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1 Subject Index Adams, R.D. 4 Addenbrooke s Cognitive Examination 101 Alzheimer s disease clinical assessment histological imaging 104 neuroimaging neuropsychological assessment 101 clinical presentation dementia 98, 99 mild cognitive impairment 99 epidemiology 95 genetics 97, 98 pathophysiology amyloid plaques 96 neurotransmitter alterations 97 tau phosphorylation 97 presymptomatic disease memory changes 99, 100 speech and language impairment 100, 101 Amygdala functional magnetic resonance imaging of fear conditioning radiofrequency amygdalohippocampectomy 135 APOE, Alzheimer s disease susceptibility 97, 98 Aranzi, Giulio Cesare 2 Argyrophilic grain disease, hippocampus changes 106 Astrocyte coverage febrile seizure role monkey hippocampus 43, 44 Auditory Verbal Learning Test 154 Band of Giacomini 22 Benton Visual Retention Test Borderline personality disorder Broca, Paul 3 Brodal, Alf 2 Bucy, Paul 2 CA1 astrocyte coverage 43, 44 cytoarchitecture 10, 11 development in monkeys 42, 43 neuron susceptibility to disease 5, 43, 96 projections CA2 cytoarchitecture 10, 11 projections 12, 14 CA3 cytoarchitecture 10 development in monkeys 42 projections 12, 14 schizophrenia studies sharp-wave ripple complex 29, 30 California Verbal Learning Test-II 63 Commissural connections, hippocampus human 15 rat

2 Computed tomography, Alzheimer s disease 102 Cornu ammonis, see CA1, CA2, CA3 Corticohippocampal connections 13, 14 Corticotropin-releasing factor, see Stress Cortisol, see Stress Dementia Alzheimer s disease 98, 99 argyrophilic grain disease 106 dementia with Lewy bodies 105 frontotemporal lobar degeneration 105, 106 magnetic resonance imaging of hippocampus vascular dementia 104, 105 Dentate gyrus cytoarchitecture 8, 9 gross anatomy 21, 22 neurogenesis in monkeys 40, 41 projections 12 Depression, see Major depressive disorder Development, hippocampus in monkeys Diffusion-weighted imaging, see Magnetic resonance imaging Electroencephalography, epilepsy 125, 128, 129 Encephalopathy, diffusion-weighted imaging of hippocampus 82 Entorhinal cortex, cytoarchitecture 11, 12 Epilepsy clinical example diagnosis electroencephalography 128, 129 imaging neuropsychological assessment 131 hippocampal sclerosis 74, 75, , magnetic resonance imaging of hippocampus diffusion-weighted imaging 80, 81 magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo 124, 125 precipitating incidents 126 seizure semiology in medial temporal lobe epilepsy 122, 123 treatment hippocampal stimulation 135, 136 medications 132 radiofrequency amygdalohippocampectomy 135 surgery Extrinsic connections, hippocampus 13 Fisher, C. Miller 4 Fleming, Alexander 37 Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, see Magnetic resonance imaging Frontotemporal lobar degeneration, hippocampus changes 105, 106 Functional magnetic resonance imaging Alzheimer s disease 102, 103 block tapping test 65 conditioned stimulus cortisol effects on memory recall in hippocampus 110, 111 epilepsy 130, 131 fear conditioning overview of hippocampus studies 85, 86 posttraumatic stress disorder 87, 92, 93 prospects 93 GABA receptors, hippocampal oscillation role 30, 31 Glucocorticoid receptor, hippocampus 110, 112 Gross anatomy, hippocampus dorsomedial surface 8 overview 6, 7, 19 21, 38 species comparison 39 ventromedial surface 7, 8 Gyrus uncinatus 22 Hippocampal sclerosis cerebrovascular insufficiency 105 epilepsy 74, 75, , epileptogenesis 128 pathogenesis 126, 127 pathology 128 seizure relationship 127, 128 Hippocampal stroke, see Stroke Historical perspective, hippocampus studies 1 5 Hopkins Verbal Learning Test 63 Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, see Stress Intrinsic hippocampal circuit 12 Jung, Richard 3 Klüver, Heinrich 2 Kornmüller, Alois 3 Subject Index 159

