ENERGY. The energy content of various foods can be measured in two ways: a. by calorimetry or b. by proximate composition.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ENERGY. The energy content of various foods can be measured in two ways: a. by calorimetry or b. by proximate composition."

Transcription

1 ENERGY 1 Energy is defined as the ability to do work. Energy exists in several forms. The forms of energy important in nutrition are: 1. Chemical energy in food. 2. Light or solar energy for synthesis of vitamin D in the skin and for photosynthesis is plants. 3. Mechanical energy for movement of muscles. 4. Electrical energy for functioning of the brain and Nerve cells. 5. Heat energy, generally produced when energy is converted from one form to another. The energy from food is finally converted into heat energy. UNITS OF MEASUREMENT The energy present in food or the energy needed by the body is measured in units called joules or calories. The calorie in nutrition is the large calorie or kilocalorie. The kilocalorie is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kg (1000g) of water by 1 o C. This calorie is 1000 times bigger than the calorie used in physics. The international unit for energy is the joule (J) and it is the energy expended when 1 kilogram (kg) is moved 1 metre (m) by a force of 1 newton (N). Scientists and nutritionists are concerned with large amounts of energy, so they use the units kilocalorie, kilojoules (kj= 10 3 J), or megajoule (MJ=10 6 J) to express energy. 1 kilocalorie = kilojoules 1 megajoule = 239 kilocalories ENERGY VALUE OF FOOD The energy content of various foods can be measured in two ways: a. by calorimetry or b. by proximate composition. a. Calorimetry The bomb calorimeter is based on the principle of calorimetry. It measures the heat produced when the food sample is ignited by an electric spark in the presence of oxygen and platinum which acts as a catalyst. The bomb calorimeter is made of two main parts an inner part in which a measured quantity of food sample to be tested is placed and an outer portion which contains a known volume of water. When the food sample is electrically ignited, the surrounding water absorbs the heat produced. The energy value of the food is calculated by measuring the rise in temperature of water based on the definition of the term calorie. b. Proximate Composition This is a simpler and faster way of determining the calorie content of food. The approximate carbohydrate, fat and protein

2 2 content of a food given in the food composition tables is multiplied by their fuel factor, i.e., calories provided by 1 g of the nutrient and this total gives the energy value of the food. Carbohydrates 4 kcal Proteins 4 kcal Fats 9 kcal ENERGY NEEDS OF THE BODY The energy requirement for an average healthy person is based on the energy required to carry out basal processes as well as the energy cost of activities one indulges in. The allowances are suggested for a reference man weighing 60kg and a reference woman weighing 50 kg in the year age group. Reference Man: The reference man is between years of age and weighs 60kg. He is in a state of good health, free from disease, and physically fit for active work. He is moderately active and is employed for 8 hours in moderate work. He spends 8 hours in bed, 4-6 hours sitting or engaged in light work, and 2 hours in walking, active recreation, or household chores. On an average his energy requirement is 2875 kcal. Reference Woman: the reference woman is between years of age and weighs 50kg. She is moderately active and spends 8 hours in routine household work. She spends 8 hours in bed, 4-6 hours sitting or moving around and performing light activity, and 2 hours in walking, active recreation, or household chores. On an average her energy requirement is 2225 kcal. BASAL METABOLIC RATE The amount of energy required by the body for carrying out involuntary work and maintaining the body temperature is known as the basal metabolic rate (BMR). The involuntary work includes the functioning of various organs and system which work continuously to keep the body processes going such as the heart and blood circulation, the kidneys and excretion. Approximately one third of this energy is needed for these processes while the remaining two- thirds is utilized for maintenance of muscle tone. Factors affecting the BMR Many factors influence the BMR. a. Body size: Heat is continuously lost through the skin. A tall well built person has a greater skin surface area than shorter or smaller person and loses more heat through the skin and hence has a higher BMR.

3 3 b. Body composition: The amount of muscle tissue and adipose or fatty tissue in the body affects the BMR. An athlete with well built muscles and little body fat has a higher BMR than a non athlete with more body fat of the same weight. The metabolic activity in muscle tissue or lean tissue is much more as compared to adipose or fatty tissue. c. Age: During periods of rapid growth, the BMR increases by 15-20% because the growth hormone stimulates cell metabolism and new cells are formed. It is high during infancy, pre-school years, and puberty. During pregnancy and location it rapidly increases once again. The BMR gradually decline with age at the rate of 2% for each decade after the age of 21 years. d. Sex: The BMR is 10% higher is male as compared to female. The difference in BMR is attributed to a higher proportion of adipose tissue in females and hormonal variations between the sexes. e. Fever: Fever increases the BMR by 7% for each degree Fahrenheit rise in body temperature. This is one of the reasons for loss of weight during fever. f. State of health: The BMR is low during starvation and malnutrition because of reduction in muscle tissue. In diseases and conditions where catabolic processes are high such as cancers, tuberculosis, and burns, BMR is high. g. Hormones: Disorders of the thyroid gland markedly influence the BMR. Hyperthyroidism, a condition of excessive production of thyroid hormone increases BMR, and hypothyroidism or decreased production of thyroid hormone decreases BMR. h. Climate: BMR rises when the climate is cold in order to maintain normal body temperature. In very warm climates leading to profuse sweating, BMR may increase by trying to reduce body temperature. i. Psychological tension: Worry and anxiety increases BMR. SPECIFIC DYNAMIC ACTION Specific dynamic action (SDA) is a term used to describe the effect food has in increasing the metabolic rate above the level found when fasting. Energy is needed to digest, absorb, and metabolize the food we eat. Food intake stimulates the metabolism process leading to an increase in energy expenditure. This is known as the thermogenic effect of food or the specific dynamic effect. Proteins have maximum effects on SDA, increasing the BMR by about 30% when eaten alone, while carbohydrates and fats show smaller increases. When eaten together in a normal mixed diet, the increase is about 5-10% of basal metabolism.

