Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory"

Transcription

1 Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory Histology of Nervous Tissue and The Spinal Cord This lab involves two laboratory exercises: 1) Histology of Nervous Tissue, and 2) Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and the Autonomic Nervous System. Complete the Review Sheet for the entire first exercise, and the portion pertaining to the spinal cord for the second. The remainder of the second exercise will be completed in the next lab on the spinal and peripheral nerves. The quizzes are separate as well: for this lab take the quiz on nervous tissue and the spinal cord. Alternately, your instructor may have you turn in drawings of nerve tissue in lieu of the Review Sheets. Use the Virtual Microscope or other histology sites for images of nerve tissue. Click on the sound icon for the audio file (mp3 format) for each slide. There is also a link to a dowloadable mp4 video which can be played on an ipod. 1

2 Cells of the Nervous System: Glial Cells (neuroglia) and other supportive cells: These provide supportive functions for the nervous system. And new information stresses the functional interdependence of glial cells and neurons. Neurons: these are the functional cells of the nervous system, i.e. they conduct the impulses. 2

3 CNS Neuroglia a) Astrocytes - these cells anchor neurons to blood vessels, regulate the micro-environment of neurons, and regulate transport of nutrients and wastes to and from neurons. They are part of the blood-brain barrier. b) Microglia - these cells are phagocytic to defend against pathogens. They may also monitor the condition of neurons. c) Ependymal cells - these cells line the fluid-filled cavities of the brain and spinal cord. They play a role in production, transport, and circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid. d) Oligodendrocyte - produce the myelin sheath in the CNS. 3

4 Peripheral Neuron Supportive Cells a) Schwann cells - derived from neural crest cells, they produce the myelin sheath in the PNS. b) Satellite cells - also derived from the neural crest, they surround cell bodies of neurons in ganglia. Their role is to maintain the micro-environment and provide insulation for the ganglion cells. 4

5 Functional Types of Neurons Sensory neurons receive an impulse from a receptor and transmit it to the CNS Motor neurons send an impulse to an effector. Interneurons (a.k.a. association neurons or connecting neurons) they carry impulses from neurons to one another. 5

6 Structural Types of Neurons: Multipolar Multipolar neurons have many dendrites and one axon. The axon typically branches near its destination. These cells are motor and interneurons (connecting neurons). Myelin sheath CNS Effector Multipolar neuron - has many dendrites and one axon. Multipolar neurons are found as motor and interneurons. 6

7 Structural Types of Neurons:Unipolar Unipolar neurons have one process, an axon. These are sensory neurons. Receptor CNS Unipolar neurons have one process from the cell body, classified as an axon. It branches to connect to receptors and the spinal cord or brain. Unipolar neurons are found as most of the body s sensory neurons. The dendrites are found at the receptor and the axon leads to the spinal cord or brain. 7

8 Structural Types of Neurons: Bipolar Bipolar neurons found only in the special senses. Bipolar neuron - has one dendrite and one axon attached to the cell body. Bipolar neurons are rare, found only in ear and eye, where they are part of the integration of incoming stimuli. 8

9 A Multipolar Neuron nucleus nucleolus cytoplasmic processes Notice the many processes attached to the cells body. This slide is a smear made from the gray matter of the spinal cord where motor and interneurons abound. The numerous other small cells that you see are glial cells. What type of glial cells might they be? 9

10 Gray Matter Neurons: The Brain The cerebrum contains multipolar cells similar to those in the spinal cord. These are known as pyramidal cells. Multipolar neurons are also found in the gray matter of the brain. These cells are motor neurons leading to the corticospinal tract and are known as pyramidal cells. 10

11 Spinal Cord - Neuron Relationships ganglion sensory fibers sensory cell bodies dorsal root dorsal sulcus (fissure) white matter receptor effector Interneuron gray matter spinal nerve motor fibers ventral root ventral sulcus motor cell bodies central canal 11

12 Spinal Cord C.S. White matter Dorsal root ganglion Ventral root Gray matter Dorsal root Meninges: Pia mater Arachnoid Dura mater Surrounding both the spinal cord and the brain are the meninges, a three layered covering of connective tissue. The dura mater is the tough outer layer. Beneath the dura is the arachnoid which is like a spider web in consistency. The arachnoid has abundant space within and beneath its thickened outer portion (the subarachnoid space) which contains cerebrospinal fluid, as does the space beneath the dura mater (subdural space). This cerebrospinal fluid supplies buoyancy for the spinal cord and brain to help provide shock absorption. The pia mater is a very thin layer which adheres tightly to the surface of the brain and spinal cord. It follows all contours and fissures (sulci) of the brain and cord. 12

13 Spinal Cord Vertebra Relationship Epidural space Dura mater Arachnoid Pia mater Body of vertebra Dorsal root ganglion An epidural injection of anesthetic, in childbirth for example, is placed immediately outside the dura mater. It penetrates slowly into the nearby nerve roots. 13

