1 WHS AP Psychology Unit 4: Sensation, Perception and States of Consciousness Essential Task 4-9: Discuss aspects of sleep and dreaming: stages, characteristics of the sleep cycle and circadian rhythms. theories of sleep and dreaming (activation synthesis, information processing, cognitive theory, and psychodynamic) symptoms and treatments of sleep disorders (sleep apnea and narcolepsy)
2 Perceptual Constancies Gestalt Principles Visual Illusions Basic Principles Depth Perception Perception Vision Sensation Hearing Theories The Eye Other Senses The Ear Theories Pain Taste Smell
3 Stages/REM Circadian Rhythm Disorders Hidden Observer Actor Meditation Sleep Dream s Hypnosis Daydreaming and Fantasy Altered States States of Consciousness We are here Waking Consciousness Drug-Altered Consciousnes s Substance Abuse Stimulants Hallucinogens Depressants
4 Outline Essential Task 4-9: Sleep Sleep stages Characteristics of the sleep cycle Theories of sleep Circadian rhythms Sleep Disorders Insomnia Sleep talking and walking Night terrors Sleep apnea REM Behavior Disorder Sleep Paralysis Narcolepsy Dreaming Theories activation synthesis, information processing, cognitive theory psychodynamic
5 Sleep Stages Measuring sleep: About every 90 minutes, we pass through a cycle of five distinct sleep stages. Hank Morgan/ Rainbow
6 I. Awake & Alert During strong mental engagement, the brain exhibits low amplitude and fast, irregular beta waves (15-30 cps). An awake person involved in a conversation shows beta activity. Beta Waves It s BETA to be awake!
7 II. Twilight - Awake but Relaxed When an individual closes his eyes but remains awake, his brain activity slows down to a large amplitude and slow, regular alpha waves (9-14 cps). A meditating person exhibits an alpha brain activity.
8 III. Sleep Stages 1-2 During early, light sleep (stages 1-2) the brain enters a high-amplitude, slow, regular wave form called theta waves (5-8 cps). A person who is daydreaming shows theta activity. Theta Waves
9 Stage 1 Sleep Stages 1-2 Loss of awareness but still responsive to external stimuli Theta waves appear Hallucination hypnagogic sensations (Sensation of falling or floating) Stage 2 Deeper sleep less responsive to external environment Sudden high amplitude brain waves Sleep spindle
10 During deepest sleep (stages 3-4), brain activity slows down. There are largeamplitude, slow delta waves (1.5-4 cps). Stages of NREM Sleep (Non-Rapid Eye Movement) Physical Rest Sleep Stages 3-4
11 Stage 3 IV. Sleep Stages 3-4 Beginning of NREM sleep Deeper sleep Delta waves appear Stage 4 Deepest level of normal sleep Almost purely delta waves Almost a total lack of awareness
13 V. REM Sleep (Rapid Eye Movement) After reaching the deepest sleep stage (4), the sleep cycle starts moving backward towards stage 1. Although still asleep, the brain engages in lowamplitude, fast and regular beta waves (15-40 cps) much like awake-aroused state. A person during this sleep exhibits Rapid Eye Movements (REM) and reports vivid dreams.
14 90-Minute Cycles During Sleep With each 90-minute cycle, stage 4 sleep decreases and the duration of REM sleep increases.
15 Physiological Changes REM Sleep Paradox of REM Sleep The Cortex is very active! Dreams occur during this stage REM sleep is associated with long-term memory Muscle Paralysis Brain stem blocks signals Genital Arousal (REM SLEEP)
16 Infants: 16 Hours (half of it is REM) Ages 5-13: 10 Hours (+2 Hours of REM) 20s: Hours (2 Hours of REM) +50: 6 Hours (Less than 2 Hours of REM)
17 Why do we sleep? We spend one-third of our lives sleeping. If an individual remains awake for several days, they deteriorate in terms of immune function, memory, concentration, emotional control and accidents. Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc./ Corbis
19 Negative Effects Immune system is compromised The brain is unable to clear waste Skin deterioration Craving for food Loss of cognitive functions Loss of emotional control
