ENDURANCE TRAINING. 1.- Continuous Training 2.- Discontinuous Training

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1 ENDURANCE TRAINING 1.- Continuous Training 2.- Discontinuous Training

2 1.- Continuous Training Continuous training involves training for long periods where the intention is that your heart rate stays in your training zone a) Continuous running b) Fartlek

3 Continuous running involves running with moderate intensity with an extended duration without rest intervals.

4 Fartlek Training ( Speed play in Swedish) Involves running different speeds over different terrains for a long period of time (20-30 mins) changing the running pace

5

6 2.- Discontinuous training Involves intercalate periods of hard maximum effort with periods of rest. a) Interval training b) Circuit training

7 Interval Training Enables you to work at a high level of intensity followed by periods of rest.

8 Circuit Training Involves general exercises which alternate the demands made on the major muscle groups as you complete the circuit. Sit-Ups, Burpees, Press Ups, Step Ups, Tricep Dips.,,,

9 WARM UP A warm-up is a set of exercises that we do for the express purpose of getting different parts of the body involved in a physical/sports activity to start working. We warm up before intense exertion to allow our organism to adapt to the physical exercise. In order for the physical activity to be beneficial, pleasurable and risk-free, we must prepare the different parts of our organism by progressively adapting them to the exertion through a process known as worm-up. Effects of warm-up. Cardiopulmonary system: Lungs: Our breathing gets faster, carrying more oxygen to the blood. Heart and blood vessels: When our heart rate increases, more blood moves around the body, bringing the muscles more oxygen, which is necessary for movement. Locomotor system: Muscles: Our temperature increases, which increases contraction speed, improving movement and decreasing the risk of injury. Joints: The temperature of the joints also increases, enabling us to move more flexibly and decreasing the risk of injury. All the above means that the body temperature rises. That is why this stage of the organism s adaption to physical exercise is known as warm-up. The warm-up also prepares us psychologically for the activity to come: It makes us more willing to move because we feel looser and more agile. It increases our motivation to do physical exercise, play games or complete. It improves our ability to concentrate on what we are doing, making our movements more precise and useful. A warm up can be described as the gentle and progressive activation of the entire organism to prepare for more intense exertion under favourable conditions and without risk of injury. The stages of the warm-up 1.- Start. We begin with a slow jog. This is known as continuous running and it is the best way to get our cardiopulmonary system to begin working. You will notice that your heart rate gradually begins to increase. 2.- Mobilizing the joints and stretching the muscles.

10 Mobilizing the joints means performing as many different gentle, repetitive movements with each joint as possible. We do the same thing with all the joints: knees, hips, spine, shoulders, elbows and wrists. Stretching our muscles means adopting body positions that lengthen the muscles, making them longer than they are when in their resting position. At rest, our muscles tend to shorten (like elastic bands when not stretched). When we exercise, our movements cause the muscles to stretch to their maximum in order to exert more strength, jump higher or throw farther (the elastic bands stretch as far as they can). After the warm-up, when we do more intense exercise, there is no risk of injuring our muscles when they stretch to their full length. 3.- Final activity. To finish, we can play more intense games such as tag, or do races in pairs, bringing our heart rate up to beats per minute. Factors to elaborate warm-ups. To develop a good warm-up, we must count on several factors such as: - Our age - Time of day. - Level of physical fitness. - Post traumatic areas. - Posterior physical activity. - Weather conditions Besides, there are some further characteristics that there should be included in a correct warm-up: - Complete (we must work all the parts of the body) - Progressive (keeping an order head to feet or viceversa). - Enough duration. - Miscellaneous (different exercises)

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