14 Spinal Cord w/ Ganglion 14

15 Dura mater WM GM 15

16 Spinal Root Dorsal root Ganglion GM WM Ventral root 16

17 Ganglion Cells 17

18 Structure of a Nerve Nerves are bundles of axon fibers with connective layers similar to those in a muscle. 18

19 Peripheral Nerve C.S. Perineurium Fasciculi Epineurium 19

20 Peripheral Nerve Epineurium Perineurium Fasciculi This is a scanning electron microscope image in which the individual fibers are barely visible, but their surrounding myelin sheaths stand out. 20

21 Myelinated Fibers in the PNS Axon Myelin sheath Perineurium Endoneurium In cross-section the axon fibers can be seen with their myelin sheaths composed of surrounding Schwann cells. 21

22 Nerve l.s. Node of Ranvier Nucleus of Schwann Schwann cells Nodes of Ranvier In this longitudinal section the nodes of Ranvier where the Schwann cells meet are evident. The axons are the thin lines running through the middle of each Schwann cell. 22

23 Medullated Nerve Node of Ranvier Schwann cell This tissue has been stained with osmium tetroxide, which renders the membranes in shades of contrasting gray. This allows you to see the axon fiber as it passes through from one Schwann cell to the next. 23

24 Lab Protocol for Histology of Nervous Tissue and the Spinal Cord 1) Complete the Review Sheet for the entire first exercise, and the portion pertaining to the spinal cord for the second. 2) Take the quiz for Nervous Tissue and the Spinal Cord 24

BIOH111. o Cell Module o Tissue Module o Integumentary system o Skeletal system o Muscle system o Nervous system o Endocrine system

BIOH111. o Cell Module o Tissue Module o Integumentary system o Skeletal system o Muscle system o Nervous system o Endocrine system BIOH111 o Cell Module o Tissue Module o Integumentary system o Skeletal system o Muscle system o Nervous system o Endocrine system Endeavour College of Natural Health endeavour.edu.au 1 TEXTBOOK AND REQUIRED/RECOMMENDED

More information

Nervous System (Part A-1) Module 8 -Chapter 14

Nervous System (Part A-1) Module 8 -Chapter 14 Nervous System (Part A-1) Module 8 -Chapter 14 Overview Susie Turner, M.D. 1/9/13 Cellular structure of the nervous system Neurons Neuroglia Nervous System Divisions Central nervous system Peripheral nervous

More information

Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue. Nervous System. Basic Divisions of the Nervous System C H A P T E R 12.

Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue. Nervous System. Basic Divisions of the Nervous System C H A P T E R 12. C H A P T E R 12 Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue Nervous System Sensory input Integration Motor output Figure 12.1 Basic Divisions of the Nervous System Brain CNS Spinal cord Nerves

More information

action potential afferent neuron Weblike; specifically, the weblike middle layer of the three meninges. arachnoid astrocytes autonomic nervous system

action potential afferent neuron Weblike; specifically, the weblike middle layer of the three meninges. arachnoid astrocytes autonomic nervous system action potential A large transient depolarization event, including polarity reversal, that is conducted along the membrane of a muscle cell or a nerve fiber. afferent neuron Nerve cell that carries impulses

More information

Chapter 8 Nervous System

Chapter 8 Nervous System Chapter 8 Nervous System Two message centers: Functions of these systems: 1. * 2. * Overview of the Nervous System Parts: General Functions: Functions Sensory input: Sensation via nerves Integration: interpretation

More information

Nervous System. Electrical Signals.III Signal Transmission at Synapses Neurotransmitters.V Neural Circuits.VI

Nervous System. Electrical Signals.III Signal Transmission at Synapses Neurotransmitters.V Neural Circuits.VI Nervous System Overview.I Histology.II Electrical Signals.III Signal Transmission at Synapses Neurotransmitters.V Neural Circuits.VI Repairs.VII Pathology.VIII.IV 1 Controls and integrates all body activities

More information

10.1: Introduction. Cell types in neural tissue: Neurons Neuroglial cells (also known as neuroglia, glia, and glial cells) Dendrites.