20 Accidents Frequency of accidents increase with loss o sleep
21 Guess what is the longest time somebody stayed awake?
23 REM Rebound When you are sleep deprived you lose out on two types of sleep, REM and NREM (non- REM). Typically when you have a chance to fall asleep after sleep deprivation you have a tendency to get more REM sleep than you would normally get. This is your body's way of trying to catch up on its REM sleep. Can be observed in almost all mammals (Biological function)
24 Sleep Theories/ Functions 1. Sleep Protects: (Adaptive Theory) Sleeping in the darkness when predators loomed about kept our ancestors out of harm s way. 2. Sleep Recuperates: (Repair Theory) Sleep helps restore and repair brain tissue. 3. Sleep Helps Remembering: Sleep restores and rebuilds our fading memories. 4. Sleep and Growth: During sleep, the pituitary gland releases growth hormone. Older people release less of this hormone and sleep less.
25 Circadian Rhythms Circadian rhythms are physical, mental and behavioral changes that follow a roughly 24-hour cycle, responding primarily to light and darkness in an organism's environment. They are found in most living things, including animals, plants and many tiny microbes. The "master clock" that controls circadian rhythms consists of a group of nerve cells in the brain called the suprachiasmatic nucleus, or SCN. The SCN contains about 20,000 nerve cells and is located in the hypothalamus, an area of the brain just above where the optic nerves from the eyes cross.
26 Circadian Rhythms Effects Jet lag is the disruption and re-shifting of your circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms can influence sleepwake cycles, hormone release, body temperature and other important bodily functions. They have been linked to various sleep disorders, such as insomnia. Abnormal circadian rhythms have also been associated with obesity, diabetes, depression, bipolar disorder and seasonal affective disorder.
27 How does sleep work? 1. decreasing light 2. hypothalamus' suprachiastmatic nucleus stimulates the pineal gland 3. increase production of melatonin 4. Sleep
28 Circadian Rhthyms
31 Insomnia Sleep Disorders Difficulty falling asleep or remaining asleep Affects about 35 million Americans May be related to stress, depression, medication Can also be caused by noise, temperature, or trying to sleep in a new environment
32 Sleep Disorders Sleepwalking and Sleep talking somnambulism Usually occurs during Stage 4 sleep More common in children (boys) sitting up in bed, walking to a bathroom, and cleaning, or as hazardous as cooking, driving, violent gestures, grabbing at hallucinated objects, or even homicide!
33 Sleep Disorders Sleep Apnea Person stops breathing momentarily during sleep Affects about 10 to 12 million Americans Associated with obesity Sudden Infant Death Syndrom (SIDS) REM Behavior Disorder Body fails to paralyze during REM sleep. Sleepwalk with me Sleep Paralysis Body fails to undo the paralysis briefly upon walking. Hallucinations
34 Sleep Paralysis
35 Sleep Disorders (parasomnia) Nightmares Unpleasant dream (REM) that can cause a strong emotional response from the mind, typically fear but also despair, anxiety and great sadness Night terrors Episodes of fright that occur during stages 3 or 4 of NREM sleep Person may sit up or scream, but likely will not recall the episode in the morning
36 Sleep Disorders Narcolepsy Suddenly falling asleep without warning during waking hours Narcoleptics often experience loss of muscle tone as well May also drop into REM sleep immediately, causing hallucinations Likely caused by a central nervous system defect eature=related
37 Not a sleep disorder but still important! The cocktail party effect is the phenomenon of the brain's ability to focus one's auditory attention (an effect of selective attention in the brain) on a particular stimulus while filtering out a range of other stimuli
38 Butterfly dream Once upon a time, I, Zhuangzi, dreamt I was a butterfly, fluttering hither and thither, to all intents and purposes a butterfly. I was conscious only of my happiness as a butterfly, unaware that I was Zhuangzi. Soon I awaked, and there I was, veritably myself again. Now I do not know whether I was then a man dreaming I was a butterfly, or whether I am now a butterfly, dreaming I am a man.
