CMPR113. Session 8. Zang Xiang Theory Zang/Heart/Pericardium. Chinese Medicine Department By Dr Shulan Yang.

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1 CMPR113 Session 8 Zang Xiang Theory Zang/Heart/Pericardium Chinese Medicine Department By Dr Shulan Yang

2 Heart Heart is the monarch of the body Johannes Flintoe, 19 Jan 2007, Crown Prince s Coronet, Viewed 3 Feb intoe_crown_for_norwegian_prince_1846.jpg

3 Heart Heart weighs 十二两 (around 193g). It has 7 holes and 3 valves. It stores 三合 (around 300ml) essence. Nan Jing The Yīn/Yáng nature of Heart compared with other Zàng: Heart is the Yáng in the Yáng. The back being Yáng (compared with abdomen), Yáng in the Yáng is Heart. Huáng Dì Nèi Jīng The Five Element nature of Heart: Fire.

4 Heart Function of Heart Heart governs Xuè and pulse

5 What is Xuè? Governs Xuè The middle Jiāo gathers Gŭ Qì and Jīn Yè, transform them (in upper Jiāo) into red, which is Xuè. Huang Di Nei Jing

6 Governs Xuè Heart is the factory where the blood is produced Heart controls the circulation of blood Heart blood influences menstruation indirectly Heart blood houses the Mind (Shén)

7 Governs Mài (blood vessel) Heart connects with blood vessels and push Xuè to fill and move in the blood vessels. What is Mài? Mai is the house of the blood. Huang Di Nei jing

8 2 Important Pre-requisites There are 2 important pre-requisites to keep the normal Heart function in governing Xuè: Heart Yáng Qì is strong Blood vessels are smooth

9 Characters of Heart Heart is the fire Zàng. So Yáng Qì is the main factor to affect it s function. Blood, as the Yin vital substances, pairs with Yáng Qì in Heart to keep the balance of Yīn and Yáng. With the support of Yáng Qì, Heart keeps beating

10 Heart How can we decide the conditions of Heart Mind (Shén) Emotion: Happiness or joy Tissue: controls pulse and manifests in the complexion Body fluid: sweat Sense organ: tongue

11 Governs Shén (Mind) How to understand Shén? Review the content about Shén in session 4-5.

12 Governs Shen (Mind) When Heart blood is abundant and circulates smoothly, Shen will enjoy it s house Heart and stay there happily. BabaraALane, 16 Nov 2016, fractal heart red love angel wings, Viewed 1 Mar

13 Governs Shén (Mind) What s the manifestations of healthy Shén Normal mental activity, balanced emotional life Clear consciousness Good memory Keen thinking Good sleep

14 Emotions: Joy Heart and Joy affects each other in both physiological and pathological state. No author. No title. 26 Nov Viewed 1 March

15 Tissue Heart conditions decide the quality of pulse.

16 Discuss What s the relationships of Heart governing Shén and governing blood & pulse

17 Manifests in the Complexion Heart conditions affect the colour of face Heart conditions affect the lustre of face Heart conditions affect the Shén in the eyes Achim Hering, 27 Apr 2014, Baby face, Viewed 21 Jan

18 Body Fluids Sweat comes from blood Heart Yin + Heart Yang Sweat Kullez, 23 Feb 2011, Sweat or rain? Viewed 18 Jan 2016 <

19 Sense Organ Spiritual Axis Chapter 17: Heart Qi communicates with the tongue, if the Heart is normal the tongue can distinguish the five tastes Noricum, 18 Feb 2006, swollen tongue, viewed 18 January16 <

20 Sense Organ The Heart influences the tongue itself The Heart influences the tongue, talking and speech

21 Other Relationships Based on the table of The Correspondence of Five Elements to deeply understand the following relationships about Heart: Colour: red Season: summer Climate: heat Smell: scorched Taste: bitter Sound: laughing Movement: think

22 Pericardium In Jing Luo, hand Jue Yin belongs to Pericardium. But in Zang Fu, Pericardium is only the house of Heart. It s function is to protect Heart from invasion of external pathological factors. So there is no too much content about Pericardium in Zang Fu.

23

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