AGRIC SCIENCE (WEEK 5) Squatting of the bird with head tucked under the wings

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "AGRIC SCIENCE (WEEK 5) Squatting of the bird with head tucked under the wings"

Transcription

1 AGRIC SCIENCE (WEEK 5) PROTOZOAN DISEASES CONTINUED Symptoms of Coccidiosis 1. Closing of eyes Prevention Squatting of the bird with head tucked under the wings - Maintain good hygiene - Prevent animals from being in contact with faeces. - Raise the water and feeding troughs - Vaccinate - Add coccidiostat to their drinking water - Avoid wet litter - Disinfect poultry house before bringing in new stock - Treat animals with drug such as amprolium Nitrofurazone etc. Effects 75% mortality Transmission: Eating contaminated food and water 3. Babesiasis/Anaplasmosis Causal organism: Babesia (transmitted by tick) Animals affected: Cattle, sheep and Goat. Symptoms: High fever Anaemia Constipation Weakness Death The urine foams and it is blood stained. Prevention: Eradicate the insect carrier (ticks) Use of chemicals such as: Acaricides Spray the animal body and beddings Dipping of animals Burning of infested pastures Maintain good hygiene Raise resistant varieties Control : Inject the animals with babesan or trypan blue phenamidine

2 Effect 85% mortality Transmission: Through the bite of tick FUNGAL DISEASES 1. Aspergillosis Causal organism: Fungus (Aspergillos species) Animals Affected: Cattle, Sheep and Goat Symptoms: Formation of whitish growth like cotton wool on the body of the animal. Whistling noises from the animal Skin irritation High temperature Prevention: Maintain Good Hygiene Remove source of contamination like moulding litters or feed Regular pen disinfection Control: Use of fungicides to spray the animals and to prevent the germination of the spores. Reduction in leather production Transmission: It is transmitted through ripe or mature spores that are carried by air or physical contact. They form on wounds of the animals and animals can also be infected by contact with mouldy food, litters, equipment. 2. Ringworm Causal organism: Fungus Animals affected; Cattle, sheep and goat Symptoms: There are lesions or scab spread on the animal skin Unpleasant skin irritation Itching Falling off of hairs Rough skin and presence of ring-shape patches NOTE: In poultry, the wattle and the comb have grey patches.

3 Prevention: Disinfect animal house and all equipment. Maintain good hygiene and sanitation Control: Scrap off the old scabby materials and apply iodine. Use fungicide or treat with a mixture of Vaseline and sulphur Reduction in leatherl production Transmission: Through contact with infected materials such as feeding and water trough, furniture - Through contact with infected animal - Dirty feeding and water trough PARASITIC DISEASES Endoparasites Ectoparasites A ENDOPARASITES 1. Helminthiasis Causal organism: Tape worm, round worm, hookworm, liverfluke. Animals affected; Cattle, sheep, pig, poultry birds Symptoms: Anaemia Dullness and weakness of animal Diarrhoea Prevention: Maintain good hygiene Avoid animal getting in contact with feaces. Avoid animals grazing on infested pasture to liver fluke (applicable) Eliminate parasite and the eggs on the body of the animals using ascaricides. Eradicate intermediate host which spread the worm e.g. water snail for liver fluke. Death of the animal Reduction of fertility Reduction in meat quality It can expose the animal to other diseases

