LP 1A: Intro 1 01/07/04

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1 LP 1A: Intro 1 In general, psychology is defined as the scientific study behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism s physical state, mental state, and external environment. How Can Psychology 201 Help you Understand the World? Pseudosciences: o What are the differences between a science and a pseudoscience? o What are examples of pseudosciences? o Why is understanding the difference important? o Why do people believe in pseudosciences such as astrology, iridology, graphology, etc.? How can you apply the principles of the scientific method from psychology to other claims in general? Why is the scientific method important? Why is the peer review process important? What are examples where beliefs affect our perception of the world? What are the strengths and weaknesses of a scientific process? Why do drugs have the effects they do on your behavior what effect do they have on neurotransmitters? What parts of the brain affect behavior? What are the effects of sleep deprivation? Why do people abuse drugs? What effects can hypnosis produce? What effects can hypnosis not produce? What are the effects of different parenting styles?

2 LP 1A: Intro 2 In addition to the course material, try to explain 1. how you can use the psychological principles from the course and 2. how psychology helps you understand the world around you

3 LP 1A: Intro 3 General Psychology 201 Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology Chapter 2: How Psychologists Do Research Chapter 3: Evolution, Genes and Behavior Chapter 4: Neurons, Hormones and the Brain Chapter 5: Body Rhythms and Mental States Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception Chapter 14: Development over the Lifespan

4 General Psychology 201 The Science of Psychology LP 1A: Intro 4 Psychology, Pseudoscience and Popular Opinion Thinking Critically and Creatively about Psychology Ask questions: Be willing to Wonder Define your terms Examine the evidence Analyze Assumptions and biases Avoid emotional reasoning Don t oversimplify Consider other interpretations Tolerate uncertainty Psychology s Past: From the Armchair to the Laboratory The Birth of Modern Psychology Three Early Psychologies (structuralism, functionalism and psychoanalysis) Psychology s Present: Behavior, Body, Mind and Culture The Major Psychological Perspectives (biological, learning, cognitive, socioculture and psychodynamic) Two Influential Movements in Psychology (humanist and feminist) What Psychologists do Psychological Research Psychological Practice Psychology in the Community The Mosaic of Psychology Taking Psychology with You What Psychology can do for you and What it Can t

5 General Psychology 201 How Psychologist do Research LP 1A: Intro 5 What Makes Psychological Research Scientific? Precision Skepticism Reliance on empirical evidence Willingness to make risky predictions Openness Descriptive Studies: Establishing the Facts Case Studies Observational Studies (Psychological) Tests Surveys Correlational Studies: Looking for Relationships Positive and negative correlations, and correlation coefficient Experiment: Hunting for Cause Experimental Variables (Independent and Dependent Variables) Experimental and Control Conditions (Random assignment) Experimenter Effects (single-blind study, experimenter effects, double-blind study) Advantages and Limitations of Experiments Evaluate the Findings Descriptive Statistics: Finding Out What s So Inferential Statistics: Asking So What? Interpret the Findings Choosing the Best Explanation Judging the Result s Importance Keeping the Enterprise Ethical The Ethics of studying Human Beings The Ethics of studying animals Taking Psychology with You The Gambler s Fallacy and other Intuitive Statistics

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