10.1: Introduction. Cell types in neural tissue: Neurons Neuroglial cells (also known as neuroglia, glia, and glial cells) Dendrites. 10.1: Introduction Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Cell types in neural tissue: Neurons Neuroglial cells (also known as neuroglia, glia, and glial

More information

Neurology study of the nervous system. nervous & endocrine systems work together to maintain homeostasis

Neurology study of the nervous system. nervous & endocrine systems work together to maintain homeostasis Nervous System Neurology study of the nervous system nervous & endocrine systems work together to maintain homeostasis Nervous System works very fast Uses electrical signals called nerve impulses Short-lived

More information

The 7 th lecture. Anatomy and Physiology For the. 1 st Class. By Dr. Ala a Hassan Mirza

The 7 th lecture. Anatomy and Physiology For the. 1 st Class. By Dr. Ala a Hassan Mirza The 7 th lecture In Anatomy and Physiology For the 1 st Class By Dr. Ala a Hassan Mirza Nervous System (part I) The Nerve Tissue and the Nervous System The Tissues of the Body There are 4 types of tissues

More information

Nerve Cell Flashcards

Nerve Cell Flashcards 1. What does the word innervates mean? Refers to a nerve supplying a muscle or organ. For example, The phrenic nerve innervates the diaphragm muscle. 2. 3 parts of the Nervous System 1. Central Nervous

More information

The Nervous System & Nervous tissue. Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi

The Nervous System & Nervous tissue. Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi The Nervous System & Nervous tissue Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi Functions of the Nervous System 1. Nervous system and endocrine system are the chief control centers in maintaining body homeostasis. 2. Nervous

More information

Chapter 7 Nervous System

Chapter 7 Nervous System Chapter 7 Nervous System Two message centers: Functions of these systems: 1. * 2. * Overview of the Nervous System Parts: General Functions: Functions Sensory input: Sensation via nerves Integration: interpretation

More information

NOTES CHAPTER 9 (Brief) The Nervous System LECTURE NOTES

NOTES CHAPTER 9 (Brief) The Nervous System LECTURE NOTES NOTES CHAPTER 9 (Brief) The Nervous System LECTURE NOTES I. Divisions of the Nervous System two major divisions A. Central Nervous System (CNS) 1. brain 2. spinal cord B. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

More information

Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapters 12 and 13 self quiz Pro, Dima Darwish,MD.

Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapters 12 and 13 self quiz Pro, Dima Darwish,MD. Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapters 12 and 13 self quiz Pro, Dima Darwish,MD. 1) Which of the following is a function of the nervous system? A) sense the internal and external environments B) integrate sensory

More information

! BIOL 2401! Week 5. Nervous System. Nervous System

! BIOL 2401! Week 5. Nervous System. Nervous System Collin County Community College! BIOL 2401! Week 5 Nervous System 1 Nervous System The process of homeostasis makes sure that the activities that occur in the body are maintained within normal physiological

More information

Chapter 12 The Nervous System INTRODUCTION TO THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. Central Nervous System (CNS): STRUCTURE BRAIN SPINAL CORD NERVES

Chapter 12 The Nervous System INTRODUCTION TO THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. Central Nervous System (CNS): STRUCTURE BRAIN SPINAL CORD NERVES Chapter 12 The Nervous System PowerPoint by John McGill Supplemental Notes by Beth Wyatt INTRODUCTION TO THE NERVOUS SYSTEM STRUCTURE BRAIN SPINAL CORD NERVES Central Nervous System (CNS): Brain Spinal

More information

Tips. Use the Study Guide (SG) to follow the lectures. Reading the SG before class will be helpful Use the textbook to supplement lectures/sg

Tips. Use the Study Guide (SG) to follow the lectures. Reading the SG before class will be helpful Use the textbook to supplement lectures/sg Tips Use the Study Guide (SG) to follow the lectures Lectures will be posted after class Reading the SG before class will be helpful Use the textbook to supplement lectures/sg The Nervous System N E U

More information

BI 232: Human Anatomy & Physiology

BI 232: Human Anatomy & Physiology BI 232: Human Anatomy & Physiology Roster Business Course Introduction and Syllabus Notecard Name E-mail Why you are taking the course Something interesting you did over break Lecture Tips Use the Study

More information

Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 11: Neural Tissue & The Nervous System

Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 11: Neural Tissue & The Nervous System Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 11: Neural Tissue & The Nervous System Question No. 1 of 10 The human body contains different types of tissue. The tissue is formed into organs and organ systems.

More information

Chapter 13. The Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves. Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Protection. Meninges. Together with brain forms the CNS Functions

Chapter 13. The Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves. Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Protection. Meninges. Together with brain forms the CNS Functions Spinal Cord Chapter 13 The Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves Together with brain forms the CNS Functions spinal cord reflexes integration (summation of inhibitory and excitatory) nerve impulses highway for upward

More information

By Mr. Danilo Villar Rogayan Jr.

By Mr. Danilo Villar Rogayan Jr. The Nervous System By Mr. Danilo Villar Rogayan Jr. Instructor I, Department of Natural Sciences College of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine RMTU San Marcelino Introduction Highly complex system of two

More information

Week 7 and 8 Master Worksheet

Week 7 and 8 Master Worksheet The Nervous System Week 7 and 8 Master Worksheet 1. Complete the chart regarding the 3 functions of the nervous system: Sensory input What does it do? Integration Motor output 2. Complete the chart: Component

More information

Central Nervous System Practical Exam. Chapter 12 Nervous System Cells. 1. Please identify the flagged structure.

