KEY CONCEPT The overall process of cellular respiration converts sugar into ATP using oxygen.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "KEY CONCEPT The overall process of cellular respiration converts sugar into ATP using oxygen."

Transcription

1 KEY CONCEPT The overall process of cellular respiration converts sugar into ATP using oxygen.

2 ! Cellular respiration makes ATP by breaking down sugars. Cellular respiration is aerobic, or requires oxygen. Aerobic stages take place in mitochondria. mitochondrion animal cell

3 ! Glycolysis in detail: Glycolysis is the 1 st stage of cellular respiration. Glycolysis is anaerobic and takes place in the cytoplasm. two ATP molecules are used to split glucose four ATP molecules are produced (2 net ATP) two molecules of pyruvate (3 carbon molecule) produced two molecules of NADH produced (energy carrier) The products of glycolysis enter cellular respiration when oxygen is available.

4 ! Overview of the Kreb s cycle. The main purpose of the Krebs cycle is to produce energycarrying molecules NADH and FADH2. takes place in mitochondrial matrix breaks down 2 three-carbon pyruvate molecules from glycolysis For EACH pyruvate molecule: 3 carbon dioxide released 4 NADH produced 1 ATP produced 1 FADH2 produced Krebs Cycle 1 3 energy from glycolysis and 6O 2 mitochondrion matrix (area enclosed by inner membrane) energy 2 inner membrane and 6CO 2 ATP ATP and 6H 2 O 4

5 Overview of ETC: 3 rd stage of cellular respiration: The electron transport chain produces a large amount of ATP. takes place in inner membrane energy transferred to electron transport chain oxygen enters process ATP produced water released as a waste product 3 1 energy from glycolysis and 6O 2 mitochondrion matrix (area enclosed by inner membrane) energy 2 6CO 2 inner membrane Electron Transport and ATP ATP and 6H 2 O 4

6 ! Details of ETC: The electron transport chain is the second main part of cellular respiration. The electron transport chain uses NADH and to make ATP. high-energy electrons enter electron transport chain energy is used to transport hydrogen ions across the inner membrane hydrogen ions flow through a channel in the membrane creating ATP 3 ATP created for each NADH molecule 2 ATP created from each FADH 2 molecule

7 The breakdown of one glucose molecule during cellular respiration produces up to 38 molecules of ATP. ATP synthase enzyme produces ATP oxygen picks up electrons and hydrogen ions water is released as a waste product

8 The equation for the overall process is: C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O The reactants in photosynthesis are the same as the products of cellular respiration.

9 KEY CONCEPT Fermentation allows the production of a small amount of ATP without oxygen.

10 ! Fermentation allows glycolysis to continue. Fermentation allows glycolysis to continue making ATP when oxygen is unavailable. Fermentation is an anaerobic process. occurs when oxygen is not available for cellular respiration

11 Fermentation allows glycolysis to continue making ATP when oxygen is unavailable. NAD + is recycled to glycolysis Lactic acid fermentation occurs in muscle cells. glycolysis splits glucose into two pyruvate molecules pyruvate and NADH enter fermentation energy from NADH converts pyruvate into lactic acid NADH is changed back into NAD +

12 ! Fermentation and its products are important in several ways. Alcoholic fermentation is similar to lactic acid fermentation. glycolysis splits glucose and the products enter fermentation energy from NADH is used to split pyruvate into an alcohol and carbon dioxide NADH is changed back into NAD + NAD + is recycled to glycolysis

13 Fermentation is used in food production. yogurt cheese bread

Cellular Respiration. How our body makes ATP, ENERGY!!

Cellular Respiration. How our body makes ATP, ENERGY!! Cellular Respiration How our body makes ATP, ENERGY!! Useable Energy Adenosine Tri-Phosphate (ATP) Adenosine Ribose Sugar 3 Phosphates November 27, 2017 November 27, 2017 Where do our cells get energy?

