1 P60-06 LONG-TERM EFFECTIVENESS OF IRON FORTIFIED FISH SAUCE IN CONTROLLING IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN VIETNAM Thuy Pham Van NIN, Vietnam BACKGROUND: health problem in Vietnam. One cost-effective strategy for OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term effect of iron DESIGN: The villages in two communes were randomly divided into a subject). Families were randomly selected and provided with Iron status was assessed by measuring hemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin (SF), and transferrin receptor (TfR) in venous blood at RESULTS: between the C and F groups in Hb, SF, TfR, or body iron stores again. CONCLUSIONS: sustain the effect, it should be regularly and long-term. P60-07 HEALTHY INSTANT NOODLE FROM CORN WITH HIGH PROTEIN AND RICH IRON FOR PREGNANT WOMEN TO PREVENT LOST GENERATION IN SOUTHEAST ASIA Nugroho, Galih ; Purbayanto, Ari T. ; Apriady, Riza A. ; Pertiwi, Kamalita ; Haryasyah, Catherine Student Association of Food Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, DEPOK, WEST JAVA, IDN; Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Surabaya, IDN In most of Southeast Asian the health problem faced is related evidences are the high number of pregnant women mortality and malnutrition of infants in developing countries (WHO, Fe, Zn, vitamin A and Iodine. The raw material of our instant technology, which is usually applied in the production of rice vermicelli, now is applied to produce instant corn noodle. This product is promising because the potential consumption for special-purpose product such as instant corn noodle for pregnant woman. Through this project, we contribute in creating a solution to countries in Southeast Asia so that they do not have to lose their young generation, which is very essential for the development of the countries in the future. P60-08 NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF RURAL FARM HOUSEHOLD ON VALUE-ADDED CASSAVA PRODUCTS Olanipekun, Taiwo; Obatolu, Veronica A.; Ejoh, Isi IAR&T, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ibadan, Oyo state, NGA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Cassava is a very versatile commodity with numerous uses and by products. However, in proteins, fat, and some of the minerals and vitamins. Consequently, the low nutritional value of cassava is related to the nutritional status of most families that rely heavily on cassava as stable in their diet. The study aimed at accessing the nutritional status of three communities in Nigeria where there is promotion on intake of value added cassava products. MATERIALS & METHODS: preschool rural households children were evaluated using anthropometric and dietary measures before and after household through observation, and interviews with household key informants. RESULTS & FINDINGS: Results show no difference in anthropometry measurement and nutrient intake of children in intake was also increased among children in promotion sites. CONCLUSION: Adding value to cassava product could improve nutritional status of populations who rely mainly on cassava as staple. P60-09 PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR THE CONTROL OF MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES IN GHANA Armah, Jacob-Gabriel A.; Amoaful, Esi F. Ghana Health Service, Accra, GHA As part of the national strategy to reduce micronutrient The NFFA, having evolved from a multi-sectoral task force building. Key strategies the NFFA has employed to solicit commitment by all stakeholders and also ensure transparency are: a)holding sensitization and advocacy meetings with Chief b)involving industry & civil society early in project development and ensure transparency no cost e)coordination through quarterly Alliance meetings and monthly meetings of Focal Points essential micronutrients using approved standards. Vegetable These modest achievements could not have been possible without an effective public- private partnership. 37
2 P6: School Nutrition II P6-0 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FIVE DIFFERENT SCHOOL FEEDING PRODUCTS USED IN THE VAAL REGION (SOUTH AFRICA) Oldewage-Theron, Wilna H.; Kearney, Jeanette E. Vaal University of Technology, Gauteng, ZAF OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate Vaal Region (Southern Gauteng, South Africa) in terms of the nutritional content of the products, the impact of these products on the nutritional status of primary school children, menu cost, compliance of the products (by conducting sensory analyses and shelf life studies), and the impact on school attendance. The (wheat-based) and corn soy blend (CSB), vetkoek (a traditional South African homemade product), the Primary School Nutrition Programme (PSNP) as well as a fruit (control) group. METHODS: hour dietary recall, as well as anthropometric and biochemical measurements. Statistical analyses included descriptive groups. RESULTS: Pre-intervention results for nutrient intake in both communities indicated that the mean daily energy intake of all the children was below the DRIs for children between ages seven to ten years. The post intervention results indicated that the food consumption patterns did not change substantially during the intervention. The biochemical results indicated that normal values were present for the majority of the parameters. positive changes were observed in each of the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The products evaluated in this study proved to be cost effective and compliance for the products was good, thus indicating that these products can be successfully implemented in a school feeding program for hungry children in this particular area in. RECOMMENDATIONS: The results of this study will provide all stakeholders of school feeding programs in SA with school feeding. Nutrition education is recommended for both the children and caregivers. P6-0 ASSOCIATION BETWEEN DIETARY/LIFESTYLE FACTORS AND SMOKING HABIT IN JAPANESE YOUNG ADULTS Kimura, Yasumi ; Yoshida, Daigo Fukuoka Women s Junior College, Dazaifu, Fukuoka, JPN; Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, JPN RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Smoking is an important risk Japanese young adults. MATERIALS & METHODS: nursing, medical technical colleges. Habitual dietary intake and lifestyle factors were assessed by using self-reported food Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios of RESULTS & FINDINGS: The current smoking rates were diet, late-night snack, eating out, instant foods, lower life- association to the smoking habit in women. However, there was 37 CONCLUSION: The present results suggested that several habit in Japanese young women, but not in men. P6-03 FOOD CONSUMPTION QUALITY AMONG STUDENTS FROM CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPE Emilia Kolarzyk, Andrzej Szpakow, Ewa Kleszczewska, Ludmila 4, Skajste Lakiene Jagiellonian University,, Krakow, Poland; Grodno National University, Belarus; The Institute of Cosmetology and Heath 4 Medical University, Krasnojarsk, Russia; Academy of Physical Education, Kowno, Lithuania The faults in nutrition in study period may be the reason of many health problems and may lead to nutritional-related diseases in the future. The aim of the study was to evaluate the food preferences by students from four countries: Belarus, Lithuania, Russia and Poland. food products was estimated with the use of the standardized for evaluation of the relationship between analyzing variables. The national origin and percentage of the fatty tissue in the body were directly connected with intake of vegetable fats, fruit juices, pork-butchers products and alcohol drinks. The most We postulate to the Universities Governments to support the canteens for students in cheap but well-balanced meals and fresh vegetables and fruits but to remove the slot machines with carbonated sweet drinks. P6-04 VEGETABLE AND FRUIT CONSUMPTION AMONG ADOLESCENT STUDENTS AT DEMONSTRATION SCHOOL Srithorn, Chaloemporn; Kunarattanapruk, Kiatirat Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, THA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Vegetables and fruits are sources of nutrients and phytochemicals helping the body to work properly and prevent the body from chronic diseases. This study was conducted to study vegetable and fruit consumption among adolescent students at Demonstration School. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study was cross-sectional fruit and vegetable consumption of the students were collected using 4 hour dietary recall for three consecutive days, during program was used to analyze nutrients. RESULTS: Most students consumed fruits and vegetables below the recommended amount of daily fruit and vegetable intake. The amount of vegetables and fruits which the students vegetable and fruit consumption especially vitamin C and beta CONCLUSION: Consuming vegetables and fruits should be promoted among the students for their better health in future.