4 WEEK 6 B ECTOPARASITE Animals affected: Cattle, sheep, goat, poultry birds and pig Causal organisms: Tick, lice, mite, fleas Symptoms: Skin irritation / itching and restlessness Prevention: Destroy the ectoparasite using pesticides Dipping or spraying of the animals Keep the surrounding clean and maintain good hygiene Suck blood from the animal and transmit diseases. Reduction in leather quality Reasons why Parasites are considered to be a Problem in Livestock Production 1. Causes irritation on the animal body. 2. Transmit diseases. 3. Increase cost of production. 4. They divert the food meant for the animals to themselves, thereby making the animal to emanciate /lose weight. 5. They cause the death of the animal. 6. Decrease production. 7. Cause anaemia in animals. 8. Lower the animal resistant to diseases N.B.: To control the parasite (ecto parasite endo-parasite), their life cycle must be known 1. TAPEWORM (Taenia Solium) ENDOPARASITES LIFE CYCLE OF TAPEWORM: Tapeworm is a hermaphrodite (it has both male and female reproductive organs) and it can fertilize itself. When a matured and fertilized proglottide pulls off the body of adult tapeworm and drops out with faeces of man to the ground from where pig picks it up while feeding. It eventually gets to the intestine of pig where an enzyme acts on the egg and liberates the embryo which finds its way in to the blood stream by passing through the intestinal wall and is deposited into the muscle and heart of the pig. The embryo form cyst to become bladder worm with head turned inside out. When raw or undercooked pork containing bladder worm is eaten, the digestive enzymes of man dissolve the bladder worm and the young tapeworm with its head inside out emerges.

5 Economic Importance of Tapeworm on Man (i) Abdominal pain or discomfort. (ii) Weakness (iii) Anaemia (iv) Indigestion and vomiting Control Measures (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) All meat should be examined for bladder worm before selling to the public. Meat should be properly cooked before eating. Infected people should be treated by regular deworming. Good sanitary measures should be practiced to ensure animals do not come in contact with or eat human faeces. 2. ROUNDWORM (Ascaris lumbricoides) LIFE CYCLE OF ROUNDWORM: When fertilized eggs from the female worm are developed and are eaten by pigs either through feeding or drinking, the egg shells are dissolved by digestive enzymes and the larval emerge. The larvas then pierce through the intestine to the blood, then to the liver, the heart and then to the lungs. From the lungs, they pierce into the mouth and throat of the pig where they are swallowed through the gullet into the intestine. Here, the larval develop into mature worms and the life cycle is repeated again. Economic importance of Round worm (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) They reduce the growth of host animals. Causes indigestion and constipation. Destroy many organs during migration of the worms It results in loss of appetite, weakness and may lead to death. High infestation may damage the respiration of the host Control Measures (i) (ii) (iii) Clean and uncontaminated water and feed should be provided to the animals. Good sanitation of the environment should be maintained. The pigs should be dewormed regularly.

6

Introduction to Multicellular Parasites

Introduction to Multicellular Parasites Harriet Wilson, Lecture Notes Bio. Sci. 4 - Microbiology Sierra College Introduction to Multicellular Parasites Multicellular parasites are eukaryotic organisms in the Kingdom Animalia (like us). Though

More information

Flatworms. Phylum Platyhelminthes

Flatworms. Phylum Platyhelminthes Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes Characteristics of Flatworms Flatworms are acoelomates, which means they have no coelom. A coelom is a fluid-filled body cavity The digestive cavity is the only body cavity

More information

Chapter 13. Preventing Infectious Diseases. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 13. Preventing Infectious Diseases. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Preventing Infectious Diseases Preventing Infectious Diseases Contents Section 1 What Are Infectious Diseases? Section 2 Protecting Yourself from Infectious Diseases Section 3 Common Infectious Diseases

More information

Purpose: To observe the different structures of a male and female Ascaris lumbricoides.

Purpose: To observe the different structures of a male and female Ascaris lumbricoides. Biology 1 Name: Pre-lab Discussion: There are over 15,000 species in the Phylum Nematoda. They are round, unsegmented worms. Members of this phylum are free-living or parasitic. The parasitic species can

More information

Kingdom Animalia Subkingdom Eumetazoa Bilateria Phylum Platyhelminthes

Kingdom Animalia Subkingdom Eumetazoa Bilateria Phylum Platyhelminthes Kingdom Animalia Subkingdom Eumetazoa Bilateria Phylum Platyhelminthes Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 3A Illustrations 2014 Cengage Learning unless otherwise noted Phylum Platyhelminthes Flat worms

More information

Notes - Platyhelminthes and Nematodes

Notes - Platyhelminthes and Nematodes Notes - Platyhelminthes and Nematodes - These two phylum are composed of. However, the worms we are going to look at are not common. Both of these phyla are composed of unsegmented worms. That is, these

