Autism. Childhood Autism and Schizophrenia. Autism, Part 1 Diagnostic Criteria (DSM-IV-TR) Behavioral Characteristics of Autism

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Autism. Childhood Autism and Schizophrenia. Autism, Part 1 Diagnostic Criteria (DSM-IV-TR) Behavioral Characteristics of Autism"

Transcription

1 Autism Childhood Autism and Dr. K. A. Korb University of Jos Autism comes from the Latin within oneself Autism: Severe developmental disorder characterized by abnormalities in: Social functioning Language and communication Unusual interests and behaviors Autism is a biologically-based, lifelong disability that is present in the first few years of life Behavioral Characteristics of Autism Disregards people for objects Avoids eye contact Lacks social awareness Limited language skills Repetitive motor activities Anxious and obsessive insistence on same daily routines and activities Extreme fear or avoidance of noisy or moving objects Attracted to and preoccupied with an object or activity Autism, Part 1 A total of six (or more) items from (1), (2), and (3), with at least two from (1), and one each from (2) and (3) (1)Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following: (a) marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body posture, and gestures to regulate social interaction (b) failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to develop level (c) a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievement with other people (e.g. by lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest) 1

2 Autism, Part 2 (2) Qualitative impairment in communication as manifested by at least one of the following: (a) delay in, or total of, the development of spoken language (not accompanied by an attempt to compensate through alternative modes of communication such as gesture or mime) (b) in individual with adequate speech, marked impairment in the ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others. (c) stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language. (d) lack of varied, spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level. Autism, Part 3 (3) Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following (a) encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focused (b) apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or ritual (c) stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g. hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex wholebody movement) (d) persistent preoccupation with part of objects. Autism Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that symptoms and abilities are expressed in a wide range of degree of severity Children with autism vary in their: Level of intelligence Severity of language problems Ability to develop Social Impairments Children with autism have difficulty understanding and responding to social information Difficulty understanding emotional information in body language, gestures, facial expressions, or voice Have mechanical face expressions but limited use of expressive gestures 2

3 Communication Impairments Autistic children do not use expressive gestures to convey feelings (e.g., sadness or embarrassment) About half of children with autism never develop useful language skills Children with autism who do develop language generally: Lack social chatter (e.g., greeting) Repeat exactly what was said to them Use language literally Autism and Talents About 25% of children with autism have a special intellectual skill that is above average for the general population (e.g., spelling, reading, arithmetic, music, or drawing) Autistic savants:children with autism who have extraordinary talents (e.g., calculation, memory, music, or drawing) About 5% of children with autism are savants These skills are rarely helpful for daily living Course of Autism Most parents notice symptoms of autism by 2 years of age Most children show a gradual improvement with age, but still experience serious difficulties About 70% of children with autism show poor outcomes with limited progress and continuing handicaps that prevent them from being independent from others care Treatment for Autism The goals of treatments for autism are to maximize the child s ability to care for themselves and help the child and family cope more effectively with the disorder Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms, degree of language impairments, and level of intellectual functioning Goals for low-functioning children: Eliminate harmful behavior and teach self-help skills, communication of needs, and obedience to simple rules Goals for high-functioning children: Teach language fluency and appropriate social interaction Early intervention has found to have the best effects on functioning 3

4 Overview Treatments of Autism Childhood-Onset Initial stages of treatment Build rapport with the child Teach learning readiness skills Reduce or eliminating disruptive behavior Teaching Appropriate Social Behavior Teach imitation and observational learning Express affection Social play and social skills Teaching Communication Skills Operant speech training Verbal imitation Receptive labeling Expressive labeling Incidental teaching Sign language training Family Intervention Behavioral parent training Parent counseling Educational Interventions : Disorder of the brain expressed in abnormal mental functions and disturbed behavior Severe psychotic symptoms: bizarre delusions, hallucinations, thought disturbances, significant impairment in functioning, motor dysfunction ranging from wild agitation to immobility, and extremely inappropriate or flat affect Childhood-onset schizophrenia is the same, but more severe form of adult-onset schizophrenia Distinction between Autism and Childhood-Onset has: Later onset of problem behaviors Less intellectual impairment Less social and language deficits Hallucinations and delusions Periods of remission and relapse General Progression of 1. Difficulty concentrating, sleeping, and doing school work. Avoids friends. 2. Speak incoherently. See or hear things nobody else does. 3. Rotate between disordered thinking and improvement 4. Experience hallucinations, paranoia, and delusions 4

