Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-thecounter and illicit substances in 2014

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1 Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-thecounter and illicit substances in 214 Presentation by Paul Dillon Drug and Alcohol Research and Training Australia Based on the report prepared by Victoria White and Tahlia Williams Cancer Council Victoria

2 214 ASSAD Survey The 214 Australian Secondary Students Alcohol and Drug survey - eleventh survey in a series that commenced in 1984 assessing use of tobacco and alcohol, and the sixth to include questions on the use of over-the-counter and illicit substances Just over 23, secondary students aged between 12 and 17 years participated in the survey, in which they were asked about their lifetime and current use of tobacco, alcohol, analgesics, tranquilisers and illicit substances and related behaviour

3 Prevalence () of lifetime drug use (excluding tobacco, and alcohol) among year old students Analgesics Tranquilisers Cannabis Inhalants Hallucinogens Amphetamines Steroids Opiates Cocaine Ecstasy

4 Prevalence () of never used drugs (excluding tobacco, and alcohol) among year old students Analgesics Tranquilisers Cannabis Inhalants Hallucinogens Amphetamines Steroids Opiates Cocaine Ecstasy

5 Prevalence () of recent drug use (use in the past year) among year old students Analgesics Tranquilisers Cannabis Inhalants Hallucinogens Amphetamines Steroids Opiates Cocaine Ecstasy 2.6

6 Prevalence () of no recent use drugs (not used in the past year) among year old students Analgesics Tranquilisers Cannabis Inhalants Hallucinogens Amphetamines Steroids Opiates Cocaine Ecstasy

7 Prevalence () of last year drug use among year old students, Cannabis Opiates Amphetamine Cocaine Ecstasy

8 Tobacco In 214, 94 of 12-year-olds had no experience with smoking, which decreased to 61 of 17-year-olds. Only 3 of all students had smoked more than 1 cigarettes in their lifetime, with a peak of 1 among 17-year-old males The proportions of 12- to 17-year-olds smoking in each time period in 214 were significantly lower than the proportions found in 211 and 28. For instance, in 214, 5 of 12- to 17-year-olds were current smokers, which was significantly lower than the seven per cent found in both 211 and 28

9 Never smoked tobacco, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

10 Smoked tobacco in past year, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

11 Smoked tobacco in past seven days (current smokers), Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

12 Smoked more than 1 cigarettes in lifetime, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

13 Committed smokers (3+ days in past seven days), Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

14 Trends in proportion of students aged years and years who had smoked in the past week,

15 Alcohol Students' alcohol use has changed considerably over the past three decades. For yearolds, the prevalence of current drinking declined during the 198s only to start to increase again, peaking in 22. Since that time, the proportion of year olds drinking has been decreasing and in 214 was at its lowest point since the survey began Almost half of all students had consumed alcohol in the year preceding the survey, 25 for the past month (down from 37 in 211 and 29 in 28) and 15 for the past week (17 in 211 and 23 in 28) Premixed drinks are the choice of 35 of current drinkers with spirits popular with 21. A third (29) of all males drank beer compared with 5 of females. Alcoholic cider is the choice for 8 of current drinkers

16 Lifetime use of alcohol, Australian secondary school students (), males females total

17 Never consumed alcohol, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

18 Never consumed alcohol, Australian secondary school students (), years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

19 Never consumed alcohol, Australian secondary school students (),

20 Students who describe themselves as a 'non-drinker', Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female Total years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

21 Students who describe themselves as a 'non-drinker', Australian secondary school students (), years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

22 Students who consumed alcohol in past seven days (current drinkers), Australian secondary school students (), males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

23 Students who consumed alcohol in past seven days (current drinkers), Australian secondary school students (), years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

24 Students who consumed alcohol in past month, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

25 Single occasion risky drinker (drank 5 or more drinks on one day in past seven days), Australian secondary school students (), males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

26 Number of drinks Average number of drinks consumed by current drinkers in past seven days, by age and gender, Australia, males females males females

27 Current drinkers who drank 5 or more 4 drinks on one occasion in past seven days, by age and gender, Australia, males females males females

28 Current drinkers and all students who drank 5 or more drinks on one occasion in past seven days, by age and gender, Australia, males females males females

29 Current drinkers who drank 5 or more 4 drinks on one occasion in past seven days, by age and gender, Australia, males females males females

30 Drink types most commonly consumed by current drinkers (), by age and gender, males (12-15 years) females (12-15 years) males (16-17 years) females (16-17 years) beer wine premixed spirits spirits alcoholic energy drinks cider

31 Changes in preference of drink types most commonly consumed by current drinkers (), beer wine premixed spirits spirits

