1 Answers/Discussions to Patrick s Herb Quiz for Herbs 1, Test 2. Clear Heat/Drain Fire herbs 1. What herb can heals sores/generate flesh? b. Shi Gao 2. What herb can treat both the root and the branch (Ben & Biao)? b. Zhi Mu 3. What herb is good for cholesterol? d. Jue Ming Zi 4. What herb can dissipate nodules? a. Xia Ku Cao This is the only clear heat drain fire herb that will dissipate nodules. Treats phlegm fire in the meridians causing nodules like scrofula, goiter, fatty cysts, breast cysts and swollen glands. 5. Which of these herbs can clear the four excess heats? d. All of the above 6. What herb can be used for Ht fire transferring to SI causing dark, scanty urine? Dan Zhu Ye Dan zhu ye is specifically for clearing heart fire causing irritability and transferring to the small intestine. Promotes urination to clear this heat. 7. What herb can moisten Lu dryness? Tian Hua Fen This is one of 2 clear heat/drain fire herbs which generates fluids. The other is lu gen, which has a stronger fluid function. Tian hua fen clears Lung heat and moistens dryness in the lung causing dry cough as well as cough with blood streaked sputum due to phlegm heat and lung dryness. 8. What herb can be used for hypertension? Xia Ku Cao This is one of the final 4 herbs in the clear heat/drain fire category, all of which go to the liver channel. All but the last one treat hypertension in some format. 9. What herb is contraindicated for glaucoma? Qing Xiang Zi Qing xiang zi dilates the pupils and is not an herb for any patient with glaucoma. 10. What herb can relieves toxicity/expel pus? a. Lu Gen While lu gen does have an indication for expel pus and blood from the Lung in the case of lung abscesses, Tian Hua Fen is a better choice since it has an action of relieve toxicity/expel pus. b. Tian Hua Fen Tian Hua Fen s final action is relieve toxicity and expel pus. This is especially good for breast abscess pus. Also for hot toxins and carbuncles. Can be used topically or ingested internally.
2 11. What herb can be used for superficial visual obstruction? d. Qing Xiang Zi The only action for qing xiang ji is to drain liver fire and remove superficial visual obstruction which includes cataracts. 12. What herb can clear Stomach heat? a. Shi Gao Yes. Shi gao clears blazing fire from the stomach channel, treating headache, toothache and swollen red painful gums as well as acid reflux and vomiting due to stomach heat. Stomach channel fire can cause xiao ke as the stomach burns up food and fluids, so it treats this as well. b. Lu Gen True. Lu gen, like shi gao, goes to LU and ST. Lu gen has less strength than shi gao, treating belching and vomiting due to stomach heat. c. Tian Hua Fen Well, yeah, actually, though the correct answer is d. This is an indication for Tian Hua Fen, though and falls under the Clear heat/generate fluids action. d. Both A and B Technically, all 3 would be correct. 13. Which of these herbs is the best for phlegm? b. Tian Hua Fen Dr. Zhou explained in class that the top 4 listed in the clear heat/drain fire section in order were shi gao, zhi mu, lu gen, and tian hua fen. Shi gao is the strongest to clear heat, but the weakest to clear phlegm. Tian hua fen is the strongest to clear phlegm and the weakest to clear heat of these Which herb is the strongest for Qi level heat? a. Shi Gao Dr. Zhou explained in class that the top 4 listed in the clear heat/drain fire section in order were shi gao, zhi mu, lu gen, and tian hua fen. Shi gao is the strongest to clear heat, but the weakest to clear phlegm. Tian hua fen is the strongest to clear phlegm and the weakest to clear heat of these What herb can subdue Liv yang? c. Jue Ming Zi Yes. It s the final action and includes headaches, dizziness and the reduction of cholesterol associated with hypertension. 16. What herb is contraindicated for pregnancy? c. Tian Hua Fen Very much so. Is actually used for abortions in injectable form. If you want to retain a pregnancy, don t use this herb. 17. What herb can cool Xue/stop bleeding? d. Zhi Zi Zhi Zi clears all 4 excess heats, including cool blood. The 3 rd action also includes stop bleeding. 18. What herb can eliminate irritability? a. Zhi Zi Zhi zi s first action is to drain fire and it also eliminates irritability. Indicates it s ability to clear the heart s fire.