4 PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 4 Physical activity increases the energy requirement above the basal metabolism. There is a wide variation in the energy required for physical activity among individuals. Physical activity includes energy needed for work, recreation, and mental activity, i.e., all voluntary activities. Some people use up more energy for physical activity than for basal metabolism. On the basis of occupation, activities are grouped under three heads. Sedentary work teaching, office work, executive, housewife, tailoring. Moderate work farming, industrial labour, driver, maidservant. Heavy work stone cutter, miner, wood cutter. ENERGY BALANCE The human body is constantly using energy which needs to be replaced. For this a constant supply of energy is required. Energy is used for basal metabolism, specific dynamic action, and physical activity. The energy from the food we eat, mainly carbohydrates and fats, is used to meet the energy demands of the body. When food is not available during fasting or starvation, the body draws upon its own stores to meet the energy needs of the body. The body has three types of energy store: i. Glycogen: The form is which carbohydrate is stored in the muscle and liver is adequate to last for hours. Approximately 300g glycogen is stored in the muscle and 100g in the liver. ii. Muscle: Protein is stored in limited amounts in the muscle. iii. Adipose tissue: Fat is stored in the adipose tissue and the amount stored varies vastly from one person to another. A person in energy balance neither gains weight nor loses weight. Excessive consumption of calories as compared to the output or activity leads to a condition called over weight, which in severe cases is called obesity. A deficient intake of carbohydrates and fats in the diet leads to underweight or under nutrition. Both underweight and obesity are undesirable conditions which need timely correction. Definition: Energy balance is a condition in which the energy provided by food is nearly equal to the total energy expended by the body resulting in steady body weight. Energy balance: Energy output = Energy input

5 5 OVERWEIGHT Overweight and obesity affect over 25% adults in developed countries and can lead to serious health consequences if not treated early. When an individual s energy intake consistently exceeds energy expenditure, weight gain occurs initially, leading to obesity. Since energy can neither be created nor destroyed but can be changed from one form to another, the excess chemical energy from food is converted into fat and stored as potential energy in the adipose tissues. Overweight: A person whose body weight is 10% more than the prescribed height for weight standards for his age and sex. Obese: A person whose body weight is 20% or more than that of the prescribed standards. Grossly obese: A person who weighs 45kg or 100% more than accepted standards. Causes of obesity Family food habits rich high calorie foods Ignorant of calorific value of food Skips breakfast, gobbles high calorie snacks Sedentary lifestyle Lower metabolism with increasing age but failure to reduce intake Emotional outlet- eats more to overcome worry, stress, etc. Attend many social events Distress eating ( to avoid wastage) All obese people should lose one to two pounds per week. Physical activity should be increased for faster weight loss and better muscle tone. UNDERWEIGHT Underweight is caused due to under-nutrition which is the result of ingesting insufficient quantity of food. An energy intake less than the need are the most common cause. Other causes for underweight are poor assimilation of food due to digestive disorders, faulty absorption, intestinal infections, poor food habits, stress and tension, poverty and lack of nutrition knowledge. Under nutrition affects ones growth, health, behavior, and brain structure and function. Such individuals should be prescribed a high calorie, high protein, and moderate fat diet for gaining weight. An excess of 500 kcal/day will help in gaining 1 lb/week. BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) The concept of ideal or desirable body weight has been changing from time to time and ideal weight for different body frames was initially computed.

6 6 Today the weight of an individual is assessed on a more scientific basis known as the body mass index (BMI). BMI is the measure of body fat based on height and weight and applies to an adult man or woman. It is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height and is measured in kg/m². Body mass index= weight in kilograms / (height in metres) 2 = W/H 2 Normal BMI is On the basis of BMI, obesity is graded follows: Obesity BMI Grade Grade Grade 3 >40 DIETARY SOURCES All foods provide energy. While selecting food one must consider the other nutrients such as proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fibre present in the food and make a wise choice. The nutrients carbohydrates and fats are consumed mainly as a source of energy. All refined carbohydrates i.e., sugars and starch and all foods rich in fats are rich sources of energy. The cereal group is another excellent source of energy and supplies the highest percentage of calories. Hollow calorie foods Aerated soft drinks Synthetic syrups Candy and candy floss Chocolates Iced cakes and fresh Cream pastries Ice lolly Puff pastry Nutrient dense foods Milk, cheese, yoghurt Green leafy vegetables Pulses, sprouts Soya beans, peanuts Guava, amla Liver, fish, meat Eggs Flax seeds

