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1 Section C Global Burden Global Smoking Prevalence Source: adapted by CTLT from The Tobacco Atlas. (2006). 2 1

2 Cigarette Consumption in China ( ) Average Number of Manufactured Cigarettes Smoked per Man per Day in China, 1996 (Smokers and Nonsmokers Combined) Source: adapted by CTLT from The Tobacco Atlas (2002). 3 Cigarette Consumption in Poland ( ) Average Number of Manufactured Cigarettes Smoked per Man per Day in Poland (Smokers and Nonsmokers Combined) Source: adapted by CTLT from Zatonski, et al. (2004). 4 2

3 Burden of Tobacco Deaths Shifting Annual World Tobacco Deaths (in Millions) Developed 2 ~3 Developing ~2 ~7 World Total 4 ~10 One in two long-term smokers killed by their addiction Half of deaths in middle age (35-69) Source: adapted by CTLT from Peto, R. and Lopez, A. (2001). 5 The Global Tobacco Health Burden Single most important cause of preventable deaths in the world women developing countries 0.4 million Smokers killed in middle age lose more than 20 years of life expectancy. Projected to be the leading cause of death by 2020s one in eight deaths men men industrialized developing countries countries 1. million 2.0 million Annual deaths Premature deaths from smoking worldwide 2000 women industrialized countries 0.6 million total 4. million men 3. million women 1.0 million Source: The Tobacco Atlas. (2002). Permission granted. 6 3

4 The Global Tobacco Health Burden 70% of tobacco deaths in the 2020s will be in developing countries (DC) 7 The Global Tobacco Burden Women Closing gender gap over 236 million women smoke globally Only 3% of women in Southeast Asia smoke cigarettes High exposure to secondhand smoke Image source: adapted by CTLT from The Tobacco Atlas. (2006). 4

5 The Global Tobacco Burden Women Estimated Smoking Prevalence by Gender and Number of Smokers in Populations Aged 15 or More, by World Bank Region, 1995 World Bank Region East Asia and Pacific Smoking Prevalence (%) Males Females Overall Millions 401 Total Smokers Percentage of Smokers 35 Eastern Europe and Central Asia Latin America and Caribbean Middle East and North Africa South Asia (cigarettes) South Asia (bidis) Sub-Saharan Africa Low/middle income High income World , Note: Numbers have been rounded Source: adapted by CTLT from The World Bank. (1999). Calculations based on the World Health Organization. (1997). 9 The Global Tobacco Burden Youth Every day 0,000 to 100,000 youths become regular smokers One-fifth of young people begin before they are ten years old High exposure to secondhand smoke Predicted to kill 250 million children and adolescents alive today Source: The Tobacco Atlas. (2006), GYTS Collaborative Group. (2002). 10 5

6 Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) Source: adapted by CTLT from GYTS Collaborative Group. (2002). 11 The Global Tobacco Burden the Poor Source: adapted by CTLT from The World Bank. (1999). 12 6

7 The Global Tobacco Burden the Poor Source: adapted by CTLT from CDC MMWR. (Nov 11, 2005). 54(44); Economic Tradeoffs for the Smoker Source: The Tobacco Atlas. (2006). Permission granted. 14 7

8 Cigarette Consumption in the U.S. ( ) Source: adapted by CTLT from U.S. Surgeon General s Report. (2000). 15 Summary Both active and passive smoking are deadly Single most important cause of preventable deaths in the world Unless effective measures are implemented to prevent young people from smoking, and to help current users quit, tobacco will kill one billion people in the 21 st century 16

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