5 At least two or more of the following symptoms are present for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period: (1)Delusions (2) Hallucinations (3)Disorganized speech (e.g. frequent derailment or incoherence) (4) Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior (5)Negative symptoms-that is, affective flattening, alogia*, or avolition** If delusion are bizarre or if hallucinations consist of a running commentary about the person or two or more conversing voices, then only of these symptoms is required to make the diagnosis. Psychotic Symptoms Delusions: Disturbances in thinking Disordered thought content and strong beliefs that are misrepresentations of reality Hallucinations: Disturbances in perceptions Things that are seen, heard, or sensed though they are not real or present The most common symptom in childhood-onset schizophrenia is auditory hallucinations (80%) 40-60% experience visual hallucinations and delusions *Alogia: Lack of speech **Avolition: Lack of drive, or motivation to pursue meaningful goals Treatment for Antipsychotic drugs are helpful for improving the functioning of people living with schizophrenia Psychosocial treatment should also be included for social skills training and family interventions 5

From Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM IV

From Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM IV From Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM IV (I) A total of six (or more) items from (A), (B), and (C), with at least two from (A), and one each from (B) and (C) (A) qualitative impairment

More information

Autism. Laura Schreibman HDP1 11/29/07 MAIN DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES OF AUTISTIC DISORDER. Deficits in social attachment and behavior

Autism. Laura Schreibman HDP1 11/29/07 MAIN DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES OF AUTISTIC DISORDER. Deficits in social attachment and behavior Autism Laura Schreibman HDP1 11/29/07 MAIN DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES OF AUTISTIC DISORDER Deficits in social attachment and behavior Deficits in verbal and nonverbal communication Presence of perseverative,

More information

5. Diagnostic Criteria

5. Diagnostic Criteria 5. Diagnostic Criteria The questions that are going to be answered in this chapter are: What are the diagnostic criteria of ASD? Are the diagnostic criteria laid down in the DSM-IV-TR or ICD-10 manuals

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Robin K. Blitz, MD Resident Autism Diagnostic Clinic Lecture Series #1

Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Robin K. Blitz, MD Resident Autism Diagnostic Clinic Lecture Series #1 Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Robin K. Blitz, MD Resident Autism Diagnostic Clinic Lecture Series #1 Learning Objectives What can we talk about in 20 minutes? What is Autism? What are the Autism

More information

DSM-IV Criteria. (1) qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:

DSM-IV Criteria. (1) qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following: DSM-IV Criteria Autistic Disorder A. A total of six (or more) items from (1), (2), and (3), with at least two from (1), and one each from (2) and (3): (1) qualitative impairment in social interaction,

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it?

Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Robin K. Blitz, MD Resident Autism Diagnostic Clinic Lecture Series #1 Learning Objectives What can we talk about in 20 minutes? What is Autism? What are the Autism

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it?

Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Autism Spectrum Disorder What is it? Robin K. Blitz, MD Director, Developmental Pediatrics Resident Autism Diagnostic Clinic Lecture Series #1 Learning Objectives What can we talk about in 20 minutes?

More information

Fact Sheet 8. DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Fact Sheet 8. DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet 8 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder A diagnosis of autism is made on the basis of observed behaviour. There are no blood tests, no single defining symptom and no physical characteristics that

More information

WHAT IS AUTISM? Chapter One

WHAT IS AUTISM? Chapter One WHAT IS AUTISM? Chapter One Autism is a life-long developmental disability that prevents people from understanding what they see, hear, and otherwise sense. This results in severe problems with social

More information

AUTISM: THE MIND-BRAIN CONNECTION

AUTISM: THE MIND-BRAIN CONNECTION AUTISM: THE MIND-BRAIN CONNECTION Ricki Robinson, MD, MPH Co-Director, Descanso Medical Center for Development and Learning - La Canada CA Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine-USC

More information

Table 1: Comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Pervasive Developmental Disorders Key Differences

Table 1: Comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Pervasive Developmental Disorders Key Differences Comparison of the Diagnostic Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder Across DSM-5, 1 DSM-IV-TR, 2 and the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) 3 Definition of Autism Colleen M. Harker, M.S. & Wendy L.

More information

INFORMATION PAPER: INTRODUCING THE NEW DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

INFORMATION PAPER: INTRODUCING THE NEW DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER INFORMATION PAPER: INTRODUCING THE NEW DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER What is the DSM-5? The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (the DSM) is developed by the

More information

Autism/Pervasive Developmental Disorders Update. Kimberly Macferran, MD Pediatric Subspecialty for the Primary Care Provider December 2, 2011

Autism/Pervasive Developmental Disorders Update. Kimberly Macferran, MD Pediatric Subspecialty for the Primary Care Provider December 2, 2011 Autism/Pervasive Developmental Disorders Update Kimberly Macferran, MD Pediatric Subspecialty for the Primary Care Provider December 2, 2011 Overview Diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorders Screening/referral

More information

AUTISM PARENT HANDBOOK. Answers to common questions. Artwork: Hey Diddle Diddle, by Eytan Nisinzweig, an artist with autism.