More information

CH 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION. 9-1 Chemical Pathways 9-2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport

CH 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION. 9-1 Chemical Pathways 9-2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport CH 9 CELLULAR RESPIRATION 9-1 Chemical Pathways 9-2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chemical Energy and Food Energy source = food = ATP A calorie is the unit for the amount of energy needed to raise

More information

Biology. Slide 1 of 39. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Biology. Slide 1 of 39. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Biology 1 of 39 EQ What is glycolysis? What are the results from the Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport? 2 of 39 9-1 Chemical Pathways Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body

More information

9-1 Chemical Pathways

9-1 Chemical Pathways 2 of 39 Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body and as a source of energy. Animal Cells Animal Mitochondrion Plant Plant Cells 3 of 39 1 Both plant and animal cells carry out

More information

Biology. Slide 1 of 39. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Biology. Slide 1 of 39. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Biology 1 of 39 2 of 39 9-1 Chemical Pathways Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body and as a source of energy. Animal Cells Animal Mitochondrion Plant Plant Cells 3 of 39 Both

More information

What is Respiration? The process of respiration is where organisms convert chemical energy into cellular energy, which is known as ATP. Adenine Ribose P P P Cellular Respiration high energy sugar low energy

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Cellular respiration is the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen In biology and chemistry, energy is referred to

More information

Lesson Overview. Cellular Respiration: An Overview. 9.2 process of cell respiration

Lesson Overview. Cellular Respiration: An Overview. 9.2 process of cell respiration 9.2 process of cell respiration Glycolysis During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of the 3-carbon molecule pyruvic acid. Pyruvic acid is a reactant in the Krebs cycle. ATP and NADH

More information

9-1 Chemical Pathways Interactive pgs

9-1 Chemical Pathways Interactive pgs Interactive pgs. 221-225 1 of 39 9-1 Chemical Pathways Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body and as a source of energy. Animal Cells Animal Mitochondrion Plant Plant Cells

More information

Living organisms obtain energy by breaking down organic molecules during cellular respiration.

Living organisms obtain energy by breaking down organic molecules during cellular respiration. Section 3: Living organisms obtain energy by breaking down organic molecules during cellular respiration. K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What I Learned Essential Questions What are the stages

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Energy Review Energy Storing Molecules ATP, NADPH (NAD + ), FADH (FAD + ), FADH 2 ATP supplies most of the energy that drives metabolism in living things ATP releases energy when converted

More information

Cellular Respiration. Unit 5: Plants, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration. Unit 5: Plants, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Unit 5: Plants, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration Overview! Organisms obtain energy (ATP) by breaking down (catabolic pathway, exergonic reaction) organic molecules (glucose)

More information

Bell Work. b. is wrong because combining two glucose molecules requires energy, it does not release energy

Bell Work. b. is wrong because combining two glucose molecules requires energy, it does not release energy Bell Work How is energy made available to the cell to move large starch molecules across the cell membrane through the process of endocytosis? a. removing a phosphate from ATP b. combining two glucose

More information

Releasing Food Energy

Releasing Food Energy Releasing Food Energy All food is broken down by the body into small molecules through digestion. By the time food reaches your, bloodstream it has been broken down into nutrient rich molecules that can

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Producers Producers get their energy from the sun. Producers convert this light energy into stored chemical energy (glucose). This process is called photosynthesis. Consumers Consumers

More information

Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body and as a source of energy.

Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body and as a source of energy. 9-1 Chemical Pathways Food serves as a source of raw materials for the cells in the body and as a source of energy. Animal Cells Animal Mitochondrion Plant Plant Cells 1 of 39 Both plant and animal cells

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Overview Heterotrophs obtain glucose from plants and plant matter. The goal is to convert food energy (glucose) into chemical energy! (ATP) Why would we do this? The process by which

More information

Section 9-1 Chemical Pathways (pages )

Section 9-1 Chemical Pathways (pages ) Section 9-1 Chemical Pathways (pages 221-225) Key Concepts What is cellular respiration? What happens during the process of glycolysis? What are the two main types of fermentation? Chemical Energy and

More information

Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism. KEY CONCEPT Cellular respiration is an aerobic process with two main stages.

Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism. KEY CONCEPT Cellular respiration is an aerobic process with two main stages. KEY CONCEPT Cellular respiration is an aerobic process with two main stages. Glycolysis is needed for cellular respiration. The products of glycolysis enter cellular respiration when oxygen is available.