More information

Vaccination. 1) Routes of administration

Vaccination. 1) Routes of administration 32. Classification of Poultry diseases-viral-bacterial-protozoan- causative organisms, symptoms and prevention Viral diseases Ranikhet disease Infectious bursal disease. Disease and their control. Disease

More information

Protect the quality and safety of your food

Protect the quality and safety of your food Protect the quality and safety of your food Description of tool This tool provides useful information about protecting the quality and safety of food. School teachers can use this information while teaching

More information

INTRODUCTION TO PARASITOLOGY OBJECTIVES/RATIONALE

INTRODUCTION TO PARASITOLOGY OBJECTIVES/RATIONALE INTRODUCTION TO PARASITOLOGY OBJECTIVES/RATIONALE Parasitology is the study of organisms that derive their nourishment from other living things and cause damage. The student will identify the morphology

More information

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. Control of neurocysticercosis

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. Control of neurocysticercosis WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION FIFTY-SIXTH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY A56/10 Provisional agenda item 14.2 6 March 2003 Control of neurocysticercosis Report by the Secretariat BACKGROUND 1. Cysticercosis of the central

More information

MICROORGANISMS: NORMAL FLORA AND PATHOGENS BELL WORK- DEFINE ON PAGES IN NEW BOOK: MICROORGANISM VIRUS PARASITE

MICROORGANISMS: NORMAL FLORA AND PATHOGENS BELL WORK- DEFINE ON PAGES IN NEW BOOK: MICROORGANISM VIRUS PARASITE MICROORGANISMS: NORMAL FLORA AND PATHOGENS BELL WORK- DEFINE ON PAGES 468-70 IN NEW BOOK: MICROORGANISM VIRUS PARASITE PATHOGENIC NONPATHOGENIC STANDARD 15) CORRELATE THE FUNCTION OF NORMAL FLORA WITH

More information

Food Borne Diseases Complete List: Symptoms & Preventions

Food Borne Diseases Complete List: Symptoms & Preventions Food Borne Diseases Complete List: Symptoms & Preventions Food borne diseases are acute illnesses caused by harmful bacteria or toxins that usually develop within hours of consuming contaminated or poisonous

More information

Parasitology lab. ü interdiction

Parasitology lab. ü interdiction Parasitology lab ü interdiction "Humans are hosts to nearly 300 species of parasitic worms and over 70 species of protozoa, some derived from our primate ancestors and some acquired from the animals we

More information

On Farm Hygiene & Bio-security. Dr. Stephen Graham

On Farm Hygiene & Bio-security. Dr. Stephen Graham On Farm Hygiene & Bio-security Dr. Stephen Graham Introduction What is Bio-security? A pro-active approach to reduce the risk of disease entering a farm, site or being spread further afield Disease challenges

More information

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Overview Definition of STIs: What are they? Transmission: How are they spread? Types of infection: Bacterial (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis) Viral (Hepatitis B,

More information

DISEASE DETECTIVES PRACTICE ACTIVITIES

DISEASE DETECTIVES PRACTICE ACTIVITIES DISEASE DETECTIVES PRACTICE ACTIVITIES Each practice activity will contain some background information followed by a task or series of tasks for the students to do. The answers to the tasks will be on

More information

Unit 3: Phylums: Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, and Rotifera

Unit 3: Phylums: Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, and Rotifera Invertebrate Zoology (Study Guide for Test) Unit 3: Phylums: Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, and Rotifera Objective 1: Describe the form and function of flatworms 1) Describe the characteristics of the following

More information

Pathogens. How Do They Cause Disease?

Pathogens. How Do They Cause Disease? Pathogens How Do They Cause Disease? A. Pathogens I. Overview 1. definition: a disease-causing agent a. disease: a disturbance in the state of health such that the affected organism experiences some loss

More information

Introduction to the helminth parasites. Why are helminths important? Lecture topics. Morphology. BVM&S Parasitology Tudor W Jones

Introduction to the helminth parasites. Why are helminths important? Lecture topics. Morphology. BVM&S Parasitology Tudor W Jones Taxonomic Relationships of the Helminth Parasites Parasitic Helminths Introduction to the helminth parasites BVM&S Parasitology Tudor W Jones Platyhelminthes "Flatworms" Trematodes "Flukes" Cestodes "Tapeworms"

