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1 Index Note: Page numbers of article titles are in boldface type. A ALCAPA. See Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Angiosarcoma computed tomographic assessment of, Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, 715, 721, 723 Anterior-posterior projection image angiography, 681 Aortic coarctation computed tomographic evaluation of, 824 Aortic insufficiency, 786 Aortic stenosis, Aortic valves computed tomographic evaluation of, , and regurgitation, and stenosis, Aortic valvular stenosis computed tomographic evaluation of, Artifacts 683 ASD. See Atrial septal defect. Atrial appendage computed tomographic evaluation of, Atrial septal defect computed tomographic evaluation of, Automated vessel segmentation angiography, 688 Axial review angiography, 690 B Bismuth shielding and radiation dose reduction, 664 C CAA. See Coronary artery anomalies. CAF. See Coronary artery fistula. Cardiac arrhythmias angiography, Radiol Clin N Am 48 (2010) doi: /s (10) /10/$ see front matter ª 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Cardiac computed tomography historical perspective, and measuring radiation dose, 662 radiation dose issues in, and radiation dose reduction, and spatial resolution, and temporal resolution, and volume coverage, Cardiac computed tomography technology and dose-reduction strategies, Cardiac lymphoma computed tomographic assessment of, Cardiac masses imaging modalities for, Cardiac valves computed tomographic evaluation of, computed tomographic evaluation of disease, normal morphology and function of, pathologic conditions and dysfunction of, 785 and radiation exposure from computed tomography, 784 technical considerations of computed tomography, 784 CCTA. See Coronary computed tomography angiography. Chest pain and combined cardiac and thoracic computed tomographic evaluation, computed tomography in assessment of, and computed tomography in the emergency department, evaluation of the patient with, CNR. See Contrast-to-noise ratio. Complex cyanotic heart disease computed tomographic evaluation of, Computed tomographic angiography and evaluation of coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Computed tomographic evaluation of the normal cardiac anatomy, Computed tomography evaluation of cardiac valves: a review, Computed tomography of adult congenital heart disease, Computed tomography of cardiac pseudotumors and neoplasms, Congenital aneurysms and coronary artery anomalies, , 722 radiologic.theclinics.com

2 838 Index Congenital heart disease and cardiac computed tomography techniques in adults, 818 and complex correct surgeries, computed tomographic evaluation of, 821 imaging algorithms for, interventional and surgical procedures for, and magnetic resonance imaging, 817 and palliative shunts, and transesophageal echocardiography, 817 and transthoracic echocardiography, 817 and viewing planes for coronary computed tomography angiography, Contrast flow rate Contrast injection protocols Contrast reaction Contrast-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution, 659 and volume coverage, 661 Contrast transit time angiography, 682 Coronary arcade, 720 Coronary arteries computed tomographic evaluation of, Coronary artery anatomy normal features of, 712 normal versus anomalous, Coronary artery anomalies, classification of, clinical significance of, congenital aneurysms, , 722 coronary arcade, 720 coronary artery arising from the opposite sinus/ coronary artery, 713, 715 coronary artery duplication, 719, coronary artery fistula, , 723 and coronary ostial location, 716 and coronary ostial number, 716 of coronary termination, and ectasia, , 722 embryology of, 712 epidemiology and detectability of, extracardiac termination, 720 and intraarterial course, intramural, 717, of intrinsic coronary artery anatomy, myocardial bridging, , 722 of origin and course, 713, origin from the pulmonary artery, ostial atresia, 717, and pulmonary artery origin, 721 single coronary artery, 716, 721 Coronary artery arising from the opposite sinus/ coronary artery, 713, 715 Coronary artery bypass graft surgery anatomy of, 758 complications of, computed tomographic angiography evaluation of, and graft aneurysm, 763 and graft malposition, 763 and graft thrombosis and occlusion, and graft vasospasm, 763 and internal mammary artery grafts, and multi-detector computed tomography protocol, and pericardial and pleural effusions, and the radial artery, and the right gastroepiploic artery, 762 and saphenous vein grafts, and sternal infection, 765 Coronary artery calcium scan angiography, Coronary artery disease and computed tomographic evaluation of plaques and stenosis, implications of coronary computed tomography angiography on patient outcome, role of coronary computed tomography angiography in management of, Coronary artery duplication, 719, Coronary artery fistula, , 723 Coronary artery segmentation computed tomographic evaluation of, Coronary computed tomography angiography and anterior-posterior projection image, 681 and artifacts, and automated vessel segmentation, 688 and axial review, 690 and cardiac arrhythmias, contraindications for, and contrast flow rate, 683 and contrast injection protocols, 683 and contrast reaction, 676 and contrast transit time, 682 and coronary artery calcium scan, and curved planar reconstructions, and data acquisition, and electrocardiogram lead placement, 679 goals of, horizontal long axis plane, 819 indications for, and intravenous access, long and short axis views,