More information

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration Learning Objectives Know the relationship between photosynthesis & cellular respiration Know the formulae of the chemical reactions for photosynthesis

More information

I. ATP: Energy In A Molecule

I. ATP: Energy In A Molecule I. ATP: Energy In A Molecule All food is broken down by the body into small molecules through digestion By the time food reaches your bloodstream, it has been broken down into nutrient molecules that can

More information

Cellular Respiration Harvesting Chemical Energy ATP

Cellular Respiration Harvesting Chemical Energy ATP Cellular Respiration Harvesting Chemical Energy ATP 2009-2010 Ch.8.3 Section Objectives: Compare and contrast cellular respiration and fermentation. Explain how cells obtain energy from cellular respiration.

More information

9-1 Cellular Respiration Slide 1 of 39

9-1 Cellular Respiration Slide 1 of 39 9-1 Cellular Respiration 1 of 39 Learning Targets TN State Standards CLE 3210.3.2 Distinguish between aerobic and anaerobic respiration. CLE 3216.3.3 Describe how mitochondria make stored chemical energy

More information

CELLULAR RESPIRATION. Chapter 7

CELLULAR RESPIRATION. Chapter 7 CELLULAR RESPIRATION Chapter 7 7.1 GLYCOLYSIS AND FERMENTATION If I have a $10.00 bill and a $10.00 check, which is better? ATP is like cash in the cell Glucose, NADH, FADH2 are like checks in a cell.

More information

3/28/17. Cellular Respiration. Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation. Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation

3/28/17. Cellular Respiration. Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation. Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation SE C TION 1: C E LLULAR RE SP IRATION: AN OVERVIEW As we learned last chapter, energy from the sun is transformed into different forms. In this chapter you

More information

Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration

Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration Breaking down glucose a little at a time.. It s like turning a five pound bag of sugar into several tiny sugar packets worth of energy in the form of ATP. Remember the carbon

More information

9.1 Chemical Pathways ATP

9.1 Chemical Pathways ATP 9.1 Chemical Pathways ATP 2009-2010 Objectives Explain cellular respiration. Describe what happens during glycolysis. Describe what happens during fermentation. Where do we get energy? Energy is stored

More information

Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 9-1 Chemical Pathways Both plant and animal cells carry out the final stages of cellular respiration in the mitochondria. Animal Cells Animal

More information

How Cells Release Chemical Energy. Chapter 7

How Cells Release Chemical Energy. Chapter 7 How Cells Release Chemical Energy Chapter 7 7.1 Overview of Carbohydrate Breakdown Pathways All organisms (including photoautotrophs) convert chemical energy of organic compounds to chemical energy of

More information

Lesson Overview. Cellular Respiration: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 9.1 Cellular Respiration: An Overview

Lesson Overview. Cellular Respiration: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 9.1 Cellular Respiration: An Overview 9.1 Cellular Respiration: An Overview Chemical Energy and Food Food provides living things with the chemical building blocks they need to grow and reproduce. Food molecules contain chemical energy that

More information

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1I

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1I Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1I Agenda I. Overview (Big Pictures) of Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration II. Making Glucose - Photosynthesis III. Making ATP - Cellular

More information

Cellular Respiration an overview Section 9.1

Cellular Respiration an overview Section 9.1 Cellular Respiration an overview Section 9.1 Where do organisms get their energy? Unit calories 1 calorie = amount of energy required to increase 1 gram of water by 1 degrees Celsius 1000 calories 1 Calorie

More information

3. Distinguish between aerobic and anaerobic in terms of cell respiration. Outline the general process of both.

3. Distinguish between aerobic and anaerobic in terms of cell respiration. Outline the general process of both. 3.7 Cell Respiration 1. Define cell respiration. Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic molecules in cells to form ATP. 2. State the equation for the process of cell respiration.

More information

CELLULAR RESPIRATION REVIEW MULTIPLE CHOICE. Circle ALL that are TRUE. There may be MORE THAN one correct answer. 1. is the first step in cellular res

CELLULAR RESPIRATION REVIEW MULTIPLE CHOICE. Circle ALL that are TRUE. There may be MORE THAN one correct answer. 1. is the first step in cellular res CELLULAR RESPIRATION REVIEW MULTIPLE CHOICE. Circle ALL that are TRUE. There may be MORE THAN one correct answer. 1. is the first step in cellular respiration that begins releasing energy stored in glucose.