More information

5 examples of parasitism in animals. 5 examples of parasitism in animals.zip

5 examples of parasitism in animals. 5 examples of parasitism in animals.zip 5 examples of parasitism in animals 5 examples of parasitism in animals.zip 12/10/2017 Parasitic Relationships. A few examples of parasites are Some scientists say that one-celled bacteria and viruses

More information

Practice Test. Practice Tests and Answer Keys

Practice Test. Practice Tests and Answer Keys Name Date 1 Which group of individuals has a higher risk of foodborne illness? A Teenagers B Elderly people C Women D Vegetarians 2 Parasites are commonly associated with A seafood. B eggs. C potatoes.

More information

Level 3 Award in Supervising Food Safety and Hygiene (Catering)

Level 3 Award in Supervising Food Safety and Hygiene (Catering) Level 3 Award in Supervising Food Safety and Hygiene (Catering) Ofqual Qualification Number 603/2396/6 Paper Number: Specimen IMPORTANT: READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY 1. This paper must be

More information

GENERAL LIFE CYCLE AND LARVAL FORMS IN CESTODES

GENERAL LIFE CYCLE AND LARVAL FORMS IN CESTODES GENERAL LIFE CYCLE AND LARVAL FORMS IN CESTODES Generally, cestode life cycles are not as complicated as those of digeneans because they usually do not involve asexually reproductive larval phases. However,

More information

Types of Diseases and Parasites

Types of Diseases and Parasites Types of Diseases and Parasites Handout 11.1a Parasitic Diseases More than 1,000 species of parasites are found in or on North American freshwater fishes. Some are extremely harmful, even causing death,

More information

Prevention: How to Avoid Many Sicknesses

Prevention: How to Avoid Many Sicknesses 131 Prevention: How to Avoid Many Sicknesses CHAPTER 12 An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure! If we all took more care to eat well, to keep ourselves, our homes, and our villages clean, and

More information

WORLD OSTRICH ASSOCIATION UNDERSTANDING AND CONTROLING AVIAN INFLUENZA RISKS IN OSTRICH

WORLD OSTRICH ASSOCIATION UNDERSTANDING AND CONTROLING AVIAN INFLUENZA RISKS IN OSTRICH UNDERSTANDING AND CONTROLING AVIAN INFLUENZA RISKS IN OSTRICH Introduction There are many good web sites containing information on Avian Influenza and offering guidelines on measures to be taken to protect

More information

Class 9 th Why do we fall ill?

Class 9 th Why do we fall ill? Class 9 th Why do we fall ill? Health: health is a state of physical, mental and social well being. The health of all individuals is dependent on their physical environment, social environment, and their

More information

EAR AND KERNEL ROTS. When to look for: Mid-August to October (and during storage)

EAR AND KERNEL ROTS. When to look for: Mid-August to October (and during storage) EAR AND KERNEL ROTS When to look for: Mid-August to October (and during storage) Reduction in yield and grain quality due to infection by fungi of ears and kernels both during the growing season, and while

More information

Life Threatening Vocational Hazards Diseases and Toxins

Life Threatening Vocational Hazards Diseases and Toxins Life Threatening Vocational Hazards Diseases and Toxins INTRODUCTION What is the blood-borne pathogens standard? 29CFR 1910.1030 Who needs blood-borne pathogens (BBP) training? What content needs to be

More information

Quick Study: Sexually Transmitted Infections

Quick Study: Sexually Transmitted Infections Quick Study: Sexually Transmitted Infections Gonorrhea What is it: A bacterial infection of the genitals, anus, or throat. How common: The CDC estimates 820,000 people in the United States get Gonorrhea

More information

Lecture 1: Overview of Medical Parasitology #AsturiaNOTES Parasitology: Introduction to Parasitology

Lecture 1: Overview of Medical Parasitology #AsturiaNOTES Parasitology: Introduction to Parasitology Human Parasitology The study of organisms which are parasitic to humans. In the broadest sense of parasitology which is anything parasitic to humans therefore, it includes study of: o Viruses o Bacteria

