1 Nutrients The food you eat is a source of nutrients. Nutrients are defined as the substances found in food that keep your body functioning. Your body needs nutrients to Provide energy. Build and repair cells. Maintain basic bodily functions.
2 The 6 Essential Nutrients Water Carbohydrates Protein Fat Vitamins Minerals
3 Water Did you know? 70 to 75 % of the human body consists of water! Functions in the Body: Water carries nutrients to your cells and carries waste from your body. Regulates body temperature. Dissolves vitamins, minerals, amino acids and other nutrients. Lubricates joints. It is recommended to drink 8-10 glasses (8 ounces each) of water each day. We get additional water from the foods we eat.
4 Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the body s main source of energy and provide the body with dietary fiber. Role of Carbohydrates: The roles of carbohydrates in the body includes providing energy for working muscles, providing fuel for the central nervous system, enabling fat metabolism, and preventing protein from being used as energy. Food Sources: Pasta, breads, cereals, grains, rice, fruits, milk, yogurt and sweets. Two types of Carbohydrates: Starches or Complex Carbohydrates Simple Carbohydrates
5 Simple Carbohydrates Food Sources: Fruits, juices, milk, and yogurt. Candy, soda, and jelly. These simple carbohydrates have a bad reputation because they are high in calories and low in nutritional value.
6 Starches or Complex Carbohydrates Food Sources: Whole grain breads and cereals, pasta, vegetables, rice, tortilla and legumes. Function in the Body: An excellent source of fuel (energy) for the body. Rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber.
7 Fiber Fiber is the plant material that doesn t break down when you digest food. Many, but not all, complex carbohydrates contain fiber. Food Sources: Oatmeal, fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes. Function in the Body: Aids in digestion. May reduce the risk of developing some diseases like heart disease, diabetes and obesity, and certain types of cancer.
8 Proteins Food Sources: Meat, fish,eggs, poultry, dairy products, legumes, nuts and seeds. (Breads, cereals and vegetables also contain small amounts of protein.) Function in the Body: Provides energy. Help to build, maintain, and repair body tissues. Proteins are made up of chemical compounds called amino acids. There are 20 amino acids.
9 Amino Acids Of the 20 amino acids, the human body is capable of producing 11 of them. The other 9 called, Essential Amino Acids must be supplied by food sources. Two types of Protein: Complete Proteins: Contain all 9 essential amino acids. They are found in animal sources. Incomplete Proteins: Lack one or more of the essential amino acids. They are found in plant sources. The best way to give the body complete proteins is to eat a wide variety of foods throughout the day.
10 Fat - The most concentrated form of food energy (calories). Food Sources: Butter, vegetable oils, salad dressings, nuts and seeds, dairy products made with whole milk or cream, and meats. Function in the Body: Provide substances needed for growth and healthy skin. Enhance the taste and texture of food. Required to carry fat-soluble vitamins throughout the body. Provide energy.
11 Types of Fat Saturated Fat: Fats that are usually solid at room temperature. Food Sources: Animal foods and tropical oils. The type of fat most strongly linked to high cholesterol and increased risk of heart disease. Unsaturated Fat: Fats that are liquid at room temperature. Polyunsaturated Fat: Food Sources: Vegetables and fish oils. Provide two essential fatty acids necessary for bodily functions. Monounsaturated Fat: Food Sources: Olive oil, canola oil, nuts, seeds. May play a role in reducing the risk of heart disease.
12 Cholesterol - A fat-like substance that is part of every cell of the body. Function in the Body: Helps the body make necessary cells including skin, and hormones. Aids in digestion. The human body manufactures all the cholesterol it needs. You also get cholesterol from animal food products you eat. When cholesterol levels are high there is a greater risk for heart disease.
13 Vitamins Food Sources: Fruits, vegetables, milk, whole-grain breads, cereals and legumes. Unlike carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, vitamins DO NOT provide energy (calories). Function in the Body: Help regulate the many chemical processes in the body. There are 13 different vitamins known to be required each day for good health. Vitamins are separated into two types: Fat Soluble & Water Soluble Vitamins.