3 Index 839 and maximum intensity projection, and multiplanar reconstructions, and myocardial abnormalities, and myocardial infarction, and myocardial ischemia, and myocardial perfusion, and obesity, 676 and padding, 683 and patient instruction, 678, 680 and patient positioning, 679 and patient premedication, 679 and patient preparation, patient screening for, postprocessing techniques for, and postprocessing techniques for display, and pregnancy, 676 and prescan patient instructions, 678 and radiation dose reduction, and renal insufficiency, 676 and scan protocol, 682 and scan range, 681 and scanning techniques, short axis plane, 819 and stenosis calculation software, 688 transverse, coronal, and sagittal views, 818 and tube current, 683 and tube current modulation, 683 and tube voltage, 683 vertical long axis plane, and vessel tracking software, 688 and volume renderings, Coronary ostial location and coronary artery anomalies, 716 Coronary ostial number and coronary artery anomalies, 716 Coronary plaques computed tomographic imaging of, computed tomography versus intravascular ultrasound, implications for patient management and outcomes, technical aspects of computed tomographic imaging, 735 Coronary stents complications of, 766 multidetector computed tomography evaluation of, and percutaneous coronary intervention, and restenosis, 766 and thrombosis, 766 CPR. See Curved planar reconstructions. Curved planar reconstructions angiography, D Data acquisition angiography, Double-outlet ventricle computed tomographic evaluation of, 829 DSCT. See Dual-source computed tomography. Dual left anterior descending coronary artery, 721 Dual-source computed tomography and radiation dose reduction, E Ebstein anomaly computed tomographic evaluation of, Ectasia and coronary artery anomalies, , 722 Electrocardiogram lead placement angiography, 679 Electrocardiography-controlled tube current modulation and radiation dose reduction, Endomyocardial fibrosis computed tomographic assessment of, Evaluation of bypass grafts and stents, Evaluation of myocardial abnormalities and ischemia, Evaluation of the patient with acute chest pain, Evaluation of plaques and stenosis, Extracardiac termination, 720 F Fibromas computed tomographic assessment of, 808 Field of view and radiation dose reduction, 664 FOV. See Field of view. G Graft aneurysm coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 763 Graft malposition and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 763 Graft thrombosis and occlusion and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Graft vasospasm and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 763 I IMA. See Internal mammary artery. Internal mammary artery grafts and coronary artery bypass graft surgery,

4 840 Index Intracavitary thrombi computed tomographic assessment of, 800 Intravenous access angiography, IR. See Iterative reconstruction. Iterative reconstruction and radiation dose reduction, 669 L LCA. See Left coronary artery. Left atrium computed tomographic evaluation of, 707 Left cardiac chambers and valves computed tomographic evaluation of, Left coronary artery computed tomographic evaluation of, 702 Left ventricle computed tomographic evaluation of, Leiomyosarcoma computed tomographic assessment of, 812 Lipomas computed tomographic assessment of, Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum computed tomographic assessment of, LV. See Left ventricle. M Maximum intensity projection angiography, Maximum intensity projections and stenosis, 730 MIP. See Maximum intensity projection. Mitral insufficiency, Mitral stenosis, Mitral valve computed tomographic evaluation of, 707, and regurgitation, and stenosis, MPR. See Multiplanar reconstructions. Multiplanar reconstructions angiography, Multiplanar reformations and stenosis, 730 MV. See Mitral valve. Myocardial abnormalities angiography, Myocardial bridging, , 722 Myocardial infarction angiography, Myocardial ischemia angiography, Myocardial perfusion angiography, Myocardial perfusion imaging and stenosis, Myocardium computed tomographic evaluation of, angiography, 774 function of, structure and perfusion of, Myxomas computed tomographic assessment of, 805 N Neoplasms computed tomographic assessment of, Neoplastic heart disease computed tomographic assessment of, Normal cardiac anatomy atria, 819 cardiac valves, 820 computed tomographic evaluation of, , great arteries and connections, 820 great veins, 821 ventricles, O Obesity Osteosarcoma computed tomographic assessment of, Ostial atresia, 717, P Padding Palliative shunts and congenital heart disease, Papillary fibroelastomas computed tomographic assessment of, Paragangliomas computed tomographic assessment of, 809 Patent ductus arteriosus computed tomographic evaluation of, Patient positioning angiography, 679