WHY DO WE NEED FOOD? FOOD AND DIET

WHY DO WE NEED FOOD? FOOD AND DIET WHY DO WE NEED FOOD? FOOD AND DIET Food gives us the energy required for chemical reaction to keep us alive Energy also required for many activities and to maintain body temperature Food also gives us

More information

BodyGem by HealthETech Now Available at Vital Choice Health Store

BodyGem by HealthETech Now Available at Vital Choice Health Store Metabolism Education BodyGem by HealthETech Now Available at Vital Choice Health Store 440-885-9505 You hear it all the time: metabolism. Most people understand metabolism as how slowly or quickly their

More information

Lesson 14.1 THE BASICS OF SPORT NUTRITION

Lesson 14.1 THE BASICS OF SPORT NUTRITION Lesson 14.1 THE BASICS OF SPORT NUTRITION ~ ~ ~ TOPICS COVERED IN THIS LESSON (a) Macronutrients and Micronutrients (b) Dietary Fats: The Good and the Bad 2015 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. 1 Nutrients

More information

Chapter 1: Food, Nutrition, and Health Test Bank

Chapter 1: Food, Nutrition, and Health Test Bank Chapter 1: Food, Nutrition, and Health Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Promoting a health care service that improves diabetes management for the elderly in a community would assist in which of the following?

More information

Weekly Questions for Dieters

Weekly Questions for Dieters Weekly Questions for Dieters In this document, you will find a schedule of questions that you, the coach, should ask your dieter during their time on the Ideal Protein Weight Loss Method. First and foremost,

More information

Weight Loss, Healthy Eating and Energy Balance

Weight Loss, Healthy Eating and Energy Balance Weight Loss, Healthy Eating and Energy Balance Diet and weight loss is an area that everyone has an opinion on. Every person is different and like exercise one diet does not fit everyone. The following

More information

1. How many calories do I need to eat if I want to maintain my current weight? Example for a 200 pound athlete who practices for 3 hours per day:

1. How many calories do I need to eat if I want to maintain my current weight? Example for a 200 pound athlete who practices for 3 hours per day: Nutrition Questions: 1. How many calories do I need to eat if I want to maintain my current weight? Step 1 Calculate your basal metabolic rate (BMR), the minimal number of calories your body needs just

More information

Essential Nutrients. Lesson. By Carone Fitness. There are six essential nutrients that your body needs to stay healthy.

Essential Nutrients. Lesson. By Carone Fitness. There are six essential nutrients that your body needs to stay healthy. Lesson Essential Nutrients By Carone Fitness 6 There are six essential nutrients that your body needs to stay healthy. 1. Water 2. Vitamins 3. Minerals 4. Carbohydrates 5. Protein 6. Fat 1 6 Of these six

More information

Nutrition Notes website.notebook October 19, Nutrition

Nutrition Notes website.notebook October 19, Nutrition Nutrition Nutrition Notes website.notebook October 19, 2016 Food is any substance that is ingested ("eaten") and helps sustain life. Food categories: Meats and Alternative Dairy Products Fruits and Vegetables

More information

LESSON 1.4 WORKBOOK. Virtual Calorimetry lab. Workbook Lesson 1.4

LESSON 1.4 WORKBOOK. Virtual Calorimetry lab. Workbook Lesson 1.4 Calorimetry The measurement of quantities of heat. Macronutrient A substance required in relatively large amounts by living organisms, namely carbohydrates, lipids and protein. Micronutrient A substance

More information

Nutrition Guide for the Athlete

Nutrition Guide for the Athlete Nutrition Guide for the Athlete Do athletes need to follow a special diet? No, but they need to follow the basic guidelines for healthy eating with more discipline compared to a non-athlete. Proper nourishment

More information

ENERGY ANALYSIS DESCRIPTION ENERGY BALANCE. Neutral. Positive. Negative

ENERGY ANALYSIS DESCRIPTION ENERGY BALANCE. Neutral. Positive. Negative ENERGY ANALYSIS ENERGY BALANCE DESCRIPTION Neutral -------- If the amount of energy in food intake exactly equals the amount of energy expended by the muscles in performing external work and internal functioning,

More information

Foundations of Personal Fitness. Chapter 4 Nutrition and Your Personal Fitness

Foundations of Personal Fitness. Chapter 4 Nutrition and Your Personal Fitness Foundations of Personal Fitness Chapter 4 Nutrition and Your Personal Fitness Lesson 1: The Importance of Nutrition Healthful Eating Taking in the proper amount of nutrients each day Nutrients substances

More information

TOTAL FITNESS and WELLNESS. Exercise, Diet, and Weight Control

TOTAL FITNESS and WELLNESS. Exercise, Diet, and Weight Control 1 TOTAL FITNESS and WELLNESS Third Edition 2 Chapter 8 Exercise, Diet, and Weight Control 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Outline Define obesity and discuss potential causes Relationship between obesity and health risk

More information

NUTRITION FOR TENNIS PLAYERS

NUTRITION FOR TENNIS PLAYERS NUTRITION FOR TENNIS PLAYERS Getting your diet right as a tennis player can be a tricky balancing act. Not only do you have to fuel yourself for a match that could last for an hour to three (or more!),

More information

Practical lifestyle advice for people with the metabolic syndrome focus on dietary advice

Practical lifestyle advice for people with the metabolic syndrome focus on dietary advice Practical lifestyle advice for people with the metabolic syndrome focus on dietary advice Heyens Isabelle Diëtiste, Centrum voor gezonde voeding en diëtiek 24 oktober 2017 2 Practical lifestyle advice

More information

IFA Sports Nutrition Certification Test Answer Form

IFA Sports Nutrition Certification Test Answer Form IFA Sports Nutrition Certification Test Answer Form In order to receive your certification card, take the following test and mail this single page answer sheet in with your check or money order in US funds.