3 P6-05 DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF NUTRITION EDUCATION MATERIAL FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN GAUTENG, SOUTH AFRCIA Makanjana, Onwaba; Oldewage-Theron, Wilna ; Napier, Carin Durban University of Technology, Durban, ZAF; Vaal University, Vanderbijlpark, ZAF RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to develop, compare and evaluate two different methods of teaching basic nutrition knowledge to primary school children MATERIALS AND METHODS: using a valid and reliable nutritional knowledge questionnaire developed by the South African Medical Research Council was assessed before the intervention. Tools developed were a card game with no additional nutrition information and a Dietary Guidelines. Post-tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the nutrition education tools. The intervention lessons, both took place over an -week period. Data were RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The post test indicated an showed better improvement in knowledge regarding starch, water, salt and alcohol consumption. Group A showed better improvement in knowledge for healthy eating, soya and fruit and vegetable consumption. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that both the playing cards and pamphlet with a lecture were effective as nutrition education tools. CONCLUSION: This project indicates that nowadays there are still primary school students with protein malnutrition supplements can effectively correct the problem of protein malnutrition among primary school students at risk as showed level as well. P6-07 FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS OF NIGERIAN ADOLESCENTS AND EFFECT ON BODY WEIGHT Olumakaiye, Funke M. ; Atinmo, Tola Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife & Osun State, NGA; University of Ibadan, Ibadan & Oyo State, NGA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Association between body weight of adolescents and food consumption pattern. MATERIALS & METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adolescents from thirty-two secondary schools in Osun state,, using multistage random sampling procedure was done. Data on number of meals and snacks consumed daily were collected using structured questionnaires. Nutritional status was assessed WHO International Growth Reference. RESULTS & FINDINGS: degree, higher among urban than rural (p=0.00). Prevalence of least among those who ate three meals and snacks twice daily CONCLUSION: Snacks consumption in adolescence improved the body weight of the adolescents when consumed with three meals. P6-06 THE SUPPLEMENT OF THREE EGGS PER WEEK IS ENOUGH TO CORRECT PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH PROTEIN MALNUTRITION IN RURAL AREA OF THAILAND Mayurasakorn, Korapat ; Sitphahul, Prapunpis ; Hongto, Punorn Samutsakhon General Hospital, Samutsakhon province, THA; Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, THA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Protein Malnutrition is growth and development. In Thailand National Health Survey were below the 90th percentile of the standard weight for age. The purpose of this research is to compare nutritional status on serum proteins and lipids, and determine the effect of egg MATERIALS & METHODS: study was done. 47 recruited participants received an addition of either three or ten eggs per week for consecutive weeks to basal diet. RESULTS & FINDINGS: The anthropometric and serum albumin and prealbumin s criteria, respectively. Albumin and prealbumin levels were positively correlated with Total Cholesterol and LDL-C levels. No difference in any biochemical wk group. Besides, due to continuing egg supplement, Total Cholesterol, LDL and ratio of Total Cholesterol to HDL level have decreased ( p < 0.00) but albumin, prealbumin and HDL 0.00). P6-08 TOWARDS A NATIONAL FOOD CATEGORISATION SYSTEM FOR AUSTRALIAN SCHOOL CANTEENS Scott, Jane A.; Field, Lynn; Drummond, Claire; Kellett, Elizabeth; Coveney, John; Jolley, Gwyn; McCarthy, Carmel; Cobiac, Lynne Flinders University, Adelaide, AUS RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The National Healthy School Canteens Project is part of the Australian Better Health Initiative implementation plan endorsed by the Commonwealth Government. This year project aims to develop a national food categorization system based upon nutrient criteria, a training program for end users of the project outcomes and an evaluation framework to encourage the development and reinforcement of healthy eating patterns at school. Consideration will be given to current nutrition related health issues pertaining to Australian school-aged children and the recently published Nutrient Reference Values. MATERIALS & METHODS: was undertaken with key stakeholders to inform the development of the project outcomes. Pilot testing will be undertaken in a sample of Australian schools. RESULTS & FINDINGS: This presentation will provide the rationale for the nutrient criteria and preliminary results of pilot testing. CONCLUSION: School canteens have the potential to support and complement student learning, strengthening school environments and encouraging healthy food choices. 373