3 Limbic encephalitis, diffusion-weighted imaging of hippocampus 81, 82 Location Learning Test 67 Magnetic resonance imaging Alzheimer s disease 102, 105 anatomy of hippocampus 72, 73 hippocampus encephalopathy 82 epilepsy 80, 81 limbic encephalitis 81, 82 overview 77, 79 stroke, acute ischemic 77, 78, 152, 153 transient global amnesia 78 80, 147 epilepsy magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo imaging 124, 125, 129, 130 Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery 72, 73, 75, 129 functional imaging, see Functional magnetic resonance imaging sclerosis of hippocampus volumetric studies of hippocampus aging 76, 77 dementia protocols 73, 74 schizophrenia 45 Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, epilepsy 130 Major depressive disorder Medial temporal lobe epilepsy, see Epilepsy Memory Alzheimer s disease, presymptomatic 99, 100 assessment classification 61, 62 models of medial temporal lobe/ hippocampus function cognitive process accounts information-based accounts 54, 55 neural process-based accounts overview 51, 52 prospects for study 57, 58 borderline personality disorder major depressive disorder posttraumatic stress disorder prospects for study 118 stress hormones 110, 111 MicroRNA, gene expression regulation 48 Mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer s disease 99 Mini-Mental State Examination 64, 101 National Adult Reading Test 64 Neuropsychological assessment Alzheimer s disease 101 epilepsy 131 hippocampal stroke 154, 155 memory prospects 68, 69 visuospatial function Oscillating brain activity hippocampus studies cellular mechanisms 30, 31 coordination with other brain regions 33, 34 memory-related activity patterns overview 27, 28 spatial memory formation within network oscillations 30 switches between different patterns overview 26, 27 Papez, James W. 2 Penicillin, discovery Subject Index

4 Place cell, memory-related activity patterns 28, 29 Positron emission tomography Alzheimer s disease 102, 104, 105 epilepsy 130, 131 Posttraumatic stress disorder functional magnetic resonance imaging 87, 92, 93 Presenelin, mutations and Alzheimer s disease susceptibility 98 Recognition Memory Test 64 Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test 63, 64 Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test 66, 154, 155 Ribot, Theodule-Armand 3 Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test II 64, 154 Schizophrenia gene expression regulation in monkeys pathology in humans 45, 46 susceptibility genes 47 Sclerosis, see Hippocampal sclerosis Seizure, see also Epilepsy astrocyte coverage, febrile seizure role hippocampus 80, 81 Serial Reaction Time Test 68 Sharp-wave ripple complex 29, 30 Single photon emission computed tomography, Alzheimer s disease 102, 103 Stress 109, 110 memory effects borderline personality disorder major depressive disorder posttraumatic stress disorder prospects for study 118 stress hormones 110, 111 Stroke hippocampus in acute ischemic stroke 77, 78, 152, 153 history of hippocampal stroke studies 151, 152 neuropsychological assessment of hippocampal stroke 154, 155 overview 150, 151 Subcortical connections, hippocampus 14, 15 Subiculum cytoarchitecture 11 development in monkeys 42 Tau, phosphorylation in Alzheimer s disease 97 Transient global amnesia clinical presentation 145, 146 demographics 144, 145 diagnostic criteria 145 hippocampus 78 80, 147 etiology 146, 147 history of study 143, 144 Uncal apex 22 Vascular dementia, hippocampus changes 104, 105 Vascularization, hippocampus arteries deep 24 superficial veins 24 Visuospatial function, assessment Wechsler Memory Scale-III 63, 65 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test 64 Subject Index 161

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