6610 NE 181st Street, Suite #1, Kenmore, WA

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1 660 NE 8st Street, Suite #, Kenmore, WA READ CHAPTER The Professional Dental Assistant (p.-9) No Key Terms Recall Questions:,,,, and 6 CLASS SYLLABUS DAY READ CHAPTER Dental Health Care Team (p.0-7) No Recall Questions KNOW THESE TERMS: Dentist, Dental Assistant, Hygienist, Lab Technician, Supply Person or Dental Supply Representative, Endodontist, Periodontist, Pedontist, Prosthodontics, Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontist READ CHAPTER Dental Ethics (p.8-) No Key Terms No Recall Questions READ CHAPTER 8 Oral Embryology and Histology (p.8-0) Recall Questions:,, 7 and 8 KNOW THESE TERMS: Apex, Apical Foramen, Cementum, Crown, Dentin, Enamel, Periodontal Ligament, Pulp Chamber, Root READ CHAPTER 9 Head and Neck Anatomy (p.0-9) No Key Terms No Recall Questions KNOW THE DEFINITION OF: Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) and the disease referred to as TMJD. READ CHAPTER 0 Landmarks of the Face, Oral Cavity and Gag Reflex (p.0-8) No Key Terms Recall Questions:,,, 6, 7, 9, 0 and READ CHAPTER Overview of Dentition (p.9-) Key Terms: Anterior, Curve of Spee, Deciduous, Dentition, Embrasure, Interproximal Space, Mandibular Arch, Occlusion, Occlusal Surface, Posterior, Proximal, Quadrant KNOW THE FOUR TYPES OF TEETH: Canines, Incisors, Molars, Premolars KNOW ALL THE TOOTH SURFACES: Buccal/Facial (please don t be confused, Buccal surface are from the canines back of the last molar. Facial surface is the teeth you see when a person smiles canine to canine), Distal, Incisal, Lingual, Mesial, Occlusal. BE FAMILIAR WITH ALL THREE OF THE NUMBERING SYSTEMS: (p.) READ CHAPTER Tooth Morphology (p.-7) No Key Terms Recall Questions:,, 6,,, 6 and 8

2 READ CHAPTER Dental Caries (p.7-88) Key Terms: Caries, Plaque Recall Questions:, 7, 8 and NE 8st Street, Suite #, Kenmore, WA CLASS SYLLABUS DAY BE PREPARED FOR NEXT WEEK S TEST: - Key terms and know your recall questions - Universal numbering system - Skeletal view diagram - Big tooth diagram - Tooth surfaces - labeling - Label permanent dentition - Label primary dentition - Good things come to those who study Subject to change

3 PERMANENT DENTITION Names and Numbers MIDLINE MAXILLARY UPPER RIGHT Canine (Cuspid) First Premolar Second Premolar ANTERIOR Canine (Cuspid) First Premolar Second Premolar MAXILLARY UPPER LEFT POSTERIOR POSTERIOR Third Molar UPPER ARCH 6 Third Molar MANDIBULAR LOWER RIGHT Third Molar LOWER ARCH 7 Third Molar MANDIBULAR LOWER LEFT 8 Second Premolar First Premolar Canine (Cuspid) 0 9 POSTERIOR POSTERIOR 8 ANTERIOR Second Premolar First Premolar Canine (Cuspid) Figure A MIDLINE

4 PERMANENT DENTITION Label Figure B

5 ANATOMY OF A TOOTH Cusp 6 Enamel Pits/Grooves/Fissures 7 Dentin Sulcus 8 Gingiva Nerve Chamber 9 Alveolar Bone Periodontal Ligament AKA: PDL 0 Nerve Canal Cementum Apical Foramen Apex Figure A

6 ANATOMY OF A TOOTH Label Figure B

7 Canines Premolars Incisors Molars TYPES OF TEETH Four Types of Teeth:. Incisors: single rooted, sharp cutting edge, anterior teeth.. Cuspids/Canines/ Eye Teeth : single rooted, single cusp, strong, designed for tearing food, anterior teeth.. Premolars/Bicuspids: posteriors teeth, two cusps, designed for grasping and tearing food. First bicuspid has two roots. Second bicuspid are single rooted.. Molars: posterior teeth broad and chewing surface, four or more cusps. Maxillary Molars: three roots Mandibular Molars: two roots Names of Teeth Cuspid First Bicuspid Second Bicuspid Third Molar Numbers/Maxillary Arch 8 and 9 7 and 0 6 and and and and and and 6 Numbers/Maxillary Arch and and 6 and 7 and 8 0 and 9 9 and 0 8 and 7 and Universal Numbering System: (assuming all permanent teeth are present) Maxillary Arch: - 6; beginning upper right first tooth around to upper left last tooth. Mandibular Arch: 7 - ; beginning lower left first tooth around to lower right last tooth. Surfaces of the Teeth: the names of the tooth surfaces are used to describe a specific area of the tooth. Buccal: surface of tooth is next to cheek. Lingual: surface of tooth is facing tongue. Distal: surface of tooth toward back of mouth. Mesial: surface of tooth toward front of mouth. Facial: surface of tooth is next to cheek and lips. Labial: surface of anterior tooth is facing lip. Occlusal: chewing surface of posterior. istockphoto.com/taylor Hinton 7 Figure A