3 b. Dan Zhu Ye Eliminates irritability clears heart heat. Also promotes urination to address this. (You can drain fire by promoting urination which drains the heat.) Dan zhu ye and zhi zi both eliminate irritability. c. nope d. Both A & C 19. What herb can clear fire toxicity? a. Jue Ming Zi No. Clears Liver fire, but doesn t address toxicity b. Xiong Dan Only xiong dan has this as a specific action. Xiong dan clears heat and relieves fire toxicity for hot skin lesions and hemorrhoids and is used topically. in theory, since it s illegal now. c. Xia Ku Cao Only clears Liver fire, brightening the eyes. Does clear heat and dissipate nodules, but no toxicity actions. d. Shi Gao Clears a lot of heat, draining fire and heat, but not toxicity. 20. What herb can nourish Ki Yin? a. Zhi mu Has an action for nourish Kidney yin and clear deficient heat. This is the only herb thus far to treat both the root and the branch of the problem. 21. What herb can clear Lu heat? a. Shi Gao Yes. Shi gao goes to both lung and stomach. Shi gao clears excess Lung heat causing coughing and wheezing as well as thick yellow sputum and a fever. b. Zhi Mu Yes. Zhi mu is not as strong as shi gao, but nonetheless treats lung heat with cough and yellow phlegm. c. Lu Gen Yes. Lu gen clears acute heat from the Lung with cough and thick yellow phlegm. It also helps expel pus and blood from Lung abscesses. d. All of the above 22. What herb can moisten the intestines? a. Jue Ming Zi Yes. Hurray for oily seeds! Jue ming zi has an action of Moisten intestines and unblock the bowels. This refers to it s ability to treat dry intestines causing infrequent or dry bowel movements or chronic constipation, often due to too much fiber and not enough fat. 23. What herb can clear damp-heat out of the San Jiao? a. Dan Zhu Ye b. Zhi Zi Clears all 4 excess heats including damp heat. Addresses all 3 Jiao s in the process. Treats PUD in the lower jiao, jaundice in the middle, and problems along the upper GB and SJ channels esp in the face/mouth/head areas of the upper jiao. c. Tian Hua Fen
4 d. Lu Gen 24. What herb would be good for headaches and migraines? a. Xia Ku Cao Yes. Xia ku cao has an action to Clear LV Fire and Liver Yang Hyperactivity; Benefit the Eyes. This would include headaches and migraines. b. Zhi Zi c. Xiong Dan No, seems like it but is appropriate for clear heat/drain fire, relieving toxic fire causing hemorrhoids and hot skin lesions, and for extinguishing wind and stopping tremors (high fever, spasms, convulsions, seizures) d. Qing Xiang Zi Nope. Applies to the eyes and to hypertension. Liver fire to the eyes and superficial visual obstructions. 25. What herb can generate fluids? a. Xia Ku Cao b. Zhi Mu Zhi Zu generates fluids and moistens dryness. This is related to it s function of nourishing kidney yin. c. Zhi Zi d. None of the above 26. What herb is not used for Xiao Ke? a. Shi Gao As part of the clear stomach heat action, it does treat xiao ke. b. Tian Hua Fen As part of it s clear heat/generate fluids action it does treat xiao ke. c. Lu Gen Lu Gen has no xiao ke application! d. Zhi Mu Zhi mu treats xiao ke as part of the generate fluids, moisten dryness action. 27. What herb can vent rashes? a. Zhi Mu b. Dan Zhu Ye c. Lu Gen True. Lu Gen has an action of promote urination and vent rashes. Lu gen is the only herb in the clear heat/drain fire category that vents rashes. This action treats dark scanty urine, Lin syndrome and measles. d. Qing Xiang Zi 28. What herb can be used for convulsions? a. Zhi Zi b. Jue Ming Zi c. Xia Ku Cao d. Xiong Dan This is the only herb in clear heat/drain fire that would work for convulsions. Xiong dan extinguishes wind and stops tremors. It treats high fever, convulsions, spasms, and seizures.
5 29. What herb can clear Xu heat? a. Zhi Zi b. Zhi Mu Zhi mu is the only clear heat/drain fire herb to also clear deficient heat. c. Xiong Dan d. Lu Gen 30. Which herbs do you crush before decocting? a. Zhi Zi True. It s a large hard pod that needs to be cracked at least before it can decoct properly. b. Xia Ku Cao c. Qing Xiang Zi No, it s tiny! You put this one in cheesecloth so it doesn t float around or float off in the foam. d. Both A & C