AUTISM PARENT HANDBOOK. Answers to common questions. Artwork: Hey Diddle Diddle, by Eytan Nisinzweig, an artist with autism. AUTISM PARENT HANDBOOK Answers to common questions Artwork: Hey Diddle Diddle, by Eytan Nisinzweig, an artist with autism. 2nd Edition Dear Parents: We are very pleased to publish the 2nd edition of the

More information

Diagnosing Autism, and What Comes After. Natalie Roth, Ph. D. Clinical Psychologist, Alternative Behavior Strategies

Diagnosing Autism, and What Comes After. Natalie Roth, Ph. D. Clinical Psychologist, Alternative Behavior Strategies Diagnosing Autism, and What Comes After Natalie Roth, Ph. D. Clinical Psychologist, Alternative Behavior Strategies Cigna Autism Awareness Education Series, January 12, 2017 1 Autistic Spectrum Disorder

More information

WV Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities and Autism

WV Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities and Autism WV Policy 2419: Regulations for the Education of Students with Exceptionalities and Autism Frances Clark, Ed.D. Lanai Jennings, Ph.D. OSP JoDonna Burdoff Autism Outreach Coordinator WV Autism Training

More information

Reducing Disproportionality in Challenging Situations. Nkenge Bergan & Cindy Green Kalamazoo Public Schools Urban Collaborative November 6, 2015

Reducing Disproportionality in Challenging Situations. Nkenge Bergan & Cindy Green Kalamazoo Public Schools Urban Collaborative November 6, 2015 Reducing Disproportionality in Challenging Situations Nkenge Bergan & Cindy Green Kalamazoo Public Schools Urban Collaborative November 6, 2015 Background 12,700+ students 68-71% free & reduced lunch 41%

More information

DSM 5 Criteria to Diagnose Autism

DSM 5 Criteria to Diagnose Autism DSM 5 Criteria to Diagnose Autism Patient Name Patient Date of Birth Patient Health Plan Provider Name and Credential Date of Exam Only a doctoral level clinician (MD, PhD, and/or PsyD) can complete this

More information

Chapter 12. Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders. PSY 440: Abnormal Psychology. Rick Grieve Western Kentucky University

Chapter 12. Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders. PSY 440: Abnormal Psychology. Rick Grieve Western Kentucky University Chapter 12 Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders PSY 440: Abnormal Psychology Rick Grieve Western Kentucky University psychotic disorders disorders so severe that the person has essentially lost

More information

Asperger's Syndrome WHAT IS ASPERGER'S? Article QUICK LINKS :

Asperger's Syndrome WHAT IS ASPERGER'S? Article QUICK LINKS : DISCLAIMER The information contained within this document does not constitute medical advice or diagnosis and is intended for education and information purposes only. It was current at the time of publication

More information

An Autism Primer for the PCP: What to Expect, When to Refer

An Autism Primer for the PCP: What to Expect, When to Refer An Autism Primer for the PCP: What to Expect, When to Refer Webinar November 9, 2016 John P. Pelegano MD Chief of Pediatrics Hospital for Special Care Disclosures None I will not be discussing any treatments,

More information

9.85 Cognition in Infancy and Early Childhood. Lecture 14: Autism

9.85 Cognition in Infancy and Early Childhood. Lecture 14: Autism 9.85 Cognition in Infancy and Early Childhood Lecture 14: Autism Schedule Monday, November 21st -- mirror neuron debate; research drafts back Wednesday, November 23rd -- Happy Thanksgiving; no class Monday,

More information

Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Pervasive Developmental Disorders Pervasive Developmental Disorders Pervasive Developmental Disorders are characterized by severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development: reciprocal social interaction skills, communication

More information

Autism Update: Classification & Treatment

Autism Update: Classification & Treatment Autism Update: Classification & Treatment Dana Battaglia, Ph.D., CCC-SLP NYSUT Professional Issues Forum on Healthcare April 26 th, 2013 10:30-12:30 1 Who is here today? Our Goals for This Morning Introduce

More information

12/19/2016. Autism Spectrum Disorders & Positive Behavior Supports a brief overview. What is the Autism Spectrum? Autism Spectrum Disorder

12/19/2016. Autism Spectrum Disorders & Positive Behavior Supports a brief overview. What is the Autism Spectrum? Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorders & Positive Behavior Supports a brief overview What is the Autism Spectrum? DSM V (2013) included revisions with more specific diagnostic criteria and Further distinctions will

