3 (6).Source Plant a. Botanical Name b. c. d. e. f. g. h. - Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Myanmar Name - Pyarr- hmee (ysm;jrd;) Indonesian Name - Sambung nyawa English Name - violet velvet Family - Asteraceae ( Compositae ) Locallity in Myanmar- occurs in a wide range of habitats but prefers moist area and adequate sunlight. Part used - the whole plant, leaves, shoots. Plant - Perennial, succulent herbs
16 Momordica charantia Linn. Kyet-hin-khar ( Muuf[if;cg; )
17 (7).Source Plant a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Botanical Name - Momordica charantia Linn. Myanmar Name - Kyet-hin-khar (juuf[if;cg;) English Name - Bitter gourd Family - Cucurbitaceae Locallity in Myanmar - distributed in Myanmar Part used - Leaf, fruit, seed Plant - annual, monoecious, climbing herbs
26 Chemical constituents Fruits contain Ascorbic acid, glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, reducing sugars, resins, phenolic constituents, fixed oil & free acids, hydroxytryotamine, Fruit pulp galactouronic acid Leaves contain Calcium, carotene, riboflavin and ascorbic acid Fruits and leaves of plant contains many alkaloids, one of them being momordicine. Seeds contain proteins rich in essential amino acid
27 Your Complete Health & Herb Source 100% Natural Momordica Charantia L. Extract with Charantin
28 excellent beverage for cleaning your urinary tract
29 Uses 1. Gout, rheumatism, cancer, spleen and liver diseases, diabetes. 2. Tonic, stomachic, stimulant, emetic, laxative and malaria. 3. Root decoction applied to haemorrhoids
30 Morinda citrifolia Linn. Ye-yo (&J½kd)
31 (8).Source Plant a. b. c. d. e. f. Botanical Name Myanmar Name English Name India Family Locallity in Myanmar- g. Part used h. Plant Morinda citrifolia Linn. Ye-yo (&J&kd ) Morinda Noni fruit Rubiaceae Upper and Lower part of Myanmar - Leaf and fruit - Perennial, small tree.
36 Constituents 1.Heart wood yield -The anthraquinones, viz - Damnacanthal - Rubiadin-methyl ether -Alizarin - Morindone and anthragallol 2,3-dimethyl ether. 2.Xeronin alkaloid 3. Fruits - yellow essential oil hexoic and actoic acid with small quantities of a paraffin and esters of ethyl and methyl alcohols, flavonoids, beta sitosterol, alkaloids, polysaccharides.
39 Uses The Noni fruit 1. Retard tumour growth by stimulating the immune system 2. Lung carcinoma 3. Spongy gum 4. Throat complaints 5. Alleviate menstrual cramps 6. diabetes 7. Gastric ulcers 8. High blood pressure 9. Migraine headaches 10. Alzhei er s disease
40 Noni contain large amounts of potassium Do t use o i if you have kidney problems Avoid using noni if you have liver disease. Pregnancy and breast feeding Noni has been used to cause abortions It is also best to avoid noni
43 (9).Source Plant a. Botanical Name b. Myanmar Name - Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. - Se-cho /Myit- shwe/ tha-kya magaik (qd;cld?jrpfa&t?ojum;rukd#f ) c. English Name - Java tea d. Family - Lamiaceae / ( Labiatae ) e. Locallit in Myanmar - Widely distributed.often planted as garden favourites f. Part used - Leaves and flowers g. Plant - Perennial herbs
52 Uses The leaves are: 1. Antidiabetic 2. Used in kidney and bladder diseases ( renal stones ) 3. Diuretic ( take infusion of leaves as tea ) 4. Used in urinary tract infection in Asia & Europe 5. Used in toothache (chew flowers and put in the cavity ) 6. Treatment of arthritis,gout and rheumatism. 7. Reduce cholesterol 8. High blood pressure and bone or muscular pain