4 P6-09 EMERGING PROBLEM OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE CITY OF COLOMBO, SRI LANKA Munasinghe, D Lalani L.; Jayaweera, M Nadeera S.; Silva, KD Renuka R. Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Gonawila, LKA Changes in the lifestyle with rapid urbanization in Colombo City have resulted food and nutrition issues. Nutritional status of children attending school in Colombo city was assessed in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among 0- y old positive association with nutritional status of children. The childhood overweight and obesity in Colombo city schools is emerging as a health problem. P6-0 CONCORDANCE WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FRUIT AND VEGETABLES (F&V) INTAKE AND REDUCTION OF CANCER RISK IN CHILDREN FROM TWO GUATEMALAN DAY-CARE CENTERS Vossenaar, Marieke ; Soto-Méndez, María José ; Jaramillo, Patricia M. ; Panday, Bindiya ; Hamelinck, Victoria; Bermúdez, Odilia I. ; Doak, Colleen M. ; Mathias, Paul 4 ; Solomons, Noel W. CeSSIAM, Guatemala City, GTM; Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, NLD; 4 Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, IRL RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Guidance has been forthcoming for patterns of food selection reducing the risk of chronic disease. The objective was to assess concordance with established recommendations for daily food and vegetable MATERIALS & METHODS: Daily intakes of food and beverages were established from center menus (direct Concordance scores for individual guideline components for were calculated. RESULTS: recommendation. The respective concordance rates with the CONCLUSIONS: Diets of day-care children were predominantly plant-based, with low red meat and total fat intakes of starchy foods and F&V were reduced with respect to various international recommendations. P6- FOOD STRATEGY TO COMBAT IRON DEFICIENCY IN CHILDREN OF RURAL NORTH INDIA Brouwer, Inge; Khetarpaul, Neelam; Rani, Varsha Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University Hisar, IND 374 RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Anemia is most serious been shown for better absorption of non-heme iron in humans. Objective of present study was to observe prevalence of iron on iron absorption from mungbean product. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study consists of two randomly from Haryana, India. Blood samples were analyzed for iron studies, serum ferritin and CRP. Dietary consumption of children was measured through 4-h recall method. Probability of adequacies (PA) for vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron, of vitamin-c rich local fruit guava on iron absorption from mugbean product will be measured with iron radioisotopes. Estimated vitamin-c from guava and iron from mungbean will be 0: ratio instead of 4:. Data were analysed by SPSS statistical package. RESULTS & FINDINGS: Prevalence of anemia, iron micronutrients ranged low. PA for vitamin C and iron had the for second study are awaited in Feb, 009 and will be presented in conference. CONCLUSION: Micronutrient combination based food strategy may be used to improve iron status of rural Indian children. P6- THE INFLUENCE OF FIBER NUTRITION EDUCATION TO JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ON NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR Chiu, Hui-Chin ; Huang, Chau-Yen ; Lin, Su-Yi Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan, TWN; Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan, TWN between junior high school students nutrition knowledge, This research adopted the non-random purposive sampling nutrition education. The results showed that the pretest about the accuracy percentage, the posttest, and the follow-up test were average of the pretest, the posttest, and the follow-up test were After enforcing the nutrition education, the assimilation of students nutrition knowledge was diet habit, and the level of was diet habit, conscious state of health, and the source of the nutrition information. P6-3 LOW USE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES AMONG ROMANIAN ADOLESCENTS FROM RURAL AREAS Mocean, Floarea ; Lotrean, Lucia M. ; Poledna, Sorina ; Laza, Valeria ; Harosa, Florina University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj Napoca, ROU; Babes Bolyay University, Cluj Napoca, ROU RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the opinions and practices of Romanian students with regard to use of fruits and vegetables (other than
5 potatoes). These information are needed in order to develop future programs for promoting healthy nutrition among Romanian adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires RESULTS AND FINDINGS: of the students. Eating fruits and vegetables decreased with age. Moreover the bivariate correlation analyses showed that the lower use of fruits and vegetables was associated with vegetables and the quantity, which should be consumed each day, as well as with lower intention of consuming more fruits and vegetables in the future. CONCLUSION: These results underline the importance of developing programs, which promote the use of fruits and vegetables among Romanian adolescents from rural areas, as an important component of a healthy nutrition. P6-4 CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN INDIA NEED FOR INTERVENTION PROGRAMMES Jagmeet Madan, Anoop Misra, Priyali Shah,Seema Gulati, Madhuri Nigudkar,, Bhavika Shah,, Shweta Jain 4 Dept of Food and Nutrition, SVT College of Home Science, SNDT Women s University (Juhu Campus), Juhu Tara Road, Santacruz(west), Mumbai, IND; Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, IND; The Centre for Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol Disorders ( C-DOC), diabetes Foundation (India) SDA, New Delhi, IND RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Some data suggest steep increase in prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban need to initiate a school health based intervention program on a large scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample population private and government school of Delhi and Mumbai city anthropometrics parameters, dietary intake and lifestyle related variables, an intensive intervention program was started (Project MARG). The program focuses on the child, the school and home environment. Nutritional and physical activity education debates, skits and street plays related to health topics. RESULT AND FINDINGS: The data reveal an overall CONCLUSION: community intervention project in South Asia which focuses on primary prevention of obesity-related diseases in Indian schools. There is need to initiate such programs in other urban areas of India P6-5 OBESITY PREVENTION AND CONTROL SUCCESS IN BANGKOK SECONDARY SCHOOL Seubsman, Sam-ang ; Peungsorn, Janya ; Pandee, Daoruang ; Pangsap, Suttinan Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Nonthaburi, THA; Thai Cohort Study, Nonthaburi, THA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: This research aims to study how School, a secondary school in Bangkok where obesity rate was higher than its rural area counterparts, was able to cope with the trend and control it. MATERIALS & METHODS: Ethnography with the use of organizational behavior theory which normally is a tool used principal, teachers, students, parents, and food stallholders were interviewed. Pictures, CDs, meeting reports, and school media program success. RESULTS & FINDINGS: Results are divided into 4 components: structure, strategy, technology, and culture. The School showed a competent well-aligned organization that Thai Teen program, a very effective tool all generated and run by students. CONCLUSIONS: Obesogenic environment effecting eating informed food choice decision making, healthy eating components. However the most important factor guaranteeing long-term success will depend on how much will power a student has for resisting unhealthy food consumption media that P6-6 SELF ESTEEM AND AGE AS DETERMINATE OF EATING BEHAVIORS-AN EXPLORTIVE STUDY University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, IND Adolescent years are critical in terms of self-esteem (SE) due to social, biological and emotional change encountered. They and SE on food habits and eating patterns of adolescent boys. METHODS: Family details, SE, eating behavior such as were assessed in 009 boys aged 0-9 years. RESULT: those in normal and low SE. Age was dominant thing factors snacks, enjoying with friends and mood altered with age. Enjoying meal and eating with parents were only shown to be associated to SE. CONCLUSION: Adolescent boys had swings in eating P6-0 (MANIHOT ESCULANTA, CRANTZ) ROOT IS AFFECTED BY GENOTYPE AND STYLE OF COOKING. Failla, Mark ; The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Oyo State, NGA cell model was used to determine the relationship between root and taken up by enterocyte-like Caco- cells was highly by fermentation followed by either boiling (fufu) or roasting 375
6 a temperature- and time- dependent manner by roasting. The also was independent of genotype These differences suggest that both gari and fufu likely provide fewer retinol activity equivalents than an equivalent caloric intake of boiled cassava (Support: HarvestPlus and OARDC). P6-0 FROM DIFFERENT LOCATIONS IN KENYA AND STORED USING DIFFERENT METHODS Kidmose, Ulla ; Agili, Sammy ; Thilsted, Shakuntala H. Aarhus University, Aarslev, DNK; International Potato Center, Nairobi, KEN; University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, DNK RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: (VAD) is a major health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. In sweet potato (OFSP) as a rich vitamin A source. T he content stored using two different traditional storage methods in Kenya was determined. MATERIALS & METHODS: analysed in duplicate samples by high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS & FINDINGS: Growing site seemed to have a were observed during clamp storage of sweet potato roots observed after pit storage for 70 days. Clamp storage resulted in sweet potato roots than pit storage, irrespective of the length of storage time. CONCLUSION: OFSP has a huge potential to increase vitamin A intake and alleviate VAD. P6-03 INTRODUCTION OF ORANGE SWEET POTATO IN UGANDA COULD IMPROVE VITAMIN A INTAKES OF VULNERABLE GROUPS Loechl, Cornelia U. ; Hotz, Christine ; Lubowa, Abdelrahman ; Sison, Cristina ; Gilligan, Daniel 4 ; Meenakshi, J.V. International Potato Center, Kampala, UGA; HarvestPlus & International Food Policy Research Institute, Ottawa, CAN; Makerere University, Kampala, UGA; 4 International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., USA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: persists among children in Uganda. In a baseline survey for an intervention to introduce betacarotene-rich, orange sweet potato (SP) in Uganda, dietary data were collected to determine and women, and estimate how much more vitamin A would be ingested if orange varieties were adopted. MATERIALS & METHODS: were collected using an interactive 4-hour recall method. RESULTS & FINDINGS: For children and women, median boiled, steamed or roasted were orange varieties, median RAE CONCLUSION: 376 orange, vitamin A intakes would improve substantially. P6-04 BIO-FORTIFICATION OF RICE TOCOTRIENOL Sookwong, Phumon ; Murata, Kazumasa ; Nakagawa, Kiyotaka ; Kimura, Toshiyuki ; Miyazawa, Teruo Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, JPN; Oyama Prefectural Agricultural Forestry & Fishery Research Center, Toyama, JPN; National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region, Fukushima, JPN RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: unsaturated form of natural vitamin E) has been known to have anti-cancer and anti-angiogenesis), we aimed at developing a MATERIALS & METHODS: screened using our developed method from more than 00 kinds level of their latter generations. Therefore, a quantitative trait RESULTS & FINDINGS: CONCLUSION: By further crossbreeding and genetic P6-05 IMPROVED SELENIUM STATUS BY CONSUMPTION OF WHEAT BIOFORTIFIED WITH SELENIUM DOES NOT MODIFY DNA DAMAGE IN HEALTHY AUSTRALIAN MEN Wu, Jing ; Lyons, Graham ; Graham, Robin ; Fenech, Michael CSIRO, Adelaide, SA, AUS; University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, AUS Increased intake of selenium (Se) or improved Se status may reduce the risk of cancers. The effect of Se from agronomically study aimed to investigate whether improving Se status, by A 4-week placebo-controlled double-blind intervention was Blood was collected to measure plasma Se concentration, was found to increase plasma Se concentration from a baseline unaffected by the improved Se status in our study cohort. not modify the biomarkers measured in this Se-replete cohort.