39 Dream Findings 1. Negative Emotional Content: 8 out of 10 dreams have negative emotional content. 2. Failure Dreams: People commonly dream about failure, being attacked, pursued, rejected, or struck with misfortune. 3. Sexual Dreams: Contrary to our thinking, sexual dreams are sparse. Sexual dreams in men are 1 in 10; and in women 1 in Dreams of Gender: Women dream of men and women equally; men dream more about men than women.
40 Dreaming is weird let s understand this better.
41 I. Psychodynamic Theory -- Freud Wish-fulfillment Suppressing antisocial urges and desires Libido (life/sex drive) and Thanatos (death/aggression) Dreams provide a psychic safety valve to discharge unacceptable feelings from the Id. manifest (what is showing) content -- your story of the dream latent (hidden) content the hidden meaning of the dream
42 Example1 : Psychodynamic Theory Wish-fulfillment continued Manifest Content: You have a dream that you are naked in public. Latent Content: We may interpret the dream to mean that you fear exposure, that you feel insecure or that you fear other people will notice your shortcomings. Example 2: Manifest Content: You are being chased by something scary Latent Content:
43 II. Information Processing Cartwright Extension of Waking Life Theory Dreams help us sort the days events and consolidate (sort) our memories Dreams may help sift, sort, understand, and fix a day s experiences in our memories. They may also help us work out unsolved problems. We go to bed with a problem, and when we wake up the problem is solved (or forgotten, which may be a solution in itself). When we are under stress or depressed, we sleep longer, and the amount of time spent in REM increases. This fact strongly suggests that we are working on the things that are worrying us while we dream.
44 Information-Processing Theory: Dreams as reflections of current concerns Dreams reflect the ongoing conscious preoccupations of waking life (concerns over relationships, work, sex, or health) Dreams are more likely to contain material related to a person s current concerns than chance would predict. Students dream about exams Instructors dream of forgetting lecture notes Males and females appear to dream about similar issues now that lives and concerns of the two sexes have become similar. Women children, clothes, household objects Men weapons, violence, sex, achievement
45 III. Activation-Synthesis Theory - Hobson Dreams result from random activation of brain cells responsible for eye movement, muscle movement, balance, and vision. The brain then synthesizes (combines) this activity with existing knowledge and memories as if the signals came from the environment. We interpret the random images and sensations is the dream s meaning.
46 IV. Cognitive Theory G. Stanley Hall Dreams reflect emotional preoccupations of waking life relationships, sex, work, health. Images in a dream are sometimes symbols for things in everyday life. This theory agrees with Freud that dreams contain symbols, but there is no latent (unconscious) meaning. The meaning is at the surface level manifest content.
47 V. Evolutionary Perspective Dreams serve as a type of simulation to help the organisms prepare for potential dangers in the environment Falling dreams Being chased by something dangerous Fighting Getting embarrassed
48 VI. Physiological function theory Regular brain stimulation from REM sleep may help develop and preserve neural pathways Does your car run better when its cold or when its been warmed up? Does your body perform better when its cold or when its been warmed up?
49 Dream Theories Activation Synthesis Dreams mean very little Information Processing Cognitive Theory Psychodynamic Theory Dreams mean quite a bit.
50 OA You just awoke from a dream where you had a fight with somebody in your class. Explain the dream using the theories you have learned in class. 1.Psychodynamic Theory 2.Activation Synthesis Theory 3.Information Processing 4.Cognitive development processing 5.Evolutionary Theory
51 Dream Theories
52 Lucid Dreaming any dream in which one is aware that one is dreaming 1xBkos&feature=youtu.be The next time you have a lucid dream, find a way to call yourself and ask any question you like.
