A Good Safety Culture Correlates with Increased Positive and Decreased Negative Outcomes: A Questionnaire Based Study at Finnish Defense Forces

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "A Good Safety Culture Correlates with Increased Positive and Decreased Negative Outcomes: A Questionnaire Based Study at Finnish Defense Forces"

Transcription

1 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 Annual Meeting 1627 A Good Safety Culture Correlates with Increased Positive and Decreased Negative Outcomes: A Questionnaire Based Study at Finnish Defense Forces Kari Kallinen Finnish Defence Research Agency In the present paper, we examined the safety culture and its correlations to negative and positive outcome variables among 1637 Finnish Defense Forces personnel. Participants rated the organizational, group and individual level of safety culture as well as levels of stress, lack of motivation, job satisfaction, positive atmosphere and number of risky incidents using a 92 part safety culture questionnaire. As expected, a good safety culture was positively correlated with positive and negatively correlated with negative outcomes. Copyright 2016 by Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. DOI / INTRODUCTION Even though the concept and content of safety culture is still under some debate (see e.g., Guldenmuld, 2000), the safety issues related to a workplace have got widespread attention especially in highly risky work environments such as in aviation, nuclear plants and military. It has been recognized that positive attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and values that employees share in relation to safety practice is linked to safe and preventive behavior and actions in a workplace (see e.g., Clarke, 2006 and Reason, 1997). In the present connection, we consider the organizational level safety culture from the DISC (Design for Integrated Safety Culture) model point of view. As illustrated in the figure below, DISC model comprises organizational level safety culture variables such as work conditions management, supervisor support, and proactive safety development (see figure 1). Figure 1. DISC model. On the basis of the DISC model and some additional items from Fogarty and Shaw (2010), VTT Technical Reseach Centre of Finland (VTT) and Finnish Defense Research Agency (FDRA) at Finnish Defense Forces developed and tested a safety culture questionnaire called TUKU. The TUKU questionnaire was first used and tested in 2013 with limited number of Defense Forces divisions. The questionnaire consisted of items assessing the organizational (e.g., work conditions management, supervisor support), group (e.g., workgroup cohesion), and individual (e.g., sense of control) levels of safety culture. The construct validity and reliability of the questionnaire was proven to be good (Reiman, Viitanen, and Oksama, 2013). A good safety culture is likely to reduce errors, violations and accidents, whereas a bad safety culture not only increases risky behavior and incidents but is also likely to increase stress and other negative emotions and attitudes in a work place (such as lower work satisfaction and motivation; see e.g. Clarke, 2009). Therefore, in addition to the safety culture factors per se, it is also of interest to study the potential outcome variables. We re-adjusted the questionnaire in 2015 with some additional outcome variable items such as level of job satisfaction, stress and intention to violate regulations. The re-adjusted questionnaire was then targeted it to all units of Finnish Defense Forces in order to, among other things, study and promote the awareness of safety issues within the military personnel. In view of the aforementioned considerations, we expected that high ratings for safety culture dimensions (i.e., a good safety culture) would be related to low levels of negative (e.g., intention to violate safety regulations; Hypothesis 1) and high levels of positive (e.g., Job Satisfaction; Hypothesis 2) output variables. In the present study we report the overall findings of the Finnish Defense Forces

2 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 Annual Meeting 1628 personnel safety culture as well as the relationships between safety culture and potential outcome factors. Participants METHOD Participants were 1637 soldier (70.9 %) and civilian (29.1 %) personnel of Finnish Defense Forces. Questionnaire The questionnaire consisted of multiple choice question items collecting information about background (e.g., division, personnel group, age etc.), organizational, group and individual safety culture dimensions, as well as potential outcome variables such as number of risky incidents during last 12 months, feelings of stress and lack of motivation, job satisfaction and organizational atmosphere. In addition we collected three open form answers to questions about biggest threats, suggestions to improvements, and latest changes in connection with safety culture. The variables relevant in the present paper are listed in the table 1 below. Table 1. Variables used in the study. Procedure The questionnaire was implemented via moodle in internet (see https://moodle.com/). Invitations to respond to the questionnaire were promoted internally at Finnish Defense Forces intranet as well as directly by each suborbanization s security officers. The potential number of participants was The participants were told that it is voluntary but desirable to participate and that the purpose of the questionnaire is to collect information in order to develop and study the safety culture at Finnish Defense Forces. It was highlighted that all information shall be collected anonymously, the data will be strictly confidential, and that only the

3 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 Annual Meeting 1629 researchers can access the data. The questionnaire consisted of total of 92 questions and took about 30 minutes to finish. The questionnaire was open during a period of three weeks from the end of December 2015 till mid of January Table 2. Reliability Check and Overview of the Ratings Data-analysis Reliability check of the summary variables was examined with Cronbach s alphas by using SPSS s Reliability Analysis Procedure. The relationships between measures for safety culture and outcome variables was first examined using SPSS s Bivariate Correlation Analysis and then by SPSS Univariate Analysis of Variance with the outcome variable (e.g., number on risky incidents, intention to violate regulations etc.) each in turn as a dependent variable, and the safety culture variables (e.g., work conditions management, workgroup cohesion etc.), as a covariates. Because the large number of analyses, only the results at p<.01 significance level are reported in order to decrease the possibility for type II error. RESULTS Reliability check and overview of the ratings The response rate was 13.6 % (1637 out of people). The table 2 shows the overview of ratings and the reliability check of the summary variables. As can be seen, the reliability of all summary variables was good (Cronbach s alphas between 0.72 and 0.94). Most of the safety related summary variable ratings were well over, and outcome summary variable rating well below, the median (3.5) of the scale (illustrated with green and red colors) therefore implicating a good safety culture. Correlations between safety culture and outcome variables As illustrated in table 3, which presents the correlation coefficients and p-values for the correlations between safety culture and outcome variables, almost all safety culture variables correlated positively with Job Satisfaction and Positive Atmosphere and negatively with Intention to Violate Safety Regulations, Safety Related Worry and Fear, Stress, Lack of Motivation and Number of Risky Incidents. Similarly, in connection with the single item outcome variables, high ratings for Job Satisfaction (M = 4.78) and Positive Atmosphere (M = 4.62), and low ratings for Stress (M = 2.27), Lack of Motivation (M = 1.79) and Number of Risky Incidents (M = 1.53), denote for a good safety culture.