6 Clear Heat/Cool Blood herbs 31. Which of these herbs can cool Blood and stop bleeding? a. Xi Jiao Yep. All of the herbs in this list are clear heat/cool blood, but this and sheng di huang are the only ones of the subset that will also stop bleeding directly. Xi jiao cools blood heat in the ying and xue levels to treat reckless movement of blood (hematemesis and epistaxis). b. Chi Shao No, this only cools blood. As a matter of fact, it has an invigorate blood function. Because it cools blood it will, however, stop bleeding, but not directly. c. Mu Dan Pi Same story here. Cools blood, also invigorates. Thus Mu Dan Pi has no direct stop bleeding function. d. Xuan Shen Xuan Shen will cool blood, but not stop bleeding 32. What herb can clear Heart fire? a. Xi Jiao No. Xi Jiao cools blood and stops bleeding, clears heat/toxicity, and calms spirit/tremors. Xi Jiao is about big fever causing reckless bleeding and near delirious fevers with convulsions and mania, but doesn t touch heart fire. b. Xuan Shen No. Xuan Shen cools blood, nourishes yin and moistens dryness, clears heat/tox, and softens hardness and nodules. Xuan Shen is about Ying fevers and does address irritability, but it s that irritability that comes from Lung heat and kind of disturbs the heart indirectly like when your best friend is pissed off and you feel the energy but it s not your mad. c. Sheng Di Huang Bam! Yes, it s Sheng Di Huang. Sheng Di Huang has an action for Clear Heart Fire. Sheng Di Huang treats irritability directly as a cause of heart fire, insomnia, mouth and tongue sores which all come from fire in the heart. d. Chi Shao No, not Chi Shao. Chi Shao clears heat and cools blood in ying and xue levels, invigorates blood and removes stasis in the trunk and skin, and clears Liver fire affecting the eyes. 33. What herb can clear deficient heat? a. Chi Shao No. Chi shao clears heat/cools blood at the ying and xue levels with a purple tongue, skin blotches and reckless/gynecological bleeding due to heat. Chi Shao also invigorates blood and dispels stasis, treating gynecological bleeding dysfunctions and masses as well as trauma pain and swelling and skin affected by blood stagnation. Chi shao clears Liver heat affecting the eyes. b. Mu Dan Pi Mu Dan Pi s second action is to clear deficient heat. Mu Dan Pi treats all the deficient heat in a special way, though it s especially good for deficient heat without sweating. It s also good for treating after a febrile disease that has damaged and depleted yin. c. Sheng Di Huang No. Sheng Di Huang does nourish yin and generate fluids, but doesn t clear the deficient heat that comes with yin xu. It also cools blood/stops bleeding at the ying and xue levels and clears heart fire causing insomnia, irritability, and mouth/tongue sores.
7 d. Zi Cao No. Zi Cao doesn t even come close. It cools and invigorates blood and treats rashes. (Most herbs in this category affect skin, but not vent rashes, by the way). Zi Cao also relieves fire and clears damp-heat from the skin. Mostly for skin lesions, vaginal itching and burns. 34. Which herb nourishes Yin? a. Sheng Di Huang Yes, Sheng Di Huang nourishes Yin and generates fluids as it s 2 nd action. Xuan Shen also nourishes Yin : these are the only 2 in the category that do. (Note that neither Sheng di Huang nor Xuan Shen treats deficient heat directly, however. Sheng Di Huang nourishes yin that has been depleted in some way and manifests with heat signs such as dry mouth, low grade fever, constipation, throat pain and xiao ke.) b. Xuan Shen Yes. Xuan Shen s 2 nd action is to: nourish Yin and moisten dryness. Xuan Shen nourishes Yin after a warm febrile disease and Yin deficiency in the Lung. c. Mu Dan Pi No. This treats the branch problem of yin deficiency deficient heat (especially without sweating). d. Both A and C 35. Which herb clears Liver fire? a. Zi Cao No. Cools/invigorates blood and vents rashes. Relieves fire toxicity and clears damp heat from skin (skin lesions, vaginal itching, burns) b. Chi Shao Yes. Both chi shao and mu dan pi clear liver fire. Chi shao s last action is to Clear Liver Fire affecting the eyes. It also clears heat/cools blood and invigorates blood dispelling blood stasis (gynecological, masses, trauma pain/swelling and early stage boils/abscesses.) c. Shi Gao Shi Gao goes to the Lung and Stomach, not the Liver. It does clear Stomach fire and Lung heat, and drain qi/yangming level heat though. d. Xuan Shen Xuan shen doesn t clear fire at all. Clears heat/cools blood, Nourishes yin and moistens dryness, clears toxic heat and dissipates nodules/softens hardness. 36. What herb relieves toxicity in the throat? a. Sheng Di Huang No. Sheng Di Huang clears blood heat and stop bleeding, nourishes yin and generates fluids, and clears heart fire. No toxicity functions. b. Mu Dan Pi No. Clears heat/cools blood, clears deficient heat, invigorates/dispels blood stasis, and clears liver fire. No toxicity functions. c. Xuan Shen Yes. Xuan Shen clears heat/toxicity from a sore throat and mumps as well as skin, all from either full fire or yin deficient fire. d. Chi Shao No. clears heat/cools blood at the ying and xue levels, invigorates and dispels blood, and clears Liver fire.