Central Nervous System Practical Exam. Chapter 12 Nervous System Cells. 1. Please identify the flagged structure. Central Nervous System Practical Exam Chapter 12 Nervous System Cells 1. Please identify the flagged structure. 2. Please identify the flagged structure. 3. Please identify the flagged structure. 4. A

More information

Human Anatomy - Problem Drill 11: The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves

Human Anatomy - Problem Drill 11: The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves Human Anatomy - Problem Drill 11: The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves Question No. 1 of 10 Instructions: (1) Read the problem statement and answer choices carefully, (2) Work the problems on paper as needed,

More information

Functions of Nervous System Neuron Structure

Functions of Nervous System Neuron Structure Chapter 10 Nervous System I Divisions of the Nervous System Cell Types of Neural Tissue neurons neuroglial cells Central Nervous System brain spinal cord Peripheral Nervous System nerves cranial nerves

More information

BIOH111. o Cell Module o Tissue Module o Integumentary system o Skeletal system o Muscle system o Nervous system o Endocrine system

BIOH111. o Cell Module o Tissue Module o Integumentary system o Skeletal system o Muscle system o Nervous system o Endocrine system BIOH111 o Cell Module o Tissue Module o Integumentary system o Skeletal system o Muscle system o Nervous system o Endocrine system Endeavour College of Natural Health endeavour.edu.au 1 Textbook and required/recommended

More information

2401 : Anatomy/Physiology

2401 : Anatomy/Physiology Dr. Chris Doumen Week 5 2401 : Anatomy/Physiology Introduction Neural Tissue TextBook Readings Pages 388 through 397. Make use of the figures in your textbook ; a picture is worth a thousand words! Work

More information

The neurvous system senses, interprets, and responds to changes in the environment. Two types of cells makes this possible:

The neurvous system senses, interprets, and responds to changes in the environment. Two types of cells makes this possible: NERVOUS SYSTEM The neurvous system senses, interprets, and responds to changes in the environment. Two types of cells makes this possible: the neuron and the supporting cells ("glial cells"). Neuron Neurons

More information

Chapter 9 Nervous System

Chapter 9 Nervous System Chapter 9 Nervous System Introduction: A. The nervous system is composed of neurons and neuroglia. 1. Neurons transmit nerve impulses to other neurons. 2. Nerves are made up of bundles of nerve fibers

More information

Chapter 12b. Overview

Chapter 12b. Overview Chapter 12b Spinal Cord Overview Spinal cord gross anatomy Spinal meninges Sectional anatomy Sensory pathways Motor pathways Spinal cord pathologies 1 The Adult Spinal Cord About 18 inches (45 cm) long

More information

Spinal Cord Protection. Chapter 13 The Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves. External Anatomy of Spinal Cord. Structures Covering the Spinal Cord

Spinal Cord Protection. Chapter 13 The Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves. External Anatomy of Spinal Cord. Structures Covering the Spinal Cord Spinal Cord Protection Chapter 13 The Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves We are only going to cover Pages 420-434 and 447 Together with brain forms the CNS Functions spinal cord reflexes integration (summation

More information

Spinal Cord H. Ruth Clemo, Ph.D.

Spinal Cord H. Ruth Clemo, Ph.D. Spinal Cord H. Ruth Clemo, Ph.D. OBJECTIVES After studying the material of this lecture, the student should be familiar with: 1. Surface anatomy of the spinal cord. 2. Internal structure and organization

More information

Chapter Six Review Sections 1 and 2

Chapter Six Review Sections 1 and 2 NAME PER DATE Chapter Six Review Sections 1 and 2 Matching: 1. afferent nerves 2. autonomic nervous system 3. cell body 4. central nervous system (CNS) 5. dendrites 6. efferent nerves 7. myelin sheath

More information

Neural Tissue. Chapter 12 Part A

Neural Tissue. Chapter 12 Part A Neural Tissue Chapter 12 Part A Homeostasis Homeostasis refers to maintaining internal environment. How does body maintain homeostasis?? 1. Each cell, tissue or organ maintain their own internal environment

More information

Teacher Key. Big Idea Different types of neurons compose the nervous tissue that forms the communication system within the body.

Teacher Key. Big Idea Different types of neurons compose the nervous tissue that forms the communication system within the body. Big Idea Different types of neurons compose the nervous tissue that forms the communication system within the body. Introduction to Neurons An individual s survival and reproductive success depends upon

More information

DO NOW PG 75 READ THE FUN FACTS ABOUT THE BRAIN AND WRITE DOWN 3 THAT YOU DID NOT KNOW BEFORE

DO NOW PG 75 READ THE FUN FACTS ABOUT THE BRAIN AND WRITE DOWN 3 THAT YOU DID NOT KNOW BEFORE DO NOW PG 75 READ THE FUN FACTS ABOUT THE BRAIN AND WRITE DOWN 3 THAT YOU DID NOT KNOW BEFORE Weight. The weight of the human brain is about 3 lbs. Skin. Your skin weighs twice as much as your brain. No

More information

The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves!