7 P6-06 SIGNIFICANCE OF FECES OF HERVIVOROUS ANIMALS AS RESOURCES FOR VITAMIN B Yamada, Shoji ; Sukemori, Seizi ; Ikeda, Shuhei ; Kurosawa, Akira; Fukuda, Morimichi ; Yamada, Keiko 4 Hokkaido University of Education, Sapporo, JPN; Tokyo University of Agriculture, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa Prefecture, JPN; 4Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, JPN Corrinoid denotes both biologically active cobalamin (=vitamin B) and its analogs that are rather harmful in mammalians. The were more than tenfold that in the food consumed per day by Thus most of the corrinoid in the feces must be synthesized by not the main site of corrinoid production. Analyses of corrinoid were performed for the food and the feces of various animals obtained from a zoo. The corrinoid concentrations were low in the food and high in the feces of herbivores. The ratio of cobalamin to the analogs in the feces was high in herbivores. Thus the cobalamin contained in the feces of herbivores should be utilized. Corrinoid in rat feces was easily soluble in water, and was taken up by a seaweed, nori (Porphyra tenera), quite rich seaweed by cultivating it with rabbit feces added. Then we feed domestic animals the cobalamin-rich seaweed to get cobalamin-rich meat or milk. P6-07 INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENT AND CROP AGE ON BETA-CAROTENE CONTENT OF PROMISING ORANGE-FLESHED SWEETPOTATO VARIETIES IN UGANDA Mulokozi, Generose I. ; Kapinga, Regina E. ; Hotz, Christine ; Tumwegamire, Silver ; Kamala, Analice Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre, Dar es Salaam, TZA; CIP, Kampala, UGA; IFPRI, Washington DC, USA Sweet potato is among the major staple crops in. Orange- across environments are currently contradictory. While some of different sweet potato genotypes is also not well established. OBJECTIVE: OFSP varieties across diverse environments as well as across different dates of harvesting in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Each of the 4 OFSP Uganda with different climatic conditions. OFSP samples dried, peeled and longitudinally quartered. Two opposite HPLC method. RESULTS: CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The of sweet potato varieties suggesting that general nutritional obtained 4 months after planting. P6-08 BIOFORTIFICATION OF CEREAL GRAINS WITH ZINC THROUGH FERTILIZER STRATEGY Cakmak, Ismail Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, TUR Cereal-based foods, which are typically low in amount and intake in most of the developing countries. There is, therefore, to be cost-effective and easily affordable solution in the target countries. Currently, number of successful breeding programs cereal genotypes with high genetical capacity to accumulate Zn in grain. As a short-term solution to the problem and complementary effort to the breeding approach, application of Zn containing fertilizers represents a very quick and effective approach for improving grain Zn concentration while of Zn fertilizers greatly increase Zn concentrations in whole Zinc fertilizer strategy represents a very useful approach to biofortify cereals and to contribute to human nutrition. P6-09 EFFECT OF DAILY CONSUMPTION OF ORANGE- FLESHED SWEET POTATOES (OFSP) ON THE VITAMIN A (VA) STATUS OF BANGLADESHI WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE Haskell, Marjorie J. ; Jamil, Kazi ; Jamil, Maleka ; Peerson, Janet M. ; Brown, Kenneth H. University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA; International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, BGD RATIONALE: To assess the effect of daily consumption of OFSP, with or without added dietary fat, on the VA status of Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. METHODS: Women (n=0) were randomly assigned to or 4) boiled WFSP and a COC containing retinyl palmitate, in addition to their usual home diets. Total body vitamin A (TBVA), and plasma concentrations of retinol and carotenoids were measured before and after the intervention. RESULTS concentrations were higher in groups that received OFSP with or without added fat, compared to the other two groups (p<0.00). TBVA pool size estimates are not yet available. CONCLUSIONS: Daily consumption of OFSP, with or plasma retinol concentration. 377
8 P6-0 EFFECT OF APPLIED CADMIUM, COPPER AND ZINC AT DIFFERENT SOIL ph ON THEIR UPTAKE BY CLOVER PLANT Houshmandfar, Alireza ; Tehrani, Mohamad Mehdi Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRN; Soil & Research Institute, Tehran, IRN Clover is one of the main sources of cattle food in the country. Its contamination with harm heavy metals like cadmium would cause many disorders in the food chain consumers. In the other hands, higher concentration of some heavy metals such as Zinc crop. To study the amount of heavy metal uptake by clover, The plants were fertilized using a nutrient solution, which was adjusted appropriately to the same ph. Plants grown in control pots showed a higher shoot length compared to heavy metal in accumulated concentrations with 09, 0 and 0 mg per kg accumulated element in the clover tissues. P6- CONSUMER ACCEPTABILITY, CAROTENOID RETENTION AND BIO-AVAILABILITY OF GARI FROM YELLOW-FLESHED CASSAVA ROOTS Onadipe, Olapeju O. ; ; Sanni, Lateef O. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan. Oyo State, NGA; University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun state, NGA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: The magnitude of micronutrient malnutrition is increasingly taking center stage in policy discussions on food and nutrition security. Public health interventions to address micronutrient malnutrition solutions to control micronutrient malnutrition especially on low-income households. Cassava is one of the crops targeted commonly consumed cassava staple in Nigeria and therefore the study is assessing the nutrient composition and consumer roots using varied genotypes and processing methods. MATERIALS & METHODS: The samples will be analyzed bioavailability using standard methods. The samples will be subjected to sensory evaluation and consumer acceptability methods RESULTS & FINDINGS: The study is on-going. P6- ANTIOXIDATIVE AND ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF LACTOFERRIN AND EFFECT ON BROWNING IN BASIL-BASED SPREADS Pavlovic, Mirjana ; Pezo, Lato ; Ostojic, Sanja ; Micovic, Vuk ; Kicanovic, Miodrag ; ; Gvozdenovic, Jasna Institut of General and Physical Chemistry, Beograd, Serbia; Faculty of biology, Beograd, Serbia; Faculty of Technology, Novi Sad, Serbia 378 RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: processed green vegetable-based food emulsions. MATERIALS & METHODS: We have compared the effect of Browning was determined by color lightness changes, applying color evaluation, by means of multivariate image analysis. RESULTS & FINDINGS: induction time, determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and browning rate were slightly negatively affected in samples containing lactoferrin. CONCLUSION: emulsions. P6-3 YELLOW CASSAVA (YC) AND VITAMIN A STATUS IN KENYAN SCHOOLCHILDREN: PROPOSED INVESTIGATION DESIGN Talsma, Elise F. ; Mwangi, Alice M. ; Mburu-de Wagt, Anne ; Brouwer, Inge ; Melse, Alida ; Zimmermann, Michael B. Wageningen University, Wageningen, NLD; University of Nairobi, Nairobi, KEN; Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, NLD Cassava is widely consumed in SubSaharan Africa and, when provitamin A RAE conversion rates from cassava. Therefore, retinol supplements (RS). randomized block design in Kenya. Following a fortnight run-in period, the children will be randomized to receive either: boiled NC with placebo supplements (PS); boiled YC with PS; or boiled NC and daily RS. We propose to quantify RAE in YC by ) comparing changes in b-carotene and plasma retinol between P63: Integrated Farming for Food and Nutrition Security P63-0 IMPACTS OF SCHOOL-BASED PROMOTION ON PERI-URBAN HOUSEHOLD ORANGE-FLESHED SWEETPOTATO (OFSP) PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION Loechl, Cornelia U.; Lubowa, Abdelrahman ; Low, Jan W. ; Cole, Donald C. ;Prain, Gordon 4 International Potato Center, Kampala, UGA; International Potato Center, Nairobi, KEN; International Potato Center, Lima, PER; 4 Urban Harvest, Lima, PER RATIONALE: Schools may be one venue for promoting OFSP. OBJECTIVES: To determine increases in household OFSP awareness, production, and consumption when interventions are primarily agricultural, primarily nutritional, or combined. METHODS:
9 and distribution activities (grp) or both (grp), with one control division (grp4). Post-post comparisons were carried out using Chi-Square. RESULTS: OFSP s high nutritional value was mentioned CONCLUSION: Schools are a useful venue for combined agricultural and nutrition interventions. P63-0 HOUSEHOLD FOOD DISTRIBUTION EFFECTS ON DIETARY QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF HOMESTEAD GARDEN HOUSEHOLDS OF OWERRI MUNICIPALITY, IMO STATE, NIGERIA C.O., Asinobi IMO State University, NGA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: In an attempt to verify whether females living in urban homestead garden households that are practicing intra-household food distribution traditionally, have better dietary quality characteristics (hemoglobin and serum Vitamin A concentrations) than those in homestead garden households but do not observe the practice. METHOD: A cross sectional study of their dietary intake, was analyzed chemically to assess the nutrients. Their dietary quality and anthropometrics characteristics were obtained and were determined using student T-test and Chi-squared test. RESULTS AND FINDINGS: The results showed that the percentage food nutrients met by the females in the households practicing traditional intra-household food distribution as well as their dietary qualities and anthropometric characteristics associations between practicing of household food distribution and the dietary quality characteristics showed similar results. CONCLUSION: Although homestead garden increased the dietary quality characteristics in the females, intra-household food distribution contributed to reduction in the increased effect on the dietary quality characteristics. P63-03 CAN HEALTH AND AGRICULTURE POLICIES MODIFY THE IMPACT OF THE OBESITY EPIDEMIC ON GLOBAL WARMING? CASE STUDY: MEXICO Carriedo, Ana A. RATIONALE: Animal foods are likely to contain high quantities of saturated fats and macronutrients related to chronic diseases. The need to reduce the consumption of meat and animal products has been stressed in several publications. It is known that this nutritional strategy might also impact on the environment by reducing land usage, GHG emissions and other pollutants from livestock production. OBJECTIVE: Recommend a sustainable agricultural and energy strategy with a lower carbon footprint by increasing maize consumption and lowering that of meat products in intensive agriculture. METHODS: a) Model the impact of obesity on increased of meat and maize availability in the future and project future RESULTS: to increase, the total CO equivalents for this sector will account of maize from feed to animals, without affecting energy needs CO equivalents respectively. CONCLUSION: By applying this model, it is believed that maize surplus might have more mitigate methane by reducing livestock production, and c) moderate CO emissions from production of livestock, and d) decrease meat consumption positively affecting the obesity epidemic. P63-04 THE STUDY OF MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF HYBRID RICE PARENTAL LINES FOR USING IN THE PRODUCTION OF HYBRID SEED. Mousavi Mirkalaei, Seyed Amir Abbas; Somdaliri, Morteza Islamic Azad University of Chalos branch, Chalos- Mazandaran, IRN (Rline), or hybrid rice paternal parent and the recognition of proper r lines for the production of hybrid seed and choosing those lines which have better yield as well as proper morphological traits. These lines accompanied by three barren male lines within Augment design using four witness items under the names of the Neda, Nemat, fajr, and Amol yek were institute located in mazandaran then were assessed. The analysis of variations as test witnesses showed that the effect of in in qualities of claw numbers and hollow seed percentage was in all lines were studied showed that R line sf4 has the highest Considering other morphological characteristics, we can 9(sa4) as superior high yielding early- maturity line and P63-05 THE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF USING NITROGEN FERTILIZER AND PLANT DISTANCE ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF COMPONENT OF YIELD IN CANOLA (BRASSICA NAPUS L.) Mousavi Mirkalaei, Seyed Amir Abbas Islamic Azad University of Chalos branch, Chalos-Mazandaran, IRN To determine the best amount of nitrogen fertilizer and plant distance of canola (hyola 40) and studying their parts of yield in primary level, a test was done in the from of spilt plot in basic 379
