Water. 1. Which of the following are macro-nutrients? A: Fibre, Fat, Protein B: Protein, Fat and. C: Vitamins, Minerals, and Fibre

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1

2 10 Questions

3 1. Which of the following are macro-nutrients? A: Fibre, Fat, Protein B: Protein, Fat and Water C: Vitamins, Minerals, and Fibre D: Carbohydrate, Fat and Protein

4 2. What is the correct equation for the term Cardiac Output? A: CO = SV x HR B: CO = SV x BPM C: CO = VO2 x HR D: SV = CO x HR

5 3. The following definition applies to which of the following terms? When one muscle contracts and pulls the other relaxes to allow the joint to work A: Isometric Contraction B: Isotonic Contraction C: Antagonistic Pairs D: Abdominals

6 4. Which of the following statements describes a physical benefit of exercise? A: Meeting New People C: Feeling better about body shape B: Gaining an aesthetic appreciation of movement D: Improving body shape

7 5. Which of the following components are Health Related Fitness components? A: Speed, Muscular Strength and Body Composition C: Agility, Balance and Co-ordination B: Muscular Endurance, Muscular Strength, Cardiovascular Endurance D: Speed, Muscular Endurance and Flexibility

8 6. An Increase in Breathing rate is an example of: A: A Long term benefit of exercise C: An Immediate Effect of Exercise B: A Poor Level of Fitness D: An Effect of regular Training

9 7. Which of the following is an example of a Balanced Competition? A: A timed event to see which athlete can balance the longest B: A Gymnastic Competition C: A competition where opponents play people of the same age D: A Competition involving static and dynamic balance

10 8. Which of the following minerals aids bone development? A: Fibre B: Calcium C: Iron D: Vitamin A

11 9. Which of the following terms is relevant to this definition Having body fat in excess of normal? A: Underweight B: Overfat C: Obese D: Overweight

12 10. Which of the following is referring to the sports participation pyramid? A: Foundation, Participation, Performance, Elite B: PE, School Sport and Club Links C: School Sports Partnerships D: Start, Stay, Suceed

13 Make sure you make a note of how many marks each question is worth!

14 11. a) John wants to improve his cardiovascular fitness and he knows that to do this he must exercise with his heart rate in the Target zone. Explain what is meant by the term target zone (1) b) If John is 16 years old explain how he would calculate his target zone (1) (2)

15 12. Glenn is a good gymnast. He is looking to improve by following a flexibility and speed programme. 1. Suggest another fitness component he might need to develop. (1) 2. The coach has given Glen a different training programme to that of his friend that is also a gymnast. Why might he do this? (1) 3. What major muscle is used to straighten the arm at the elbow during the handstand? (1) (3)

16 13. Exercises can be isotonic or isometric. Explain the terms. Isotonic (1) Isometric (1) (2)

17 14. During a match a player builds up an oxygen debt. a) What is an oxygen debt? (1) b) If a player has built up an oxygen debt will he/she have been Working aerobically or anaerobically? (1) c) What by-product is associated with an oxygen debt? (1) d) State TWO ways in which the performer could help to remove this by product (2) (5)

18 15. Explain in simple terms, what is meant by the term aerobic with regard to respiration (1) and give an example of a running event in which respiration is mostly aerobic (1) (2)

19 16. An athlete sprints a 100m race. The list below identifies changes which occur in the body from the start of a race to the end of a recovery period. List the changes that take place in the correct order. She breathes quickly and respires aerobically The Oxygen debt is repaid Her muscles ache (fatigue) Lactic acid forms in her muscles She begins anaerobic respiration in her muscles She breathes slowly and respires aerobically (5)

20 17. Year 11 Students were asked why they took GCSE PE. Some answers are listed below. Categorise each of their answers, stating whether the answers are a mental, physical or social benefit of exercise; I took it because lots of my friends took it I hoped it would help me to lose weight I enjoy physical education lessons To relieve stress from my other subjects (4)

21 18. Paul is training for rugby and he dislocates his Shoulder. List 3 characteristics/signs of a dislocation (3)

22 19. Jenny trains 4 times a week for her cross country running. State one way in which Jenny s cardiovascular system will have benefited from regular exercise (1), and explain why this has happened (1). (2)

23 20. Linda has planned to do circuit training as part of his personal exercise programme to improve her general fitness. She has chosen to do press-ups as one of her stations. a) What 2 components of fitness might Linda be trying to improve through this exercise? (2) b) State 3 exercises Linda could do to improve her general fitness (3) c) Why is it important to consider the order of the exercises When planning a circuit? (1) (6)