The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves! Chapter 13! The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves! SECTION 13-1! The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system, and the cranial nerves and spinal nerves constitute the peripheral nervous system!

More information

The Nervous System PART C. PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College

The Nervous System PART C. PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College The Nervous System 7 PART C Protection of the Central Nervous System Scalp and skin Skull and vertebral

More information

Nervous System. Master controlling and communicating system of the body. Secrete chemicals called neurotransmitters

Nervous System. Master controlling and communicating system of the body. Secrete chemicals called neurotransmitters Nervous System Master controlling and communicating system of the body Interacts with the endocrine system to control and coordinate the body s responses to changes in its environment, as well as growth,

More information

Nervous System- Chapters 7, 8

Nervous System- Chapters 7, 8 Nervous System- Chapters 7, 8 1 Surgical Papyrus Egyptian hieroglyphics. 17 th Century B.C. Oldest known surgical treatise. 48 case histories are outlined. 2 Organization of the Nervous System Consists

More information

THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. Neurons & Impulses

THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. Neurons & Impulses THE NERVOUS SYSTEM Neurons & Impulses Organization of the Nervous System: Two Major Portions: The central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). CNS = Brain/Spinal Cord PNS = Nerves-provide

More information

The Nervous System. Nervous System Functions 1. gather sensory input 2. integration- process and interpret sensory input 3. cause motor output

The Nervous System. Nervous System Functions 1. gather sensory input 2. integration- process and interpret sensory input 3. cause motor output The Nervous System Nervous System Functions 1. gather sensory input 2. integration- process and interpret sensory input 3. cause motor output The Nervous System 2 Parts of the Nervous System 1. central

More information

Nervous Systems: Diversity & Functional Organization

Nervous Systems: Diversity & Functional Organization Nervous Systems: Diversity & Functional Organization Diversity of Neural Signaling The diversity of neuron structure and function allows neurons to play many roles. 3 basic function of all neurons: Receive

More information

Anatomy Review Graphics are used with permission of: Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings (http://www.aw-bc.

Anatomy Review Graphics are used with permission of: Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings (http://www.aw-bc. Anatomy Review Graphics are used with permission of: Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings (http://www.aw-bc.com) Page 1. Introduction The structure of neurons reflects their function.

More information

The Nervous System. Lab Exercise 29. Objectives. Introduction

The Nervous System. Lab Exercise 29. Objectives. Introduction Lab Exercise The Nervous System Objectives -You should be able to recognize a neuron and identify its components. - Be able to identify the principal components of the brain and be able to name at least

More information

Nervous system function Central and peripheral nervous system. Myelinated neurons Nerve signal transmission Nerve Synapse

Nervous system function Central and peripheral nervous system. Myelinated neurons Nerve signal transmission Nerve Synapse Outline Nervous System - Neurons Biol 105 Lecture Packet 9 Chapter 7 I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Nervous system function Central and peripheral nervous system Nervous system cells Myelinated neurons Nerve signal

More information

ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD. Structure of the spinal cord Tracts of the spinal cord Spinal cord syndromes

ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD. Structure of the spinal cord Tracts of the spinal cord Spinal cord syndromes SPINAL CORD ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD Structure of the spinal cord Tracts of the spinal cord Spinal cord syndromes The Nervous System Coordinates the activity of muscles, organs, senses, and actions Made

More information

SPINAL CORD AND PROPERTIES OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID: OPTIONS FOR DRUG DELIVERY

SPINAL CORD AND PROPERTIES OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID: OPTIONS FOR DRUG DELIVERY SPINAL CORD AND PROPERTIES OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID: OPTIONS FOR DRUG DELIVERY WHY DO WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE SPINAL CORD ANATOMY AND PROPERTIES OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID? SMA therapeutics need to reach cells

More information

Cells of the nervous system

Cells of the nervous system Neurobiology Cells of the nervous system Anthony Heape 2011 1 Cells of the nervous system Neuroglia : part 2 The non excitable cells of the nervous system that provide support to neuronal survival and

More information

Nervous System: An Introduction. HAP Susan Chabot Lemon Bay High School

Nervous System: An Introduction. HAP Susan Chabot Lemon Bay High School Nervous System: An Introduction HAP Susan Chabot Lemon Bay High School Function of the Nervous System 3 overlapping functions SENSORY INPUT - Monitor changes inside and outside of the body; these changes

More information

Nervous System Worksheet

Nervous System Worksheet Nervous System Worksheet Name Section A: Intro to Nervous System The Nervous System regulates and coordinates activities within the body. It detects, interprets and responds to changes that occur internally

More information

BIO 115 Anatomy & Physiology II Practice Assignment 4: The Nervous System & The Senses This is not a required assignment but it is recommended.