14 Fat/Water Soluble Vitamins Fat Soluble Vitamins Vitamins A, D, E, K Require fat for the stomach to allow them to be carried into the blood stream for use (absorption). Can be stored in the body for later use. Water Soluble Vitamins Vitamins C and B-complex Require water for absorption. Easily absorbed and passed through the body as waste.
15 Minerals Food Sources: Meats, beans, nuts, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and grains. Functions in the Body: The body depends on minerals for practically every process necessary for life. Minerals actually become part of the body. The body requires 16 minerals daily.
16 Minerals Minerals are inorganic substances, this means we don t get them from plants or animals, minerals come from the earth 14 minerals have been shown to be critical to human health.
18 Nutrient Deficiency A nutritional deficiency occurs when your body doesn t get enough nutrients. Symptoms: At first the symptoms may not seem serious. They may include: tiredness, difficulty sleeping or concentrating, frequent colds, and weight loss or gains. However, if the deficiency is not corrected the symptoms may get more serious and effect the skin, eyes, and bones. The best way to avoid a nutrient deficiency is to eat a well balanced diet.
19 Vitamin A Food Sources: Dark green, leafy vegetables, deep yellow and orange fruits and vegetables, liver, milk, cheese, and eggs. Function in the Body: Helps keep skin and hair healthy. Aids in night vision. Plays a role in developing strong bones and teeth.
20 Vitamin D Food Sources: Vitamin D fortified milk, egg yolk, salmon, and liver. Nonfood Source: the sun. Function in the Body: Helps the body use calcium and phosphorus. Plays a role in building strong bones and teeth.
21 Deficiency- Rickets is a disorder caused by a lack of Vitamin D, calcium and phosphate. Vitamin D helps the body control calcium and phosphate. If the blood levels of these 2 nutrients is too low, it will be released from the bones. This leads to soft, weak bones.
22 Vitamin E Food Sources: Whole-grain breads and cereals; dark green, leafy vegetables; dry beans and peas; nuts and seeds; vegetable oils; margarine; liver. Function in the Body: Helps form red blood cells, muscles, and other tissues.
23 Vitamin K Food Sources: Dark green and leafy vegetables (such as spinach, lettuce, kale, collard greens), and cabbage. Function in the Body: Helps blood to clot.
24 B Group Vitamins Thiamin Riboflavin Niacin Pantothenic acid Biotin Vitamin B6 Folate (sometimes called folic acid) Vitamin B12
25 B Vitamin or Vitamin B-complex Food Sources: Whole grain and enriched breads and cereals; dry bean and peas; peanut butter; nuts; meat; poultry; fish; eggs; milk. Function in the Body: Helps the body use the energy from the foods we eat. Helps brain, nerves, and muscles function.
26 Vitamin C Food Sources: Citrus fruits, strawberries, kiwi, broccoli, tomatoes, and potatoes. Function in the Body: Helps heal wounds. Helps maintain healthy bones, teeth, and blood vessels. Helps body fight infection.
27 Calcium & Phosphorus Food Sources: Dairy Products: milk, cheese, ice cream, green leafy vegetables, canned sardines and other processed fish eaten with bones. Function in the Body: Helps build and maintain healthy bones and teeth. Helps heart, nerves, and muscles work properly. Deficiency (lack) of calcium & phosphorus leads 2002 to Learning osteoporosis. Zone Express
28 Iron Food sources Liver, kidney, heart, meat, egg yolk, dried beans and peas, spinach, dried fruit, whole-grain & enriched breads & cereals, nuts. Function in the Body: Helps make hemoglobin in red blood cells. Helps cells used oxygen. Deficiency (lack) of iron leads to anemia.
29 Sodium Food sources Processed & prepared foods. Canned vegetables, soups, pickles, lunch meats, ham, bacon, sausage, hotdogs, and frozen foods. Salt/sodium is used to preserve food and improve the taste and texture of food. Condiments. Table salt, soy sauce, ketchup, mustard, BBQ sauce, steak sauce Natural sources. Some meats, poultry, dairy products (esp. cheeses) and vegetables. The main sources of sodium in the average U.S. diet.