4 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 Annual Meeting 1630 Table 3. Correlations between safety culture and outcome variables Safety culture as predictor of outcome variables Group and individual intention to violation of norms, worry and fear, number of risky incidents. When controlling for all safety culture variables, the Univariate Analysis of Variance revealed significant effects (1) for Safety Management and Leadership, Workgroup Cohesion, Quality of Instructions, Sense of control, and Safety Value and Motivation in predicting Group Intention to Violation of Norms (for all p<.005); (2) for Quality of Instructions, Sense of control and Safety Value and Motivation in predicting Individual Intention to Violation of Norms (for all p<.005); (3) for Competence Management, Workgroup Cohesion, Sense of Control, Safety Value and Motivation, and Mindfulness in predicting Safety Related Worry and Fear (for all p<.01), and (4) for Proactive Safety Development, Quality of Instructions, and Mindfulness in predicting the number of Risky Incidents (for all p<.01). The mean values for participants scoring low and high on the aforementioned safety culture variables pointed (with few exceptions) all into same direction: generally the high scorers on the relevant safety culture variables had lower level of negative output variables, whereas the opposite was true for the low scorers. There were two exceptions: (1) High scorers of Safety Value and Motivation rated also higher Safety Related Worry and Fear, whereas the opposite was true for low scorers, and (2) high scorers on Proactive Safety Development rated also higher scores for Number of Risky Incidents, whereas the opposite was true for low scorers. Job satisfaction and positive atmosphere, stress and lack of motivation. When controlling for all safety culture variables, the Univariate Analysis of Variance revealed significant effects (1) for Work Conditions Management, Proactive Safety Development, Change Management, Workgroup Cohesion, Sense of Control and Sense of Responsibility in predicting Job Satisfaction (for all p<.005); (2) for Work Conditions Management, Work Process Management, Change Management, Workgroup Cohesion, and Sense of Control in predicting Positive Job Atmosphere (for all p<.005); (3) for Workgroup Cohesion and Sense of Control in predicting Stress (for both p<.001); and (4) for Change Management, Sense of Control, and Sense of Responsibility in predicting Lack of Motivation (for all p<.005). The mean values for participants scoring low and high on the aforementioned safety culture variables pointed into same direction: generally the high scorers on the relevant safety culture

5 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 Annual Meeting 1631 variables had higher level of positive and lower level of negative output variables, whereas the opposite was true for the low scorers. There was one exception: high scorers on Proactive Safety Development rated lower level of Job Satisfaction, whereas the opposite was true for low scorers. DISCUSSION In the present paper, we studied the overall level of Safety Culture at Finnish Defense Forces as well as the relationship between safety culture dimension and negative and positive outcome variables. The results showed a robust safety culture at Finnish Defense Forces. This was manifested both by ratings for the organizational, group and individual safety culture dimensions as well as the emotional and other ratings. Most of the safety related summary variable ratings as well as ratings for job satisfaction and positive atmosphere were well over, whereas negative outcome summary variables ratings as well as ratings for stress and lack of motivation, well below the median (3.5) of the scale. However, given the low respond rate (13.6 %), probable due, among other things, to the holiday season, the interpretation of the results as a representative of whole Defense Forces personnel should be handled with caution. In connection with negative and positive outcomes, we found that almost all safety culture variables correlated positively with Job Satisfaction and Positive Atmosphere and negatively with Intention to Violate Safety Regulations, Safety Related Worry and Fear, Stress, Lack of Motivation and Number of Risky Incidents. We also found that when predicting output variables, in general the high scorers on the relevant safety culture variables had lower level of negative output variables, whereas the opposite was true for the low scorers. Thus our hypotheses stating that high ratings for safety culture dimensions (i.e., a good safety culture) would be related to low levels of negative (Hypothesis 1) and high levels of positive (Hypothesis 2) output variables, was supported. It is also of interest what the participants thought to be the biggest threats and areas of improvements in connection with safety (recall that we asked also for these) as well as whether there are age, seniority and personnel group related differences in their opinions (as well as ratings for safety culture dimensions and outcome variables). At the moment, we are further examining these results, but given the limits of the current paper (5 pages) it is not possible to present the results here. In sum, generally the results showed that in addition to safety culture issues (such as work conditions, process, and safety management); safety attitudes are also influenced by other factors related to workplace (such as positive work atmosphere and emotions). Thus the positive development of safety attitudes may be achieved not only by promoting safety issues but also actions taken to improve the work place as a whole. This can be done for example by discussing about the safety issues within with the general development of the workplace and personnel. REFERENCES Clarke, S. (2006). The Relationship between Safety Climate and Safety Performance: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of Occupational Health Pychology, 11, Clarke, S. (2009). Accidents and Safety in a Workplace. In Cartwrigt, S. and Cooper, C (Eds) The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well-Being. Oxford University Press: New York. Fogarty, G. and Shaw, A. (2010). Safety Climate and the Theory of Planned Behavior: Towards the Prediction of Unsafe Behavior. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42, Guldenmund, F.W. (2000). The Nature of Safety Culture: a Review of Theory and Research. Safety Science, 34, Reason, J. (1997). Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents. Aldershot: Ashgate. Reiman, T., Viitanen, K., and Oksama, L. (2013). Kyselymenetelmän kehittäminen Puolustusvoimien turvallisuuskulttuurin seurantaan mittarin rakentaminen ja testaaminen yhdeksässä joukkoosastossa. Non Published Finnish Defence Forces Internal Report.