8 PRIMARY DENTITION MIDLINE Canine (Cuspid) C D E F G H Canine (Cuspid) B I A J RIGHT MAXILLARY ARCH LEFT RIGHT MANDIBULAR ARCH LEFT T K S L R Canine (Cuspid) Q P M Canine (Cuspid) N O MIDLINE 8 Figure A

9 PRIMARY DENTITION Label MIDLINE LABEL A. Maxillary Right B. Maxillary Right C. Maxillary Right Canine D. Maxillary Right E. Maxillary Right F. Maxillary Left G. Maxillary Left H. Maxillary Left Canine I. Maxillary Left J. Maxillary Left 9 MIDLINE Figure B K. Mandibular Left L. Mandibular Left M. Mandibular Left Canine N. Mandibular Left O. Mandibular Left P. Mandibular Right Q. Mandibular Right R. Mandibular Right Canine S. Mandibular Right T. Mandibular Right

10 Distal (D) Occlusial (O) Buccal (B) or Facial (F) Lingual (L), (back of tooth) Mesial (M), (closest to midline) Gingival (G) SURFACES (SIDES) OF A POSTERIOR TOOTH Lingual: the large flat surface of an anterior tooth directly opposite the labial (facial) surface on the tongue side of the tooth is referred to as the buccal surface. Its abbreviated L. Mesial: the tooth surface nearest the midline (middle of the body) is called the mesial surface, M. This a proximal surface. Proximal Surfaces: the mesial and distal surfaces of teeth are referred to as proximal surfaces. Proximal described the surface of a tooth that touches another tooth. The term Interproximal refers to the area between two teeth. Interproximal dental caries refers to dental caries (decay) between two teeth. Interproximal dental caries is common and is caused by inadequate removal of plaque or food from between teeth after eating. If patients would remove the plaque and food from between the teeth daily with dental floss or toothpicks, they would have fewer problems with both Interproximal dental caries and periodontal (gum) disease. Distal: the tooth surfaces that is the farthest distance away from the midline is referred to as the distal surface, D. This is also a proximal surface. Clinical Crown: that part of the crown of a tooth visible in the oral cavity. Synonym: corona clinica Anatomical Crown: that portion of the tooth normally covered by, and including, enamel. istockphoto.com/taylor Hinton 0 Figure B

11 Posterior Teeth: made up of premolars (bicuspids and molars. Think of posterior teeth as short fat boxes or shoe boxes. The names of only two surfaces of posterior teeth are different from the wording used to describe the surfaces of anterior teeth. Occlusal: the broad tooth surface used for chewing and grinding food and is abbreviated O. This surface is bordered by the points, or cusp tips, of the tooth. Cusp tips correspond to the Incisal edges of anterior teeth. Gingival: abbreviated G, its the area of the tooth nearest the gingival (gum) tissue, circling from buccal to lingual, through mesial and distal surfaces. Buccal (Facial): the large tooth surface facing toward the cheek or face and is abbreviated B. This surface corresponds to the labial (facial) surface on an anterior tooth. This surface can also be referred to as facial, F, but buccal is used more commonly for posterior teeth since these posterior surfaces are opposite the cheeks more than the face. NOTES

12 SKELETAL VIEW Temporomandibular Joint Premolars Incisors Maxillary Tuberosity Retro Molar Pad Molars 8 6 Canine 7 Mental Foramen Figure A

13 SKELETAL VIEW Label 9 RIGHT LEFT IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING. Label the left and right side of the mouth. Number all the teeth on the buccal/facial surface. Label the mesial root of #8. Label the palatal root of #. Label the CEJ of #9 6. Label the mesial buccal cusp of # 7. Label the Incisal edge of # 8. Label numbers through 8 that surround the outer edge of the mouth Figure B

14 SURFACES OF TEETH 6 7. Incisal: biting edge of all anterior teeth from canine to canine.. Occlusal: biting surface of molars and premolars.. Facial: face side of all anterior teeth from canine to canine.. Buccal: cheek side of premolars and molars.*. Lingual: tongue side of all teeth. 6. Mesial: surface of tooth closest to the midline of the mouth. 7. Distal: surface of tooth farthest from the midline of the mouth. * Facial and Buccal are the same surface. Buccal is on the posterior and Facial is on the anterior. Figure 7A

15 SURFACES OF TEETH Label Figure 7B

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