More information

What is food? vegetables pulses meat fish olive oil cereals dairy products fruit nuts. etc.

What is food? vegetables pulses meat fish olive oil cereals dairy products fruit nuts. etc. How to have a Balanced Diet A balanced diet provides all of the nutrients our bodies need, by the consumption of an appropriate amount of elements that contain energy. It is has no nutritional or calorific

More information

Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance. discuss the differences between overweight and obese and their implications for health;

Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance. discuss the differences between overweight and obese and their implications for health; CHAPTER 11 Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance After completing this chapter you should be able to: discuss the differences between overweight and obese and their implications for health; explain

More information

What Is A Calorie? Guide Copyright 2008 Learning Seed. Suite West Lake Street Chicago, IL

What Is A Calorie? Guide Copyright 2008 Learning Seed. Suite West Lake Street Chicago, IL What Is A Calorie? Guide Copyright 2008 Learning Seed Suite 301 641 West Lake Street Chicago, IL 60661 800.634.4941 info@learningseed.com www.learningseed.com What Is A Calorie? Legal Niceties The Video

More information

3 Day Diet Analysis for Nutrition 219

3 Day Diet Analysis for Nutrition 219 Name 3 Day Diet Analysis for Nutrition 219 Keep a record of everything you eat and drink for 3 days. Be specific. Was it white or wheat bread, 1% or 2% milk, 1 cup or 1½ cups, did you fry it in oil or

More information

By the end of the lesson students will be able to: Healthy Living Unit #1 Healthy Eating. Canada s Food Guide. Healthier Food Choices Are...

By the end of the lesson students will be able to: Healthy Living Unit #1 Healthy Eating. Canada s Food Guide. Healthier Food Choices Are... Healthy Living Unit #1 Healthy Eating Lesson #1 Making Healthier Food Choices Healthier Food Choices Are... follow Eating Well with, By the end of the lesson students will be able to: Apply health knowledge

More information

The key to a healthy balanced diet is eating the right amount of food for how active you are and eating a range of foods including:

The key to a healthy balanced diet is eating the right amount of food for how active you are and eating a range of foods including: FACTSHEET No. 22 BREAD AS PART OF A HEALTHY DIET Background There is increasingly persuasive evidence that our diets have a significant effect on our long term health. Not only does being over or underweight

More information

Nutritional Needs for Adults-for proper growth, as well as to maintain health and prevent diseases

Nutritional Needs for Adults-for proper growth, as well as to maintain health and prevent diseases Available online at www.pharmaresearchlibrary.com/ijmpr ISSN: 2321-2624 Review Article International Journal of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Research www.pharmaresearchlibrary.com/ijmpr IJMPR, 2013: Vol.1(5):

More information

E n e r g y S o u r c e s

E n e r g y S o u r c e s 1 E n e r g y S o u r c e s When you turn the ignition key in your car, some source of fuel (gas, diesel, or fermented organic manure) must be delivered to the engine for it to fire. Even though the spark

More information

Nutrients. The food you eat is a source of nutrients. Nutrients are defined as the substances found in food that keep your body functioning.

Nutrients. The food you eat is a source of nutrients. Nutrients are defined as the substances found in food that keep your body functioning. Nutrients The food you eat is a source of nutrients. Nutrients are defined as the substances found in food that keep your body functioning. Your body needs nutrients to Provide energy. Build and repair

More information

Performance Nutrition: Translating Recommendations into Practice. Jacqueline Scaramella, MS, RD Sports Dietitian

Performance Nutrition: Translating Recommendations into Practice. Jacqueline Scaramella, MS, RD Sports Dietitian Performance Nutrition: Translating Recommendations into Practice Jacqueline Scaramella, MS, RD Sports Dietitian Topics Covered Athlete Plates Fueling Training Optimizing Hydration Recovery Nutrition Pediatric

More information

Lesson 5.1. Diet & Exercise. By Carone Fitness. This lesson discusses proper nutrition as well as the relationship between diet and exercise.