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders & Positive Behavior Supports a brief overview

Autism Spectrum Disorders & Positive Behavior Supports a brief overview Autism Spectrum Disorders & Positive Behavior Supports a brief overview What is the Autism Spectrum? DSM V (2013) included revisions with more specific diagnostic criteria and Further distinctions will

More information

Understanding Autism. Julie Smith, MA, BCBA. November 12, 2015

Understanding Autism. Julie Smith, MA, BCBA. November 12, 2015 Understanding Autism Julie Smith, MA, BCBA November 12, 2015 2 Overview What is Autism New DSM-5; changes to diagnosis Potential causes Communication strategies Managing difficult behaviors Effective programming

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder Pre Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Pre Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Autism Spectrum Disorder Pre 2014 2012 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. DSM- 5 In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association released the fifth edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of

More information

Page24. Indexed in: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Sunny Agarwal Founder / Digital Marketing Specialist at Code- LIT. September 2018; 5(3):24-28

Page24. Indexed in: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Sunny Agarwal Founder / Digital Marketing Specialist at Code- LIT. September 2018; 5(3):24-28 Page24 Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Sunny Agarwal Founder / Digital Marketing Specialist at Code- LIT Email: agarwalsunny68@gmail.com KEY WORDS: Autism, Sign/symptoms of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder),

More information

Evaluations. Learn the Signs. Act Early. The Importance of Developmental Screening. Conflict of Interest Statement.

Evaluations. Learn the Signs. Act Early. The Importance of Developmental Screening. Conflict of Interest Statement. Learn the Signs. Act Early. The Importance of Developmental Screening. April 19, 2012 Featured Speakers Judith Lucas, MD Pediatrician, Behavioral Health Albany Medical Center Donna M. Noyes, PhD Associate

More information

Autism 101 Glenwood, Inc. 2013

Autism 101 Glenwood, Inc. 2013 Autism 101 Glenwood, Inc. 2013 DSM-5 CURRENT DX CRITERIA Although ASD s are neurological, there are no current medical tests to use for a diagnosis. We currently use behavioral symptoms to make a diagnosis,

More information

Goal: To recognize and differentiate different forms of psychopathology that involve disordered thinking and reasoning and distorted perception

Goal: To recognize and differentiate different forms of psychopathology that involve disordered thinking and reasoning and distorted perception Goal: To recognize and differentiate different forms of psychopathology that involve disordered thinking and reasoning and distorted perception Psychotic disorders, or psychoses, are among the most serious

More information

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA. Lisa Joseph, Ph.D.

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA. Lisa Joseph, Ph.D. AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: DSM-5 DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA Lisa Joseph, Ph.D. Autism Spectrum Disorder Neurodevelopmental disorder Reflects understanding of the etiology of disorder as related to alterations

More information

Autism in Children and Young People (Herefordshire Multi-Agency Pathway and Eligibility)

Autism in Children and Young People (Herefordshire Multi-Agency Pathway and Eligibility) Autism in Children and Young People (Herefordshire Multi-Agency Pathway and Eligibility) Context Autism is a lifelong disorder that has a great impact on the child or young person and their family or carers.

More information

First Responders and Autism

First Responders and Autism First Responders and Autism Thinking Outside of the Box Every person with autism is unique! Prevalence of Autism: Sesame Street character Definition of Autism Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition

More information

Autism. Tara Anne Matthews, MD Fellow Kapila Seshadri, MD Associate Professor of Pediatrics UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical November 28, 2012

Autism. Tara Anne Matthews, MD Fellow Kapila Seshadri, MD Associate Professor of Pediatrics UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical November 28, 2012 Autism Tara Anne Matthews, MD Fellow Kapila Seshadri, MD Associate Professor of Pediatrics UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical November 28, 2012 Why Talk about Autism -Prevalence 1 in 6 children (17 %) diagnosed

More information

District Pam Leonard & Sabrina Beaudry

District Pam Leonard & Sabrina Beaudry District 204 2009-2010 Pam Leonard & Sabrina Beaudry HOW DID WE GET HERE? By the end of the 2009-2010 school year, the chosen building staff representative will be able to complete the problem-solving

More information

DSM- 5 AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

DSM- 5 AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER DSM- 5 AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, as manifested by the following, currently or by history A1. Deficits in social-emotional

More information

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders Chapter 14 This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display,

More information

Schizophrenia. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available.

Schizophrenia. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available. What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a severe mental health condition. However,

More information

Valarie Kerschen M.D.