Sleep and Dreams UNIT 5- RG 5A Goals for today Can you Discuss the circadian rhythm, what it is and how it effects us. Identify and explain each of the 5 stages of sleep. As well as the typical waves of
Chapter 3 CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE TWO-TRACK MIND Forms of Consciousness Modern psychologists believe that consciousness is an awareness of ourselves and our environment. Consciousness is not whether or not
Consciousness, Stages of Sleep, & Dreams I. Consciousness Conscious is: Waking Consciousness Defined: Altered State of Consciousness Defined: Most of waking life Fuzzy, organized, bizarre thoughts Examples:
STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS Consciousness is our awareness of ourselves and our environment. - William James LEVELS OF CONSCIOUS AWARENESS Conscious (Controlled) Processes: Require full awareness, alertness
Module 22- Understanding Consciousness & Hypnosis - Fundamental, hard to define Psychological Concept - Difficulties in defining consciousness led those specializing in behaviorism to look at direct observations
6/29/2009 ness ness Links to Learning Objectives CONSCIOUSNESS, SLEEP & DREAMS HYPNOSIS LO 4.1 Meaning of consciousness LO 4.6 LO 4.2 Why people sleep LO 4.3 of sleep LO 4.4 disorders LO 4.5 Dreaming PSYCHOACTIVE
States of Consciousness Levels of Consciousness Taiwanese Letter Example We know that various levels exists beyond the conscious level. Mere-exposure effect Priming Blind sight What is Consciousness? William
How did you sleep last night? Were you in a deep sleep or light sleep? How many times did you wake up? What were you doing right before you went to bed? Finish presentations Homework for the weekend Interactive
Modules 7 Consciousness and Attention sleep/hypnosis 1 Consciousness Our awareness of ourselves and our environments. sleep/hypnosis 2 Dual Processing Our perceptual neural pathways have two routes. The
Sleep Disorders Sleep The Sleep Wakefulness Cycle: Circadian Rhythms Internally generated patterns of bodily functions that vary over a ~24-hour period Function even in the absence of normal cues 2 Circadian
Chapter 7 States of Consciousness States of Consciousness Consciousness our awareness of ourselves and our environments Fantasy Prone Personality imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vividness
SLEEP THEORIES Sleep Protects: Sleeping in the darkness when predators loomed about kept our ancestors out of harm s way. Sleep Recuperates: Sleep helps restore and repair brain tissue. Sleep Helps Remembering:
Chapter Eleven Sleep and Waking Sleep Are we getting enough. How z it work? Sleep Deprivation contributed to the Exxon Valdez, Challenger Explosion, and 3 Mile Island Deprivation is VERY common, and quite
MODULE 08: SLEEP, DREAMS, AND BODY RHYTHMS CONSCIOUSNESS CONSCIOUSNESS Awareness of yourself and your environment. CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS Biological rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that
Chapter Six Consciousness Encounters Approximately 20% of college students believe in extraterrestrials (aliens) Almost 1 in 10 claim to have experienced or met an alien Are people being visited and abducted
March 14 Agenda: 1. Graphic Organizer Part 1 for Unit 5 2. Sleep episode Table of Contents: 91. March 14 & 15 92. Unit 5 Graphic Organizer part 1 93. Dream Journal Assignment Homework: 1. Test on Friday!
Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst Cognitive Domain Consciousness Chapter Module 24 Sleep, Dreams, and Body Rhythms Module 24: Sleep,
Chapter 5 Variations in Consciousness 8 th Edition Consciousness: Personal Awareness Awareness of Internal and External Stimuli Levels of awareness James stream of consciousness Freud unconscious Sleep/dreaming
EEG Electrode Placement Classifying EEG brain waves Frequency: the number of oscillations/waves per second, measured in Hertz (Hz) reflects the firing rate of neurons alpha, beta, theta, delta Amplitude:
States of Consciousness Sleep, Dreams, and Body Rhythms Introduction Consciousness Awareness of oneself and one s environment Body Rhythms Biological Rhythms Periodic physiological fluctuations Can affect
an altered state of consciousness Sleep serves as a restorative process of the body Scientists know the neurochemical melatonin plays a role in sleep and body restoration and repair. A definite cause effect
Sleep is a state of altered consciousness (different levels of awareness), characterized by certain patterns of brain activity. State of awareness, including a person s feelings, sensations, ideas, and
Sleep and Dreams What is sleep? A state of altered consciousness, characterized by certain patterns of brain activity and inactivity. A state we do not know we are in until we leave it. Characterized by
STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS Taiwanese Letter Example We know that various levels exists beyond the conscious level. Mere-exposure effect Priming Blind sight WHAT IS CONSCIOUSNESS? William
Chapter 5/7 Variations in Consciousness -The Nature of Consciousness Consciousness is the awareness of internal and external stimuli. External: sound of my voice. Internal: heart beat Consciousness- it
Name: Date: 1. The best predictor of an adolescent's pattern of drug usage is whether the adolescent A) grows up in an intact two-parent family. B) has religious beliefs. C) is a first or second child.