8 37. What herb can relieve blood stasis? a. Sheng Di Huang No. Sheng Di clears blood heat and stops bleeding, nourishes yin/generates fluids, and clears heart heat. b. Chi Shao Yes. The last 3 herbs in the category (mu dan pi, chi shao, and zi cao) all invigorate blood in some way. Chi Shao dispels blood stasis causing gynecological blood dysfunction, causing masses, pain and swelling from trauma. Also treats stagnation causing boils and abscesses in the early stages. c. Mu Dan Pi Yes. This is one of the last 3 herbs in the clear heat/cool blood category. All of the final 3 invigorate blood in some way. Mu Dan Pi treats amenorrhea, masses, lumps, trauma, and carbuncles just like chi shao does. The difference with Mu Dan Pi is that it can treat intestinal abscesses specifically. d. Both B and C There ya go! 38. Which of the following actions does not belong to Xuan Shen? a. Soften hardness/dissipate nodules Nope. Xuan Shen does dissipate nodules. It s got a salty taste and that s what salty does. b. Nourish Yin Nope. Xuan Shen does have a nourish Yin function. It also moistens dryness. This treats yin xu after a febrile illness as well as Lung Yin xu, which means it moistens lung dryness, treating dry cough/throat, blood tinged sputum (that s a sign of dryness in the Lung), xiao ke, constipation (drying the intestines), and irritability (lung gets hot and that affects the heart due to the close proximity) c. Clear Liver fire This is it. Xuan Shen doesn t have a fire clearing function nor a Liver function. Xuan Shen clears blood heat, nourishes yin/moistens dryness, clears toxic heat affecting throat (sore as well as mumps) and causing carbuncles, and softens hardness/dissipates nodules in the neck due to phlegm heat. d. Relieve toxicity It does do this clears toxicity causing sore throat, mumps and carbuncles. This can be full fire or yin xu fire. 39. What herb is useful for damp-heat skin disorders? a. Chi Shao No. No dampness actions at all. Chi Shao clears heat and cools blood at the ying and xue level, treating fever, purple tongue, skin blotches, and reckless + gynecological bleeding due to heat. Chi Shao also invigorates blood/dispels stasis in the gynecological area, treats abdominal immobile masses, trauma pain and swelling, and early stage abscesses/boils. Chi Shao also clears Liver fire affecting the eyes. b. Mu Dan Pi No. Mu Dan Pi clears heat/cools blood for ying or blood stage heat which includes the usual reckless type bleeding (hematemesis, epistaxis, hemoptysis, subcutaneous bleeding) plus profuses menses from heat with clots. c. Zi Cao Yes. Zi Cao is the only herb with a damp-heat action. Zi Cao clears damp heat from the skin and can be used topically or internally to treat damp heat skin lesions, vaginal itching and burns.
9 d. Sheng Di Huang No. Sheng Di Huang can clear blood heat and stop bleeding, nourish yin and generate fluids and clear heart fire. No damp heat or skin functions. 40. Which herb can calm the spirit and relieve tremors? a. Xi Jiao Yes. This herb s last function is to Calm the Spirit and Relieve Tremors. This refers to an unrelenting fever causing mania, convulsions, delirium and a loss of consciousness. This is a Shen disturbed by huge fire. b. Xuan Shen. No. Xuan Shen clears heat/cools blood, nourishes yin and moistens (lu) dryness, clears heat and toxicity affecting the throat (sore + mumps) and the skin (carbuncles) due to fire or yin xu fire. It also has the unique function in this category of softening hardness/dissipating nodule from phlegm fire in the throat (scrofula, goiter, lumps). c. Sheng Di Huang Nope. Sheng di clears blood heat and stops bleeding, nourishes yin and generates fluids (stronger than xuan shen), and clears heart fire, but this isn t as strong of a fire as in Xi Jiao. This heart fire causes lower level Shen disturbance of insomnia and irritability. Sheng Di Huang also treats heart fire causing mouth and tongue sores. d. Mu Dan Pi No. Mu Dan Pi 1) clears heat/cools blood causing reckless bleeding and heavy menstrual bleeding with clots, 2) clears deficient heat from yin xu especially without sweating, 3) invigorates blood and clears blood stasis for menstrual dysfunction, masses/lumps and injury as well as carbuncles and intestinal abscesses. Mu dan pi also clears Liver fire causing headaches, eye pain, and hypertension. Unique herb in this category in that it 1) treats yin xu without sweating, 2) treats intestinal abscesses, and 3) hypertension. 41. Which herb is incompatible with Li Lu? a. Xuan Shen Yes. Xuan Shen is incompatible with Li Lu. Li Lu is a toxic herb, but other than that I m not finding anything on it because of a terribly slow internet connection at Flightpath. b. Sheng Di No incompatibilities for sheng di huang. c. Chi Shao True. Chi Shao is incompatible with Li Lu as is Xuan Shen. d. Both A & C 42. What herb can Cool Xue/ Invigorate Xue / and vent rashes? a. Mu Dan Pi No. Mu Dan Pi cools blood heat, invigorates blood and alleviates stasis, clears deficient heat, and clears liver fire b. Chi Shao Chi Shao clears heat/cools blood, invigorates blood and treats stasis, and like Mu dan pi, clears liver fire. c. Zi Cao Yes. Zi Cao s first action is to clear heat/cool blood and vent rashes. It encourages rashes such as chicken pox to surface and vent out smoothly when it just won t. It also treats dark purple rashes and dermatology problems such as eczema and psoriasis.
10 d. Sheng Di Sheng Di Huang clears heat, cools blood and stops bleeding at the ying and xue levels. Sheng di also nourishes yin damaged by heat and thus deficient and generates fluids. (Doesn t treat deficient heat though.) Finally, Sheng Di clears heart heat.