A Cross-Cultural Study of Psychological Well-being Among British and Malaysian Fire Fighters

A Cross-Cultural Study of Psychological Well-being Among British and Malaysian Fire Fighters A Cross-Cultural Study of Psychological Well-being Among British and Malaysian Fire Fighters Mohd. Dahlan Hj. A. Malek, Ida Shafinaz Mohd Universiti Malaysia Sabah Abstract Psychological consideration

More information

Positive Responses Neutral Responses Negative Responses Do Not Know/No Basis to Judge

Positive Responses Neutral Responses Negative Responses Do Not Know/No Basis to Judge 2006 Federal Human Capital Survey Department of Health and Human Services - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Trend Report Number of Surveys Returned: 3600 This is a summary-by-question of your

More information

How Does Person-Organization Fit Affect Behavioral And Attitudinal Outcomes?

How Does Person-Organization Fit Affect Behavioral And Attitudinal Outcomes? How Does Person-Organization Fit Affect Behavioral And Attitudinal Outcomes? The Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment Working Paper Series 09-01 February 2009 Brian T. Gregory, Ph.D. Assistant Professor

More information

The Effects of Gender Role on Perceived Job Stress

The Effects of Gender Role on Perceived Job Stress The Effects of Gender Role on Perceived Job Stress Yu-Chi Wu, Institute of Business and Management, National University of Kaohsiung, Taiwan Keng-Yu Shih, Institute of Business and Management, National

More information

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY. In this chapter, research design, data collection, sampling frame and analysis

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY. In this chapter, research design, data collection, sampling frame and analysis CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction In this chapter, research design, data collection, sampling frame and analysis procedure will be discussed in order to meet the objectives of the study.

More information

The Psychology behind Safety - Workers and Leaders. Key concepts:

The Psychology behind Safety - Workers and Leaders. Key concepts: The Psychology behind Safety - Workers and Leaders Key concepts: Performance Indicators Psychological contract Managerial priorities Organisational justice On 26 th April 1986, the world experienced the

More information

Analyzing the Relationship between the Personnel s Achievement Motivation and their Performance at the Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar branch

Analyzing the Relationship between the Personnel s Achievement Motivation and their Performance at the Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar branch Analyzing the Relationship between the Personnel s Achievement Motivation and their Performance at the Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar branch Masoud Ahmadinejad *, Omme Kolsom Gholamhosseinzadeh **,

More information

5 Individual Differences:

5 Individual Differences: 5 Individual Differences: Self-Concept, Personality & Emotions Chapter From Self-Concept to Self-Management Personality: Concepts and Controversy Emotions: An Emerging OB Topic Self-Esteem 5-3 Self-Esteem

More information

ABSTRACT. and many chance for customer to switch easily. Now days many bank offer a lot of attractive

ABSTRACT. and many chance for customer to switch easily. Now days many bank offer a lot of attractive ABSTRACT In a rapid development of banking industry and high competition, a bank should know the way to maintain the loyalty of the customers. In Indonesia, there are many banks grow up and many chance

More information

Employee Education Working Partners

Employee Education Working Partners Employee Education Working Partners for an Alcohol- and Drug-Free Workplace Provided by the Department of Human Resources Management Mississippi State University Employee Education Outline Objectives of

More information

The relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior

The relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 47 ( 2012 ) 1815 1820 CY-ICER 2012 The relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior

More information

MEASURING JOB ANXIETY IN MILITARY ORGANIZATION. Crenguţa Mihaela MACOVEI

MEASURING JOB ANXIETY IN MILITARY ORGANIZATION. Crenguţa Mihaela MACOVEI International Conference KNOWLEDGE-BASED ORGANIZATION Vol. XXII No 2 2016 MEASURING JOB ANXIETY IN MILITARY ORGANIZATION Crenguţa Mihaela MACOVEI "Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, Romania

More information

Association Between Distributive and Procedural Justice and Life Satisfaction Among Correctional Staff: Research Note

Association Between Distributive and Procedural Justice and Life Satisfaction Among Correctional Staff: Research Note Association Between Distributive and Procedural Justice and Life Satisfaction Among Correctional Staff: Research Note Eric G. Lambert and Nancy L. Hogan Distributive justice and procedural justice, two

More information

What are Indexes and Scales

What are Indexes and Scales ISSUES Exam results are on the web No student handbook, will have discussion questions soon Next exam will be easier but want everyone to study hard Biggest problem was question on Research Design Next

More information

Models of Change and the Impact on Organizational Culture: The Sanctuary Model Explored

Models of Change and the Impact on Organizational Culture: The Sanctuary Model Explored Models of Change and the Impact on Organizational Culture: The Sanctuary Model Explored Wendy M. McSparren, MSW School of Business Robert Morris University 6001 University Boulevard 304 Massey Hall Pittsburgh,

More information

Apex Police Department 2016 Community Satisfaction Survey Summary

Apex Police Department 2016 Community Satisfaction Survey Summary Apex Police Department 2016 Community Satisfaction Survey Summary 1 Dear Apex Community, The Apex Police Department is committed to serving our community. As a law enforcement agency, which is nationally

More information

Intention to consent to living organ donation: an exploratory study. Christina Browne B.A. and Deirdre M. Desmond PhD

Intention to consent to living organ donation: an exploratory study. Christina Browne B.A. and Deirdre M. Desmond PhD Intention to consent to living organ donation: an exploratory study Christina Browne B.A. and Deirdre M. Desmond PhD Department of Psychology, John Hume Building, National University of Ireland Maynooth,

More information

CHAPTER VI RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER VI RESEARCH METHODOLOGY CHAPTER VI RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 6.1 Research Design Research is an organized, systematic, data based, critical, objective, scientific inquiry or investigation into a specific problem, undertaken with the