More information

Childhood immunization and vaccination campaigns

Childhood immunization and vaccination campaigns COMMUNITY TOOLS Tool 1 Childhood immunization and vaccination campaigns What do you see in these pictures? 1. Parent holding their child while they are getting vaccinated. 2. Parent with a vaccinated child

More information

On-Farm Studies of Innovative Methods to Control Worms in Sheep & Goats

On-Farm Studies of Innovative Methods to Control Worms in Sheep & Goats On-Farm Studies of Innovative Methods to Control Worms in Sheep & Goats Sponsored by: Federal Formula Funds NESARE Northern NY Ag Development Project USDA Organic Research and Extension Initiative Tested:

More information

CHEK NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE QUESTIONNAIRES FOR HLC 1

CHEK NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE QUESTIONNAIRES FOR HLC 1 Corrective Holistic Exercise Kinesiology CHEK Holistic Lifestyle Coach Level 1 CHEK NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE QUESTIONNAIRES FOR HLC 1 You Are What You Eat 1. Do you shop less frequently than every four

More information

FOWL-POX OHIO AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. Special Circular No. 37 ALVIN BROERMAN AND B. H. EDGINGTON

FOWL-POX OHIO AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. Special Circular No. 37 ALVIN BROERMAN AND B. H. EDGINGTON FOWL-POX ALVIN BROERMAN AND B. H. EDGINGTON OHIO AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION Special Circular No. 37 This page intentionally blank. Special Circuiar No. 31 April, 1932 FOWL-POX ALVIN BROERMAN AND B.

More information

Equine Diseases. D. Karen Hansen, PhD 2001 University of Wyoming Stephen R. Schafer, EdD 2006 University of Wyoming

Equine Diseases. D. Karen Hansen, PhD 2001 University of Wyoming Stephen R. Schafer, EdD 2006 University of Wyoming Equine Diseases D. Karen Hansen, PhD 2001 University of Wyoming Stephen R. Schafer, EdD 2006 University of Wyoming Information Development Much effort and time was devoted to: developing accurate/current

More information

Paul R Hunter School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice University of East Anglia

Paul R Hunter School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice University of East Anglia Paul R Hunter School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice University of East Anglia Water associated diseases Water-borne diseases Water-washed diseases Water-based diseases Water-related diseases?

More information

DISEASE HOW ARE DISEASES SPREAD?

DISEASE HOW ARE DISEASES SPREAD? DISEASE HOW ARE DISEASES SPREAD? Starter: How is your body like a castle? Our skin is like the castle walls but microbes can enter through gaps in the defences AIM Can use simple physical models to show

More information

WHEN IS CHILD MOST CONTAGIOUS? Variable, often from the day before symptoms begin up to 5 days after onset

WHEN IS CHILD MOST CONTAGIOUS? Variable, often from the day before symptoms begin up to 5 days after onset Childhood Infectious Illnesses (Communicable Disease Recommendations) adapted from Childhood Infectious Illnesses poster 2008 edition Children's Healthcare of Atlanta DISEASE, ILLNESS, EYE, EAR, NOSE,

More information

Seasonality of parasites and effectiveness of antiparasitic treatments in village chicken in Mbeere District, Kenya

Seasonality of parasites and effectiveness of antiparasitic treatments in village chicken in Mbeere District, Kenya Seasonality of parasites and effectiveness of antiparasitic treatments in village chicken in Mbeere District, Kenya Investigator: Chege, Hannah Wambui (BVM) Supervisors: Prof. L.C. Bebora (BVM, MSc, PhD)

More information

Prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminth Infections in a Tertiary Institution in Western Nigeria

Prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminth Infections in a Tertiary Institution in Western Nigeria Prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminth Infections in a Tertiary Institution in Western Nigeria Olusola Ojurongbe 1,*, Francis Adeyinka Awe 2, Adekunle Olugbenga Olowe 1, Babatunde Meshach Okanlawon 3,

More information

Campylobacter. Healthcare information

Campylobacter. Healthcare information Campylobacter Healthcare information 2 Campylobacter Campylobacter Campylobacter are germs (bacteria) that can infect the bowel. It is one of the commonest causes of infectious diarrhoea in the UK. This