Valarie Kerschen M.D. Valarie Kerschen M.D. Greek word meaning self 1940 s Dr Leo Kanner describes classic autism 1940 s Dr Hans Asperger describes Aspergers Syndrome 1960 s Autism theorized to be due to refrigerator mothers

More information

Autism. Autism and autistic spectrum

Autism. Autism and autistic spectrum Autism Autism is a disorder that affects the way a person communicates with and relates to other people. Most (but not all) people with autism also have a learning disability. People with autism need specialist

More information

PROGRAMMING FOR STUDENTS WITH ASD IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION SETTING

PROGRAMMING FOR STUDENTS WITH ASD IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION SETTING PROGRAMMING FOR STUDENTS WITH ASD IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION SETTING Middle School Point Person Training District 204 2010-2011 Pam Leonard & Sabrina Beaudry WELCOME! HOW DID WE GET HERE? SMART GOAL By the

More information

DSM5: How to Understand It and How to Help

DSM5: How to Understand It and How to Help DSM5: How to Understand It and How to Help Introduction: The DSM5 is a foreign language! Three Questions: I. The first was, What the key assumptions made to determine the organization of the DSM5? A. Mental

More information

Developmental Disorders also known as Autism Spectrum Disorders. Dr. Deborah Marks

Developmental Disorders also known as Autism Spectrum Disorders. Dr. Deborah Marks Pervasive Developmental Disorders also known as Autism Spectrum Disorders Dr. Deborah Marks Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autistic Disorder ( Autism) - Kanner Asperger Syndrome Pervasive Developmental

More information

Relationship Development Intervention

Relationship Development Intervention Relationship Development Intervention About RDI Developed by Dr. Steven Gutstein Completed at the Connections Center in Houston Texas RDI consultants are trained at the center and participate in a one

More information

Social Communication Strategies for Students with ASD Meeting the Needs 2017

Social Communication Strategies for Students with ASD Meeting the Needs 2017 Social Communication Strategies for Students with ASD Meeting the Needs 2017 Leanne Forrest Case Manager, OCDSB ASD Team Michelle MacIsaac OCDSB Speech-Language Pathologist Julia Sneyd OCDSB Itinerant

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team (MET) Report

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team (MET) Report Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team (MET) Report Date of Report: Student Name: Date of Birth: School: Evaluation Team: Psychologist: School Social Worker (SSW): Speech & Language

More information

THE USE OF DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOR THERAPY WITH FORENSIC CLIENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

THE USE OF DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOR THERAPY WITH FORENSIC CLIENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER THE USE OF DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOR THERAPY WITH FORENSIC CLIENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER DR JOSEPH ALLAN SAKDALAN AND SABINE VISSER CLINICAL FORENSIC AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST (NZ) APRIL 2018 OUTLINE OF

More information

D. Exclusion of schizoaffective disorder and mood disorder with psychotic features.

D. Exclusion of schizoaffective disorder and mood disorder with psychotic features. 65 CHAPTER 8: APPENDIX. ADDENDUM A DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia A. Characteristic symptoms: Two or more of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a one-month

More information

INDICATORS OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

INDICATORS OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER INDICATORS OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER While many of the behaviors typical of Autism Spectrum Disorder are also typical of earlier stages of normal development, it is the combination or pattern of behaviors

More information

A Pilot Study on the Diagnostic Performance of DMS-IV and DMS-V for Autism Spectrum Disorder

A Pilot Study on the Diagnostic Performance of DMS-IV and DMS-V for Autism Spectrum Disorder 6 Jul 0 Vol 4 No. North merican Journal of Medicine and Science Original Research Pilot Study on the Diagnostic Performance of DMS-IV and DMS-V for utism Spectrum Disorder Yang You, MD, ai-lin Wu, PhD,

More information

ENTITLEMENT ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINE SCHIZOPHRENIA

ENTITLEMENT ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINE SCHIZOPHRENIA Entitlement Eligibility Guideline SCHIZOPHRENIA Page 1 of 8 ENTITLEMENT ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINE SCHIZOPHRENIA MPC 00607 ICD-9 295 ICD-10 F20 DEFINITION SCHIZOPHRENIA Characteristic symptoms of Schizophrenia

More information

From: What s the problem? Pathway to Empowerment. Objectives 12/8/2015

From:   What s the problem? Pathway to Empowerment. Objectives 12/8/2015 Overcoming Intellectual Disability and Autism to Achieve Vocational & Academic Success Pathway to Empowerment Objectives 1 2 4 Learn to distinguish between intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders.