More information

Review of public information programmes to enhance home radon screening uptake and home remediation

Review of public information programmes to enhance home radon screening uptake and home remediation Review of public information programmes to enhance home radon screening uptake and home remediation Prof. David Hevey, Director of the Research Centre for Psychological Health, School of Psychology, Trinity

More information

2 Critical thinking guidelines

2 Critical thinking guidelines What makes psychological research scientific? Precision How psychologists do research? Skepticism Reliance on empirical evidence Willingness to make risky predictions Openness Precision Begin with a Theory

More information

Understanding the fatigue risk potential on maintenance tasks. Julie Bell, MSc. Human Factors Specialist

Understanding the fatigue risk potential on maintenance tasks. Julie Bell, MSc. Human Factors Specialist Understanding the fatigue risk potential on maintenance tasks Julie Bell, MSc. Human Factors Specialist Overview Introduction My background Work I ve done with non-aviation companies Why it s of relevance

More information

GE 2025 Professional Ethics in engineering

GE 2025 Professional Ethics in engineering GE 2025 Professional Ethics in engineering QUESTION BANK UNIT I ENGINEERING ETHICS PART A 1. Define Ethics? 2. Define Engineering Ethics? 3. What is the need to study Ethics? 4. Differentiate Moral and

More information

Workplace Mental Health: Lunch & Learn for Employees

Workplace Mental Health: Lunch & Learn for Employees Workplace Mental Health: Lunch & Learn for Employees Introduction About Me About Vital Life Supported by a grant from the Research and Workplace Innovation Program of the Workers Compensation Board of

More information

The effect of job demands and social support on peacekeepers stress and sense of coherence after deployment

The effect of job demands and social support on peacekeepers stress and sense of coherence after deployment Finnish Defence Research Agency The effect of job demands and social support on peacekeepers stress and sense of coherence after deployment ISMS Annual Conference 2015, Finnish National Defence University

More information

Ethical Perception from Students Perspective: Understanding Instructors Effect on Students Ethical Sensitivity in Personal Selling

Ethical Perception from Students Perspective: Understanding Instructors Effect on Students Ethical Sensitivity in Personal Selling Ethical Perception from Students Perspective: Understanding Instructors Effect on Students Ethical Sensitivity in Personal Selling Emrah Cengiz Istanbul University Selim Yazici Istanbul University Murat

More information

DEKALB COUNTY GOVERNMENT DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE POLICY

DEKALB COUNTY GOVERNMENT DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE POLICY DEKALB COUNTY GOVERNMENT DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE POLICY Reviewed For Updates March 1, 2017 DeKalb County Government Drug-Free Workplace Policy CURRENT DATE OF CONTENTS OF DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE POLICY Pg. Section

More information

"Putting Women First" Ethical and Safety recommendations for Research on Violence against Women

Putting Women First Ethical and Safety recommendations for Research on Violence against Women "Putting Women First" Ethical and Safety recommendations for Research on Violence against Women Henrica A.F.M. Jansen Training in Research in Reproductive Health/Sexual Health 14 March 2006 Objective of

More information

Effect of job characteristics on satisfaction and performance: A test in Egyptian agricultural extension system

Effect of job characteristics on satisfaction and performance: A test in Egyptian agricultural extension system Vol. 8(48), pp. 6126-6130, 12 December, 2013 DOI: 10.5897/AJAR09.698 ISSN 1991-637X 2013 Academic Journals http://www.academicjournals.org/ajar African Journal of Agricultural Research Full Length Research

More information

Study on job Burn out rate on the Medical University among education and treatment units' employers case study in Fasa City

Study on job Burn out rate on the Medical University among education and treatment units' employers case study in Fasa City 2011 International Conference on E-business, Management and Economics IPEDR Vol.25 (2011) (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore Study on job Burn out rate on the Medical University among and treatment units'

More information

Validity and Reliability of Sport Satisfaction

Validity and Reliability of Sport Satisfaction International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences 2014 Available online at www.irjabs.com ISSN 2251-838X / Vol, 8 (10): 1782-1786 Science Explorer Publications Validity and Reliability of Sport

More information

ORIGINS AND DISCUSSION OF EMERGENETICS RESEARCH

ORIGINS AND DISCUSSION OF EMERGENETICS RESEARCH ORIGINS AND DISCUSSION OF EMERGENETICS RESEARCH The following document provides background information on the research and development of the Emergenetics Profile instrument. Emergenetics Defined 1. Emergenetics

More information

Reflect on the Types of Organizational Structures. Hierarch of Needs Abraham Maslow (1970) Hierarchy of Needs

Reflect on the Types of Organizational Structures. Hierarch of Needs Abraham Maslow (1970) Hierarchy of Needs Reflect on the Types of Organizational Structures 1 Hierarch of Needs Abraham Maslow (1970) Self- Actualization or Self- Fulfillment Esteem Belonging, Love, and Social Activities Safety and Security Psychological

More information

Controlling Emotions & Active Experimentation. Gestalt Coaching at Work John Leary-Joyce

Controlling Emotions & Active Experimentation. Gestalt Coaching at Work John Leary-Joyce Controlling Emotions & Active Experimentation Gestalt Coaching at Work John Leary-Joyce 1 Controlling Emotions and Active Experimentation Webinar Overview Introduction Spectrum of Coaching Practice Overview

More information

Life Quality and Job Satisfaction: A Case Study on Job Satisfaction of Bike Participants in Chiayi County Area

Life Quality and Job Satisfaction: A Case Study on Job Satisfaction of Bike Participants in Chiayi County Area Life Quality and Job Satisfaction: A Case Study on Job Satisfaction of Bike Participants in Chiayi County Area Chin-Tsai Kuo, Associate Professor, Office of Physical Education, Nanhua University, Taiwan