30 Sodium Function in the Body: Helps maintain the right balance of fluids in your body. Helps transmit nerve impulses. Influences the contraction and relaxation of muscles. Excess sodium can lead to hypertension (high blood pressure), a condition that can lead to cardiovascular and kidney diseases.
NUTRITION CONCEPTS MACRONUTRIENTS Carbohydrates Found in breads, cereals, fruits, vegetables, sugar and potatoes. good source of energy fiber in fruits and vegetables aid in eliminating wastes from the
Nutrition: Nutrients for the Body Nutrients are chemical substances supplied by food that the body needs for growth, maintenance, and repair. The six nutrients are: 1. Carbohydrates. 2. Proteins. 3. Fats.
1 Nutrition The study of how your body uses the food you eat. Metabolism The speed at which your body uses energy to maintain its processes; vary by individual Nutrition Food- an edible, organic substance
Nutrition - What Should We Eat? Adapted from the 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans www.choosemyplate.gov Nutrition - What Should We Eat? Adapted from the 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans
LESSON 25 Choosing Healthful Foods Before You Read List some of the healthful foods you eat. What makes these foods healthful choices? What You ll Learn the functions and sources of proteins, carbohydrates,
ARE ABLE TO READ THE LABEL? A Consumer s Guide to Navigating Food Labels Food and Drug Safety Program Consumer and Environmental Health Services Phone: 609-826-4935 Fax: 609-826-4990 http://nj.gov/health/eoh/foodweb/
Nutrition Nutrition Notes website.notebook October 19, 2016 Food is any substance that is ingested ("eaten") and helps sustain life. Food categories: Meats and Alternative Dairy Products Fruits and Vegetables
Six Essential Types of Nutrients: The human body needs a balanced mix of all seven essential nutrients to sustain its normal functions. "Let thy food be thy medicine, and let thy medicine be thy food."
Answering the question- Why Should You Care What You Are Eating??? Never eat more than you can lift. - Miss Piggy Portion Distortion 6 Main Nutrients Vitamins Minerals Water Carbohydrates Protein Fat Keep
BCS_G8_U1C02_J15 5/23/06 11:45 AM Page 64 2.2 The Digestive and Excretory Systems A healthy body requires nutrients from five groups: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. There are four
Lesson By Carone Fitness Nutrition is the study of how the health of your body is influenced by the foods you eat. The foods that you consume provide your body with energy, build and maintain organs and
Nutrition Through the Stages of CKD When you have chronic kidney disease, nutrition is an important part of your treatment plan. Your recommended diet may change over time if your kidney disease gets worse.
Nutrients are life-sustaining chemical substances that nourish and promote the growth of the human body. No one food contains all of the nutrients necessary for the body to function effectively; therefore,
LESSON 26 Following Dietary Guidelines Before You Read List some things you know and would like to know about recommended diet choices. What You ll Learn the different food groups in MyPyramid the Dietary
A L A B A M A A & M A N D A U B U R N U N I V E R S I T I E S HE-192 Nutrition Primer Everybody likes to eat! And when you are deciding what to eat, you may think only about the way foods taste not about
DASH Diet Lower your blood pressure by changing your eating habits. The DASH diet is based on findings from the "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension" clinical study that found that high blood pressure
Lesson Two Nutrients and the Body Objectives After participating in this lesson, students will Be able to identify key nutrients the body needs and describe their function and importance. Understand that
Foundations of Personal Fitness Chapter 4 Nutrition and Your Personal Fitness Lesson 1: The Importance of Nutrition Healthful Eating Taking in the proper amount of nutrients each day Nutrients substances
THE EXTRASCOOP ON VITAMINS VITAMIN A (beta-carotenes) VITAMIN B 1 VITAMIN K (phytonadione) VITAMIN B 2 (riboflavin) VITAMIN B 3 (niacin) VITAMIN B 12 (cobalamin) VITAMIN B 6 (pyridoxine) PANTOTHENIC ACID
Eating Healthy with PSC Erin Paice, RD, CD-N Hartford Hospital Transplant Objectives What does it mean to eat healthy? What are barriers to maintaining a healthy diet with PSC? How can we keep a healthy
Chapter 3: Macronutrients Section 3.1 Pages 52-55 Diet Terms Nutrients The substances in food that gives us structural materials and energy. Macronutrients Nutrients that are required in large amounts.