More information

Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Cellular Respiration and Fermentation How do plants and animals obtain the glucose they need? Plants: Animals: Cellular Respiration the process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxygen

More information

Essential Question. How do organisms obtain energy?

Essential Question. How do organisms obtain energy? Dr. Bertolotti Essential Question How do organisms obtain energy? What is cellular respiration? Burn fuels to make energy combustion making heat energy by burning fuels in one step O 2 Fuel (carbohydrates)

More information

chemical compounds

chemical compounds chemical compounds Adenine 3 Phosphate groups Ribose The three phosphate groups are the key to ATP's ability to store and release energy. Storing Energy ADP has two (di) phosphate groups instead of three.

More information

Cellular Respiration Notes. Biology - Mrs. Kaye

Cellular Respiration Notes. Biology - Mrs. Kaye Cellular Respiration Notes Biology - Mrs. Kaye Energy Transfer In cellular respiration, chemical energy is converted into usable energy which is converted into heat energy. ATP and ADP ATP acts as an energy

More information

Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Name Class Date 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Big idea Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do organisms obtain energy? WHAT I KNOW WHAT I LEARNED 9.1 Why do most organisms undergo the process of cellular

More information

Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration

Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration Lesson 5 Harvesting Energy: Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration Introduction to Life Processes - SCI 102 1 How Cells Obtain Energy Cells require a constant flow of energy Most cellular energy is stored

More information

Section 9 2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport (pages )

Section 9 2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport (pages ) Section 9 2 The Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport (pages 226 232) This section describes what happens during the second stage of cellular respiration, called the Krebs cycle. It also explains how high-energy

More information

Cellular Respiration. Honors Biology I

Cellular Respiration. Honors Biology I Cellular Respiration Honors Biology I Anaerobic vs. Aerobic 1) Respiration vs. Cellular respiration 2) When you run, you re using respiration to make energy in the form of ATP to allow your muscles to

More information

Cellular Respiration Checkup Quiz. 1. Of the following products, which is produced by both anaerobic respiration and aerobic respiration in humans?

Cellular Respiration Checkup Quiz. 1. Of the following products, which is produced by both anaerobic respiration and aerobic respiration in humans? 1. Of the following products, which is produced by both anaerobic respiration and aerobic respiration in humans? I. Pyruvate II. III. ATP Lactate A. I only B. I and II only C. I, II and III D. II and III

More information

9.2 The Process of Cellular Respiration

9.2 The Process of Cellular Respiration 9.2 The Process of Cellular Respiration Oxygen Carbon 2 2 Dioxide 34 Water Glycolysis Glycolysis is the first stage of cellular respiration. During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of

More information

ADP, ATP and Cellular Respiration

ADP, ATP and Cellular Respiration ADP, ATP and Cellular Respiration What Is ATP? Energy used by all Cells Adenosine Triphosphate Organic molecule containing highenergy Phosphate bonds Chemical Structure of ATP Adenine Base 3 Phosphates

More information

How Did Energy-Releasing Pathways Evolve? (cont d.)

How Did Energy-Releasing Pathways Evolve? (cont d.) How Did Energy-Releasing Pathways Evolve? (cont d.) 7.1 How Do Cells Access the Chemical Energy in Sugars? In order to use the energy stored in sugars, cells must first transfer it to ATP The energy transfer

More information

Cellular Respiration Guided Notes

Cellular Respiration Guided Notes Respiration After you hear word 'respiration', you may now think about breathing. During breathing, the is entered with each inhale and is released with each exhale. You may have noticed that breathing

More information

serves as a source of raw materials and energy for cellsslide

serves as a source of raw materials and energy for cellsslide 9-1 Chemical Pathways (Metabolism) refers to all of the chemical that take place in an organism or cell. Each reaction may handle materials or and is catalyzed by an enzyme. Metabolism has two parts: 1.

More information

Introduction. Living is work. To perform their many tasks, cells must bring in energy from outside sources.