Lesson 5.1. Diet & Exercise. By Carone Fitness. This lesson discusses proper nutrition as well as the relationship between diet and exercise. Lesson 5.1 Diet & Exercise By Carone Fitness This lesson discusses proper nutrition as well as the relationship between diet and exercise. 1 There are six essential nutrients that your body needs to stay

More information

Healthy Weight Guide A Guide for Parents of Children With Special Needs

Healthy Weight Guide A Guide for Parents of Children With Special Needs Healthy Weight Guide A Guide for Parents of Children With Special Needs These suggestions can help your child reach and stay at a healthy weight. (The consistency of the foods listed may be changed to

More information

What to Eat After You Work Out

What to Eat After You Work Out What to Eat After You Work Out Refuel and Recover with a Post Workout Meal or Snack 6.7KSHARES Everyone knows that athletes must plan and time their meals and snacks very carefully to reach their performance

More information

Chapter 12 Lecture Slides. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

Chapter 12 Lecture Slides. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 12 Lecture Slides Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Reasons for weight gain Appearance Health Sport performance Increase muscle mass Basic

More information

HELPING CHILDREN ACHIEVE ENERGY BALANCE

HELPING CHILDREN ACHIEVE ENERGY BALANCE Chapter 4 Chapter four HELPING CHILDREN ACHIEVE ENERGY BALANCE Key messages School-based programmes should Family-based guidance should A healthy active childhood: giving children the best chance of a

More information

Lesson Two Nutrients and the Body

Lesson Two Nutrients and the Body Lesson Two Nutrients and the Body Objectives After participating in this lesson, students will Be able to identify key nutrients the body needs and describe their function and importance. Understand that

More information

ABLE TO READ THE LABEL?

ABLE TO READ THE LABEL? ARE ABLE TO READ THE LABEL? A Consumer s Guide to Navigating Food Labels Food and Drug Safety Program Consumer and Environmental Health Services Phone: 609-826-4935 Fax: 609-826-4990 http://nj.gov/health/eoh/foodweb/

More information

Nutrition Requirements

Nutrition Requirements Who is responsible for setting nutrition requirements in the UK? In the UK we have a set of Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). DRVs are a series of estimates of the energy and nutritional requirements of

More information

Case Study #4: Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease

Case Study #4: Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease Helen Jang Tara Hooley John K Rhee Case Study #4: Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease 7. What risk factors does Mrs. Sanders currently have? The risk factors that Mrs. Sanders has are high blood pressure

More information

TRUTH: On average, Canadians consume 11% of energy from added sugars, and consumption has been declining

TRUTH: On average, Canadians consume 11% of energy from added sugars, and consumption has been declining Uncover the truth about sugar: consumption Myth: Canadians are eating more and more sugar TRUTH: On average, Canadians consume 11% of energy from added sugars, and consumption has been declining Three

More information

Sweet Calories: Energy Content of Marshmallows Lab

Sweet Calories: Energy Content of Marshmallows Lab Honors Chemistry Name: Date: Pd: Partner(s): Sweet Calories: Energy Content of Marshmallows Lab Introduction: All human activity requires burning food for energy. How much energy is released when food

More information

Digestive and Excretory Systems

Digestive and Excretory Systems Digestive and Excretory Systems Homeostasis Q: How are the materials that enter and leave your body related to the processes that maintain homeostasis? 30.1 How is the human body organized and regulated?

More information

Supplemental Table 1: List of food groups

Supplemental Table 1: List of food groups Supplemental Table 1: List of food groups Food groups names Food groups description Serving size definitions - Examples Fruits and vegetables Vegetables Fruits Whole vegetables All vegetables but soups,

More information

After food is eaten, molecules in the digestive system called enzymes break proteins down into amino acids, fats into fatty acids, and

After food is eaten, molecules in the digestive system called enzymes break proteins down into amino acids, fats into fatty acids, and Every time you swallow a bite of sandwich or slurp a smoothie, your body works hard to process the nutrients you've eaten. Long after the dishes are cleared and the food is digested, the nutrients you've

More information

Developing nations vs. developed nations Availability of food contributes to overweight and obesity

Developing nations vs. developed nations Availability of food contributes to overweight and obesity KNH 406 1 Developing nations vs. developed nations Availability of food contributes to overweight and obesity Intake Measured in kilojoules (kj) or kilocalories (kcal) - food energy Determined by bomb

More information

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 15 BODY TEMPERATURE AND METABOLISM

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 15 BODY TEMPERATURE AND METABOLISM ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 15 BODY TEMPERATURE AND METABOLISM Body Temperature Body temperature, internal temperature of a living organism. Mammals and birds are termed warmblooded, or

More information

Outline for the Results of the National Health and Nutrition Survey Japan, 2006 (extracts)

Outline for the Results of the National Health and Nutrition Survey Japan, 2006 (extracts) Outline for the Results of the National Health and Nutrition Survey Japan, 26 (extracts) Office for Life-style Related Diseases Control Health Service Bureau Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Tabulation

More information

1 What Are the Different Food Groups?

1 What Are the Different Food Groups? 1 What Are the Different Food Groups? 1. Match the food items below to where they are found in the supermarket. The first one has been done for you. Food item Section Oil Meat Fruits and vegetables Grains

More information

HIGH SCHOOL HEALTH 2

HIGH SCHOOL HEALTH 2 HIGH SCHOOL HEALTH 2 CONTENTS I. BENEFITS OF PROPER NUTRITION.............. 2 Nutrition.......................................... 2 Vitamins and Mineral Sources......................... 10 II. DEVELOPING

More information

My Diabetic Meal Plan during Pregnancy

My Diabetic Meal Plan during Pregnancy My Diabetic Meal Plan during Pregnancy When you have diabetes and are pregnant, you need to eat small meals and s throughout the day to help control your blood sugar. This also helps you get in enough