BIO 115 Anatomy & Physiology II Practice Assignment 4: The Nervous System & The Senses This is not a required assignment but it is recommended. BIO 115 Anatomy & Physiology II Practice Assignment 4: The Nervous System & The Senses This is not a required assignment but it is recommended. 1. This figure depicts a typical neuron. What structures

More information

NERVOUS SYSTEM 1 CHAPTER 10 BIO 211: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I

NERVOUS SYSTEM 1 CHAPTER 10 BIO 211: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I BIO 211: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I 1 Ch 10 A This set Ch 10 B CHAPTER 10 NERVOUS SYSTEM 1 BASIC STRUCTURE and FUNCTION Dr. Lawrence G. Altman www.lawrencegaltman.com Some illustrations are courtesy of McGraw-Hill.

More information

Overview of the Nervous System A. Subdivisions of the Nervous System: 1. The two major subdivisions of the nervous system:

Overview of the Nervous System A. Subdivisions of the Nervous System: 1. The two major subdivisions of the nervous system: BIO 211: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I 1 Ch 10 A This set Ch 10 B CHAPTER 10 NERVOUS SYSTEM 1 BASIC STRUCTURE and FUNCTION Dr. Lawrence G. Altman www.lawrencegaltman.com Some illustrations are courtesy of McGraw-Hill.

More information

Nervous System CHAPTER 9. Copyright 2016 by Elsevier, Inc.

Nervous System CHAPTER 9. Copyright 2016 by Elsevier, Inc. Nervous System CHAPTER 9 Copyright 2016 by Elsevier, Inc. Neurons and Supporting Cells Copyright 2016 by Elsevier, Inc. 2 Communication and Control Systems nervous system endocrine system uses chemicals

More information

A. Subdivisions of the Nervous System: 1. The two major subdivisions of the nervous system:

A. Subdivisions of the Nervous System: 1. The two major subdivisions of the nervous system: BIO 211: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I 1 Ch 10 A Ch 10 B CHAPTER 10 NERVOUS SYSTEM 1 BASIC STRUCTURE and FUNCTION Dr. Lawrence G. Altman www.lawrencegaltman.com Some illustrations are courtesy of McGraw-Hill.

More information

Anatomy of a Neuron. Copyright 2000 by BSCS and Videodiscovery, Inc. Permission granted for classroom use. Updated Master 2.

Anatomy of a Neuron. Copyright 2000 by BSCS and Videodiscovery, Inc. Permission granted for classroom use. Updated Master 2. Anatomy of a Neuron Master 2.1 Neurons Interact with Other Neurons through Synapses Master 2.2 Name Date Due Cells of the Nervous System Learning Target: Identify and state the function of the components

More information

NERVOUS SYSTEM. Somatic (SNS) - Fibers send impulses from CNS to control voluntary action of skeletal muscle. impulses from visceral organs to the CNS

NERVOUS SYSTEM. Somatic (SNS) - Fibers send impulses from CNS to control voluntary action of skeletal muscle. impulses from visceral organs to the CNS NERVOUS SYSTEM The master controlling and communicating system of the body --- cells communicate via electrical and chemical signals. Signals are rapid, specific and cause almost immediate responses. Functions

More information

1. 01/20/15 Ch 8: Muscular System /09/15 Ch 9: Nervous System 16

1. 01/20/15 Ch 8: Muscular System /09/15 Ch 9: Nervous System 16 Table of Contents # Date Title Page # 1. 01/20/15 Ch 8: Muscular System 1 2. 02/09/15 Ch 9: Nervous System 16 i 1 Anatomy and Physiology Sem 2 Ch 9 Nervous System.notebook 02/09/15 Ch. 9 Nervous System

More information

II. Nervous System (NS) Organization: can be organized by location/ structure or by function A. Structural Organization 1. Central N.S.

II. Nervous System (NS) Organization: can be organized by location/ structure or by function A. Structural Organization 1. Central N.S. Nervous System I. Nervous system Functions A. Detect Changes in the environment (stimuli) B. Interpret/evaluate those stimuli C. Initiate responses (trigger muscle contractions or glandular response) II.

More information

You can follow the path of the neural signal. The sensory neurons detect a stimulus in your finger and send that information to the CNS.

