicity of an antigen and T and B cell responsiveness to antigen?

More information

Unit 5 The Human Immune Response to Infection

Unit 5 The Human Immune Response to Infection Unit 5 The Human Immune Response to Infection Unit 5-page 1 FOM Chapter 21 Resistance and the Immune System: Innate Immunity Preview: In Chapter 21, we will learn about the branch of the immune system

More information

April 01, Immune system.notebook

April 01, Immune system.notebook I. First Line of Defense: Skin and Mucus Membranes Non Specific A. Skin Surface 1. dry, dead, thick, secretions 2. sweat and sebaceous glands: antibiotics, lactic acid, RNase B. Mucus (moist and sometimes

More information