More information

Increasing physical activity using self-affirmation

Increasing physical activity using self-affirmation Increasing physical activity using self-affirmation Dr Richard Cooke Health & Lifespan Psychology Group, School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University UK Overview Increasing physical activity Self-affirmation

More information

McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Workplace Emotions, Attitudes, and Stress McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Emotions and Stress at JetBlue Former JetBlue employee Steven Slater (shown

More information

CODE OF CONDUCT PROTECTION AGAINST SEXUALIZED DISCRIMINATION, HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR THE MAX PLANCK SOCIETY

CODE OF CONDUCT PROTECTION AGAINST SEXUALIZED DISCRIMINATION, HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR THE MAX PLANCK SOCIETY CODE OF CONDUCT PROTECTION AGAINST SEXUALIZED DISCRIMINATION, HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR THE MAX PLANCK SOCIETY CODE OF CONDUCT FOR THE MAX PLANCK SOCIETY Protection against Sexualized

More information

10/11/2012. Important terms in research, development of objectives and hypothesis. DCE3002 Research Methodology. The research process

10/11/2012. Important terms in research, development of objectives and hypothesis. DCE3002 Research Methodology. The research process Important terms in research, development of objectives and hypothesis DCE3002 Research Methodology The research process 1 How Research Objective is formulated Common Research Problem: Lack of Research

More information

Relationship between happiness and organizational commitment of the employees of Youth and Sports Department of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari province

Relationship between happiness and organizational commitment of the employees of Youth and Sports Department of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari province International Journal of Sport Studies. Vol., 2 (9), 427-431, 2012 Available online at http://www.ijssjournal.com ISSN 2251-7502 2012 VictorQuest Publications Relationship between happiness and organizational

More information

Saville Consulting Wave Professional Styles Handbook

Saville Consulting Wave Professional Styles Handbook Saville Consulting Wave Professional Styles Handbook PART 4: TECHNICAL Chapter 19: Reliability This manual has been generated electronically. Saville Consulting do not guarantee that it has not been changed

More information

Clinical Governance and Effective Quality & Risk Management in Greek Hospitals

Clinical Governance and Effective Quality & Risk Management in Greek Hospitals International Journal of Health Research and Innovation, vol. 1, no. 3, 2013, 7-17 ISSN: 2051-5057 (print version), 2051-5065 (online) Scienpress Ltd, 2013 Clinical Governance and Effective Quality & Risk

More information

The Personal Profile System 2800 Series Research Report

The Personal Profile System 2800 Series Research Report The Personal Profile System 2800 Series Research Report The Personal Profile System 2800 Series Research Report Item Number: O-255 1996 by Inscape Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright secured

More information

Kenneth Meen, PhD and Donald Macnab, PhD

Kenneth Meen, PhD and Donald Macnab, PhD Kenneth Meen, PhD and Donald Macnab, PhD WorkSafe Predictor. Copyright 2012. Psychometrics Canada. All rights reserved. WorkSafe Predictor Introduction Safety has become a major issue as the financial

More information

Predicting Workplace Violence: An EAP s Perspective Insights from the Warren Shepell Research Group

Predicting Workplace Violence: An EAP s Perspective Insights from the Warren Shepell Research Group Predicting Workplace Violence: An EAP s Perspective Insights from the Warren Shepell Research Group Predicting Workplace Violence: An EAP's Perspective EXECUTIVE SUMMARY With mental health concerns and

More information

iafor The International Academic Forum

iafor The International Academic Forum Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement in Police Unethical Behaviour Annisa Prameswari, Tarumanagara University, Indonasia Yohanes Budiarto, Tarumanagara University, Indonasia The Asian Conference on Education

More information

CHAPTER 2 FOUNDATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

CHAPTER 2 FOUNDATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR CHAPTER 2 FOUNDATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR "Intelligence is but one characteristic that people bring with them when they join an organization. In this chapter, we look at how biographical characteristics

More information

SUBJECT: Civilian Employee Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention, Testing, and Control Program

SUBJECT: Civilian Employee Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention, Testing, and Control Program OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 1950 DEFENSE PENTAGON WASHINGTON, DC 20301-1950 Administration & Management November 29, 1988 Incorporating Change 1, April 23, 1993 ADMINISTRATIVE INSTRUCTION NO. 17

More information

The Impact of Emotional Intelligence towards Relationship of Personality and Self-Esteem at Workplace

The Impact of Emotional Intelligence towards Relationship of Personality and Self-Esteem at Workplace Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 65 ( 2012 ) 150 155 International Congress on Interdisciplinary Business and Social Science 2012 (ICIBSoS 2012) The Impact

More information

Survey Research Report. The Sexual Behaviors and Condom Use Survey. Irene Jones SOWK TTH. Tuskegee University. April 20, 2012.

Survey Research Report. The Sexual Behaviors and Condom Use Survey. Irene Jones SOWK TTH. Tuskegee University. April 20, 2012. Survey Research Report 1 Sexual Behaviors & Condom Use Survey Research Report The Sexual Behaviors and Condom Use Survey Irene Jones SOWK 300-01 TTH Tuskegee University April 20, 2012. Survey Research

More information

Five Mistakes and Omissions That Increase Your Risk of Workplace Violence

Five Mistakes and Omissions That Increase Your Risk of Workplace Violence Five Mistakes and Omissions That Increase Your Risk of Workplace Violence Submitted By Marc McElhaney, Ph.D. Critical Response Associates, LLC mmcelhaney@craorg.com As Psychologists specializing in Threat

More information

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY 24 CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY This chapter presents the methodology of the study. There are three main sub-titles explained; research design, data collection, and data analysis. 3.1. Research Design The study

More information

An Empirical Study on Causal Relationships between Perceived Enjoyment and Perceived Ease of Use