Introduction. Living is work. To perform their many tasks, cells must bring in energy from outside sources. Introduction Living is work. To perform their many tasks, cells must bring in energy from outside sources. In most ecosystems, energy enters as sunlight. Light energy trapped in organic molecules is available

More information

Chapter Seven (Cellular Respiration)

Chapter Seven (Cellular Respiration) Chapter Seven (Cellular Respiration) 1 SECTION ONE: GLYCOLYSIS AND FERMENTATION HARVESTING CHEMICAL ENERGY Cellular respiration is the process in which cells make adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by breaking

More information

Cellular Metabolism 6/20/2015. Metabolism. Summary of Cellular Respiration. Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell!

Cellular Metabolism 6/20/2015. Metabolism. Summary of Cellular Respiration. Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell! Cellular Metabolism Biology 105 Lecture 6 Chapter 3 (pages 56-61) Metabolism Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell! Cellular metabolism: Aerobic cellular respiration requires

More information

Introduction. Living is work. To perform their many tasks, cells must bring in energy from outside sources.

Introduction. Living is work. To perform their many tasks, cells must bring in energy from outside sources. Introduction Living is work. To perform their many tasks, cells must bring in energy from outside sources. In most ecosystems, energy enters as sunlight. Light energy trapped in organic molecules is available

More information

3.7 CELLULAR RESPIRATION. How are these two images related?

3.7 CELLULAR RESPIRATION. How are these two images related? 3.7 CELLULAR RESPIRATION How are these two images related? CELLULAR RESPIRATION Cellular respiration is the process whereby the body converts the energy that we get from food (glucose) into an energy form

More information

Cellular Respiration. Energy and oxygen

Cellular Respiration. Energy and oxygen Cellular Respiration Energy and oxygen REview Energy is: The ability to do work Organelles that produces energy Mitochondria and chloroplasts Where do organisms get energy? All organisms need energy Plants

More information

How is energy transferred and transformed in living systems?

How is energy transferred and transformed in living systems? Why? Cellular Respiration How is energy transferred and transformed in living systems? Living organisms display the property of metabolism, which is a general term to describe the processes carried out

More information

Energy storing Compounds

Energy storing Compounds Chapter 4 ENERGY!!! Energy storing Compounds Adenosine Triphosphate ATP. Energy is stored in between the phosphate bonds. AMP- little energy, ADP some energy, ATP the most energy ATP is used by all living

More information

CHAPTER 6 CELLULAR RESPIRATION

CHAPTER 6 CELLULAR RESPIRATION CHAPTER 6 CELLULAR RESPIRATION Chemical Energy In Food Purpose of food: Source of raw materials used to make new molecules Source of energy calorie the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature

More information

Cellular Metabolism 9/24/2013. Metabolism. Cellular Metabolism. Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell!

Cellular Metabolism 9/24/2013. Metabolism. Cellular Metabolism. Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell! Cellular Metabolism Biology 105 Lecture 6 Chapter 3 (pages 56-61) Metabolism Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell! Cellular Metabolism Aerobic cellular respiration requires

More information

Cellular Respiration. Release of Energy From Food (glucose)!

Cellular Respiration. Release of Energy From Food (glucose)! Cellular Respiration Release of Energy From Food (glucose)! Energy needs of life Animals are energy consumers What do we need energy for? synthesis (building for growth) reproduction active transport movement

More information

2/4/17. Cellular Metabolism. Metabolism. Cellular Metabolism. Consists of all of the chemical reactions that take place in a cell.