5 Index 841 Patient premedication angiography, 679 Patient preparation and scanning techniques, PCI. See Percutaneous coronary intervention. PDA. See Patent ductus arteriosus. Percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary stents, Pericardial and pleural effusions and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Pericardial cysts computed tomographic assessment of, Pericardial hematoma computed tomographic assessment of, 802 Postprocessing techniques for coronary computed tomography angiography, Pregnancy Primary benign tumors of the heart computed tomographic assessment of, Primary malignant tumors of the heart computed tomographic assessment of, Prominent crista terminalis computed tomographic assessment of, 801 Prospective triggering computed tomography studies using, and radiation dose reduction, Pseudotumors computed tomographic assessment of, Pulmonary artery and coronary artery anomalies, , 721 Pulmonary valve computed tomographic evaluation of, Pulmonary valvular stenosis computed tomographic evaluation of, Pulmonic valve computed tomographic evaluation of, and regurgitation, 792 and stenosis, 792 PV. See Pulmonary valve. R RA. See Radial artery. RA. See Right atrium. Radial artery and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Radiation dose reduction and bismuth shielding, 664 angiography, and electrocardiography-controlled tube current modulation, and field of view, 664 and high-pitch spiral prospectively gated DSCT, and iterative reconstruction, 669 and prospective triggering, and scan coverage optimization, 664 specific techniques for, and tube current optimization, 662 and tube voltage optimization, Radiation exposure from computed tomography of cardiac valves, 784 RCA. See Right coronary artery. Renal insufficiency Restenosis and coronary stents, 766 RGEA. See Right gastroepiploic artery. Rhabdomyomas computed tomographic assessment of, Rhabdomyosarcoma computed tomographic assessment of, 811 Right atrium computed tomographic evaluation of, Right cardiac chambers and valves computed tomographic evaluation of, Right coronary artery computed tomographic evaluation of, 702 Right gastroepiploic artery and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 762 Right ventricle computed tomographic evaluation of, RV. See Right ventricle. S Saphenous vein grafts and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Scan coverage optimization and radiation dose reduction, 664 Scan protocol angiography, 682 Scan range angiography, 681 Secondary tumors of the heart computed tomographic assessment of, Shunt lesions computed tomographic evaluation of, Simple obstructive lesions computed tomographic evaluation of, Single coronary artery and coronary artery anomalies, 716, 721 Spatial resolution and contrast-to-noise ratio, 659

6 842 Index Stenosis advanced visualization and automated detection tools, 731 CCTA versus invasive coronary angiography, detection by coronary computed tomography angiography, diagnostic computed tomographic strategies, implications for patient management and outcomes, and maximum intensity projections, 730 and multiplanar reformations, 730 and myocardial perfusion imaging, Stenosis calculation software angiography, 688 Sternal infection and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 765 SVG. See Saphenous vein grafts. T Tetralogy of Fallot computed tomographic evaluation of, Thrombosis and coronary stents, 766 Transposition of the great arteries computed tomographic evaluation of, Tricuspid atresia computed tomographic evaluation of, 828 Tricuspid valve computed tomographic evaluation of, , and regurgitation, 793 and stenosis, 793 Triple-rule-out computed tomography in the evaluation of acute chest pain, TRO-CT. See Triple-rule-out computed tomography. Tube current Tube current modulation Tube current optimization and radiation dose reduction, 662 Tube voltage Tube voltage optimization and radiation dose reduction, U Undifferentiated sarcoma computed tomographic assessment of, 811 V Valve disease radiation-induced, 794 Valve surgery computed tomographic assessment of, 794 Valvular tumors and vegetations, Ventricular septal defect computed tomographic evaluation of, 822 Vessel tracking software angiography, 688 Volume coverage and contrast-to-noise ratio, 661 Volume renderings angiography, VR. See Volume renderings. VSD. See Ventricular septal defect.

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