11 Clear Heat/Dry Damp Herbs 43. What herb can clear heat from Liv/GB channel? a. Huang Qin Yes. Huang qin is the herb, treating the 4 excess heats as well as 2 others. This is action is one of the 2 others, clearing heat from the LV and GB channels. Liver actions include headache, irritability, bitter taste, red eyes and face and the ever important hypertension. Gallbladder actions include Shaoyin syndromes with alternating chills/fever and hypochondriac pain. Huang qin and long dan cao are the only 2 herbs in the clear heat/dry damp category which clear liver/gallbladder heat. b. Huang Bai No. Drains Kidney fire (deficient fire from kidney with common symptomatology associated), but not Liver fire. c. Huang Lian No. While Huang Lian does clear the 4 excess heats, it clears both heart and stomach fire rather than Liver. d. Ku Shen No. It does treat jaundice, and does go to the Liver channel, but has no Liver/Gallbladder fire action or indication. It does have the unique distinction of dispelling wind, killing parasites and stopping itching. It s the only clear heat/dry damp to do that specific thing. Long Dan Cao is the only other herb in Clear Heat/Dry Damp to clear Liver/Gallbladder fire. 44. What herb can clear Ki fire? a. Huang Qin Nope. That clears Lung heat and Liver/Gallbladder heat. b. Huang Lian No. Huang Lian clears Stomach and Heart fires c. Long Dan Cao Long Dan Cao clears Liver and Gallbladder fire (dry) as well as damp heat in the Liver and Gallbladder. d. Huang Bai Huang Bai drains KI fire indeed. This refers to a deficient heat that arises as a result of Kidney yin xu and comes in the form of steaming bone heat, night sweats, tidal fevers and an excessive sex drive. It is accompanied by spermatorrhea and nocturnal emissions. 45. What herb can drain Liv/GB fire and damp-heat in Liv/GB a. Huang Lian b. Huang Bai c. Long Dan Cao Yes. Long Dan Cao is unique in that it both dries damp and drains dry fire in the Liver and Gallbladder channels. The dry damp functions include the upper reaches of the gallbladder channel (including eye, ear, sinus, and deafness), in the middle jiao (jaundice and hypo pain), and lower jiao (genital swell/pain/discharge, itch, herpes simplex) and treats the emotion of irritability that comes alongside. In draining the dry fire from Liver and Gallbladder it treats liver fire blazing up with the usual stuff as well as Liver wind with it s convulsions and spasms. d. Ku Shen No. Ku shen clears heat and dries damp, disperses wind/kills parasites/stops itching, and clears heat by promoting urination. No liver/gallbladder associations.
12 46. What herb can treat restless fetus d/t heat? a. Huang Qin Yes. Huang Qin is on the calm fetus shortlist. Huang Qin treats threatened miscarriage when the fetus is disturbed by heat as well as treating morning sickness. b. Huang Bai No. No pregnancy associated functions or cautions. c. Huang Lian No. No pregnancy associated functions or cautions. d. Qin Pi No. No pregnancy associated functions or cautions. 47. What herb can treat dysentery and prevent leakage of body fluids? a. Huang Qin No. While huang qin, like all clear heat/dry damp herbs (except Long Dan Cao), does address dysentery by clearing heat and drying damp it has no astringency. b. Qin Pi Yes. Qin Pi s first action is to dry damp heat and relieve toxicity. As such, qin pi treats dysenteric disorders while it s astringent taste prevents leakage of body fluids. c. Ku Shen No. Ku Shen, like all clear heat/dry damp herbs (except Long Dan Cao) does treat dysenteric disorders, but is not astringent. As a matter of fact, it actually promotes urination to clear heat, so it does just the opposite. d. Long Dan Cao No. There is no dysentery indication or action at all for Long Dan Cao. 48. What herb can kill parasites? a. Huang Lian No. Huang lian does relieve toxicity, but not parasitic infection. b. Long Dan Cao No. Long dan cao does treat vaginal discharge and itching, but not from parasitic infestations, though it does treat herpes simplex virus. c. Qin Pi Toxic heat and damp yes, parasites no. d. Ku Shen Yes. Ku Shen is unique in that it can dispel wind, kill parasites and stop itching. It treats damp toxins such as skin lesions and infestations that manifest with itching, seeping and bleeding. This also applies to genital itching and discharges, treating stuff like trich (sexually transmitted diseases and conditions). It can be used topically or internally for this. 49. What herb can treat Xue heat with bleeding? a. Huang Qin This is one of the 4 excess heats. Only Huang Qin and Huang Lian in the clear heat/damp heat category do all 4 of the excess heats and only these 2 treat blood heat with bleeding. b. Qin Pi c. Huang Bai No, if this said huang lian, then we d be in business, but it doesn t.