2/4/17. Cellular Metabolism. Metabolism. Cellular Metabolism. Consists of all of the chemical reactions that take place in a cell. Metabolism Cellular Metabolism Consists of all of the chemical reactions that take place in a cell. Can be reactions that break things down. (Catabolism) Or reactions that build things up. (Anabolism)

More information

Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food

Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology, Fourth Edition Eric J. Simon,

More information

Cellular Metabolism. Biology 105 Lecture 6 Chapter 3 (pages 56-61)

Cellular Metabolism. Biology 105 Lecture 6 Chapter 3 (pages 56-61) Cellular Metabolism Biology 105 Lecture 6 Chapter 3 (pages 56-61) Metabolism Consists of all the chemical reactions that take place in a cell! Cellular Metabolism Aerobic cellular respiration requires

More information

Cellular Metabolism. Biol 105 Lecture 6 Read Chapter 3 (pages 63 69)

Cellular Metabolism. Biol 105 Lecture 6 Read Chapter 3 (pages 63 69) Cellular Metabolism Biol 105 Lecture 6 Read Chapter 3 (pages 63 69) Metabolism Consists of all of the chemical reactions that take place in a cell Metabolism Animation Breaking Down Glucose For Energy

More information

Name: Block: Date: PACKET #8 Unit 3: Energy Transfer, Part II: Cellular Respiration

Name: Block: Date: PACKET #8 Unit 3: Energy Transfer, Part II: Cellular Respiration Name: Block: Date: PACKET #8 Unit 3: Energy Transfer, Part II: Cellular Respiration Reading: BSCS Text chapters 4, 5, and 2.8. Objectives: By the conclusion of this unit the student will be able to: Topic

More information

Biology Ch 9 Cellular Respiration & Fermentation ( )

Biology Ch 9 Cellular Respiration & Fermentation ( ) Name Class Date Biology Ch 9 Cellular Respiration & Fermentation (9.1-9.2) For Questions 1 10, complete each statement by writing the correct word or words. 1. A calorie is a unit of. 2. The Calorie used

More information

Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food

Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food Lectures by Chris C. Romero, updated by Edward J. Zalisko PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fourth Edition Eric Simon, Jane

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration I. The Importance of Food A. Food provides living things with the: B. Food serves as a source of: C. Food serves as a source of: II. Chemical Energy and ATP A. Inside living cells,

More information

Releasing Chemical Energy

Releasing Chemical Energy Releasing Chemical Energy Ø Energy From Carbohydrates Ø Aerobic Respiration/ Stages Ø Fermentation Ø Food as a Source of Energy How Do Cells Access the Chemical Energy in Carbohydrayes? Aerobic Respiration

More information

Cellular Respiration. Objectives

Cellular Respiration. Objectives Lecture 07 Objectives At the end of this series of lectures, you should be able to: Define terms. Compare the processes and locations of cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Explain how breathing and

More information

Structure of the Mitochondrion. Cell Respiration. Cellular Respiration. Catabolic Pathways. Photosynthesis vs. Cell Respiration ATP 10/14/2014

Structure of the Mitochondrion. Cell Respiration. Cellular Respiration. Catabolic Pathways. Photosynthesis vs. Cell Respiration ATP 10/14/2014 Structure of the Mitochondrion Cellular Respiration Chapter 9 Pgs. 163 183 Enclosed by a double membrane Outer membrane is smooth Inner, or cristae, membrane is folded - this divides the mitochondrion

More information

4.5. Cellular Respiration in Detail. Glycolysis is needed for cellular respiration.

4.5. Cellular Respiration in Detail. Glycolysis is needed for cellular respiration. 4.5, 9B ellular Respiration in Detail Key oncept ellular respiration is an aerobic process with two main stages. MAIN IDEAS Glycolysis is needed for cellular respiration. The Krebs cycle is the first main

More information

3.7.1 Define cell respiration [Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells to form ATP]

3.7.1 Define cell respiration [Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells to form ATP] 3.7 Cell respiration ( Chapter 9 in Campbell's book) 3.7.1 Define cell respiration [Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in cells to form ATP] Organic compounds store

More information

Respiration. Respiration. How Cells Harvest Energy. Chapter 7

Respiration. Respiration. How Cells Harvest Energy. Chapter 7 How Cells Harvest Energy Chapter 7 Respiration Organisms can be classified based on how they obtain energy: autotrophs: are able to produce their own organic molecules through photosynthesis heterotrophs:

More information

Lesson Objective: By the end of the lesson (s), I can: Vocabulary: Lesson Question: Focus Question: Overarching questions:

Lesson Objective: By the end of the lesson (s), I can: Vocabulary: Lesson Question: Focus Question: Overarching questions: Lesson Objective: By the end of the lesson (s), I can: Vocabulary: 1. Describe the process of cell respiration, including reactants and products, glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the electron transport

