Male Reproductive System. Anatomy

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1 Male Reproductive System Medical Terminology Chapter Seven HIT # 141 Anatomy Testis or testicle = main male sex organs, paired, oval shaped, enclosed in a sac called the scrotum. Seminiferous tubules = coiled tubes within the testes where sperm have their beginning. Epididymis = a pair of coiled tubes atop the testes that carry the mature sperm up to the vas deferens. Vas deferens = duct that carries sperm to the urethra. 1

2 Anatomy Seminal vesicles = main glands at the base of the bladder, open into the vas deferens. Secrete a thick fluid which forms part of the semen. Prostategland= encircles the upper urethra, secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of sperm and ejaculation. Scrotum = sac suspended on both sides and just behind the penis. Penis= male organ of urination or copulation. Semen= composed of sperm, seminal fluid & other fluid Combining forms Balan/o = glans penis. Epididym/o = epididymis. Orchid/o = testis, testicle or test/o, orchi/o. prostat/o = prostate. Vas/o = vessel, duct. Vesicul/o = seminal vesicles. Andr/o = male. Sperm/o spermat/o = spermatozoa, sperm. 2

3 Prefix & Suffix Trans- = through, across, beyond. -ism = state of Medical Terms Balanitis = inflammation of the glans penis. Balanorrhea = excessive discharge from the glans penis. Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy = BPH nonmalignant excessive development of the prostate gland. Epididymitis = inflammation of an epididymis. Prostatitis = inflammation of the prostate gland. Prostatolith= stone in the prostate gland. 3

4 Medical Terms Prostatovesiculitis = inflammation of the prostate gland and semi vesicles. Erectile dysfunction = inability to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. Hydrocele = scrotal swelling. Phimosis= narrowing of constriction of the opening of the prepuce (foreskin) of the glans penis. Prostatic cancer = cancer of the prostate gland. Medical Terms Varicocele= enlarged veins of the spermatic cord. Testicular torsion = twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis. Orchioplasty= surgical repair of a testis. Orchiectomy = excision or surgical removal of one or both testes. (castration). Prostatectomy = excision of the prostate gland. Vasectomy = excision of a duct, sterilization. Circumcision = removal of the prepuce. 4

5 Surgical Terms Hydrocelectomy = surgical removal of a Hydrocele. Transurethral incision of the prostate = TUIP surgical procedure that widens the urethra, may be used instead of a TURP. Complementary Terms Andropathy = diseases of the male. Aspermia = absence of sperm. Oligospermia = scanty sperm (in semen). Spermatolysis = dissolution of sperm. AIDS = acquired immune deficiency. Artificial insemination = introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means. Chlamydia = STD, painful urination & discharge, male and female can acquire. Coitus = sexual intercourse male & female 5

6 Complementary Terms Gonads = male & female sex glands. Gonorrhea = STD, bacterial organism affects the mucous membranes. Heterosexual = attracted to the opposite sex. Homosexual = attracted to the same sex. Human papilloma virus = prevalent STD benign cancerous growths in the male & female genitals (venereal warts). Prosthesis = artificial replacement of an absent body part. Complementary Terms Puberty= period when secondary sex characteristics develop. STD= sexually transmitted disease. Sterilization = renders n individual unable to produce offspring. See the list of STDs on page

7 Abbreviations AIDS= acquired immune deficiency syndrome. BPH= benign Prostatic hypertrophy. DRE= digital rectal examination. HIV= human immunodeficiency virus. HPV= human papilloma virus. PSA = Prostatic specific antigen. STD= sexually transmitted disease. TUIP= Transurethral incision of the prostate. TURP= transurethral resection of the prostate. The End Chapter Seven 7

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