6 ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS PART II VITAMINS MINERALS WATER VITAMINS What Are They? Tasteless organic compounds that you need in small amounts for growth, reproduction, and overall good health. The DO NOT provide
Lesson Essential Nutrients By Carone Fitness 6 There are six essential nutrients that your body needs to stay healthy. 1. Water 2. Vitamins 3. Minerals 4. Carbohydrates 5. Protein 6. Fat 1 6 Of these six
What Does My Body Need to Grow? If you want to be healthy and have the energy for all your favorite games and activities, then you need to eat food that is good for you and that will make you strong. How
Nutrients and Wound Healing UHN Information for patients and families Read this information to learn: what nutrients are how they help your body heal wounds the different kinds of nutrients what else you
6 Nutrients Essential for Life Mind Moo-Ver SWBAT identify the 6 essential nutrients for life QOD: What does ph measure Give an example of an acidic substance, a basic substance and a neutral substance
Nutrition Basics Australian Institute of Fitness 1 / 10 INTRODUCTION Understanding nutrition is fundamental to good health, performance, weight loss and weight management. Fitness professionals play the
Ch. 7 Notes Section 1: What is Nutrition? is the science or study of food and the ways the body uses food. are substances in food that provide energy or help form body tissues and are necessary for life
Nutrition and Dietetic Department Making Healthier Choices Your Guide to Choosing a Balanced Diet Eating a balanced diet is essential for good health. This guide explains what makes up a healthy, balanced
The University of Mississippi LESSON 6 HANDOUTS NUTRITION 101: A Taste of Food and Fitness Lesson 6 Handouts Pre-Quiz Lesson 6: Vegetarian Diets 1. Vegetarian diets can not meet the needs of growing children.
Welcome Wellness Warriors! Carbohydrate Counting: A common sense approach to taking control of your diet Today we will discuss The different food groups and how they affect blood sugar Which foods increase
Introduction to the Lifestyle Survey This program is designed to help lower your chances of getting heart disease. To get started, we need to know about your current eating and physical activity habits.
FOOD LABELS! Taking a closer look at the label! List of Ingredients! Serving Size! % Daily values! Recommended Amounts ! Calories! Total Fat Label Contents! Saturated Fat! Cholesterol! Sodium! Total Carbohydrate!
Chapter 5: Nutrition Eating for Optimum Health The Nutrients in Foods: 6 essential nutrients Macro Micro - carbohydrates - amino acids - lipids - water - vitamins - minerals Calorie Values of Energy Nutrients:
This is a text-only 508 accessible version for the visually impaired. For a full-color brochure, see: www.fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov/downloads/aa_womens_brochure.pdf Page 1- Left column (back cover) EASY
Healthy Living Unit #1 Healthy Eating Lesson #1 Making Healthier Food Choices Healthier Food Choices Are... follow Eating Well with, By the end of the lesson students will be able to: Apply health knowledge
KNOW YOUR FATS WHY DO WE NEED FAT? Fat can contribute positively to our diet, as long as we choose the right types of fats and moderate our intake to the appropriate amounts. Fat has many valuable functions
PERFORMANCE FUELING GUIDELINES Although good eating habits cannot substitute for physical training and genetic endowment, proper daily diet, training and game diet, plus appropriate supplemental choices
HEALTHY DIETS THROUGH AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SYSTEMS Understanding the difference between diet, meals, snacks and foods Diet: this refers to everything you consume (food, drink and snacks). Diets in this
This sample chapter is for review purposes only. Copyright The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 2 Nutritional Needs Research Dietitian Conducts nutrition research to expand knowledge