More information

Energy Flow. Chapter 7. Cellular Respiration: Overview. Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration occurs in three stages

Energy Flow. Chapter 7. Cellular Respiration: Overview. Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration occurs in three stages Energy Flow Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration hotosynthesis uses solar energy to produce glucose and O from CO and H O Cellular respiration makes and consumes O during the oxidation of glucose to CO and H

More information

We can see the organelles that participate in photosynthesis with a microscope! Microscope Micro = small Scope = to look at

We can see the organelles that participate in photosynthesis with a microscope! Microscope Micro = small Scope = to look at We can see the organelles that participate in photosynthesis with a microscope! Microscope Micro = small Scope = to look at How do you use a microscope? 1. Always start on low power! 2. Use the coarse

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular I can describe cellular respiration Cellular respiration is a series of metabolic pathways releasing energy from a foodstuff e.g. glucose. This yields energy in the form of ATP adenosine P i P

More information

CELLULAR RESPIRATION. Xe - + Y X + Ye - CH 4 + 2O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O + energy. C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + energy SUMMARY EQUATION

CELLULAR RESPIRATION. Xe - + Y X + Ye - CH 4 + 2O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O + energy. C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + energy SUMMARY EQUATION AP BIOLOGY CELLULAR ENERGETICS ACTIVITY #2 NAME DATE HOUR CELLULAR RESPIRATION SUMMARY EQUATION STEPWISE REDOX REACTION Oxidation: Reduction: Xe - + Y X + Ye - CH 4 + 2O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O + energy C 6 H 12

More information

Cellular Respiration. Biology Standard B-3.2

Cellular Respiration. Biology Standard B-3.2 Cellular Respiration Biology Standard B-3.2 Warm-UP p. 100 Study for quiz on ATP and Photosynthesis. Agenda: Quiz Cellular Respiration Notes Cellular Respiration Lab Cellular respiration is a process that

More information

1 Which pathway for aerobic cellular respiration is located in the cytoplasm of the cell?

1 Which pathway for aerobic cellular respiration is located in the cytoplasm of the cell? 1 Which pathway for aerobic cellular respiration is located in the cytoplasm of the cell? glycolysis citric cycle 2 Which of the following statements is NOT correct regarding aerobic cellular respiration?

More information

Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration. C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O > 6CO 2 + 6H energy. Heat + ATP. You need to know this!

Cellular Respiration. Cellular Respiration. C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O > 6CO 2 + 6H energy. Heat + ATP. You need to know this! Cellular Respiration LISA Biology Cellular Respiration C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 - - - - - > 6CO 2 + 6H 2 0 + energy You need to know this! Heat + ATP 1 Did that equation look familiar? * The equation for cellular

More information

Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food

Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration: Obtaining Energy from Food PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology, Fourth Edition Eric J. Simon,

More information

General Biology 1004 Chapter 6 Lecture Handout, Summer 2005 Dr. Frisby

General Biology 1004 Chapter 6 Lecture Handout, Summer 2005 Dr. Frisby Slide 1 CHAPTER 6 Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy PowerPoint Lecture Slides for Essential Biology, Second Edition & Essential Biology with Physiology Presentation prepared by Chris C.

More information

Cellular Respiration. Chapter 9

Cellular Respiration. Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Chapter 9 1.A)Explain where organisms get the energy needed for life processes. Organisms get the energy they need from food. Energy stored in food is expressed as calories. Calorie

More information

CELLULAR RESPIRATION: AEROBIC HARVESTING OF CELLULAR ENERGY Pearson Education, Inc.