More information

YEAR 7 FOOD PREPARATION

YEAR 7 FOOD PREPARATION YEAR 7 FOOD PREPARATION At the end of this unit you will have an assessment. 50% = The quality of your dishes cooked, with regard to hygiene and safety. 50% = The information you have learnt Knowledge

More information

Reasons for Epidemic

Reasons for Epidemic STI s STI s are diseases and infections which are capable of being spread from person to person through: sexual intercourse oral-genital contact IV drug Contact through cuts and sores Reasons for Epidemic

More information

How will you know if you ate contaminated food? Diarrhea Stomach cramps Fever Nausea/Vomiting

How will you know if you ate contaminated food? Diarrhea Stomach cramps Fever Nausea/Vomiting A H E A L T H Y H O U S E You Can Prevent Food Poisoning! The food you eat can make you sick. Many people go to the hospital each year because they get food poisoning. Learn what you can do to prevent

More information

Forensics and Bugs. Biomed on/decomposition/dry_decay.htm

Forensics and Bugs. Biomed  on/decomposition/dry_decay.htm Forensics and Bugs Biomed http://www.deathonline.net/decompositi on/decomposition/dry_decay.htm Microorganisms and Forensics After death, a lot of internal organisms in the intestine will become very active.

More information

Faculty and Department: Faculty of Science and Technology, Biomedical Sciences. Status: Option, BSc Biomedical Sciences, Westminster elective module

Faculty and Department: Faculty of Science and Technology, Biomedical Sciences. Status: Option, BSc Biomedical Sciences, Westminster elective module MODULE PROFORMA Full module title: Human Parasitology Module code: 5BIOM009W Credit level: 5 Length: One semester UK credit value: 20 ECTS value: 10 Faculty and Department: Faculty of Science and Technology,

More information

Distributors for MYCOTOXIN CONTROL FLAVOURS

Distributors for MYCOTOXIN CONTROL FLAVOURS Distributors for MYCOTOXIN CONTROL FLAVOURS ANTIBIOTICS AND VITAMINS ANTICOCCIDIALS A COMPLETE RANGE OF THERAPEUTIC SOLUTIONS Antibact 3X, Colvit, Neotetravit, Vitaminolyte, Layer Plus, Anti-Stress C EFFECTIVE

More information

FOWL POX. Circular 430. University of Illinois College of Agriculture : Agricultural Experiment Station and Extension Service

FOWL POX. Circular 430. University of Illinois College of Agriculture : Agricultural Experiment Station and Extension Service FOWL POX By ROBERT GRAHAM and E.H.BARGER University of Illinois College of Agriculture : Agricultural Experiment Station and Extension Service Circular 430 FOWL POX, canker, or avian diphtheria of fowls

More information

Section 6, Terminology

Section 6, Terminology Section 6, Terminology Some words have been underlined in the text. These words have been explained in this section. Terms are listed in alphabetical order. Accessibility Accessibility means that people

More information

Gastroenteritis in Adults

Gastroenteritis in Adults Gastroenteritis in Adults Page 1 of 5 Gastroenteritis is an infection of the gut (intestines). It causes diarrhoea and may also cause you to be sick (vomit), and have tummy (abdominal) pain and other symptoms.

More information

GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN

GOYAL BROTHERS PRAKASHAN Assignments in Science Class IX (Term II) 13 Why Do We Fall Ill? IMPORTANT NOTES 1. A disease is the malfunctioning of body organs due to one reason or the other. 2. The term disease literally means without

More information

PUBLIC HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE SEASONAL INFLUENZA AVIAN INFLUENZA SWINE INFLUENZA

PUBLIC HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE SEASONAL INFLUENZA AVIAN INFLUENZA SWINE INFLUENZA INFLUENZA DEFINITION Influenza is an acute highly infectious viral disease characterized by fever, general and respiratory tract catarrhal manifestations. Influenza has 3 Types Seasonal Influenza Avian

More information

Assignment Discovery An Inside Look at the Flu.