Virtual Education Forum Optimizing Nutrition for Bone Health Presented by: Andrea Miller MHSc, RD 1 Outline: Optimizing Nutrition for Principles of Healthy Eating Bone Health Canada s Food Guide- A Review
Super Foods for a Super You 1 Whole New You The human body regenerates cells everyday It completely renews itself every 7 years To build the healthiest cells possible eat nutrient-rich foods everyday 2
Peanuts Improve Nutrient Intake snacking on peanuts improves intake of healthy nutrients. One serving of peanuts provides many of the essential nutrients we need each day. These include vitamin E, magnesium,
My Food Groups Dairy Milk, Yogurt, Cheese Vegetables Fruits Grains Breads, Cereals, Pasta Meat, Beans, Nuts OATMEAL OATM EAL extras My Physical Activity Healthy Bodies Main Nutrients and Their Health Benefits
Chapter 1 & 2 All of the following are macronutrients except Carbohydrates Lipids Protein * Vitamins Gram per gram blank provides the most k calories Alcohol Carbohydrates * Lipids Proteins Which of the
Healthy Eating & Staying Healthy A Healthy Diet and Our Body If our bodies are human machines food is our fuel. How well we eat, affects how well our bodies work, and how long we live. It is especially
1.3.1 Function of Food Why do we need food? Need to know The Function of Food Three reasons for requiring food 2 Food is needed for: 1.Energy 2.Growth of new cells and Repair of existing cells, tissues,
High School Lesson Plan My Plate Build a Healthy Plate Featuring the New 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines Grades 9-12 I. Lesson Objectives: A. Students will explain the three components of building a healthy
Lesson 3 You Are What You Eat Key Words calories carbohydrates deficient diabetes fats fiber metabolism minerals nutrients osteoporosis protein stimulant vitamins What You Will Learn to Do Evaluate how
Healthy Eating Tips Why is a Healthy Diet so Important? A) Prevent Disease Risks Did you know that many chronic diseases are preventable? This includes conditions such as:» Heart Disease» Strokes» Diabetes»
WEEK 1 GOAL SETTING & NUTRITION 101 with your Supermarket Registered Dietitian Welcome to Week 1! We are excited you have decided to join us on this wellness journey! Please note that you should consult
Lactation Diet Purpose: During both pregnancy and lactation recommended dietary allowances should have a substantial increase in the intake of dietary energy, protein, and other nutrients. The National
It was great to talk with you. Thank you for your interest in. I hope you find this tip sheet helpful. Please give me a call if you have more questions about this or other topics. As your UPMC Health Plan
Prolonged Energy Foods Complex Carbohydrates Potatoes Pasta Rice Cereals Whole Grains Fruits Veggies Low Fat Proteins Beans Chicken Fish Lean Meats Remember that Saturated Fats and Hydrogenated Fats are
Keep an Eye on Your Diet to Improve Your Eye Health While we may eventually need glasses as we age, it is not a guarantee. Learn what you can do to keep your eyes as healthy as possible by choosing eye
Lesson By Carone Fitness How Much? For some, the problem is not what they are eating, but how much they are eating. Many people find it difficult to eat fewer calories because they do not know how many
Healthy Eating Guidelines for Your Vegetarian Baby: 6-2 months The word vegetarian means different things to different people. Lactoovo vegetarians don t eat meat, fish, seafood and poultry, but will have
1 Food portion sizes have changed over the past 20 years. Slides marked by are adapted from Portion Distortion by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at http://hin.nhlbi.nih.gov/portion 2 Typical
Added Vitamins and Minerals What are Vitamins and Minerals? Vitamins and Minerals are essential micronutrients which are required in small quantities to perform all functions properly in the human body.