An Empirical Study on Causal Relationships between Perceived Enjoyment and Perceived Ease of Use An Empirical Study on Causal Relationships between Perceived Enjoyment and Perceived Ease of Use Heshan Sun Syracuse University hesun@syr.edu Ping Zhang Syracuse University pzhang@syr.edu ABSTRACT Causality

More information

Chapter 11. Experimental Design: One-Way Independent Samples Design

Chapter 11. Experimental Design: One-Way Independent Samples Design 11-1 Chapter 11. Experimental Design: One-Way Independent Samples Design Advantages and Limitations Comparing Two Groups Comparing t Test to ANOVA Independent Samples t Test Independent Samples ANOVA Comparing

More information

Lecturer: Dr. Paul Narh Doku Contact: Department of Psychology, University of Ghana

Lecturer: Dr. Paul Narh Doku Contact: Department of Psychology, University of Ghana FIELDS OF PSYCHOLOGY Lecturer: Dr. Paul Narh Doku Contact: pndoku@ug.edu.gh Department of Psychology, University of Ghana Session Overview This session will deal with the meaning and scope of psychology,

More information

Related Entries: COF-EA, COF-RA, COH-EA, EEB-RA, GBB-RA, IGO-RA, IGP-RA, JFA, JFA-RA, JGA, JGB-RA, JPC-RA, KGA-RA Responsible Offices:

Related Entries: COF-EA, COF-RA, COH-EA, EEB-RA, GBB-RA, IGO-RA, IGP-RA, JFA, JFA-RA, JGA, JGB-RA, JPC-RA, KGA-RA Responsible Offices: POLICY BOARD OF EDUCATION OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY Related Entries: COF-EA, COF-RA, COH-EA, EEB-RA, GBB-RA, IGO-RA, IGP-RA, JFA, JFA-RA, JGA, JGB-RA, JPC-RA, KGA-RA Responsible Offices: Chief Academic Officer

More information

N E LSON CONSULTING, LLC

N E LSON CONSULTING, LLC N C N E LSON CONSULTING, LLC Measure Performance and Maximize Productivity Validation Report of Survey Instrument (Emotional Intelligence Profile) January 21, 2010 Prepared by: Nelson Consulting, LLC Abstract:

More information

Creating Resilient Workplaces

Creating Resilient Workplaces Creating Resilient Workplaces Mental Health Kansas City May 4, 2017 SPANGLER ASSOCIATES, INC: Nancy Spangler, PhD, OTR/L nspangler@spanglerhealth.com 816-820-1870 Haley Akin Haley.Akin@garmin.com 913-440-2944

More information

TTI Personal Talent Skills Inventory Coaching Report

TTI Personal Talent Skills Inventory Coaching Report TTI Personal Talent Skills Inventory Coaching Report "He who knows others is learned. He who knows himself is wise." Lao Tse Mason Roberts District Manager YMCA 8-1-2008 Copyright 2003-2008. Performance

More information

User Experience: Findings from Patient Telehealth Survey

User Experience: Findings from Patient Telehealth Survey User Experience: Findings from Patient Telehealth Survey Sarah Gorst University of Sheffield NIHR CLAHRC for South Yorkshire MALT WS3: User experience Overcoming the Barriers to Mainstreaming Assisted

More information

This material should not be used for any other purpose without the permission of the author. Contact details:

This material should not be used for any other purpose without the permission of the author. Contact details: Running head: PERCEIVED CONTROL AND WELLBEING {This is an example of how a paper would be formatted using the guidelines detailed in the 6 th edition (2009) of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological

More information

Influencing factors on Attitude toward Empowerment of workers agents in Mazandaran Province

Influencing factors on Attitude toward Empowerment of workers agents in Mazandaran Province Available online at www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com European Journal of Experimental Biology, 212, 2 (4):124-128 ISSN: 2248 9215 CODEN (USA): EJEBAU Influencing factors on Attitude toward Empowerment of

More information

4) Principle of Interpersonal Leadership

4) Principle of Interpersonal Leadership 4) Principle of Interpersonal Leadership This principle belongs to the public part. We can't enter these effective relations unless we have enough independence, maturity and character to keep them. Many

More information

HISTORY OF I/O PSYCHOLOGY

HISTORY OF I/O PSYCHOLOGY FEM 3104 HISTORY OF I/O PSYCHOLOGY Forces that influenced the birth of I/O psychology: The Early Years (1900-1916)]: 1. Pragmatic nature of basic psychological research. Skills of telegraphers (Bryan).

More information

SAFETY-SPECIFIC PERSON-ENVIRONMENT FIT: RELATION WITH SAFETY BEHAVIORS, JOB ATTITUDES, AND STRAIN. Ashlie R. Britton.

SAFETY-SPECIFIC PERSON-ENVIRONMENT FIT: RELATION WITH SAFETY BEHAVIORS, JOB ATTITUDES, AND STRAIN. Ashlie R. Britton. SAFETY-SPECIFIC PERSON-ENVIRONMENT FIT: RELATION WITH SAFETY BEHAVIORS, JOB ATTITUDES, AND STRAIN Ashlie R. Britton A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate College of Bowling Green State University in

More information

Umbutto Swaziland Defence Force (USDF), HIV/AIDS Policy,

Umbutto Swaziland Defence Force (USDF), HIV/AIDS Policy, Umbutto Swaziland Defence Force (USDF), HIV/AIDS Policy, Available at: http://www.gov.sz/home.asp?pid=2296 PREVENTION OF HUMAN IMMUNE DEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) AND ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS),

More information

The Effect of Social Justice in Self-Efficacy Development of Organizations and Institutions Employees

The Effect of Social Justice in Self-Efficacy Development of Organizations and Institutions Employees Asian Social Science; Vol. 11, No. 22; 2015 ISSN 1911-2017 E-ISSN 1911-2025 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education The Effect of Social Justice in Self-Efficacy Development of Organizations

More information

Ecological Perspective. Ecological Approaches to Health Behavior. Ecological Perspective. Levels of Influence