More information

Hidden Reasons for the Obesity Epidemic of Our Generation

Hidden Reasons for the Obesity Epidemic of Our Generation Hidden Reasons for the Obesity Epidemic of Our Generation Multiple factors affect teens and adults alike today as they navigate the territory of food, and all things associated with it, especially caloric

More information

Nutrition and Cancer Prevention. Elisa V. Bandera, MD, PhD

Nutrition and Cancer Prevention. Elisa V. Bandera, MD, PhD Nutrition and Cancer Prevention Elisa V. Bandera, MD, PhD The Causes of Cancer in the US. Sedentary lifestyle 5% Other 12% Family history 5 % Occupation 5% Tobacco 30% Reproductive factors 3% Pollution

More information

THE METABOLIC SYNDROME

THE METABOLIC SYNDROME Nutrition Fact Sheet THE METABOLIC SYNDROME This answer is brought to you by many of the Australian nutrition professionals who regularly contribute to the Nutritionists Network ( Nut-Net'), a nutrition

More information

UGRC 145: FOOD AND NUTRITION IN EVERYDAY LIFE

UGRC 145: FOOD AND NUTRITION IN EVERYDAY LIFE UGRC 145: FOOD AND NUTRITION IN EVERYDAY LIFE Session 6 FOOD RESOURCES Lecturer: PROF. MATILDA STEINER-ASIEDU, SBS, CBAS; University of Ghana, Email: tillysteiner@gmail.com College of Education School

More information

Choosing Healthful Foods

Choosing Healthful Foods LESSON 25 Choosing Healthful Foods Before You Read List some of the healthful foods you eat. What makes these foods healthful choices? What You ll Learn the functions and sources of proteins, carbohydrates,

More information

7/26/2015. Dr hab. Bartosz Sołowiej, Assoc. Prof. Faculty of Food Sciences and Biotechnology University of Life Sciences in Lublin

7/26/2015. Dr hab. Bartosz Sołowiej, Assoc. Prof. Faculty of Food Sciences and Biotechnology University of Life Sciences in Lublin Dr hab. Bartosz Sołowiej, Assoc. Prof. Faculty of Food Sciences and Biotechnology University of Life Sciences in Lublin There are three main types of body: endomorph, ectomorph and mesomorph. They refer

More information

Supplements That Work

Supplements That Work Supplements That Work Supplements can be confusing and expensive! Do they work? Do you need them? How should you take them? This guide is an introduction to supplements that most people need. Are supplements

More information

Body Composition. Lecture Overview. Measuring of Body Composition. Powers & Howely pp Methods of measuring body composition

Body Composition. Lecture Overview. Measuring of Body Composition. Powers & Howely pp Methods of measuring body composition Body Composition Powers & Howely pp 344-356 Lecture Overview Methods of measuring body composition Two-component system Body fatness for health & fitness Obesity and weight control Diet, exercise, and

More information

WSVMA Annual Conference

WSVMA Annual Conference WSVMA Annual Conference Equine Nutrition Spokane Convention Center Spokane, Washington October 1-3, 2010 Steve Duren, PhD Performance Horse Nutrition, Weiser, ID Stephen Duren, MS, PhD, PAS Performance

More information

Know Your Numbers Handouts

Know Your Numbers Handouts Calculating Your Body Mass Index (BMI) 1. Write down your weight in pounds (example: 190) 2. Multiply that number by 703 (190 x 703 = 133,570) 3. Multiply your height in inches by itself ( 70 x 70 = 4,900)

More information

Foods that Increase Body Fat

Foods that Increase Body Fat Foods that Increase Body Fat To better learn what foods you should eat, it is best to learn first what you should not eat! Knowing the various food types you should not eat better prepares you to more

More information

F. To provide energy, to spare body protein, to prevent ketosis. G. Food sources include breads, vegetables, fruit, and milk.

F. To provide energy, to spare body protein, to prevent ketosis. G. Food sources include breads, vegetables, fruit, and milk. Nutrition: Nutrients for the Body Nutrients are chemical substances supplied by food that the body needs for growth, maintenance, and repair. The six nutrients are: 1. Carbohydrates. 2. Proteins. 3. Fats.

More information

Exercise and Weight Management

Exercise and Weight Management Exercise and Weight Management Marissa Berry, RN, CHC Stay Well Health Center, SONM Weight Loss and Weight Management Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity Genetic and Physiologic Factors Environmental

More information

Eating for Life! Bone Marrow Transplant Survivor Reunion. July 25, 2015

Eating for Life! Bone Marrow Transplant Survivor Reunion. July 25, 2015 Eating for Life! Bone Marrow Transplant Survivor Reunion July 25, 2015 Paula Charuhas Macris, MS, RD, CSO Medical Nutrition Therapy Services pcharuha@seattlecca.org Today s Topics Understand the long-term

More information

Unit 5 SPORTS NUTRITION Nutrition Lecture Notes

Unit 5 SPORTS NUTRITION Nutrition Lecture Notes Unit 5 SPORTS NUTRITION Nutrition Lecture Notes I. Introduction A. Proper nutrition is a vital consideration for athletes who seek to maximize their performance. B. Just as using the proper gasoline, oil,

More information

Nutrition Requirements

Nutrition Requirements Who is responsible for setting nutrition requirements in the UK? In the UK we have a set of Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). DRVs are an estimate of the nutritional requirements of a healthy population.