Topic 2 What we get from food LRNING OBJECTIVES By the end of the lesson, you will be able to: Lesson 5 Learning about vitamins and minerals name and describe the essential vitamins and minerals and their
Super Foods for a Super You Presented by Jennifer Meachum RD, LD 1 Whole New You The human body regenerates cells everyday It completely renews itself every 7 years To build the healthiest cells possible
HEALTHY EATING to reduce your risk of heart disease Choose these more often: Fruits, vegetables and whole grains Enjoy a variety of fruit and vegetables every day and whole grains more often.* Small portions
Module 1-2 Test 1B 1 Module 1 Nutrition Basics PLEASE DO NOT MARK ON THIS COPY. USE YOUR SCANTRONS TO MARK UNSWERS. True/False Exam 1 B 1. Appetite is defined as the psychological desire for food. 2. Cellulose
Movie: Nutrition and Digestive Health Eating for your future! NUTRITION Questions to Answer: What eating habits can affect the way our digestive system works? Give THREE examples and explain each example
Available online at www.pharmaresearchlibrary.com/ijmpr ISSN: 2321-2624 Review Article International Journal of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Research www.pharmaresearchlibrary.com/ijmpr IJMPR, 2013: Vol.1(5):
Calculating Your Body Mass Index (BMI) 1. Write down your weight in pounds (example: 190) 2. Multiply that number by 703 (190 x 703 = 133,570) 3. Multiply your height in inches by itself ( 70 x 70 = 4,900)
26 What You ll Learn 1. Identify the recommended number of daily servings for each food group in the MyPyramid food guidance system. (p. 295) 2. List examples of foods from each of the food groups in MyPyramid.
STAYING HEART HEALTHY PAVAN PATEL, MD CONSULTANT CARDIOLOGIST FLORIDA HEART GROUP What is Heart Disease Cardiovascular Disease (CVD): Heart or Blood vessels are not working properly. Most common reason
Unit 5 SPORTS NUTRITION Nutrition Lecture Notes I. Introduction A. Proper nutrition is a vital consideration for athletes who seek to maximize their performance. B. Just as using the proper gasoline, oil,
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO MONITOR YOUR PHOSPHORUS? Healthy kidneys excrete phosphorus from your body. But phosphorus builds up in the blood when kidneys fail, which causes calcium to come out of the bones.
Canada Question Day Bank- Picnic Difficult MATERIALS 1. Why should & you SPACE: choose foods low in salt? Lorem A: Salt ipsum can increase dolor sit blood amet, pressure consectetuer and can adipiscing
NUTRITIONAL GUIDE KNOW WHAT YOU RE TUCKING INTO Debonairs Pizza is proud to announce the nutritional analysis of our menu. It was analysed by a SANAS (The South African National Accreditation System) Accredited
Ready, Set, Start Counting! Carbohydrate Counting a Tool to Help Manage Your Blood Glucose When you have diabetes, keeping your blood glucose in a healthy range can help you feel your best today and in
Personal Assessment www.mariemurphyhealthfitness.com email@example.com Tel: 085 1965468 Marie Murphy 2012. All Rights Reserved. No part of this document or any of its contents may be reproduced,
Vitamins Compiled and Edited by Dr. Syed Ismail Associate Professor, SSAC VN Marathwada Agricultural University, Parbhani, India What are vitamins? Organic molecules with a wide variety of functions Cofactors
ARISE Basic Health 101: Nutrition and Exercise Table of Contents ARISE Foundation: An Overview...3 What Are People Saying About ARISE?...4 Tips for Teaching ARISE Life Management Skills...6 Performance
Nutrition Update: Understanding the Department of Defense Menu Standards Renita Frazier, MS, RD, LD, CDE firstname.lastname@example.org (804) 734-3005 Joint Culinary Center of Excellence Army Center of Excellence,
Army Food Program Nutrition Update: Understanding the DoD Menu Standards Registered Dietitian Nutritionist Joint Culinary Center of Excellence Army Center of Excellence, Subsistence Quality Assurance Division
paleo 101 2017 by Paleo Leap, LLC. All rights reserved The information in this document is provided for your information only and may not be construed as medical advice or instruction. No action or inaction
Chapter Eight 3/14/18 1 Dr Oz s nutrition article Be sure to read it 3/14/18 2 Concussion Article Be sure to read it 3/14/18 3 Nutritional Requirements: Components of a Healthy Diet Essential nutrients