13 d. Both A and C 50. What herb can drain Liv fire/benefit the eyes? a. Huang Lian b. Ku Shen c. Huang Bai d. Qin Pi Yes. Qin Pi does have the action drain Liver fire and benefit the eyes. This refers to Liver heat affecting the eyes and causing superficial visual obstruction. None of the rest of these have Liver related actions at all. 51. What herb can drain Stomach Fire? a. Huang qin No, huang qin clears lung heat/fire. b. Huang lian Huang lian has an action to drain Stomach fire. This includes digestive dysfunction such as belching with foul odors, bad breath, and a toothache from yangming fire. (sort of like shi gao) c. Huang bai No, huang bai drains Kidney deficient fire. d. Long dan cao No, long dan cao drains Liver and gallbladder fire as well as damp heat from these channels. 52. What herb can drain Lung heat? a. Huang Qin Yes, huang qin drains Lung heat/fire. This treats high fever, irritability, cough, and thick yellow sputum due to phlegm heat. b. Huang Lian No, huang lian treats Stomach and Heart heat/fire. c. Huang Bai Huang bai drains deficient Kidney fire d. Ku Shen Ku shen doesn t have an organ association, but clears heat/dries damp, dispels wind and kills parasites stopping itching and clears heat/promotes urination. 53. What herb can disperse wind and alleviate itching? a. Qin Pi Nothing at all about itching. b. Ku Shen This is the only herb in clear heat/dry damp that disperses wind to alleviate itching though it isn t the only clear heat/dry damp herb to treat itching. c. Huang Bai No. While huang bai does address genial itching in the drain fire, relieve toxicity action, it doesn t do so be dispelling wind. d. Huang Lian No, nothing about itching at all. 54. What herb is used more for lower jiao damp heat? a. Huang Qin
14 b. Huang Lian c. Huang Bai Huang Bai has the largest range of lower jiao damp-heat applications of all the three yellows. Huang Qin is mostly upper and middle jiao. Huang Lian has some middle, some lower. Huang bai comparatively has a ton of them as well as a middle jiao jaundice: i. Thick yellow vaginal discharge ii. Dysuria iii. Foul smelling diarrhea or dysenteric disorder iv. Damp heat pouring downward with hot leg qi, red hot swollen knees feet and legs, lower leg edema associated with damp heat and gout. d. Zi Cao This is a cool blood herb which has some damp heat associated actions such as vaginal itching, but that s about it. 55. What herb has a modern use for tachycardia/arrhythmias? a. Huang Qin b. Long Dan Cao c. Huang Lian d. Ku Shen Only Ku Shen has this association. See the supplemental notes in column 3 of the study guide.
15 Clear Heat and Relieve Toxicity Herbs 56. What herb can be used for a wind-heat invasion? a. Lian Qiao Yes. Lian qiao and jin yin hua have actions for expelling external wind-heat. Ye ju hua also has some wind expelling indications, but they aren t strong enough to be actions. Likewise, da qing ye has a relieve toxicity action with some wind heat functions in it. b. Zi Hua Di Ding No, clears heat an drelieves toxicity affecting the skin, breasts, and intestines and does treat heat affecting the eyes, throat, and ear. You can also use it for poisonous snakebite. c. Jin Yin Hua Yes. Jin yin hua and lian qiao have actions for expelling external wind. These are the only 2 in the category of clear heat/relieve toxicity that do, though ye ju hua and da qing ye have some indications for wind-heat. d. Both A & C 57. What herb can aid in lactation if d/t heat? a. Jin Yin Hua b. Da Qing Ye c. Pu Gong Ying Yes. Pu gong ying has an action of reducing abscesses and dissipating clumps. This includes unblocking the channels to aid lactation due to heat. It also includes intestinal abscesses and sore swollen throat. You can use it internally or externally. d. Chuan Xin Lian 58. What herb can dissipate nodules? a. Lian Qiao Yes. Lian qiao s first action is to clear heat/relieve toxicity and dissipate nodules. This action contains these indications: i. Skin: hot sores, carbuncles, boils ii. Lumps: neck lumps and phlegm nodules iii. Breast abscesses iv. Heat invading the pericardium causing high fever and delirium. b. She Gan No. She gan clears heat and rel tox while benefiting the throat, clearing pain and swelling due to fire toxins and phlegm heat obstructions and can be used alone. It also transforms phlegm and clears the Lung of coughing and wheezing. You can even use it in combination with warm herbs to treat cold phlegm blockage. c. Qing Dai Qing dai clr ht/rel tox specifically cooling blood and dispersing swelling, but doesn t treat nodules. Instead, it treats sore swollen throat, mumps, bleeding and convulsions in children as well as lung heat cough and skin affected by blood heat (carbuncles, skin eruptions, etc.) d. Ban Lan Gen Ban lan gen, the root of the isatis plant from which qing dai and da qing ye come has a clear heat/tox action to treat warm and epidemic febriles and can be used as a preventative for flu when one is exposed to it. It also cools blood benefiting the throat suffering from mumps and painful swelling.