Outline 3/5/2013 PSYC 120 General Psychology Spring 2013 Lecture 11: States of consciousness The Nature of Consciousness Sleep and Dreams Psychoactive Drugs Hypnosis Meditation Dr. Bart Moore email@example.com
Consciousness Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne What s It For? The Value of Consciousness Setting Priorities for Mental Functioning Sleeping and Dreaming Altering Awareness: Psychoactive Drugs
Brain wave frequency and amplitude This brief animation illustrates the EEG patterns of the different stages of sleep, including NREM and REM sleep. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u WYwMnMMEoU&feature=related
Week 4 Psychology Before we explore the concept in detail, let us understand Theory of Mind as well as what Consciousness and Stream of Consciousness are. Theory of mind is an individual s understanding
Biological Psychology Unit Two AG Mr. Cline Marshall High School Psychology Consciousness Consciousness is your awareness of how and why you react to your surroundings. During this lesson, you may realize
Biological Rhythms, Sleep, and Dreaming Elaine M. Hull Rhythms of Waking and Sleeping Animals generate 24 hour cycles of wakefulness and sleep. Some animals generate endogenous circannual rhythms (yearly
Activation-synthesis hypothesis Suggests that in the brain engages in a lot of neural activity that is random. Dreams make sense of this activity. Addition compulsive drug craving and use, despite adverse
Myers PSYCHOLOGY Unit 5 States of Consciousness "We do imagery work and talk about having that innovative mindset of being special," Wilson says. "We talk about being in the moment and increasing chaos
Papers Announcements Draft due sometime Feb 17 to Mar 9 (lottery) Due FRIDAY 11:55 PM Visit your assigned preceptor PsychPortal-D2L integration Has started, but not finished! Exam 2 is next Wednesday (2/29)
CONSCIOUSNESS IS DEFINED AS THE AWARENESS OF OURSELVES AND OUR ENVIRONMENT. CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS are our bodies biological cycles that occur every 24 hours. Sleep, blood pressure, body temperature are just
Announcements Papers Draft due sometime Feb 17 to Mar 9 (lottery) Due FRIDAY 11:55 PM Visit your assigned preceptor PsychPortal-D2L integration Has started, but not finished! Exam 2 is next Wednesday (2/29)
Thomas W. O Reilly, MS, PCC in cooperation with Lakeshore Educational and Counseling Services www.lakeshoresupport.com Humans have biological rhythms, known as Circadian Rhythms (CR) CR refers to cyclical
WHAT IS CONSCIOUSNESS? DUAL PROCESSING, SLEEP, AND DREAMS Module 6 Our awareness of ourselves & our environment People who study consciousness: Cognitive Neuroscientists Sometimes we experience different
Chapter 5 CONSCIOUSNESS Section 1: The Study of Consciousness Section 2: Sleep and Dreams Section 3: Meditation, Biofeedback, and Hypnosis Section 4: Drugs and Consciousness 1 Section 1: The Study of Consciousness
By: Ricardo Measurements and study of sleep: Sleep: absence of overt behavior, absence of consciousness Measures are indirect Methods to measure sleep characteristics: Electromyogram (EMG): muscle activity
Carlson (7e) PowerPoint Lecture Outline Chapter 9: Sleep and Biological Rhythms This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public
Brain, Body and Awareness Unit Two: Chapter 6 Unit Two: Biopsychology Domain Chapter 4: Consciousness Complete the following: I tasted I smelled I saw I touched I heard I remembered I felt I thought DEFINING
Name: Period: Reading Guide Chapter 3: Consciousness & the Two-Track Mind 1. When did the concept of consciousness begin to reemerge in the field of psychology? Explain why. Include all three explanations
**Consciousness is generally defined as a state of awareness of ourselves and of the world around us; and that it shifts during the course of a day from periods of alert wakefulness to those of drifting
Chapter 5 CONSCIOUSNESS Section 1: The Study of Consciousness Section 2: Sleep and Dreams Section 3: Meditation, Biofeedback, and Hypnosis Section 4: Drugs and Consciousness 1 Section 1: The Study of Consciousness
What Are Sleep Disorders? Sleep disorders are conditions that affect how much and how well you sleep. The causes range from poor habits that keep you awake to medical problems that disrupt your sleep cycle.