You can follow the path of the neural signal. The sensory neurons detect a stimulus in your finger and send that information to the CNS. 1 Nervous system maintains coordination through the use of electrical and chemical processes. There are three aspects: sensory, motor, and integrative, which we will discuss throughout the system. The

More information

My green thumb came only as a result of the mistakes I made while learning to see things from the plant s point of view. -H. Fred Ale Nervous System 1

My green thumb came only as a result of the mistakes I made while learning to see things from the plant s point of view. -H. Fred Ale Nervous System 1 My green thumb came only as a result of the mistakes I made while learning to see things from the plant s point of view. -H. Fred Ale Nervous System 1 Classroom Rules You'll get one warning, then you'll

More information

35-2 The Nervous System Slide 1 of 38

35-2 The Nervous System Slide 1 of 38 1 of 38 35-2 The Nervous System The nervous system controls and coordinates functions throughout the body and responds to internal and external stimuli. 2 of 38 Neurons Neurons The messages carried by

More information

Lecture - Chapter 13: Central Nervous System

Lecture - Chapter 13: Central Nervous System Lecture - Chapter 13: Central Nervous System 1. Describe the following structures of the brain, what is the general function of each: a. Cerebrum b. Diencephalon c. Brain Stem d. Cerebellum 2. What structures

More information

Module 5 : Anatomy The nervous system

Module 5 : Anatomy The nervous system Module 5 : Anatomy The nervous system In this module you will learn: The main parts of the nervous system The different sections of the brain and how it functions The structure and function of the spinal

More information

Blood & Nervous Tissue. Blood. Nervous Tissue 10/13/2008. BY: Jeremiah Peters, Brett Maggard, Miranda Asher, and Benjamin Oakes

Blood & Nervous Tissue. Blood. Nervous Tissue 10/13/2008. BY: Jeremiah Peters, Brett Maggard, Miranda Asher, and Benjamin Oakes Blood & Nervous Tissue BY: Jeremiah Peters, Brett Maggard, Miranda Asher, and Benjamin Oakes Blood Fluid within blood vessels Doesn t connect or give mechanical support Transports Nutrients, wastes, respiratory

More information

Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory

Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory Microscopic Anatomy and Organization of Skeletal Muscle This lab involves study of the laboratory exercise Microscopic Anatomy and Organization of Skeletal Muscle,

More information

CHAPTER 13 LECTURE OUTLINE

CHAPTER 13 LECTURE OUTLINE CHAPTER 13 LECTURE OUTLINE I. INTRODUCTION A. The spinal cord and spinal nerves mediate reactions to environmental changes. B. The spinal cord has several functions. 1. It processes reflexes. 2. It is

More information

Model 3-50B or 3-88 III VIII. Olfactory Nerve. Optic Nerve. Oculomotor Nerve. Trochlear Nerve. Trigeminal Nerve. Abducens Nerve.

Model 3-50B or 3-88 III VIII. Olfactory Nerve. Optic Nerve. Oculomotor Nerve. Trochlear Nerve. Trigeminal Nerve. Abducens Nerve. Model 3-50B or 3-88 I Olfactory Nerve II Optic Nerve Oculomotor Nerve III IV Trochlear Nerve Trigeminal Nerve V VI Abducens Nerve Glossopharyngeal Nerve IX VII Facial Nerve VIII Vestibocochlear Nerve or

More information

Nervous Tissue. OpenStax College. 1 Neurons

Nervous Tissue. OpenStax College. 1 Neurons OpenStax-CNX module: m46509 1 Nervous Tissue OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this section, you will

More information

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Exam Name 1) A change in the conditions in the synaptic terminal can influence the soma as a result of axoplasmic transport. 2) The nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. A) efferent

More information

Nervous System and Brain Review. Bio 3201

Nervous System and Brain Review. Bio 3201 Nervous System and Brain Review Bio 3201 Dont worry about: glial cells Oligodendrocytes Satelite cells etc Nervous System - Vital to maintaining homeostasis in organisms - Comprised of : brain, spinal

More information

50a A&P: Nervous System -! Peripheral Nervous System

50a A&P: Nervous System -! Peripheral Nervous System 50a A&P: Nervous System -! Peripheral Nervous System 50a A&P: Nervous System -! Peripheral Nervous System! Class Outline" 5 minutes" "Attendance, Breath of Arrival, and Reminders " 10 minutes "Lecture:"

More information

NERVOUS SYSTEM C H A P T E R 2 8

NERVOUS SYSTEM C H A P T E R 2 8 NERVOUS SYSTEM C H A P T E R 2 8 CAN AN INJURED SPINAL CORD BE FIXED? Injuries to the spinal cord disrupt communication between the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the rest of the body

More information

anatomic divisions central nervous system peripheral nervous system Anatomic Divisions of the PNS afferent or sensory division

anatomic divisions central nervous system peripheral nervous system Anatomic Divisions of the PNS afferent or sensory division Chapter 12 Functional Organization of the Nervous System I. Two anatomic divisions: CNS and PNS A. central nervous system (CNS) 1. consists of the brain and spinal cord and is encased in bone. 2. Surrounded

More information

Chapter 11: Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue

Chapter 11: Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue Chapter 11: Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue Objectives: 1. List the basic functions of the nervous system. 2. Explain the structural and functional divisions of the nervous system.