16 59. What herb is strong to relieve toxicity in the respiratory and urinary systems? a. Zi hua di ding b. Chuan xin lian Yes. In the clear heat/relieve toxicity action chuan xin lian clears a range of heat disorders in the lung/throat and urinary tract. Another one for snake bites too. c. Da qing ye d. Ye ju hua 60. What herb is good for thick yellow, green sputum? a. Pu gong ying b. Qing dai c. Ban lan gen d. Yu xing cao Yes. Yu qing cao has 2 actions: the first is to clear toxic heat, reduce swelling and expel pus. This includes indications for Lung abscesses, phlegm heat and Lung cough with thick yellow green sputum. This includes smoker s phlegm too. It can also be used topically or internally to treat skin sores and carbuncles due to toxicity. Yu xing cao s 2 nd action is to drain damp heat and promote urination, treating damp heat diarrhea and painful urinary disorder. 61. What herb can be used to treat cancer? a. Bai jiang cao b. Ban zhi lian Yes. Ban zhi lian treats cancer in the lung/gi tract and chronic hepatitis c. Bai hua she she cao Yes. Bai hua she she cao treats a wider range of cancers than ban zhi lian: lympomas, acute granulocytic leukemia, breast, cervical, Liver, GI, bladder, skin, etc. It s effective as a single herb and has a strong anti-cancer effect. d. Both b and c Bai hua she she cao, ban zhi lian and shan dou gen (neoplastics in nasopharynx, throat, rectum, bladder) all treat cancers. 62. What herb can treat Lu and intestinal abscesses? a. Bai Tou Weng b. Bai Jiang Cao Yes. This herb treats intestinal and LU abscesses in it s Clr Ht/RelTox/Expel Pus action. c. Ye Ju Hua d. Tu fu ling 63. What herb is good to treat dysentery with more blood than pus? a. Bai Tou Weng This one. Bai tou weng Clr Toxic Heat and Cool blood primarily treats dysenteric disorders with more blood than pus. b. She gan No, mostly about throat and lung c. Hong teng No dysenteric actions. d. Both a and c
17 64. What herb can expel wind and dry dampness for skin disorders? a. Ban jiang cao b. Bai xian pi Yes. Bai xian pi expels wind and dries damp heat sores that are leaky, itchy, pruritic, etc. You can use it topically or internally. c. Hong teng d. Shan dou gen 65. What herb can treat mercury toxicity? a. Bai xian pi b. She gan c. Tu fu ling Tu fu ling treats both syphilis and the mercury poisoning that came with the old traditional treatments! Now used to treat mercury poisoning, mostly from dental fillings (who thought that was a good idea!?) d. Jin yin hua 66. What herb is good to treat deep-rooted boils? a. Lian qiao b. Chuan xin lian c. Qing dai d. Zi hua di ding Zi hua di ding treats deeply rooted boils as well as abscesses and poisonous snakebites 67. What herb can dissipate clumps and treat breast abscesses? a. Jin yin hua b. Hong teng c. Pu gong ying Yes. Pu gong ying reduces abscesses and dissipates clumps to treat breast abscess and unblock channels to aid lactation. Also trts intestinal abscesses and sore swollen throats. d. Yu xing cao 68. What herb can cool blood and reduce blotches for skin disorders? a. Da qing ye Yes. Da qing ye has this action. Da qing ye is all about toxicity and febrile disease, so this refers to skin eruptions due to blood heat. Also treats irritability with fever, changes in consciousness, etc. Da qing ye is indicated for epidemic disease outbreak, so it is very strong for this stuff. b. Pu gong ying c. Ban lan gen d. Shan dou gen 69. What herb can treat syphilis? a. Pu Gong Ying b. Tu Fu Ling Treats syphilis and mercury poisoning. Mercury was the original treatment for syphilis, but causes complications that look a lot like the mental disturbance caused by syphilis. Go figure. c. Bai Xian Pi d. Ma Bo
18 70. What herb can treat corns and warts? a. Lian Qiao b. She gan c. Ban bian lian d. Ya dan zi Ya dan zi treats both skin and genital warts and can be used topically or internally. Also treats dysentery and malaria. 71. What herb can promote urination /reduce edema? a. Pu gong ying b. Ya dan zi c. Ban zhi lian Ban zhi lian promotes urination and reduces edema treating ascites, schistosomiasis, liver cirrhosis and jaundice. d. Bai tou weng 72. What herb can invigorate the blood/stop pain? a. Hong teng Hong teng invigorates blood and stops pain, especially bi syndrome (mostly extremities), trauma and amenorrhea b. She gan c. Yu xing cao d. Bai hua she she cao 73. What herb is useful for post partum or surgical pain? a. Shan dou gen b. Bai jiang cao Bai jiang cao has an action to dispel blood stasis and stop pain. As such bai jiang cao treats postpartum and surgical pain as well as abdominal and chest pain due to blood stasis. c. Ban bian lian d. Ban xian pi 74. What herb can be used for childhood convulsions d/t heat? a. Da Qing Ye b. Qing Dai Qing Dai treats febrile convulsions in children under both the clear heat/tox; cool blood and disperse swelling action and under the drain liver fire;extinguish liver wind action. Both refer to children with high fevers going into convulsions. c. Ban Lan Gen d. Chuan Xin Lian 75. What herb can cool blood/stops dysentery? a. Jin yin hua Only jin yin hua of these 3 has a cool blood function and treats dysenteric disorders with blood and pus in the stools. Bai tou weng is another herb that treats dysentery. b. Pu gong ying c. Lian qiao d. Both a and b