Assignment Discovery An Inside Look at the Flu. Assignment Discovery An Inside Look at the Flu. BEFORE WATCHING, discuss and write your prior knowledge on these questions: 1. What causes the flu? 2. How can you prevent the flu? 3. Why doesn t everyone

More information

Disease: any change, other than an injury, that disrupts homeostasis. Pathogen: disease-causing agent such as bacteria, virus, etc.

Disease: any change, other than an injury, that disrupts homeostasis. Pathogen: disease-causing agent such as bacteria, virus, etc. The Immune System Disease: any change, other than an injury, that disrupts homeostasis. Pathogen: disease-causing agent such as bacteria, virus, etc. Infectious disease- caused by pathogen Germ theory

More information

Breeding & Kidding Management

Breeding & Kidding Management Breeding & Kidding Management Breeding Season Fall Decreasing day length 1:25 ratio (male:female) Length of estrous cycle: 21 days Length of breeding period: 35-45 days Percentage of Does Ovulating 120

More information

At the end of this session, the participants will be able to:

At the end of this session, the participants will be able to: At the end of this session, the participants will be able to: Verbalize definitions related to infection control List modes of transmission of infections and portals of entry of bacteria Explain universal

More information

Animal Digestion and Nutrition. Objective 7.02: Understand the digestive process

Animal Digestion and Nutrition. Objective 7.02: Understand the digestive process Animal Digestion and Nutrition Objective 7.02: Understand the digestive process RUMINANTS Ruminant Animals Animals with complex digestive systems Capable of digesting material with a high fiber concentration

More information

Blood borne Pathogen

Blood borne Pathogen Blood borne Pathogen Training For Certified Nursing Assistants Meets the Blood borne Pathogens & Infection Control Update (Formerly HIV/AIDS) 1 0 In-service Hour Meets the Blood borne Pathogens & Infection

More information

The importance of temperature control to optimising chick health

The importance of temperature control to optimising chick health The importance of temperature control to optimising chick health Chickens are homeotherm, which means that within limits, they can regulate their own body temperature, much as mammals do. However, they

More information

Caring for Your Ostomy Following Bowel Surgery

Caring for Your Ostomy Following Bowel Surgery ilearning about your health Caring for Your Ostomy Following Bowel Surgery www.cpmc.org/learning What is an Ostomy? An ostomy, usually either a colostomy or ileostomy, is a surgical procedure where the

More information

At the end of this presentation, you will be able to:

At the end of this presentation, you will be able to: Infection Control At the end of this presentation, you will be able to: Identify evidence-based measures to prevent and control the transmission of infection Identify nursing actions and the application

More information

Emergency Medical Training Services Emergency Medical Technician Paramedic Program Outlines Outline Topic: Infectious Revised: 11/2013

Emergency Medical Training Services Emergency Medical Technician Paramedic Program Outlines Outline Topic: Infectious Revised: 11/2013 Emergency Medical Training Services Emergency Medical Technician Paramedic Program Outlines Outline Topic: Infectious Revised: 11/2013 Infectious and Communicable Disease Infectious disease is illness

More information

Biosecurity in Backyards/Small Holders Production System

Biosecurity in Backyards/Small Holders Production System Biosecurity in Backyards/Small Holders Production System Standing Group of Experts on ASF in the Baltic and Eastern Europe region GF TADs Second Meeting (SGE2) Tallinn, 11 12 February 2015 Silvia Bellini

More information

Biosecurity and FMD. EuFMD training session Erzurum, Turkey June 8 th 12 th Nick Juleff, Institute for Animal Health

Biosecurity and FMD. EuFMD training session Erzurum, Turkey June 8 th 12 th Nick Juleff, Institute for Animal Health Biosecurity and FMD EuFMD training session Erzurum, Turkey June 8 th 12 th 2009 Nick Juleff, Institute for Animal Health Biosecurity & FMD Real risk of transmission associated with personnel Veterinary

More information

ALGORITHM FOR MANAGING MALNUTRITION IN ADULTS

ALGORITHM FOR MANAGING MALNUTRITION IN ADULTS ALGORITHM FOR MANAGING MALNUTRITION IN ADULTS HISTORY ASSESS LOOK AND FEEL CRITERIA CLASSIFICATION TREATMENT/CARE Ask the client or refer to records: 1. Has the client lost weight in the past month/since

