Daw Hla Hla Wai Demonstrator Botany Department University of Medicine 2, Yangon

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1 Daw Hla Hla Wai Demonstrator Botany Department University of Medicine 2, Yangon

2 Gynura procumbens (Lour. )Merr. Pyarr-hmee (ysm;jrd;)

3 (6).Source Plant a. Botanical Name b. c. d. e. f. g. h. - Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Myanmar Name - Pyarr- hmee (ysm;jrd;) Indonesian Name - Sambung nyawa English Name - violet velvet Family - Asteraceae ( Compositae ) Locallity in Myanmar- occurs in a wide range of habitats but prefers moist area and adequate sunlight. Part used - the whole plant, leaves, shoots. Plant - Perennial, succulent herbs

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7 Gynura procumbens ( Lour. ) Merr.

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9 Gynura procumbens ( Lour. ) Merr. Sambung Nyawa

10 Constituents Alkaloids Glycosides Phenolic compounds Starch Tannins Flavonoids

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12 Uses 1. Diabetes 2. Hypertension 3. Renal diseases 4. Skin complaints herpes 5. Gastric ulcer 6. Healing for wound 7. Antioxidant 8. Herbal baths to treat rheumatism and paralysis 9. Dysentery (decoction ) 10. Hyperlipidemia 11. Anti-aging agent 12. As a vegetable 13. anticancer

13 Gynura tea with herbs capsulized

14 Gynura Procumbens Herbal Tea Three- Hypers & Diabetes

15 Gynura Iced Tea, 500 ml

16 Momordica charantia Linn. Kyet-hin-khar ( Muuf[if;cg; )

17 (7).Source Plant a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Botanical Name - Momordica charantia Linn. Myanmar Name - Kyet-hin-khar (juuf[if;cg;) English Name - Bitter gourd Family - Cucurbitaceae Locallity in Myanmar - distributed in Myanmar Part used - Leaf, fruit, seed Plant - annual, monoecious, climbing herbs

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21 Palmate leaf Tendril

22 Staminate flower (Male) Pistillate flower (Female)

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24 Irregularly dehiscent

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26 Chemical constituents Fruits contain Ascorbic acid, glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, reducing sugars, resins, phenolic constituents, fixed oil & free acids, hydroxytryotamine, Fruit pulp galactouronic acid Leaves contain Calcium, carotene, riboflavin and ascorbic acid Fruits and leaves of plant contains many alkaloids, one of them being momordicine. Seeds contain proteins rich in essential amino acid

27 Your Complete Health & Herb Source 100% Natural Momordica Charantia L. Extract with Charantin

28 excellent beverage for cleaning your urinary tract

29 Uses 1. Gout, rheumatism, cancer, spleen and liver diseases, diabetes. 2. Tonic, stomachic, stimulant, emetic, laxative and malaria. 3. Root decoction applied to haemorrhoids

30 Morinda citrifolia Linn. Ye-yo (&J½kd)

31 (8).Source Plant a. b. c. d. e. f. Botanical Name Myanmar Name English Name India Family Locallity in Myanmar- g. Part used h. Plant Morinda citrifolia Linn. Ye-yo (&J&kd ) Morinda Noni fruit Rubiaceae Upper and Lower part of Myanmar - Leaf and fruit - Perennial, small tree.

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36 Constituents 1.Heart wood yield -The anthraquinones, viz - Damnacanthal - Rubiadin-methyl ether -Alizarin - Morindone and anthragallol 2,3-dimethyl ether. 2.Xeronin alkaloid 3. Fruits - yellow essential oil hexoic and actoic acid with small quantities of a paraffin and esters of ethyl and methyl alcohols, flavonoids, beta sitosterol, alkaloids, polysaccharides.

37 100 % pure freeze dried Marinda cirifolia Powder Noni Capsules Morinda citrifolia Extract (90 Capsules)

38 Noni - Morinda - citrifolia-organic-dried-fruit-liquidextract Dynamic Health Laboratories - Organic Noni Juice, Morinda Citrifolia Linn., Unflavored, Vegetarian.

39 Uses The Noni fruit 1. Retard tumour growth by stimulating the immune system 2. Lung carcinoma 3. Spongy gum 4. Throat complaints 5. Alleviate menstrual cramps 6. diabetes 7. Gastric ulcers 8. High blood pressure 9. Migraine headaches 10. Alzhei er s disease

40 Noni contain large amounts of potassium Do t use o i if you have kidney problems Avoid using noni if you have liver disease. Pregnancy and breast feeding Noni has been used to cause abortions It is also best to avoid noni

41 Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. Se-cho / Myit- shwe / Tha-kya-ma-gaik (qd;cld jrpfa&t ojum;rudk#f)

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43 (9).Source Plant a. Botanical Name b. Myanmar Name - Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. - Se-cho /Myit- shwe/ tha-kya magaik (qd;cld?jrpfa&t?ojum;rukd#f ) c. English Name - Java tea d. Family - Lamiaceae / ( Labiatae ) e. Locallit in Myanmar - Widely distributed.often planted as garden favourites f. Part used - Leaves and flowers g. Plant - Perennial herbs

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46 Cat's Whiskers

47 Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. Cat's Whiskers

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49 Constituents The leaves contain: 1. Glucosideorthosiphonin 2. Essential oil 3. Saponin 4. Phytosterol 5. Tannin 6. Sitosterol 7. & B linoleic acid 8. Oleic acid 9. Hexose & pentose 10. Bitter alkaloid

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51 Orthosiphon Stamineus Benth. Extract Java Tea (Orthosiphon stamineus Benth.) Powder

52 Uses The leaves are: 1. Antidiabetic 2. Used in kidney and bladder diseases ( renal stones ) 3. Diuretic ( take infusion of leaves as tea ) 4. Used in urinary tract infection in Asia & Europe 5. Used in toothache (chew flowers and put in the cavity ) 6. Treatment of arthritis,gout and rheumatism. 7. Reduce cholesterol 8. High blood pressure and bone or muscular pain

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