More information

The digestive system consists of an alimentary canal and several accessory organs. The Digestive System

The digestive system consists of an alimentary canal and several accessory organs. The Digestive System The digestive system consists of an alimentary canal and several accessory organs. The Digestive System The Digestive System The digestive system mechanically and chemically breaks down food. Mechanical

More information

MyPlate. Lesson. By Carone Fitness. MyPlate

MyPlate. Lesson. By Carone Fitness. MyPlate Lesson By Carone Fitness Nutrition is the study of how the health of your body is influenced by the foods you eat. The foods that you consume provide your body with energy, build and maintain organs and

More information

Nutrient Deficiency Special Report

Nutrient Deficiency Special Report Nutrient Deficiency Special Report A Special Report That Reveals How Simple & Delicious Breakfast Shakes Supply The Body s Need For Vital Greens & Fruits To Help Improve Alkalinity, Help Reduce Body Fat

More information

BUsing the Carb Content Menu

BUsing the Carb Content Menu BUsing the Carb Content Menu What food does to our blood sugar levels When we eat, food causes glucose (a type of sugar) to release into our bloodstream to give us energy. If there is too much glucose

More information

Achieving a Healthy Body Weight

Achieving a Healthy Body Weight 1 Achieving a Healthy Body Weight by Dr Greg Wilson INTRODUCTION This is the second article in our Healthy, Fit and Happy lifestyle series. One of the primary goals of many people on their path to a healthy

More information

Matter and Energy: What foods to eat for a healthy body

Matter and Energy: What foods to eat for a healthy body Matter and Energy: What foods to eat for a healthy body By Encyclopaedia Britannica, adapted by Newsela staff on 05.03.17 Word Count 585 Level 560L Fruit and vegetables at a farmers market in Dallas, Texas.

More information

Good nutrition can reduce the risk of developing many preventable diseases! Nutrition is a cornerstone of health.

Good nutrition can reduce the risk of developing many preventable diseases! Nutrition is a cornerstone of health. Healthy Eating Tips Why is a Healthy Diet so Important? A) Prevent Disease Risks Did you know that many chronic diseases are preventable? This includes conditions such as:» Heart Disease» Strokes» Diabetes»

More information

Rev. date Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Washington

Rev. date Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Washington PE3620000-01-17 Rev. date 2014013 2017 Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Washington Gestational diabetes Information to help you stay healthy during your pregnancy What is gestational diabetes? How gestational

More information

Macronutrients : Carbohydrates. Structure, sources and function

Macronutrients : Carbohydrates. Structure, sources and function Macronutrients : Carbohydrates Structure, sources and function As part of this course, students learn about the structure, sources and function of carbohydrates. They learn to identify carbohydrates in

More information

How to Prevent Heart Disease

How to Prevent Heart Disease How to Prevent Heart Disease Introduction Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. You can reduce your risk of heart disease with healthy habits. This reference summary explains heart disease

More information

CHAPTER 2: NUTRITION

CHAPTER 2: NUTRITION CHAPTER 2: NUTRITION 1. Living things need food to survive. 2. Food can divided into seven classes as follows: i. carbohydrates ii. proteins iii. fats iv. vitamins v. minerals vi. fibre vii. water Carbohydrate

More information

Lesson Plan 13 Food, Exercise & Energy

Lesson Plan 13 Food, Exercise & Energy Lesson Plan 13 Food, Exercise & Energy Brief description Students use nutrition information to calculate the number of teaspoons of fat and sugar in their favourite food and drinks. Using tables provided,

More information

The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available body fuel is: a. fat. b. glucose. c. acetyl CoA. d. cellulose.

The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available body fuel is: a. fat. b. glucose. c. acetyl CoA. d. cellulose. The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available body fuel is: a. fat. b. glucose. c. acetyl CoA. d. cellulose. Dietary fats are important because: a. they keep blood pressure normal.

More information

Nutrition Basics. Chapter McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

Nutrition Basics. Chapter McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Nutrition Basics Chapter 12 1 The Body s Nutritional Requirements Essential nutrients The Six Essential Nutrients: Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Vitamins, Minerals, Water Defined as : Nutrients one must

More information

Overweight and Obesity Factors Contributing to Obesity

Overweight and Obesity Factors Contributing to Obesity National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Home About Us Site Map Visitor Survey Contact Us Overweight and Obesity Factors Contributing to Obesity Biological, Behavioral, and Environmental

More information

Swiss Food Panel. -A longitudinal study about eating behaviour in Switzerland- ENGLISH. Short versions of selected publications. Zuerich,

Swiss Food Panel. -A longitudinal study about eating behaviour in Switzerland- ENGLISH. Short versions of selected publications. Zuerich, Vertrag 10.008123 ENGLISH Swiss Food Panel -A longitudinal study about eating behaviour in Switzerland- Short versions of selected publications Zuerich, 16.10. 2013 Address for Correspondence ETH Zurich

More information

Lesson 3 Assessing My Eating Habits

Lesson 3 Assessing My Eating Habits Lesson 3 Assessing My Eating Habits Overview This lesson introduces the federal guidelines for healthy eating. Students assess their eating habits against these guidelines and make suggestions for improvement.