More information

The Nervous System -The master controlling and communicating system of the body

The Nervous System -The master controlling and communicating system of the body The Nervous System -The master controlling and communicating system of the body Functions: -Sensory input -Integration -Motor output Organization of the Nervous System Central nervous system (CNS) -Brain

More information

LESSON ASSIGNMENT. Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System. After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

LESSON ASSIGNMENT. Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System. After completing this lesson, you should be able to: LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 1 Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System. LESSON ASSIGNMENT Paragraphs 1-1 through 1-10. LESSON OBJECTIVES After completing this lesson, you should be able to: 1-1. Identify

More information

Functions of the Nervous System

Functions of the Nervous System Chapter 11 Functional Organization of Nervous Tissue 11-1 Functions of the Nervous System 1. Sensory input. Monitor internal and external stimuli 2. Integration. Brain and spinal cord process sensory input

More information

Organization and Overview of the Central Nervous System CNS 424. By Prof. Hisham Al-Matubsi

Organization and Overview of the Central Nervous System CNS 424. By Prof. Hisham Al-Matubsi Organization and Overview of the Central Nervous System CNS 424 By Prof. Hisham Al-Matubsi Components Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors Responsible for Sensory perceptions, mental activities,

More information

NERVOUS SYSTEM - ORGANIZATION

NERVOUS SYSTEM - ORGANIZATION NERVOUS SYSTEM - ORGANIZATION 2. Choose the key responses that best correspond to the descriptions provided in the following statements. Insert the appropriate letter or term in the answer blanks. Key

More information

1. NERVOUS SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. FUNCTION The major function of the nervous system can be summarized as follows (Figure 1-1).

1. NERVOUS SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. FUNCTION The major function of the nervous system can be summarized as follows (Figure 1-1). 1. NERVOUS SYSTEM FUNCTION The major function of the nervous system can be summarized as follows (Figure 1-1). Sensory input. Multiple signals from both, internal and external environment are detected

More information

Chapter 3. Structure and Function of the Nervous System. Copyright (c) Allyn and Bacon 2004

Chapter 3. Structure and Function of the Nervous System. Copyright (c) Allyn and Bacon 2004 Chapter 3 Structure and Function of the Nervous System 1 Basic Features of the Nervous System Neuraxis: An imaginary line drawn through the center of the length of the central nervous system, from the

More information

Neurons, Synapses, and Signaling

Neurons, Synapses, and Signaling Chapter 48 Neurons, Synapses, and Signaling PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions

More information

The Nervous System : communication

The Nervous System : communication The Nervous System : communication A. Neurons = masses of nerve cells that transmit information 1. Cell Body - contains the nucleus and two extensions 2. Dendrites shorter, more numerous, receive information

More information

Biological Bases of Behavior. 3: Structure of the Nervous System

Biological Bases of Behavior. 3: Structure of the Nervous System Biological Bases of Behavior 3: Structure of the Nervous System Neuroanatomy Terms The neuraxis is an imaginary line drawn through the spinal cord up to the front of the brain Anatomical directions are

More information

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Human Anatomy and Physiology Human Anatomy and Physiology CLS 224 Lama Alzamil Email: lalzamil@ksu.edu.sa 3 rd floor/ office # 117 Chapter 7 The Nervous System The Nervous System 1.Organization of the nervous system. 2.Nervous tissue:

More information

Chapter 17. Nervous System Nervous systems receive sensory input, interpret it, and send out appropriate commands. !

Chapter 17. Nervous System Nervous systems receive sensory input, interpret it, and send out appropriate commands. ! Chapter 17 Sensory receptor Sensory input Integration Nervous System Motor output Brain and spinal cord Effector cells Peripheral nervous system (PNS) Central nervous system (CNS) 28.1 Nervous systems

More information

The Nervous System. Overall Function

The Nervous System. Overall Function The Nervous System The Nervous System Overall Function COMMUNICATION Works with the endocrine system in regulating body functioning, but the nervous system is specialized for SPEED Neurons A neuron is

More information

CHAPTER 11: NERVOUS SYSTEM II: DIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. 1. Outline the major divisions of the nervous system.

CHAPTER 11: NERVOUS SYSTEM II: DIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. 1. Outline the major divisions of the nervous system. CHAPTER 11: NERVOUS II: DIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS OBJECTIVES: 1. Outline the major divisions of the nervous system. NERVOUS CENTRAL NERVOUS (BRAIN & SPINAL CORD) (INTERNEURONS) PERIPHERAL NERVOUS (CRANIAL

More information

HASPI Medical Anatomy & Physiology 11a Lab Activity

HASPI Medical Anatomy & Physiology 11a Lab Activity HASPI Medical Anatomy & Physiology 11a Lab Activity Name(s): Period: Date: The Nervous System The nervous system is an incredibly complex network of tissues that are capable of carrying information throughout

More information