10 rice research institute located in Amol. The results obtained from the statistical analysis of qualities were studied showed that the effect of nitrogen fertilizer and plant order distance is meter and the number of sub branch also reciprocal effects of treatment on seed yield and bush number in square meter is length, number grain in silk, number fructify in the layers of plant the use nitrogen about 400 kg in hectare were obtained. Also the highest yield of seed with 440 kg in hectare with 400 kg, and the least of this amount with conditions of plant distance 0 cm and the use of nitrogen 00 kg in hectare were obtained. P64: Food Safety / Food Borne Diseases I P64-0 OXALIC ACID IN BAMBOO SHOOTS Teangpook, Chowladda; Wattanasiritham, Ladda Kasetsart University, THA RATIONALE & OBJECTIVES: Many metal ions form MATERIALS & METHODS: Peeled fresh and peeled boiled Thyrsostachys siamensis (Kurz) Gamble, Bambusa arundinacea Gigantochloa verticuliata, Thailand were studied RESULTS & FINDINGS: Shoot contained bound higher than CONCLUSION: P64-0 INFLUENCE OF BRINE CONCENTRATION ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF IRANIAN WHITE CHEESE Bazmi, Ali; Dorosti, Sedighe; Jalali, Seyed Hossein University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IRN Iranian White cheese has some nutritional risks because of its high NaCl levels and we were interested to reduce physicochemical properties. Iranian White cheese samples were ripened in three different properties, concerning proteolysis and lipolysis as well as samples were analyzed during ripening. Higher brine concentrations, resulted in higher salt content, total solids and ph, with lower acidity. Evaluation of proteolysis in the cheese samples was performed using Kejeldal method, calculating soluble nitrogen fraction, as well as Urea-poly acryl amid gel electrophoresis. Our results showed that proteolysis is different in cheese samples according to their brine salt concentrations, and enhanced by reducing brine concentration. Lipolysis during aging was assessed applying the acid degree value (ADV) method. Results showed that the ADV was different in cheese ripened in variable salt concentrations. Cheese samples ripened in the highest brine concentration 380 Our results showed that we can reduce salt content down to P64-03 HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POI NTS Widajanti, Laksmi; Pangestuti, Dina R Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University, Semarang, IDN Indonesia has many traditional foods which contribute to There is no critical control point and hazard analysis of this food yet. In accordance with globalization and free market nowadays, in terms of quality and safety of food for the safety of consumer. Therefore, this study was aimed to analyze the possibility of hazard and critical control points of Jenang Kudus production. Data on variety of Jenang Kudus and its manufacturing process producers at KudusCity were chosen. Data was analyzed by descriptive qualitative. The hazard analysis found that there is use of essence during production. Nevertheless, Jenang Kudus is safely consumed if those points could be hinder by producers. P64-04 THE ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY OF ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS - FOOD, WATER, AND HUMAN Toshiya, Okajima ; Hideyuki, Nakayama Saga University, Saga-shi, JPN; Saga Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Pharmaceutical Research, Saga-shi, JPN chemicals for lives including human, which inhibit acetylcholineesterase that hydrolyze acetylcholine at synapse in nervous system. The damage of the function of this enzyme results in the halt of nervous transmission, leading to the death of the lives. Even now, organophosphorus compounds are continued to be emitted into environment, especially into water (river or lake, etc), and remained in some foods (especially vegetables) after usage as agricultural chemicals. Organophosphorus compounds are also used as nervous gas, such as G series or organophosphorus compounds by focusing on the reactivity for hydrolysis in acidic neutral, and alkaline condition. The study could clarify the relationship between the hydrolytic reactivity, especially on nervous system. P64-05 CYTOTOXIC EFFECTS AND OXIDATIVE STRESS TOWARDS HEPG-CELLS INDUCED BY ISOLATED Koschutnig, Karin ; Lampi, Anna-Maija ; Piironen, Vieno ; Wagner, Karl-Heinz University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT; University of Helsinki, Helsinki, FIN The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of isolated sitosterol) on HepG cells. Further a possible link between cell
11 media were measured by HPLC-ELSD and UV. The results by two different viability assays. In addition concentration malondialdehyde concentration was enhanced by 7-keto- and HepG cells could be demonstrated. Here different absorption In conclusion the present study could clearly demonstrate a stress was found. The differences in absorption levels of the P64-06 TOXICOLOGICAL EFFECTS ON THE HENS HEALTY AFTER EMBRYONIC EXPOSURE TO BISPHENOL A Yigit, F.; Daglioglu, S. Istanbul University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, Istanbul, TUR Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in polycarbonate plastics and in the lacquer lining of metal food cans. BPA accumulates in adipose tissue and shows estrogenic activity in body. Chicken has a very important place in human nutrition. health. The aim of this study is to determine embryonal stage body growth and laying capacity in adult hens. healthy chickens, pathological deformations and body weights. Genital organs of adults, effecting laying capacity, had been capacity in genital organs of (P<0,0) (P<0,0) adults had been It has been deducted that BPA at high dose, taken by foods, can threaten animal and human health. P64-07 DETERMINATION OF CONJUGATED DEOXYNIVALENOL IN CANADIAN CORN AND WHEAT WITH TRIFLUOROMETHANESULFONIC ACID Tran, Si-Trung; Smith, Trevor