Levels of Consciousness Consciousness - An organism s or individual s awareness of, or possibility of knowing what is happening inside or outside itself Subconscious - Consciousness just below the level
AP Psychology Directions: Complete each of the objectives below using the States of Consciousness Flipped Unit document. Please type all of your responses do not just copy and paste definitions. Instead,
Forms of Consciousness Consciousness, modern psychologists believe, is an awareness of ourselves and our environment. Consciousness and the Two- Track Mind Bill Ling/ Digital Vision/ Getty Images Christine
Sleep Sleep is described as a state of unconsciousness or partial consciousness from which a person can be roused by stimulation Period of rest and recovery People spend about a third of their lives sleeping
Video Clip: What is consciousness? Importance of Sleep: Consciousness = state of awareness of feelings, ideas and perceptions Altered States of Consciousness Ex: Sleep Why do we sleep? Recharge the body
Sleep - 10/5/17 Kelsey Thursday, October 5, 2017 10:59 AM How to Study and Measure Sleep Sleep: Absence of overt behavior, absence of consciousness. -> measures are indirect Methods to measure sleep characteristics:
BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE City University of New York Department of Social Sciences General Psychology: PSY100-1405 & 1708 Prof. Charles Alexander Zorn, Adjunct Lecturer-FALL 2017 Quiz 3 mt,
States of Consciousness Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis Circadian Rhythm From the Latin meaning about a day Waxing and waning of consciousness/alertness Actually closer to 25 hour cycle in healthy young adults
Physiology Unit 2 CONSCIOUSNESS, THE BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR In Physiology Today What the Brain Does The nervous system determines states of consciousness and produces complex behaviors Any given neuron may
Dreaming Role of Biological Clocks Biological Clocks Circadian Rhythm Ever notice Timing device Programmed to regulate physiological behaviors @ certain times. Type of bio. clock Programmed to regulate
Circadian rhythm and Sleep Radwan Banimustafa MD Homeostasis Maintenance of equilibrium by active regulation of internal states: Cardiovascular function (blood pressure, heart rate) Body temperature Food
Myers Psychology for AP* David G. Myers PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2010 *AP is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board, which
States of Consciousness: Before the turn of the century Psychology was concerned primarily with the description and explanation of states of consciousness Because of problems with directly studying and
Module 2: Booklet 5 http://educationportal.com/academy/lesson/intro-to-statesof-consciousness.html#lesson (3:55) Different levels of awareness that occur each day (I.e. sleeping, dreaming, thinking, etc)
Psychology - Mr. Duez Unit 3 - Part I Consciousness 3 - Dreams Dreams A sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person s mind. Manifest Content: the remembered storyline of
Sleep, Dreaming and Circadian Rhythms People typically sleep about 8 hours per day, and spend 16 hours awake. Most people sleep over 175,000 hours in their lifetime. The vast amount of time spent sleeping
Physiology Unit 2 CONSCIOUSNESS, THE BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR What the Brain Does The nervous system determines states of consciousness and produces complex behaviors Any given neuron may have as many as 200,000
Sleep problems Normal sleep (lots of variability at all ages) Quantity Newborns: 16-20 hrs/day 1-yr olds: 12 hrs/day 6-12 yr olds: 10-11 hrs/day Quality Newborns: distributed between day and night 3-months:
states of brain activity sleep, brain waves DR. S. GOLABI PH.D. IN MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY introduction all of us are aware of the many different states of brain activity, including sleep, wakefulness, extreme
P08 Reversible loss of consciousness E365 Aviation Human Factors Need to sleep Sleep is a natural state of rest for the body and mind that involves the reversible loss of consciousness. You sleep to not
Unit 4 Lecture: States of Consciousness Definition Consciousness is our awareness of various cognitive processes, such as sleeping, dreaming, concentrating and making decisions. William James Consciousness
Psychology Study Guide Chapter 3 Consciousness Alertness, being awake self-awareness; ability to think about yourself free will to make conscious decision persons mental content thoughts and imaginings
Exam 2 Study Guide Disclaimer: This is intended as a study aid. It is not a complete description of everything discussed in class, nor an exhaustive list of information that might be tested on an exam.