19 76. What herb can benefit the throat? a. Ban lan gen Yes. Ban lan gen benefits the throat and cools blood. b. She gan This one too. She gan has an action of clear heat/relieve toxicity; benefit throat. c. Shan dou gen Shan dou gen also has beneficial effect upon the throat. d. All of the above 77. What herb can kill parasites/alleviate itching? a. Ye ju hua b. She gan c. Bai tou weng Bai tou weng has an action to kill parasites and alleviate itching. d. Ma bo 78. What herb can be used to treat PUD? a. Pu gong ying Pu gong ying has a drain damp, relieve PUD action b. Tu fu ling Tu fu ling does have in indication for painful urination (relieve tox, leach out dampness) c. Bai hua she she cao Bai hua she she cao has an action to promote urination and relieve PUD. d. Both a and c This is technically the correct answer, though you could use all 3 for this treatment. 79. What herb can stop bleeding? a. Ya dan zi b. Ban zhi lian c. Ma bo Ma bo does have a stop bleeding function. d. Hong teng No, hong teng actually invigorates blood. 80. What herb can treat malarial disorders? a. Ya dan zi Yes, ya dan zi has an action for treating malarial disorders b. Yu xing cao c. Ma bo d. Bai tou weng 81. What herb can be used for red eyes and skin sores? a. Ban zhi lian b. Ye ju hua Yes. Ye ju hua can be used for wind-fire affecting the eyes and for itchy skin and eczema, furuncles, carbuncles, and sores. It is the wild cousin of ju hua and has wind-heat associations. c. Ban bian lian d. Shan dou gen
20 82. What herb treats turbid painful urination by leeching dampness? a. Bai jiang cao b. Ya dan zi c. Jin yin hua d. Tu fu ling Yes. Tu fu ling relieves toxicity and leaches out dampness to treat turbid painful urination. 83. What herb can transform phlegm/clear Lu? a. Shan dou gen b. Ban xian pi c. She gan she gan has an action to transform phlegm and clear Lung, treating cough, wheeze due to phlegm heat. It can also be used in combination to treat lung cold phlegm. d. Ye ju hua 84. What herb can be used to prevent flu? a. Da Qing Ye b. Ban Lan Gen c. Qing Dai d. Lian Qiao 85. What herb is used for epidemic febrile out break? a. Da qing ye b. Jin yin hua c. Ban lan gen d. Lian qiao 86. What herb can help treat naso-pharynx and throat cancer? a. Bai xian pi b. She gen c. Ban lan gen d. Shan dou gen Shan dou gen treats naso pharyngeal cancer, throat cancer, rectal and bladder cancers. It has an anti-neoplastic indication. 87. What herb can be used for snake bites? a. Ban bian lian b. Chuan xin lian c. Zi hua di ding d. All of the above 88. What herb can treat childhood nutritional impairment? a. Yin chai hu b. Hu huang lian Both yin chai hu and hu huang lian treat kwashiorkor malnutrition in which children don t get enough protein. The arms and legs get very thin while the belly swells. c. Qing hao d. Both A and B
21 89. What herb can be used to treat exterior invasions with Yin Xu? a. Qing hao b. Bai wei c. Di gu pi d. Yin chai hu
22 Herbs that Clear Deficient Heat 90. What is the primary herb for malaria? a. Qing hao Qing hao treats malaria with alternating chills and fever and relieves heat. b. Di gu pi c. Bai wei d. Jin yin hua 91. What herb can clear Xu heat and cool Xue? a. Di gu pi First action is to clear deficient heat. Last action is to cool blood. Bai wei also clears deficient heat and cools blood, but in the same action. b. Zhi zi c. Hu huang lian d. Qing hao 92. Of the following actions which does Di Gu Pi not have? a. Clear Xu heat with sweating b. Clear heat/stop cough c. Generate fluids/relieve thirst d. Clear Summer Heat 93. What herb can relieve PUD? a. Qing hao b. Bai wei c. Di gu pi d. Hu huang lian 94. What herb can drain damp-heat? a. Yin chai hu b. Qing hao c. Hu huang lian d. Bai wei 95. What herb can treat summer heat? a. Qing hao b. Bai wei c. Di gu pi d. Hu huang lian 96. What herb can clear Xu heat with absence of sweating? a. Di gu pi b. Qing hao c. Bai wei d. Yin chai hu
23 Clears Heat/Summer Heat 97. What herb can clear summer heat and promote urination? a. Qing hao b. He ye c. Xi gua d. Lu dou 98. What herb can stop bleeding? a. Xi gua b. He ye c. Lu dou d. Bai wei 99. What herb can clear summer heat and relieve toxicity? a. Lu dou b. He ye c. Xi gua d. Di gu pi 100. What herb can be used for obesity? a. Lu dou b. Xi gua c. He ye d. Zhi zi