K. University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, CAN and is found as a contaminant of crops worldwide. DON can losses to livestock and poultry producers. Recent studies have suggested that common analytical methods for DON analysis in aim of the current study, therefore, was to determine the optimal acid (TFMSA) which has been reported to deglycosylate glycoproteins regardless of linkage and composition. The optimal hydrolysis procedure was determined based on reaction time, reaction temperature and TFMSA concentration. Total DON concentrations were determined using ELISA kits for determination of conjugated DON in corn were found to be contaminated corn samples and 0 naturally contaminated wheat samples were analyzed to determine the presence of conjugated DON. All samples contained conjugated DON in in wheat following hydrolysis. It can be concluded that the optimal conditions for TFMSA hydrolysis of conjugated DON in corn and wheat have been determined and that this will be useful in accurately determining total DON content of grains and detection of conjugated DON in feeds and foodstuffs. P64-08 FAST DETECTION OF BACILLUS SPORES IN RAW MILK Food Engineering, Harbin Institute, Harbin, CHN Spore-forming bacteria of the genus Bacillus are commonly present in raw milk in China. Their spores were survived after pasteurization and subsequently germinated, outgrowth and multiply. A new ultraviolet photometric method for the in spores but not in vegetative cells, was used to determine spore concentration in raw milk, according to the relationship between the spore concentration and the content of DPA. First, the Bacillus in raw milk was treated with dithiothreitol (DTT) solution. Then the effects of DTT on the release of DPA were optimized. The optimized DPA release conditions were that detected using ultraviolet photometric. The relationship between established. And the regression equation was obtained that is spores was ascertained in raw milk. The detection limits were to be investigated. P64-09 FRYING OIL CONSUMPTION INCREASE HEPATIC FAT DEPOSITION IN RATS Sabarense, Céphora M.; Silva, Marina Maria L.; Neves, Clóvis A. The hepatocyte injury etiology could be associated with the kind and amount of dietary fat. The frying process induces oil degradation. The objective was to study the effect of soybean oil from continuous frying process on fatty acids analysis showed the occurrence of fat deposition in all groups. However the fat deposition varied in quantity and distribution. The most severely affected group was the CT. In conclusion, the alterations occurred during the frying process could promote unequal consequences, depending of the oil degradation degree. 38
12 P64-0 LEVELS OF AFLATOXIN IN SOME SYRIAN FOODSTUFFS University of Kalamoon, Damascus, SYR They were reported to be frequently produced in food. Their carcinogenic and estrogenic properties resulted in growing concerns about their presence in foods during the last decades. many countries. There are very limited data about the presence collected from the Syrian market and fungi were isolated and ppb, respectively. Other samples including walnut, raw and P64- ESTIMATION OF NITRITES INTAKE AS FOOD ADDITIVES IN POLISH POPULATION Walkiewicz, Alicja; Traczyk, Iwona; Oltarzewski, Maciej G.; Jarosz, Miroslaw National Food and Nutrition Institute, Warsaw, POL INTRODUCTION: Nitrites have a long history of use as preservatives in meat products, which inhibit Clostridium botulinum. Nitrites became controversial when it was recognized that it could be transformed into carcinogenic and mutagenic N-nitroso compounds such as nitrosamines. AIM: Estimation of nitrites intake as food additives by Polish population and the assessment of risk for human health resulting Intake (ADI). METHODS: Data on food consumption was collected in 000 under the FAO project Household Food Consumption and Anthropometric Survey. The source materials included 4- regulation. RESULTS: kg. The high consumption of meat products by Polish population CONCLUSIONS: There is essential carrying out of studies on estimation of nitrites intake as food additives, based on obtaining actual data on levels of nitrites usage by food producers. P65: Food Processing for Improved Nutrition II P65-0 RATE OF SOFTENING OF POTATOES DURING LARGE QUANTITY COOKING Ishii, Kayoko ; Hayashi, Mayumi ; Makio, Sachiko ; Jibu, Yuri 4 ; Teramoto, Ai ; Yokohata, Naoko ; Kuwada, Hiroko ; Arita, Michiko4; Fuchigami, Michiko 7 Fukuyama University, Fukuyama, JPN; Chugoku Junior College, Okayam, JPN; Chugoku Gakuen University, Okayama, JPN; 4 Okayama Prefectural University, Soja, JAM; Kanto Gakuin University, Yokohama, JPN; Dept. of Nutrition and Life Science, Fukuyama University, Fukuyama, JPN OBJECTIVES: The rate of softening during cooking of potatoes was investigated. METHODS: Twenty kilograms of potatoes were measured, Water was added to potatoes then brought to boiling. Changes in temperature of water and potatoes were measured during and structure of cooked potatoes and a sensory evaluation was done. RESULTS: There was no great difference in the water temperature or potato during cooking depending on placement of potato in the pot. However, potatoes in the middle part of the bottom were softest attributed to heat conduction in the pot. The potato pieces, but caused a grainy feeling. CONCLUSION: Effect of pectin in potatoes on softening was greater than placement in the pot. P65-0 BIOACTIVE COMPOUND CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY DURING STORAGE OF DRY CENTELLA ASIATICA (LINN.) URBAN POMACE Thiyajai, Paranya ; Jittinandana, Sitima ; Nittithamyong, Anadi ; Chitchumroonchokchai, Chureeporn Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, THA; Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban pomace, a by-product from juice production, is a potential functional ingredient to be used for food supplementation because of its high content of bioctive compounds namely triterpenes (madecassic and asiatic acids), study was conducted to determine changes in chemical and capacity (ORAC assay) of dry Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban pomace during storage. Dry pomace was obtained by hot-air vacuum-packing in laminated aluminum foil bags and keeping total phenolic compounds, and ORAC activity remained stable 38