More information

What is Autism and. How to Make a Diagnosis. Dene Robertson

What is Autism and. How to Make a Diagnosis. Dene Robertson What is Autism and How to Make a Diagnosis Dene Robertson Where does the A come from? Morel 1856: Demence Precoce Bizarre behaviour and mental function, withdrawal and self neglect Kraepelin 1896: Dementia

More information

How to Win Friends and Influence People Lesson 6 Psychological Patterns and Disorders

How to Win Friends and Influence People Lesson 6 Psychological Patterns and Disorders How to Win Friends and Influence People Lesson 6 Psychological Patterns and Disorders What are psychological disorders? Mental health workers view psychological disorders as ongoing patterns of thoughts,

More information

Week #1 Classification & Diagnosis

Week #1 Classification & Diagnosis Week #1 Classification & Diagnosis 3 Categories in the Conceptualisation of Abnormality Psychological Dysfunction: Refers to a breakdown in cognitive, emotional or behavioural functioning. Knowing where

More information

Pervasive Development Disorders

Pervasive Development Disorders Pervasive Development Disorders A fact sheet produced by the Mental Health Information Service Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD) or Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are umbrella terms that refer to

More information

The Clinical Progress of Autism Spectrum Disorders in China. Xi an children s hospital Yanni Chen MD.PhD

The Clinical Progress of Autism Spectrum Disorders in China. Xi an children s hospital Yanni Chen MD.PhD The Clinical Progress of Autism Spectrum Disorders in China Xi an children s hospital Yanni Chen MD.PhD Conception The autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disability characterized by

More information

Autism or Something Else? Knowing the Difference

Autism or Something Else? Knowing the Difference Autism or Something Else? Knowing the Difference SUSAN BUTTROSS, M.D., FAAP PROFESSOR OF PEDIATRICS CENTER FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF YOUTH UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI MEDICAL CENTER JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI Disclosure

More information

Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings: Exceptional Learners Chapter 9: Autism Spectrum Disorders

Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings: Exceptional Learners Chapter 9: Autism Spectrum Disorders Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings: Exceptional Learners Chapter 9: Autism Spectrum Disorders Background Autistic is a broad term coined in the twentieth century by Bleuler that

More information

Autism Checklist General Characteristics

Autism Checklist General Characteristics Autism Checklist General Characteristics Abnormal tone and rhythm in speech Babbling may develop and then stop Began developing language then suddenly stopped Crying not related to needs Delay in, or lack

More information

Descriptions and Characteristics

Descriptions and Characteristics Descriptions and Characteristics LD-learning disabled ED-emotionally disabled MiMH-mild mental handicap ASD-autism spectrum disorder Definition-a condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge

More information

8/22/2016. Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Third Edition. Features of Schizophrenia. Features of Schizophrenia (cont'd)

8/22/2016. Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Third Edition. Features of Schizophrenia. Features of Schizophrenia (cont'd) Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Third Edition CHAPTER 16 Schizophrenia Features of Schizophrenia Prevalence in U.S. is 1.1%. Average onset is late teens to early twenties, but can be as

More information

Supporting Children and Adults with Autism to Access Sports and Leisure Activities

Supporting Children and Adults with Autism to Access Sports and Leisure Activities Supporting Children and Adults with Autism to Access Sports and Leisure Activities a development resource for those supporting individuals with autism to access leisure activities Autism is a hidden disability,

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders. A general overview

Autism Spectrum Disorders. A general overview Autism Spectrum Disorders A general overview True or False The term autism is relatively new. Autism was first described by scientist Leo Kranner in 1943, but the earliest description of a child now known

More information

Psychotic Disorders. Schizophrenia. Age Distribution of Onset 2/24/2009. Schizophrenia. Hallmark trait is psychosis

Psychotic Disorders. Schizophrenia. Age Distribution of Onset 2/24/2009. Schizophrenia. Hallmark trait is psychosis Psychotic Disorders Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Affects people from all walks of life Is about as prevalent as epilepsy Usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood Hallmark trait is psychosis

More information

OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION

OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN EMERGING ADULTS Douglas J. Scambler, Ph.D. Clinical Psychologist Presented at the University of Wyoming November 6, 2012 OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION What are the autism spectrum

More information

Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. Features of Schizophrenia. Features of Schizophrenia - continued

Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. Features of Schizophrenia. Features of Schizophrenia - continued Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Chapter 16 Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders Features of Schizophrenia Prevalence in U.S. is 1.1%. Average onset is late teens to early twenties,

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Update Kathleen A. Koth, D.O.

Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Update Kathleen A. Koth, D.O. Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Update Kathleen A. Koth, D.O. Assistant Professor, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Program Director, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Fellowship President, Wisconsin Council

More information

Psychosis. Paula Gibbs, MD Department of Psychiatry University of Utah

Psychosis. Paula Gibbs, MD Department of Psychiatry University of Utah Psychosis Paula Gibbs, MD Department of Psychiatry University of Utah Psychotic Symptoms Psychosis in a broad sense, signifies impaired reality testing ability Symptoms include: hallucinations, delusions,

More information

Autism beyond childhood. The Challenges

Autism beyond childhood. The Challenges Autism beyond childhood The Challenges Why ASD and Why Now? Prevalence Historically emphasis has been on childhood Adults fall through cracks Poor services Government responses Pervasive Developmental

More information

Eligibility Criteria for Children with ASD

Eligibility Criteria for Children with ASD AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER SERIES Eligibility Criteria for Children with ASD Review the Characteristics of Children with ASD* The following are the most common signs and symptoms of a child with ASD: The

More information

Making a difference together: Understanding autism Antony Davenport

Making a difference together: Understanding autism Antony Davenport Making a difference together: Understanding autism Antony Davenport Advocate, Asist Advocacy Services Staffordshire reach@asist.co.uk Introduction The aims are to: Introduce autism Provide specific information

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders in DSM-5

Autism Spectrum Disorders in DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorders in DSM-5 JILL FODSTAD, PH.D., HSPP, BCBA -D A S S I S TA N T P R O F E S S O R O F C L I N I C A L P SYC H O LO GY D E PA RT M E N T O F P SYC H I AT RY I U S C H O O L O F M

More information

Hearing Loss and Autism. diagnosis and intervention

Hearing Loss and Autism. diagnosis and intervention Hearing Loss and Autism diagnosis and intervention Outline 1. Definitions 2. Prevalence 3. Diagnosis 4. Ideas for Intervention Definitions Definitions Autism A group of complex disorders of brain development

More information

Schizophrenia A psychotic Disorder

Schizophrenia A psychotic Disorder Schizophrenia A psychotic Disorder Schizophrenia A TYPE OF PSYCHOSIS: Psychosis: mental disorders characterized by major departures from reality Schizophrenia: a psychosis marked by disturbances of thought,

More information

1. What is a clinical disorder? [provide the detailed definition you learned in class]

1. What is a clinical disorder? [provide the detailed definition you learned in class] 1. What is a clinical disorder? [provide the detailed definition you learned in class] A constellation of symptoms that significantly impairs an individual s ability to function, and is characterized by

More information

[INSERT TITLE] 2/24/19. Understanding Restricted and. Repetitive Behaviors in HFA. Kimberlee Flatt, PhD, LPC,BCBA/LBA DSM-5

[INSERT TITLE] 2/24/19. Understanding Restricted and. Repetitive Behaviors in HFA. Kimberlee Flatt, PhD, LPC,BCBA/LBA DSM-5 Understanding Restricted and [INSERT TITLE] Repetitive Behaviors in HFA Kimberlee Flatt, PhD, LPC,BCBA/LBA DSM-5 B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities 1. Stereotyped

More information

Schizophrenia. Introduction. Overview and Facts

Schizophrenia. Introduction. Overview and Facts Introduction is a chronic, severe and disabling brain disease that typically shows its first clear symptoms in late adolescence or early adulthood. It is one of several types of Psychotic Disorders. It

More information

What is Autism? Laura Ferguson, M.Ed., BCBA.

What is Autism? Laura Ferguson, M.Ed., BCBA. What is Autism? Laura Ferguson, M.Ed., BCBA. What is Autism? ) Autism is a complex developmental disability that has a neurological basis that causes impairments in social interactions, communication,

More information

Asperger Syndrome. Sandra Enders. Regis University

Asperger Syndrome. Sandra Enders. Regis University Running Head: Asperger 1 Asperger Syndrome Sandra Enders Regis University Asperger 2 Abstract This writing looks at Asperger s syndrome which is considered one of four of the pervasive developmental disorders

More information

Psychotic disorders Dr. Sarah DeLeon, MD PGYIV, Psychiatry ConceptsInPsychiatry.com

Psychotic disorders Dr. Sarah DeLeon, MD PGYIV, Psychiatry ConceptsInPsychiatry.com Psychotic disorders Dr. Sarah DeLeon, MD PGYIV, Psychiatry ConceptsInPsychiatry.com Introduction Psychotic spectrum disorders include schizotypal personality disorder, delusional disorder, brief psychotic

More information

SAMPLE. Certificate in Understanding Autism. Workbook 1 DIAGNOSIS PERSON-CENTRED. CACHE Level 2 ASPERGER SYNDROME SOCIAL INTERACTION UNDERSTANDING

SAMPLE. Certificate in Understanding Autism. Workbook 1 DIAGNOSIS PERSON-CENTRED. CACHE Level 2 ASPERGER SYNDROME SOCIAL INTERACTION UNDERSTANDING CACHE Level 2 Certificate in Understanding Autism ASPERGER SYNDROME DIAGNOSIS Workbook 1 TRIAD OF IMPAIRMENTS UNDERSTANDING AUTISM SPECTRUM CONDITION PERSON-CENTRED SOCIAL INTERACTION In this section,

More information

Starting Strong 2015 Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders and An Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis

Starting Strong 2015 Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders and An Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis Starting Strong 2015 Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders and An Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis Robin Talley, M.Ed., BCBA UW Autism Center Presentation Overview Overview of Autism Spectrum

More information

Instructional Practices for Students with Autism A.. Kimberly Howard M.Ed.