24 Longer Answer Question 21. Louise is a good sprinter and long jumper and represents her school in both these events. She is also doing GCSE PE and wants to use her Personal Exercise Programme to help improve her performance in both events in order that she can make the qualifying standards for the National Schools Championships. Analyse both of her events and choose three important skill related fitness requirements that she will need to improve and explain how she applies them in her events. (6)

25 Multiple choice = 10 marks Short answer = 24 marks Longer answer = 6 Total = 40 marks

26 How did you do?!

27 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. B 6. C 7. C 8. B 9. B 10. A

28

29 11. a) John wants to improve his cardiovascular fitness and he knows that to do this he must exercise with his heart rate in the Target zone. Explain what is meant by the term target zone The range within which an individual needs to work for aerobic training to take place 60 80% of maximum heart rate (1) b) If John is 16 years old explain how he would calculate his target zone Max HR = 220 age, so = % of 204 and 80% of % = % = 164 (1) (2)

30 12. Glenn is a good gymnast. He is looking to improve by following a flexibility and speed programme. 1. Suggest another fitness component he might need to develop. (1) Strength, Balance, Co-ordination 2. The coach has given Glen a different training programme to that of his friend that is also a gymnast. Why might he do this? (1) Have different and individual training needs 3. What major muscle is used to straighten the arm at the elbow during the handstand? (1) Triceps (3)

31 13. Exercises can be isotonic or isometric. Explain the terms. Isotonic (1) Muscle contraction that results in limb movement Isometric (1) Muscle contraction which results in increased tension but the length does not alter. (2)

32 14. During a match a player builds up an oxygen debt. a) What is an oxygen debt? (1) The amount of oxygen consumed during recovery above that Which would have ordinarily been consumed in the same time at rest. b) If a player has built up an oxygen debt will he/she have been Working aerobically or anaerobically? (1) Anaerobically c) What by-product is associated with an oxygen debt? (1) Lactic Acid d) State TWO ways in which the performer could help to remove this by product (2) Cool down, stretching (5)

33 15. Explain in simple terms, what is meant by the term aerobic with regard to respiration (1) and give an example of a running event in which respiration is mostly aerobic (1) (2) Aerobic = With oxygen Examples = Marathon, Long distance running/swimming

34 16. An athlete sprints a 100m race. The list below identifies changes which occur in the body from the start of a race to the end of a recovery period. List the changes that take place in the correct order. 2 She breathes quickly and respires aerobically 6 The Oxygen debt is repaid 5 Her muscles ache (fatigue) 4 Lactic acid forms in her muscles 3 She begins anaerobic respiration in her muscles 1 She breathes slowly and respires aerobically (5)

35 17. Year 11 Students were asked why they took GCSE PE. Some answers are listed below. Categorise each of their answers, stating whether the answers are a mental, physical or social benefit of exercise; I took it because lots of my friends took it SOCIAL I hoped it would help me to lose weight PHYSICAL I enjoy physical education lessons MENTAL To relieve stress from my other subjects MENTAL (4)

36 18. Paul is training for rugby and he dislocates his Shoulder. List 3 characteristics/signs of a dislocation (3) Joint is forced out of normal position Deformity of joint Swelling Joint locked in position

37 19. Jenny trains 4 times a week for her cross country running. State one way in which Jenny s cardiovascular system will have benefited from regular exercise (1), and explain why this has happened (1). (2) e.g. Decreased Resting Heart Rate Can supply same amount Of blood containing oxygen with fewer beats Faster Heart Rate Recovery Increased Stroke Volume Increased Cardiac Output Reduction in blood pressure

38 20. Linda has planned to do circuit training as part of his personal exercise programme to improve his general fitness. She has chosen to do press-ups as one of her stations. a) What 2 components of fitness might Linda be trying to improve through this exercise? (2) Muscular Endurance, Power, Body composition, Muscular Strength b) State 3 exercises Linda could do to improve her general fitness (3) e.g. Skipping, Shuttle runs, sit ups, c) Why is it important to consider the order of the exercises When planning a circuit? (1) To give muscle groups used, a chance to rest before moving on and working them again. (6)

39 Longer Answer Question 21. Louise is a good sprinter and long jumper and represents her school in both these events. She is also doing GCSE PE and wants to use her Personal Exercise Programme to help improve her performance in both events in order that she can make the qualifying standards for the National Schools Championships. Analyse both of her events and choose three important skill related fitness requirements that she will need to improve and explain how she applies them in her events. Need to Improve (Any 3 from following with explanation) Power sprinter to drive out of blocks, long jumper to aid take off Speed sprinter to cover distance in shortest time possible, same with long jumper to give quick run up. Reaction Time Sprinter to react to gun, Co ordination Sprinting to use arms and legs and keep balanced, Long jump to create different movement during flight and take off.

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