CONSCIOUSNESS Biological Clocks FREE RUNNING CYCLES Cycles set up by biological clocks that are under their own control ignore the environment Example: The kidney processes toxins all the time and gets
NAME: Sleep and Dreaming MARK: / 54 % Grade: Answer all questions in this section. 1. 9 (a) Identify an example of an exogenous zeitgeber. A C an endogenous pacemaker light pineal gland D sleep Your answer
Lecture 8 Arousal & Sleep Cogs17 * UCSD Arousal in the Brain Stimulated by sensory input Initiated, maintained endogenously Basal Forebrain Delivers ACh throughout cortex Arousal in the Brain Lateral Hypothalamus
Chapter Five Sleep 2011 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Endocrine System Made up of ductless glands that produce hormones Hormones control various body functions/processes Hormones are
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE, HEALTHY SLEEP There are many different sleep disorders, and almost all of them can be improved with lifestyle changes. HEALTHY LIFESTYLE, HEALTHY SLEEP There are many different sleep
EEG and some applications (seizures and sleep) EEG: stands for electroencephalography and is a graphed representation of the electrical activity of the brain. EEG is the recording of electrical activity
COURSES ARTICLE - THERAPYTOOLS.US Individual Planning: A Treatment Plan Overview for Individuals Sleep Disorder Problems. Individual Planning: A Treatment Plan Overview for Individuals Sleep Disorder Problems.
CONSCIOUSNESS AND IT ALTERED STAGES Muhammad Rehan BSN,RN Lecturer What is CONSCIOUSNESS! Include all memories that remain within an individual s awarness. Event and experiences that are easily remembered.
Unit 5. States of Consciousness College Board - Acorn Book Course Description 2-4% And then suddenly, I saw this bright light at the end of the tunnel. Summary Outline A. Sleep and Dreaming B. Hypnosis
Dreams and Dreaming Michelle Zetoony, DO, FCCP, FACOI Board Certified Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Internal Medicine What are dreams? Varying definitions Varying experiences Generally classified
Stress, Health, and Coping Chapter 10 This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission
Physiology of Sleep Dr Nervana Objectives: 1. Explain the difference between sleep and coma. 2. Define NREM (non-rapid eye movement, SWS) and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. 3. Describe how NREM and REM
Dreams What is a dream? A succession of images, thoughts, or emotions passing through the mind during sleep The Science of Dreaming http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xb7hqzc2p2y Stages of sleep Brain waves
Consciousness Mind-body Problem Fundamental issue addressed by psychologists Dualism Mind is immaterial Mind can exist separate from the body Monism Mind and body are different aspects of the same thing
Sleep and Students John Villa, DO Medical Director Objectives: Importance and Benefits of Sleep States and Stages of the Sleep Cycle Sleep Needs, Patterns and Characteristics for All Ages Healthy Sleep
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS Homeostasis tendency to relatively stable equilibrium. Feed-forward inhibition control mechanism whereby the output of one pathway inhibits the activity of another pathway. Negative
Sleep Sleep is that golden chain that ties health and our bodies together. Thomas Dekker, English dramatist (1572-1632). Without adequate sleep people become irritable, have lowered resistance to illness,