Ecological Perspective. Ecological Approaches to Health Behavior. Ecological Perspective. Levels of Influence Ecological Perspective Ecological Approaches to Health Behavior Emphasis on the interactions between, and interdependence of, factors within and across all levels of a health problem Ecological Perspective

More information

PSYCHOLOGY. The Psychology Major. Preparation for the Psychology Major. The Social Science Teaching Credential

PSYCHOLOGY. The Psychology Major. Preparation for the Psychology Major. The Social Science Teaching Credential Psychology 1 PSYCHOLOGY The Psychology Major Psychology is the scientific study of human and animal behavior and the cognitive and biological processes that underlie it. The objective of USD s psychological

More information

Organizational Behaviour

Organizational Behaviour Bachelor of Commerce Programme Organizational Behaviour Individual Behaviour Perception The Da Vinci Institute for Technology Management (Pty) Ltd Registered with the Department of Education as a private

More information

Evaluation of the. Learn2Live Road Safety Intervention for Young People. Plymouth Pavilions event. 25 th November 2011.

Evaluation of the. Learn2Live Road Safety Intervention for Young People. Plymouth Pavilions event. 25 th November 2011. Evaluation of the Learn2Live Road Safety Intervention for Young People Plymouth Pavilions event 25 th November 2011 Research by Emma Dunnett, Amy Goodwin, Georgina Hobson, Claire Hubbard, Daniel Orton,

More information

MODULE 6 WORK CULTURE AND LEADERSHIP ETHICS

MODULE 6 WORK CULTURE AND LEADERSHIP ETHICS MODULE 6 WORK CULTURE AND LEADERSHIP ETHICS Ed RANDELL CONTENTS OF THIS MODULE Ethics and Laboratory Medicine Defining Ethical Leadership The Foundations of Ethical Leadership in the Clinical Laboratory

More information

Finding Cultural Differences and Motivation Factors of Foreign Construction Workers

Finding Cultural Differences and Motivation Factors of Foreign Construction Workers Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 2015, 3, 35-46 Published Online June 2015 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jbcpr http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jbcpr.2015.32005 Finding Cultural

More information

THE EFFECTS OF SOURCES OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS' MOTIVATION LEVELS

THE EFFECTS OF SOURCES OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS' MOTIVATION LEVELS THE EFFECTS OF SOURCES OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS' MOTIVATION LEVELS AssT. PROF. DR. IBRAHIM KOCABAÇ Firat University, Faculty of Technical Education Department of Educational Sciences Elazig, Turkey This

More information

Attitudes, Self- Concept, Values, and Ethics

Attitudes, Self- Concept, Values, and Ethics 3-1 3-2 Chapter 3 Attitudes, Self- Concept, Values, and Ethics McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved 3-3 Introduction Job satisfaction is based on attitudes, which

More information

10/26/15 STRESS MANAGEMENT PRESENTER INDIVIDUAL & ORGANIZATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS. James Hunter. Director, Employee Assistance Program

10/26/15 STRESS MANAGEMENT PRESENTER INDIVIDUAL & ORGANIZATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS. James Hunter. Director, Employee Assistance Program 10/26/15 MANAGEMENT INDIVIDUAL & ORGANIZATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS PRESENTER James Hunter Director, Employee Assistance Program University of Missouri System 1 OBJECTIVES Define occupational stress Distinguish

More information

Emotional abilities and the development of cross-cultural competence and adjustment.

Emotional abilities and the development of cross-cultural competence and adjustment. 1 Emotional abilities and the development of cross-cultural competence and adjustment. An empirical study conducted by Patrice A. Reid, Ph.D. Defense Language and National Security Education Office Erin

More information

Measuring Co-Presence and Social Presence in Virtual Environments Psychometric Construction of a German Scale for a Fear of Public Speaking Scenario

Measuring Co-Presence and Social Presence in Virtual Environments Psychometric Construction of a German Scale for a Fear of Public Speaking Scenario Measuring Co-Presence and Social Presence in Virtual Environments Psychometric Construction of a German Scale for a Fear of Public Speaking Scenario Sandra POESCHL,1 and Nicola DOERING TU Ilmenau Abstract.

More information

So far. INFOWO Lecture M5 Homogeneity and Reliability. Homogeneity. Homogeneity

So far. INFOWO Lecture M5 Homogeneity and Reliability. Homogeneity. Homogeneity So far INFOWO Lecture M5 Homogeneity and Reliability Peter de Waal Department of Information and Computing Sciences Faculty of Science, Universiteit Utrecht Descriptive statistics Scores and probability

More information

Workplace Mental Health and Stress

Workplace Mental Health and Stress Workplace Mental Health and Stress Possibilities and Emerging Issues Sue Freeman, MSc Marketing CCOHS Mental Health at Work Team Member Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety www.ccohs.ca Who

More information

Applied Social Psychology Msc.

Applied Social Psychology Msc. Applied Social Msc. Course Course names Course description codes MSPSY501* Applied Social This module will discuss, at advanced level: The cognitive system, conceptual systems, expectation, explanation

More information

MODULE 5 Motivation Definition of Motivation Work Motivation Work Motivation Sources of Motivation

MODULE 5 Motivation Definition of Motivation Work Motivation Work Motivation Sources of Motivation MODULE 5 Motivation Definition of Motivation The psychological meaning of motivation It is the internal mental state of a person which relates to the initiation, direction, persistence, intensity, and

More information

DEVELOPING THE RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Dr. Noly M. Mascariñas

DEVELOPING THE RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Dr. Noly M. Mascariñas DEVELOPING THE RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Dr. Noly M. Mascariñas Director, BU-CHED Zonal Research Center Bicol University Research and Development Center Legazpi City Research Proposal Preparation Seminar-Writeshop

More information

Effect of Teachers Own Perception of Their Profession on Job Satisfaction and Performance in the Private Primary Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan

Effect of Teachers Own Perception of Their Profession on Job Satisfaction and Performance in the Private Primary Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan June 2017 IRA-International Journal of Education & Multidisciplinary Studies ISSN 2455 2526; Vol.07, Issue 03 (2017) Pg. no. 235-239 Institute of Research Advances http://research-advances.org/index.php/ijems

More information

An Empirical Study of the Roles of Affective Variables in User Adoption of Search Engines

An Empirical Study of the Roles of Affective Variables in User Adoption of Search Engines An Empirical Study of the Roles of Affective Variables in User Adoption of Search Engines ABSTRACT Heshan Sun Syracuse University hesun@syr.edu The current study is built upon prior research and is an

More information

CHAPTER FOUR. Any scientific research involves the application of various methods. (also referred to as strategies or approaches) and procedures to

CHAPTER FOUR. Any scientific research involves the application of various methods. (also referred to as strategies or approaches) and procedures to CHAPTER FOUR 4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Any scientific research involves the application of various methods (also referred to as strategies or approaches) and procedures to create scientific knowledge (welman

More information

Why Is Theory Important?

Why Is Theory Important? Health Behavior Theories: Applying Theory to Practice Why Is Theory Important? Theory gives planners tools for moving beyond intuition. Consistent with the current emphasis on using evidence-based interventions

More information

The relationship between personality and performance of football referees

The relationship between personality and performance of football referees The relationship between personality and performance of football referees Pirooz Sayfollahpour Student, Physical Education Department, Islamic Azad University, South Branch, Tehran,Iran Farideh Ashraf

More information

MBA SEMESTER III. MB0050 Research Methodology- 4 Credits. (Book ID: B1206 ) Assignment Set- 1 (60 Marks)

MBA SEMESTER III. MB0050 Research Methodology- 4 Credits. (Book ID: B1206 ) Assignment Set- 1 (60 Marks) MBA SEMESTER III MB0050 Research Methodology- 4 Credits (Book ID: B1206 ) Assignment Set- 1 (60 Marks) Note: Each question carries 10 Marks. Answer all the questions Q1. a. Differentiate between nominal,

More information

A New Approach to Measuring Work-Related Well- Being

A New Approach to Measuring Work-Related Well- Being International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics ISSN: 1080-3548 (Print) 2376-9130 (Online) Journal homepage: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tose20 A New Approach to Measuring Work-Related Well-

More information

Test Validity. What is validity? Types of validity IOP 301-T. Content validity. Content-description Criterion-description Construct-identification

Test Validity. What is validity? Types of validity IOP 301-T. Content validity. Content-description Criterion-description Construct-identification What is? IOP 301-T Test Validity It is the accuracy of the measure in reflecting the concept it is supposed to measure. In simple English, the of a test concerns what the test measures and how well it

More information

Internal Consistency and Reliability of the Networked Minds Social Presence Measure

Internal Consistency and Reliability of the Networked Minds Social Presence Measure Internal Consistency and Reliability of the Networked Minds Social Presence Measure Chad Harms, Frank Biocca Iowa State University, Michigan State University Harms@iastate.edu, Biocca@msu.edu Abstract

More information

Modeling Terrorist Beliefs and Motivations

Modeling Terrorist Beliefs and Motivations CREATE Research Archive Research Project Summaries 2010 Modeling Terrorist Beliefs and Motivations Richard John University of Southern California, richardj@usc.edu Heather Rosoff University of Southern

More information

Health perception of the unemployed

Health perception of the unemployed Health perception of the unemployed Summary 1 The problem The relationship between unemployment and poor health has been frequently demonstrated as is apparent from a high prevalence of illness and limitations

More information

Mental health: inside our city workplaces CMHA DATA SET LONDON 2016/17 DISCOVER

Mental health: inside our city workplaces CMHA DATA SET LONDON 2016/17 DISCOVER Mental health: inside our city workplaces CMHA DATA SET LONDON 2016/17 DISCOVER Welcome We are pleased to share our first CMHA data set, providing new information and insights from several of our members

More information

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION Vol 29, No: 2, 2014

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION Vol 29, No: 2, 2014 RELATION OF CHARACTER STRENGTHS TO PERSONAL TEACHING EFFICACY IN KOREAN SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS Young-Jin Lim Mi-Na Kim Daegu University Many factors that may affect personal teaching efficacy (PTE)

More information

Effects of Person-Centered Psychological Assistance on Workers in Stressful Jobs

Effects of Person-Centered Psychological Assistance on Workers in Stressful Jobs Effects of Person-Centered Psychological Assistance on Workers in Stressful Jobs Kristy S. Osland, John M. Malouff and Wendy K. Alford University of New England, Australia Abstract This paper describes

More information

Public Awareness of AIDS in the Federal Republic of Germany 2004

Public Awareness of AIDS in the Federal Republic of Germany 2004 Public Awareness of AIDS in the Federal Republic of Germany 2004 Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour relating to protection against AIDS A repeat survey by the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA),

More information

University of the Punjab 2017

University of the Punjab 2017 Objective Aim to learn from the professional opportunities to implement conceptual and theoretical education for the development of professional career and skills. Personal Skills Dedicated and committed

More information

Predictors of Cigarette Smoking Behavior Among Military University Students in Taiwan. Wang, Kwua-Yun; Yang, Chia-Chen

Predictors of Cigarette Smoking Behavior Among Military University Students in Taiwan. Wang, Kwua-Yun; Yang, Chia-Chen The Henderson Repository is a free resource of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International. It is dedicated to the dissemination of nursing research, researchrelated, and evidence-based

More information

The Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Features of the Principals and Job Empowerment

The Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Features of the Principals and Job Empowerment Journal of Political & Social Sciences. Vol., 1 (1), 30-35, 2014 Available online at http://www.jpssjournal.com ISSN 0000-0000 2014 The Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Features of the Principals

More information