32 Current drinkers who consumed their last alcoholic drink under adult supervision, Australian secondary school students (), males females males females

33 Current drinkers drinking at home, at a party or at a friends' house who consumed their last alcoholic drink under adult supervision (), males females males females

34 Number of drinks Average number of drinks consumed in the past seven days by current drinkers who drank their last drink at a party, by source of alcohol (), years years

35 Common sources of last alcoholic drink among current drinkers if they did not buy themselves, (), by age and gender, males females males females parents siblings took from home friends someone else

36 Changes in most common sources of last alcoholic drink among current drinkers, parents siblings took from home friends someone else

37 Common sources of alcohol among current drinkers who had someone else buy alcohol for them (), by gender, friend 18 years or over brother/sister 18 years or over friend under 18 years brother/sister under 18 years stranger males females total

38 Most common locations for consuming alcohol for current drinkers (), by age and gender, home party friend's home males females males females

39 Current drinkers indicating different frequencies of intending to get drunk when they drink alcohol (), never intend to get drunk a few times/sometimes most times/everytime males females males females

40 Main negative outcomes experienced by current drinkers after drinking alcohol in the past 12 months (), 214 (multiple responses allowed) vomited tried smoking had an argument verbally abused someone tried any drugs hit someone or had a fight males females males females 4.7

41 Proportion of year old current drinkers and proportion drinking more than 4 drinks on a single occasion in the past week, current drinkers five or more drinks current drinkers who drank five or more drinks

42 Proportion of year old current drinkers and proportion drinking more than 4 drinks on a single occasion in the past week, current drinkers more than four drinks current drinkers who drank five or more drinks

43 Self-description of drinking behaviour by age, Australian secondary school students (), 214 non-drinker occasional drinker light drinker party drinker heavy drinker years 15 years 16 years 17 years

44 Analgesics The use of substances such as Disprin, Panadol or Nurofen among students was extremely high - only 5 had never used these medications. Over two-thirds of all students had used analgesics in the past month The main reason for analgesic use was to help ease the pain associated with a headache/migraine (52). For the majority of students (9) parents were the main source of analgesics At all ages, females were significantly more likely to have used analgesics in their lifetime, in the past year and past month

45 Ever used analgesics, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

46 Students using analgesics 1 times or more in past year, (), by age and gender, males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

47 Reason for most recent analgesic use by students using in the past year (), by age, 214 headache/migraine colf/flu symptoms menstrual pain sports injury years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

48 Cannabis Cannabis was the most commonly used illicit substance, with 16 of students aged years ever using the drug at some time in their lives. The proportion of students using cannabis increased with age, with 4 of 12-year-olds and 31 of 17-year-olds reporting lifetime use There were no significant differences in the proportion of students using cannabis in the past week, past month or lifetime between 28 and 214 or between 211 and 214. However, reported lifetime use continued to increase amongst the older age groups

49 Lifetime cannabis use, Australian secondary school students (), years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

50 Ever used cannabis, Australian secondary school students (), males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

51 Used cannabis in the past year, Australian secondary school students (), males females years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

52 Used cannabis in the past week, Australian secondary school students (), Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

53 Used cannabis at least 1 times in the previous year, Australian secondary school students (), Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

54 Used cannabis at least 1 times in the previous year, Australian secondary school students (), male 211 male 214 female 211 female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years 6

55 Where cannabis is used by students who have used cannabis regularly or occasionally in past year (), regular users occasional users party home friend's home park

56 Inhalants The question asked here is as follows: "How many times, if ever, have you deliberately sniffed (inhaled) from spray cans or deliberately sniffed things like glue, pain, petrol or thinners in order to get high or for the way it makes you feel " Inhalant use was related to age with use decreasing significantly from the youngest to the oldest students - around one-fifth (19) of 12-year-old students to 1 to those aged 17 years

57 Ever used inhalants, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

58 Other illicit drugs Use of illicit drugs, other than cannabis, was uncommon. For all drugs, however, the proportion of students using these substances increased with age Ecstasy replaced hallucinogens (LSD, acid, trips, magic mushrooms, datura, angel's trumpet) as the second most commonly used illicit substance by students behind cannabis, with 3 of year-olds reporting lifetime use While the proportion of year-olds using ecstasy in the past month in 214 was significantly lower than in 28 it was significantly higher than in 211

59 Ever used hallucinogens, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

60 Ever used amphetamines, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

61 Ever used ecstasy, Australian secondary school students (), by age and gender, Male Female years 13 years 14 years 15 years 16 years 17 years

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