More information

Urinary Catheter Passport for patients

Urinary Catheter Passport for patients Urinary Catheter Passport for patients Nursing A guide for patients and visitors Contents Why people need a urinary catheter...1 How your bladder and kidneys work...1 What is a catheter?...3 Drainage bags...3

More information

Starting with Healthy Pigs E /06

Starting with Healthy Pigs E /06 E-418 10/06 how pigs can bring many disease organisms into a farm and spread them to other swine. However, there are things you can do to prevent yours from contracting and spreading diseases. These are

More information

STI s. (Sexually Transmitted Infections)

STI s. (Sexually Transmitted Infections) STI s (Sexually Transmitted Infections) Build Awareness In Canada and around the world, the trend is clear: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are on the rise. One of the primary defenses in the fight

More information

Module 1 : Influenza - what is it and how do you get it?

Module 1 : Influenza - what is it and how do you get it? Module 1 : Influenza - what is it and how do you get it? Responsible/facilitators General Objective Specific Objectives Methodology Agency medical coordinator Understand the mechanism how influenza is

More information

EPIDEMIC CONTROL AVIAN INFLUENZA MANUAL.

EPIDEMIC CONTROL AVIAN INFLUENZA MANUAL. EPIDEMIC CONTROL MANUAL This booklet is sponsored by CID LINES, worldwide experienced in epidemic disease control. Waterpoortstraat 2 8900 Ieper - Belgium Tel: +32 (0)57 21 78 77 Fax: +32 (0)57 21 78 79

More information

Personal Safety, Food Safety and Sanitation. Chapter 18-2

Personal Safety, Food Safety and Sanitation. Chapter 18-2 Personal Safety, Food Safety and Sanitation Chapter 18-2 Safety in the Kitchen O Safety = A Must When Cooking! O Did you know that more accidents happen in the kitchen than any other room in the house?

More information

Blood Borne Pathogens (BBP)

Blood Borne Pathogens (BBP) Blood Borne Pathogens (BBP) Healthcare facilities are high-risk areas for exposure to bloodborne pathogens, so protect yourself and remind others to do the same. There are three bloodborne pathogens of

More information

Health Policies & Procedures

Health Policies & Procedures Health Policies & Procedures UNBC Childcare's health policies are based on the following criteria: Preventive public health care practices The comfort and safety of the child who is sick The staff's ability

More information

The Inside Story on. Detox

The Inside Story on. Detox The Inside Story on Detox It is one of the buzzwords of the health conscious. Detox. What does it mean to detox? Why is it necessary? How can it be best achieved? Toxins Strictly speaking, toxins are poisonous

More information

GUINEA PIG WELLNESS. By Jessica ann proietti. (c) Copyright All rights reserved. A comprehensive guide to guinea pig medical care and advise.

GUINEA PIG WELLNESS. By Jessica ann proietti. (c) Copyright All rights reserved. A comprehensive guide to guinea pig medical care and advise. GUINEA PIG WELLNESS By Jessica ann proietti. (c) Copyright 2017. All rights reserved. A comprehensive guide to guinea pig medical care and advise. Introduction: Guinea pigs are wonderful little animals.

More information

University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Bulletin 693. Food, Hands and Bacteria

University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Bulletin 693. Food, Hands and Bacteria Reviewed by William C. Hurst and A. Estes Reynolds, Extension Food Scientists Originally prepared by George A. Schuler and James A. Christian, retired Extension Food Scientists University of Georgia Cooperative

More information

Typhoid Fever. Introduction & Background

Typhoid Fever. Introduction & Background Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is the bacterial disease caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacterium, Salmonella typhi. The typhoid fever is also called typhoid. Typhoid fever is diagnosed

More information

Paclitaxel (Taxol) and carboplatin

Paclitaxel (Taxol) and carboplatin Paclitaxel (Taxol) and carboplatin Paclitaxel (Taxol) and carboplatin This leaflet is offered as a guide to you and your family. The possible benefits of treatment vary; for some people chemotherapy may

More information