CELLULAR RESPIRATION: AEROBIC HARVESTING OF CELLULAR ENERGY Pearson Education, Inc. CELLULAR RESPIRATION: AEROBIC HARVESTING OF CELLULAR ENERGY 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Introduction In chemo heterotrophs, eukaryotes perform cellular respiration That harvests energy from food which

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Have you ever wondered why exactly you need to breathe? What happens when you stop breathing? Cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and processes

More information

Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration

Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Biology and Society: Marathoners versus Sprinters Sprinters do not usually compete at short and long distances. Natural differences in the muscles of these athletes favor

More information

AP BIOLOGY Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration =

AP BIOLOGY Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration = 1 AP BIOLOGY Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration = Day 1 p. I. Overview A. Cellular Respiration 1. Respiration breathing, exchange of O 2 for CO 2 2. Cellular respiration aerobic harvesting of energy from food

More information

Cellular Respiration. April 9, 2013 Mr. Alvarez

Cellular Respiration. April 9, 2013 Mr. Alvarez Cellular Respiration April 9, 2013 Mr. Alvarez Do Now: Answer on a sheet of Loose-leaf 1) What is the equation for Photosynthesis 2) Explain how plants (leaves) regulate water loss use term negative feedback

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 -----> 6CO 2 + 6H 2 0 + energy (heat and ATP) 1. Energy Capacity to move or change matter Forms of energy are important to life include Chemical, radiant (heat

More information

Table of Contents. Section 1 Glycolysis and Fermentation. Section 2 Aerobic Respiration

Table of Contents. Section 1 Glycolysis and Fermentation. Section 2 Aerobic Respiration Table of Contents Section 1 Glycolysis and Fermentation Section 2 Aerobic Respiration Objectives Identify the two major steps of cellular respiration. Describe the major events in glycolysis. Compare lactic

More information

Cell Respiration Ch 7. Both autotrophs and heterotrophs use cellular respiration to make CO2 and water from

Cell Respiration Ch 7. Both autotrophs and heterotrophs use cellular respiration to make CO2 and water from Cell Respiration Ch 7 Objectives: Identify the 2 major steps of cellular respiration Describe the major events in glycolysis Compare lactic acid fermentation with alcoholic fermentation Calculate the efficiency

More information

Lesson 1. ATP / ADP Energy

Lesson 1. ATP / ADP Energy Lesson 1 ATP / ADP Energy Saving for a Rainy Day Suppose you earned extra money by having a job. At first, you might be tempted to spend all of the money, but then you decide to open a bank account. 1.

More information

Glycolysis (splitting sugar) - OCCURS IN Cytoplasm

Glycolysis (splitting sugar) - OCCURS IN Cytoplasm Chpt 9 Cellular Respiration Food provides organisms with materials needed for growth, repair and energy. Carbohydrates are chemically stored energy needed by ALL living things calorie (scientific calorie)

More information

4.5. Cellular Respiration in Detail. Teacher Notes and Answers. section. Instant Replay 1. 4ATP, 2NADH, and 2pyruvate should be circled.

4.5. Cellular Respiration in Detail. Teacher Notes and Answers. section. Instant Replay 1. 4ATP, 2NADH, and 2pyruvate should be circled. section 4.5 ellular Respiration in Detail Teacher Notes and Answers SETION 5 Instant Replay. 4ATP,, and pyruvate should be circled.. They are energy-carrying molecules that transfer energy to the electron

More information

Cellular Respiration. Biochemistry Part II 4/28/2014 1

Cellular Respiration. Biochemistry Part II 4/28/2014 1 Cellular Respiration Biochemistry Part II 4/28/2014 1 4/28/2014 2 The Mitochondria The mitochondria is a double membrane organelle Two membranes Outer membrane Inter membrane space Inner membrane Location

More information

Cellular Respiration

Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration The breakdown of glucose for cellular energy. happens in all living cells. is exothermic H atoms and e are removed from glucose (oxidization) and added to oxygen (reduction) excess

More information

OAT Biology - Problem Drill 03: Cell Processes - Metabolism and Cellular Respiration

OAT Biology - Problem Drill 03: Cell Processes - Metabolism and Cellular Respiration OAT Biology - Problem Drill 03: Cell Processes - Metabolism and Cellular Respiration Question No. 1 of 10 1. What is the final electron acceptor in aerobic respiration? Question #01 (A) NADH (B) Mitochondria

More information

What s the point? The point is to make ATP! ATP

What s the point? The point is to make ATP! ATP ATP Chapter 8 What s the point? The point is to make ATP! ATP Flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and leaves as heat Energy is stored in organic compounds Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins Heterotrophs eat

More information