More information

Introduction...10 Eating Well...11 Food Facts...13 Eating Disorders...15 Review Activity...17

Introduction...10 Eating Well...11 Food Facts...13 Eating Disorders...15 Review Activity...17 ARISE Basic Health 101: Nutrition and Exercise Table of Contents ARISE Foundation: An Overview...3 What Are People Saying About ARISE?...4 Tips for Teaching ARISE Life Management Skills...6 Performance

More information

Nutrition policy in Finland

Nutrition policy in Finland Nutrition policy in Finland Suvi M. Virtanen, Professor 13.3.2012 20/03/2012 Nutrition policy in Finland / SM Virtanen 1 The top of Europe Four seasons Population 5,4 million Life expectancy at birth:

More information

Carbohydrate-loading diet By Mayo Clinic staff

Carbohydrate-loading diet By Mayo Clinic staff Definition Carbohydrate-loading diet By Mayo Clinic staff A carbohydrate-loading diet, also called a carb-loading diet, is a strategy to increase the amount of fuel stored in your muscles to improve athletic

More information

Metabolic Typing Test

Metabolic Typing Test Metabolic Typing Test Adapted from The Metabolic Typing Diet (Wolcott and Fahey 2000, 135), this simple test is the most basic way to determine your metabolic type. Circle the letter of the phrase that

More information

To Produce and To Consume Food: Photosynthesis and the Digestive System

To Produce and To Consume Food: Photosynthesis and the Digestive System To Produce and To Consume Food: Photosynthesis and the Digestive System Living Things Living Things need To Produce (verb) = To Make Producer (noun) = uses energy to make its own food To consume (verb)

More information

Seminar Objectives. Why Eat Well? Webinar: Eating Your Way to Wellness Presented by: Suzanne Ballantyne March 20, Increase energy.

Seminar Objectives. Why Eat Well? Webinar: Eating Your Way to Wellness Presented by: Suzanne Ballantyne March 20, Increase energy. Webinar: Eating Your Way to Wellness Presented by: Suzanne Ballantyne March 20, 2012 Seminar Objectives Recognize the importance of a balanced diet Discuss how the My Plate can aid in choosing the right

More information

Part I: Summary of New Regulations on Nutrition for Group Child Care Services

Part I: Summary of New Regulations on Nutrition for Group Child Care Services NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND MENTAL HYGIENE Part I: Summary of New Regulations on Nutrition for Group Child Care Services Effective Date: January 1, 2007 Effective January 1, 2007, Article 47

More information

The Paleolithic Diet. A Review

The Paleolithic Diet. A Review The Paleolithic Diet A Review by: Philip Rouchotas, MSc, ND Bolton Naturopathic Clinic 64 King St. W, Bolton, Ontario L7E 1C7 info@boltonnaturopathic.ca What is the Paleolithic Diet? Today s modern diet

More information

Red Meat & Fat. InsIde. The role of red meat in a balanced diet. EatWelshLamb.com EatWelshBeef.com MeatandHealth.com. Great Tasty Recipe

Red Meat & Fat. InsIde. The role of red meat in a balanced diet. EatWelshLamb.com EatWelshBeef.com MeatandHealth.com. Great Tasty Recipe Red Meat & Fat The role of red meat in a balanced diet InsIde Great Tasty Recipe EatWelshLamb.com EatWelshBeef.com MeatandHealth.com Get the facts Other meaty facts booklets in the series; red meat and

More information

Middle school High school University degree. NO YES Cigarette n.

Middle school High school University degree. NO YES Cigarette n. Date Sex M F Age Work Education level Middle school High school University degree 1. Medical history Diseases Surgery Familiarity 2. Lifestyle Smoke Drugs NO YES Cigarette n. 3. Anthropometrics Weight

More information

Copyright 2017 Nova Nutritionals Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. Published by Michael Bounty.

Copyright 2017 Nova Nutritionals Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. Published by Michael Bounty. 1 Copyright 2017 Nova Nutritionals Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. Published by Michael Bounty. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or

More information

Nutrition. Metabolism. The study of how your body uses the food you eat.

Nutrition. Metabolism. The study of how your body uses the food you eat. 1 Nutrition The study of how your body uses the food you eat. Metabolism The speed at which your body uses energy to maintain its processes; vary by individual Nutrition Food- an edible, organic substance

More information

HEALTHY DIET = HEALTHY HAIR

HEALTHY DIET = HEALTHY HAIR HEALTHY DIET = HEALTHY HAIR The best thing you can do for yourself and especially your hair is to eat a balanced diet. Experts agree that a healthy diet with the right mix of protein, iron, and other nutrients

More information

Live Your Life! Control Your Diabetes. La Clínica NAME: LA CLÍNICA FORM 8079 (REV 12/15)

Live Your Life! Control Your Diabetes. La Clínica NAME: LA CLÍNICA FORM 8079 (REV 12/15) Live Your Life! Control Your Diabetes La Clínica LA CLÍNICA FORM 8079 (REV 12/15) www.laclinica.org NAME: My Results Lab Test Result Date Due/Target A1C Cholesterol Blood Pressure Microalbumin Dilated

More information