Instructional Practices for Students with Autism A.. Kimberly Howard M.Ed. Instructional Practices for Students with Autism A. Kimberly Howard M.Ed. The mission of the Kentucky Autism Training Center is to strengthen our state's systems of support for persons affected by autism

More information

Down Syndrome and Autism

Down Syndrome and Autism Down Syndrome and Autism Lina Patel, Psy.D. Sie Center for Down Syndrome Children s Hospital Colorado University of Colorado School of Medicine Lina.Patel@childrenscolorado.org Financial Disclosure Objectives

More information

Autism Diagnosis and Management Update. Outline. History 11/1/2013. Autism Diagnosis. Management

Autism Diagnosis and Management Update. Outline. History 11/1/2013. Autism Diagnosis. Management Autism Diagnosis and Management Update Cathleen Small, PhD, BCBA-D Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Maine Medical Partners Outline Autism Diagnosis Brief history New, DSM-5 diagnostic criteria Expressed

More information

Autism. Autism. Pragmatics. Formulaic speech. Pragmatics in autism

Autism. Autism. Pragmatics. Formulaic speech. Pragmatics in autism LIGN171: Child Language Acquisition Autism http://ling.ucsd.edu/courses/lign171 Autism Affects 1 in 166 children More common in boys than girls Usually diagnosed by age 5 Delays in language First identified

More information

Department of Public Welfare PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPAIRMENT REPORT

Department of Public Welfare PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPAIRMENT REPORT Department of Public Welfare PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPAIRMENT REPORT The purpose of this report is to outline the information needed to make a disability determination. This is not a required format; however,

More information

Include Autism Presents: The Volunteer Handbook

Include Autism Presents: The Volunteer Handbook Include Autism Presents: The Volunteer Handbook 1 The Volunteer Handbook: Working With People Who Have An Autism Spectrum Disorder Brought to you by: Include Autism 2 Include Autism, Inc. 2014 Table of

More information

Developmental Disabilities: Diagnosis and Treatment. Sara Sanders, Psy.D. 03/05/15

Developmental Disabilities: Diagnosis and Treatment. Sara Sanders, Psy.D. 03/05/15 Developmental Disabilities: Diagnosis and Treatment Sara Sanders, Psy.D. 03/05/15 1 Developmental Disability A severe and chronic disability that is attributable to a mental or physical impairment that

More information

Schizophrenia. Brooke Jones Charity Payne Alyssa Stewart

Schizophrenia. Brooke Jones Charity Payne Alyssa Stewart Schizophrenia Brooke Jones Charity Payne Alyssa Stewart Brogan s Story Definition Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some

More information

PSYCHOLOGY. Chapter 15 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Chaffey College Summer 2018 Professor Trujillo

PSYCHOLOGY. Chapter 15 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Chaffey College Summer 2018 Professor Trujillo PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 15 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Chaffey College Summer 2018 Professor Trujillo 15.1 WHAT ARE PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS? A psychological disorder is a condition characterized by abnormal thoughts,

More information

Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, 2

Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, 2 Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, 2 Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, 3 Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, 4 Phobic Disorders A phobia is an intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situation;

More information

In 1943, Leo Kanner first described autism. This perplexing and highly

In 1943, Leo Kanner first described autism. This perplexing and highly Intro-Simpson.qxd 4/28/04 11:20 AM Page 1 Introduction In 1943, Leo Kanner first described autism. This perplexing and highly enigmatic disorder is characterized by difficulty in interacting normally with

More information

9/3/2014. Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Third Edition. Features of Schizophrenia. Features of Schizophrenia (cont'd)

9/3/2014. Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Third Edition. Features of Schizophrenia. Features of Schizophrenia (cont'd) Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Third Edition CHAPTER 16 Schizophrenia Features of Schizophrenia Prevalence in U.S. is 1.1%. Average onset is late teens to early twenties, but can be as

More information

Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder. By: Nicole Tyminski

Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder. By: Nicole Tyminski Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder By: Nicole Tyminski What is Autism? Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These

More information